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La Mesa, New Mexico, "Bird Sanctuary Owner in La Mesa, New Mexico Told to Enclose His Unroofed Bird Sanctuary After Neighbors' Noise Complaints" (May 14, 1999). The Albuquerque Journal reports that the owner of Albuquerque Aviaries, a bird sanctuary for 600-800 exotic birds, has been told by the city planning department that he must enclose his open-roofed business to reduce the noise. After neighbors complained last year, he was told he needed a conditional use permit, which was denied to him unless he constructs a roof which would cost up to $15,000. He plans to take his case to City Council.

La Palma, California, "California Town Considers Leaf Blower Ordinance" (Apr. 3, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that La Palma, California's City Council has tentatively approved a noise ordinance to restrict operating noise and time for leaf blowers. Full approval would come with another positive vote on April 15, and enforcement would begin a month later.

La Palma, California, "California Community Tries to Close Recycling Facility Due to Noise Complaints" (Nov. 27, 1997). The Orange County Register reports that the La Palma (California) City Council is seeking to close the Mobile Recycling facility at 5420 La Palma Ave., the city's only recycling Center, largely due to noise pollution emitted from the Center.

Lacey, New Jersey, "Lacey, New Jersey Resident Opposes New Jersey Coalition Against Aircraft Noise's Support of Ocean Routing at Newark Airport; He Says the Route Reduces Safety, Efficiency, and Only Benefits the Affluent" (Nov. 3, 1999). The Asbury Park Press prints a letter to the editor that criticizes the New Jersey Coalition Against Aircraft Noise for pushing for "ocean routing" at Newark Airport. The author says that the routing will increase delays, and will only help a few affluent communities with noise, while poorer communities still have it bad.

Lackawanna, New York, "Resident in a New York Town Asks for Another Town's Noise Barriers" (Jun. 6, 1998). The Buffalo News printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Dana Kaczmarek, a Lackawanna, New York resident. Kaczmarek notes that officials have decided to remove the toll barrier in Williamsville, and asks that the noise barriers at Williamsville be moved to the Lackawanna toll barrier:

Lafayette, Louisiana, "Coast Guard Plans for Bridge Poses Noise and Traffic Concerns for Skeptical Louisiana Residents" (Jan. 11, 2000). According to the Advocate, over 150 people attended a public meeting concerning a proposed major thoroughfare through a Lafayette neighborhood.

Laguna Hills and Newport Beach, California, "Orange County, California Residents Continue to Debate Commercial Airport at Military Base" (Jul. 6, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letters-to-the-editor from residents of Laguna Hills and Newport Beach, California, regarding the proposed conversion of the nearby El Toro Marine Corps Air Station to a commercial airport:

Laguna Hills, California, "Resident of California Retirement Community Asks That Proposed El Toro Airport Plan be Scrapped" (Nov. 12, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Dave Schlenker, a Laguna Hills, California resident, regarding the proposal to convert the El Toro Marine Corps Base to a commercial airport:

Laguna Hills, California, "California Churches Debate Whether to Oppose Commercial Airport at El Toro" (Jun. 11, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Orange County, California religious leaders are debating whether to join together and oppose the proposed El Toro airport. Some say they will because they don't want jets flying over their places of worship, while others say that airport opposition is not in their mission.

Laguna Niguel, California, "California City Considers Banning Leaf Blowers" (May 20, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that a Laguna Niguel (California) City Council meeting tonight will address a proposal to ban leaf blowers. Nearby Laguna Beach has already banned the blowers, and is the only community in the county so far to do so. Gardeners and residents who oppose the ordinance promise to attend the meeting in droves.

Laguna Niguel, California, "California City Rejects Proposed Leaf-Blower Ban Due to Low Turn-Out at Hearing" (May 21, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Laguna Niguel (California) City Council had considered restricting or banning leaf blowers, but rejected the proposal Tuesday night after few residents came to support the proposal.

Laguna Woods, California, "Laguna Woods, California Residents Say Air-Navigation Easements That Allowed Military Flights Over Their Properties Have Expired, Meaning the Proposed Commercial Airport Will Be Open to Lawsuits" (Dec. 1, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that residents of Laguna Woods, California are pointing to easements that allowed military flights over their properties as a strike against the proposed airport at El Toro. If the former marines base becomes a commercial airport, the easements will expire and residents will be free to sue the airport for noise pollution and trespassing.

Lake Alfred, Florida, "City of Lake Alfred, Florida to Decide Whether to Continue Allowing Noisy Boat Races on Lake" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Ledger in Florida reports that the controversy over boat racing on Lake Alfred continues. The city of Lake Alfred's Parks and Recreation Board will hold a meeting this week to hear people on both sides of the issue speak before the Board makes a recommendation to the City Commission as to whether the races will be allowed to continue.

Lake Alfred, Florida, "Residents Annoyed by Boat Racing on Lake Alfred, Florida" (Apr. 13, 2000). The Ledger in Lakeland, Florida reports on problems at Lake Alfred that were recently addressed at a meeting of Lake Alfred's Parks and Recreation Board. There was a complaint by a resident about high methanol alcohol levels in the lake, and many complaints were lodged about noise from boat racing on the lake and noise raised by the racers who camp in Lions Park on the shore of the lake.

Lake Campbell, Alaska, "Lake Campbell, Alaska Resident Writes of Necessity of Co-Existing with Local Airplane Noise" (Jun. 13, 1999). The Anchorage Daily News recently ran an opinion piece by a Lake Cambell Resident who notes residents there must accept airplane noise since airplanes are a key mode of transportation there.

Lake City, Georgia, "Letter to the Editor in Lake City, Georgia Accuses Atlanta Airport Officials of Lying to Gain Support for a Proposed New Runway" (Jun. 3, 1999). The Atlanta Journal prints a letter to the editor that accuses the city of Atlanta of unfairly exploiting surrounding communities with Hartsfield International Airport's proposed fifth runway. The runway was originally to be for commuter traffic only, but there is already talk of expansion to support jets. The letter also mentions a previous promise broken by the airport to fly a designated path that would reduce noise. The author calls for another major airport in another area of Atlanta to more fairly distribute air-traffic impacts.

Lake County, Illinois, "Lake County, Illinois Considers Noise Limit of 70 Decibels for Special Events" (Aug. 15, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that Lake County, Illinois is considering a noise limit for special events under its "Unified Development Ordinance." County officials are considering a limit of six "special events of public interest", and a noise limitation of 70 decibels for those events.

Lake Elsinore, California, "Lake Elsinore Passes "Noisy Animal" Ordinance" (Jan. 16, 1998). The Press-Enterprise reports that Lake Elsinore recently passed a tough "noisy animal" ordinance.

Lake Elsinore, California, "Residents Fear Noise from Proposed Raceway in Lake Elsinore, California" (Sep. 17, 1999). The Press-Enterprise reports that 140 residents near the proposed site of a new $34 million raceway project in Lake Elsinore, California met with builders to express their concerns over noise. Residents are worried about the noise as well as additional pollution and traffic. Builders believe that a 75-foot berm around the racetrack will negate noise problems, and point out that the project would bring 2,000 jobs and many tax dollars to the community. The council won't decide on the project for several months.

Lake Forest, California, "New Exit on Parkway Robs Lake Forest Residents of Sleep" (Jan. 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a truck route created by a new exit on Southern California's Interstate 5 has exposed residents in Foothill Ranch and Rancho Santa Margarita to high levels of noise that disrupts sleep.

Lake Forest, California, "California City Residents Get Landscaping to Protect Them From Traffic Noise" (Mar. 7, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that because of resident complaints about noise from traffic increases along Bake Parkway in Lake Forest, California, the city council has decided to plant trees between residences and the highway. The effort is intended to quiet the neighborhood, and residents seem happy about the idea. The traffic increased because of a highway expansion project two years ago.

Lake Helen, Florida, "Florida Theatre is too Disruptive for the Neighbors" (Oct. 18, 1997). The Orlando Sentinel reports that residents in Lake Helen, Florida are speaking out about the nuisance of a theatre in their neighborhood. They told City Commissioners at a meeting Thursday that the theatre generates too much noise and traffic for a residential neighborhood. In response to residents and the theatre manager's comments, Commissioners decided to review about seven years' worth of records to determine whether the theater's existence is in violation of any city codes.

Lake Mary, Florida, "Florida Commission Incumbents Face Criticism During Campaigns About Not Reducing Aircraft Noise" (Oct. 26, 1997). The Orlando Sentinel reports that two Commission incumbents in Lake Mary, Florida are facing criticism over their lack of action on reducing aircraft noise from the Orlando Sanford Airport. The criticism came during a recent debate with their opponents in preparation for the November 4 elections.

Lake Mary, Florida, "A Commissioner in Lake Mary, Florida Wants a Committee to Bring Remedies to Noise Problems Before Further Expansion at the Orlando Sanford Airport is Allowed" (Apr. 2, 1998). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune in Florida reports that Lake Mary City Commissioner Thom Greene wants the city of Sanford and its airport authority to reduce noise generated by increased flights at Orlando Sanford Airport before more airport expansion occurs.

Lake Mary, Florida, "Lake Mary, Florida, Resident Experiences Excessive Noise and Low-Flying Aircraft from Sanford Airport" (Mar. 7, 1999). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune published a letter from Randy Neal of Lake Mary, Florida, questioning a recent assertion that jets from the Sanford Airport are quiet. Neal writes that is not at all his experience:

Lake Powell, Utah, "Park Service Prepares Regulations For Jet Skis on Lake Powell" (Jan. 4, 1998). The Salt Lake Tribune reports that federal managers of Lake Powell, one of the West's premier watersports playgrounds, are considering making portions of the Utah-Arizona lake "Jet Ski free."

Lake Wales, Florida, "Lakes Wales, Florida Arts Council Requests City and County Funding to Soundproof its Facility" (Apr. 4, 2000). The Ledger in Florida reports that the Lake Wales Arts Council has asked the city of Lakes Wales and the county for $9,000 each to pay for the costs to soundproof the Arts Center, which is located in the former Holy Spirit Catholic Church at the busy and noisy intersection of State Road 60 and 11th Street.

Lake Zurich, Illinois, "Illinois Residents Say Wal-Mart is a Noisy Neighbor" (Apr. 29, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports Lake Zurich, Illinois village officials rejected a proposed 4,000-square-foot expansion to Wal-Mart, citing overdevelopment of the area in general and charging the company specifically with being a noisy neighbor.

Lake Zurich, Illinois, "Wal-Mart Told to Keep Noise Down by Planning Commission in Lake Zurich, Illinois" (Apr. 3, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that the planning commission in Lake Zurich, Illinois wants Wal-Mart to reduce truck and other noise in return for their approved expansion of the store.

Lake Zurich, Illinois, "Illinois Town Denies Wal-Mart Expansion, Citing Noise Concerns" (Jun. 2, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that village board members in Lake Zurich, Illinois voted 5 to 1 Monday to deny a request for a Wal-Mart expansion. Some board members said Wal-Mart hadn't been a good corporate citizen, while others said the proposed expansion would locate truck traffic and noise closer to residences.

Lakeland, Florida, "Noise In Wilderness Areas Destroys Peace" (Dec. 14, 1997). The Ledger reports how noise shatters the peace of natural areas and one's mind.

Lakeland, Florida, "Sarcastic Column Says Don't Punish Motorists with Excessively Loud Car Stereos with Loud Classical Music -- As One Judge Has Done -- Make Them Listen to Crying Babies" (Nov. 28, 1999). The Ledger prints a sarcastic column that says motorists with loud car stereos should not listen to blaring classical music -- as one local judge has designated -- but to tapes of crying babies.

Lakeland, Florida, "Winter Haven, Florida Resident Praises Judge Who Punishes Car-Stereo-Noise Violators with Required Classical Music Listening" (Nov. 10, 1999). The Ledger prints two letters to the editor praising the recent move by a judge to require noise-offenders to listen to classical music as their sentence.

Lakewood, Alaska, "Alaska Airlines to Use Air Force Base for Employee Military Training" (Apr. 12, 2000). The News Tribune reports that Lakewood, Alaska officials are worried that Alaska Airlines' plan to use nearby McChord Air Force Base for employee military mission training might mean an increase in noise and air pollution, as well as a higher risk of accidents taking place. The Air Force is reviewing the plan, and does not believe that the operations would increase pollution levels or accident risk, even though there would be more flights into and out of McChord.

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, "Pennsylvania Residents Challenge Expansion of Convenience Store" (Feb. 18, 2000). The Intelligencer Journal reports that residents in one Lancaster County town want to appeal a zoning board's approval of the expansion of a convenience store in their neighborhood.

Lancaster, Massachusetts, "Massachusetts Zoning Board Rules that Quarry Violates Noise Bylaws" (Jun. 7, 1998). The Sunday Telegram reports that the Zoning Board of Appeals in Lancaster, Massachusetts has upheld a March ruling by the city Building Inspector that the quarry owned by P.J. Keating Co. is violating town bylaws governing noise from blasting and truck traffic, and must be closed down. A cousin of the quarry owner last year asked the Building Inspector to issue a cease and desist order for noise at the quarry, after the cousin was denied a permit to open a competing quarry in the same area due to noise issues.

Lancaster, Massachusetts, "Noise Violations All in the Family in Two Massachusetts Asphalt Plants" (Mar. 14, 1998). The Telegram & Gazette of Worcester, Massachusetts, reports Building Inspector James J. Ford Sr. has informed the P.J. Keating Co., a blacktop plant, that it is in violation of town bylaws governing noise from blasting and truck traffic.

Lancaster, Massachusetts, "Blasting Company in Mass. Ordered to Cease and Desist, Ruled 'Noisome Use'" (Nov. 20, 1998). The Telegram & Gazette reports a cease and desist ordered has been issued against a quarrying operation in Lancaster, Massachusetts, after the company was found in violation of town bylaws governing noise from blasting.

Lancaster, Pennsylvania, "Armstrong Makes Ceiling Tiles Certified to Reduce Noise in Workplace" (Mar. 17, 1998). PR Newswire reports over 70% of U.S. office workers say their productivity would increase if their workspaces were less noisy (source: American Society of Interior Designers study). In addition, over 70% of today's office spaces are based on "open plan" environments, where the din of routine activities can negatively impact worker productivity. Given this, architects, facility managers and acoustical consultants need to ensure that the workspaces they design and build can provide the noise reduction levels required by the businesses they work for. And, for the first time, this is possible!

Lancaster, Pennsylvania, "Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania Readers Bothered by Boom Boxes" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Sunday News in Lancaster, Pennsylvania printed a letter to the editor from two readers in Elizabethtown who are concerned about car stereo noise. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

Langley Air Force Base, Virginia, "New F-22 Raptor Jet May Be Brought to Langley Air Force Base in Virginia; Studies Show it is Quieter than the F-15" (Apr. 7, 2000). The Daily Press reports that the Air Force has announced that its newest jet fighter, the F-22 Raptor, tests quieter than the F-15, which is the jet currently flown by the First Fighter Wing stationed at Langley Air Force Base in Virginia. Noise measurements were based on ground testing of a pre-production model of the F-22 Raptor, and as such, do not necessarily indicate the noise levels of a jet in flight.

Lansing, Michigan, "Owner of Noisy New Car Sues Ford and Dealership; Case Dismissed for Lack of Evidence" (Mar. 13, 2000). Crain Communications' Automotive News reports that a woman who owned a 1996 Mercury Sable sued Ford Motor Company and the dealership from which she bought the car because of a loud, unidentified noise that first started on the day she drove the car out of the dealership. The Michigan Court of Appeals has dismissed the lawsuit, stating there was not enough evidence to substantiate her "lemon law" complaint. The owner, Meryland Harris, claimed that the noise devalues the car and causes her not to drive it as often as she would have liked.

Largo, Florida, "Florida Residents Oppose CarMax; Cite Noise, Environment and Traffic Concerns" (Mar. 18, 1998). The St. Petersburg Times reports residents who live near the site of a proposed used-car superstore in Pinellas told Largo city commissioners Tuesday that the store would increase traffic and noise in what once was a quiet neighborhood.

Largo, Florida, "City of Largo, Florida in Process of Amending Noise Ordinance" (Apr. 2, 2000). The St. Petersburg Times reports on a noise ordinance in Largo, Florida that is in the process of being amended because the current one is too vague.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Airport Noise Won't Stop Las Vegas Housing Project" (Apr. 23, 1997). The Las Vegas Review Journal reports that the North Las Vegas City Council approved a $100 million housing project despite concerns over airport noise raised by both residents and airport officials.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Nevada Air Tour Operator Speaks Out Against Proposed Grand Canyon Resort" (Jun. 16, 1997). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports that a Las Vegas, Nevada air tour executive has said that Arizona business interests and relatives of the U.S. Interior Secretary stand to benefit most from limiting air tour flights over the Grand Canyon. According to the article, Cliff Evarts, chief executive officer of Eagle Canyon Airlines, said at a lunchtime Rotary Club meeting last week that "The issue of Grand Canyon overflights and aircraft noise is not really about noise, nor is it about protecting the environment. Instead, it is about using environmental issues to accomplish various political and economic goals of our neighboring states and about the friends and family of the secretary of the interior wanting to take tourist dollars out of Las Vegas and Southern Nevada."

Las Vegas, Nevada, "County Aviation Official Says New Nevada Airport Necessary" (Aug. 9, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal published the following editorial by Randall H. Walker, director of Nevada's Clark County Department of Aviation. Walker advocates for the Ivanpah Airport project, deeming it a necessity to accommodate the Las Vegas Valley's future needs. Walker writes:

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Citizens Advocacy Group in Las Vegas, Nevada Positively Steers Development to Reduce Noise and Other Negative Effects" (Jan. 14, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports that development and growth is an issue which affects all residents of Las Vegas, Nevada no matter what part of the city they reside in. A citizens advocacy group in the area, the Lone Mountain Citizens Advisory Council, is doing its part to help preserve the area from uncontrolled growth. The Advisory Council's input on two recently proposed projects have lead to changes in the projects to reduce noise and other negativeeffects on nearby residents.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Las Vegas Residents and Business Owners Question McCarran Airport's Agenda in Widespread Buyout Tactics" (Jun. 15, 1998). The Las Vegas Business Press reports some residents and business owners in areas surrounding Las Vegas are questioning the agenda of McCarran International Airport's seemingly aggressive but selective buyout procedures.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Noise Concerns from Airport Delay New School in Las Vegas" (Jun. 20, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports noise concerns may stall construction for a new high school planned near Las Vegas' McCarran International Airport.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Enviromental Groups Oppose Air Cargo Hub in Nevada's Ivanpah Valley" (Jun. 24, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports environmentalists said Tuesday they oppose Clark County's plans for a new airport in the Ivanpah Valley because it would disrupt national parks, stimulate more urban growth, and increase air and noise pollution.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Drilling Rig Proves Noisemaker and Nightmare for Las Vegas Family" (Mar. 5, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports a Las Vegas family lost their peace and quiet and ability to sleep at night when a massive drilling rig set up operation in their backyard. The residents are frustrated with the response they've received from project officials. When the drilling stops, new wells will provide water for area golf courses.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Helicopter Operators Cease Flying Over Hotel Strip in Las Vegas" (Oct. 6, 1998). The Associated Press reports that four helicopter tour operators have ceased flying directly over the Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada because of noise complaints from hotel-casinos.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Las Vegas Road Construction Plans Don't Include Sound Barriers: Residents Angry" (Dec. 12, 1999). The Las Vegas Review-journal reports that residents of the Richfield Village in Las Vegas will soon be subject to increased road noise with the upcoming reconstruction of Interstate 15. Transportation officials are refusing to include sound walls in their plans because environmental regulations weren't in place when the interstate was built in the early 1960s.

Las Vegas, Nevada, "Helicopter Convention Includes Retrofits to Reduce Noise Footprint, Inspired By Noise Problems Over Grand Canyon National Park" (Jan. 31, 2000). Aviation Week and Space Technology reports on an international helicopter conference which included the introduction of a retrofitted sightseeing helicopter which is quieter than the original, creating an 80-decibel footprint.

Lauderdale Lakes, Florida, "Removed Trees along Turnpike Increase Noise for Florida Residents" (Apr. 5, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports it's unclear who removed the trees along Northwest 52nd Avenue which runs parallel to Florida's Turnpike, but the result is a plague of noise and dust for residents.

Lauderhill, Florida, "City Outlaws Nighttime Use of Loudspeakers in Lauderhill, Florida" (Sep. 18, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports that a city commission in Florida has approved a noise ordinance that prohibits the use of loudspeakers near residential areas between 10 p.m. and 8 a.m. on weekdays.

Leavenworth County, Kansas, "Proposal for Go-Carts Upsets Rural Kansas Residents" (Dec. 11, 1997). The Kansas City Star reports that the Leavenworth County Planning Commission and several county residents met last week to debate whether the county should grant a special-use permit for a go-cart track at Eisenhower Road and 20th Street Trafficway.

Lebanon, Ohio, "Ohio Town Protests Airport Expansion, Citing Noise and Decreased Property Values" (Apr. 14, 1999). The Cincinnati Enquirer reports neighbors opposed to the expansion of the Warren County Airport in Lebanon, Ohio, presented town officials with a petition Monday asking for several restrictions.

Lee's Summit, Kansas, "Amended Noise Ordinance in Lee's Summit, Kansas Should be Easier to Enforce" (Jan. 8, 1998). The Kansas City Star reports that Lee's Summit, Kansas has recently amended its noise ordinance to make it easier to enforce. The police department has begun using hand-held meters to measure noise so that a signed complaint is no longer necessary. The modified ordinance also clearly defines what a noise nuisance is by setting a decibel limit as measured from a property line next to the source of the noise.

Lee's Summit, Missouri, "Missouri Residents Oppose Reactivation of Railroad Tracks in Their Neighborhood" (May 16, 1997). The Kansas City Star reports that the Union Pacific Railroad announced that it is planning to sell train tracks that run through Lee's Summit, Missouri to General Railway Corp., which plans to run trains from St. Louis to Kansas City. Residents in the eight subdivisions near the train tracks are frightened that the trains will bring noise and safety problems and drops in property values.

Lee's Summit, Missouri, "Missouri City Strengthens Noise Ordinance" (May 8, 1997). The Kansas City Star reports that the City Council in Lee's Summit, Missouri unanimously approved changes to its noise ordinance Tuesday. The changes include adding strict definitions of noise nuisances and giving police officers the ability to generate complaints.

Lee's Summit, Missouri, "Airport, City Officials, and Citizen's Group Reach Compromise Over Airport Expansion In Lee's Summit, Missouri" (May 5, 1999). The Kansas City Star reports that Airport officials, city officials, and the citizen's group Airport Expansion Evaluation Committee (AEEC) have reached a compromise over the expansion of an airport runway in Lee's Summit, Missouri. The proposed $20-$30 million project would extend the airport's major runway from 4,000 to 5,500 feet, but the city has agreed to hold off on the project until they learn whether Kansas City's Richards-Gebaur Memorial Airport is closing. Expansion at Lee's Summit depends on the ability to relocate pilots from the Kansas City airport closing.

Lee's Summit, Missouri, "Airport Report Goes to Missouri City Council" (May 29, 1999). The Kansas City Star reports that the Board of Aeronautical Commissioners unanimously approved a report on the environmental impacts of a proposed expansion of the Lee's Summit Municipal Airport. The report is scheduled to go before the City Council and, if approved, will go on to the Missouri Department of Transportation. Once approved by the department, the project will proceed. If it is rejected, the department will determine that a more in-dept environmental impact is needed.

Leesburg, Florida, "City of Leesburg, Florida to Formulate Noise Ordinance" (Feb. 15, 2000). The Orlando Sentinel reports that the city of Leesburg, Florida has decided to institute a noise ordinance and is currently researching just how the ordinance should be worded and enforced.

Leesburg, Virginia, "Noise Measurements Show Noise From Leesburg, Virginia Restaurant's Air Conditioners to Be Within Reasonable Limits, Despite Resident Complaints" (Oct. 17, 1999). The Washington Post reports that after continued complaints regarding noise at a local restaurant in Leesburg, Virginia, a consulting firm determined sound levels were not severe.

Leicester, England, "University Students in England Complain about Night Time Noise on Campus" (Mar. 26, 1998). The Leicester Mail reports De Montfort University students who live near the student union have complained about late night noise coming from the union.

Leicester, England, "European Commission Requires Towns to Create Noise Contour Maps" (Sep. 24, 1998). The Leicester Mercury reports noise blackspots in Leicester, England, will be targeted as part of pollution research mandated by the European Commission.

Leicester, England, "Residents' Group in England Continues to Fight Noise from Shouting Inmates" (Sep. 27, 1998). The Leicester Mail reports a community action group in Leicester, England, claims it is still fighting for some peace and quiet more than two years after voicing its concern about noise from a nearby juvenile detention center.

Leicester, England, "Hinckley Borough Council Enforces Neighborhood Noise Abatement Legislation" (Feb. 16, 2000). The Leicester Mercury in England reports that a Hinckley resident had his stereo system confiscated and was forced to pay fines and legal fees after he refused to turn down the volume on his stereo system and was reported to the authorities by annoyed neighbors.

Leicester, England, "Noisy Neighbors Turn Down the Volume Before UK Environmental Officer Can Act" (Feb. 1, 2000). According to the Leicester Mercury, an attempt by the local environmental health officer to act on noise complaints because the disruptive neighbors turn down the volume of their stereo before he arrives.

Leicester, U.K., "MP in U.K.s Parliament Sponsored a Motion to Require Local Governments to Examine and Control Airport Noise" (May 13, 1999). The Leicester Mail reports that a county MP from the U.K.s Leicester community is co-sponsoring a parliamentary motion to require local governments to take noise considerations seriously at their regional airports. Other parliamentary members said the legislation would make local governments more responsible and take some pressure off of airports and developers who have traditionally had to fend for themselves regarding noise issues.

Leicestershire, England, "Impact Statement 'Flawed" Says Group Against Airport Runway Expansion in Leicester, England" (Feb. 22, 1999). The Leicester Mercury reports activists in Leicester, England, are pressuring their district council to reject an environmental impact statement addressing expansion at a nearby airport on the basis that it's too limited in scope.

Leicestershire, United Kingdom, "Commons Representative From Leicestershire, U.K. Pushes For Regulation of Aircraft Activity Beyond Current Proposals, Including A Cap On Numbers of Flights" (Aug. 5, 1999). The Leicester Mercury reports that a Commons representative from North West Leicestershire in the United Kingdom is calling for even more airport noise-control measures, especially at night, including restrictions on "the number of air traffic movements and the types of aircraft being operated, along with a control on the times of operation."

Leicestershire, United Kingdom, "Member of U.K. Parliament to Support More Powers for Local Councils for Regulating Aircraft Noise" (Nov. 16, 1999). The Derby Evening Telegraph reports that a Member of Parliament (MP) from North West Leicestershire will be speaking on the need to give local councils the power to regulate aircraft noise; currently only the secretary of state has this power.

Leland, North Carolina, "Schools in North Carolina Get Acoustical Panels to Quiet Sound in Band Rooms" (Nov. 11, 1997). The Morning Star reports that the Board of Education Monday approved the installation of acoustical panels in the band rooms of seven schools in Brunswick County, North Carolina. The panels will help suppress noise for students in classrooms near the band rooms, and also will reduce the noise inside the band rooms, the article says.

Lenexa, Kansas, "Residents Annoyed by Gun Noise at Shooting Range in Lenexa, Kansas" (Apr. 5, 2000). The Kansas City Star reports that the Powder Creek Shooting Park in Lenexa, Kansas has been the focus of numerous complaints about gunfire noise. The shooting range is open on Tuesdays and all weekend long. Resident Scott Elsom has recently moved to Lenexa, and he and his family were immediately bothered by the noise.

Les Vegas, Nevada, "Editorial: Keep Your Darned Noise to Yourself" (Aug. 12, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal published the following editorial from Joseph Spear, a writer for the Newspaper Enterprise Association. Spear's article identifies with and applauds the advocacy efforts of noise haters nationally saying: "There are hundreds of thousands of noise haters out there, and a movement of some kind is clearly a-building." The editorial reads as follows:

Lewisburg, Tennessee, "International Comfort Products Announces New Line of Quieter Air Conditioners" (Mar. 29, 2000). The PR Newswire printed a press release issued by International Comfort Products announcing the company's new line of air conditioners. The press release is reprinted here in its entirety:

Lewiston, Idaho, "Idaho Sprint Racers Request Permit for New Course after Noise Complaints" (Jan. 19, 1998). The Lewiston Morning Tribune of Lewiston, Idaho, reports that Chapter One Racing is requesting a permit to build a new boat track after noise complaints from a few residents along the Snake River.

Lewiston, Idaho, "Idaho Transportation Department Reluctant to Approve Noise Mitigation Along a Lewiston Road; $11.2-Million Budget Has $960,000 Remaining, But State Wants to Know Costs of Noise Mitigation Before Approval" (Nov. 13, 1999). The Lewiston Morning Tribune reports that the Idaho Transportation Department is reluctant to approve a noise mitigation project that would use extra funds from a recent road construction in Lewiston. The city considers the noise mitigation a top priority, but the state wants to know how much it will cost before committing to it. Residents are upset, and some have even filed suit against the city.

Lewiston, Idaho, "Residents in Bryden Canyon, Idaho Up in Arms Over New Road" (Apr. 2, 2000). The Lewiston Morning Tribune in Idaho reports that a new road in Bryden Canyon, which opened in 1999, has brought nothing but noise and problems to residents who lived there before the road opened. The new road, Bryden Canyon Road, is four lanes wide and connects Southway Bridge and Snake River Avenue to the Orchards. The residents are very displeased with the lack of concern by the city and the city's refusal to follow through on promised noise mitigation.

Lewiston, New York, "Village Board Reprimands Inn for Noise" (May 19, 1998). The Buffalo News reports the Lewiston, New York, Village Board Monday publicly admonished the general manager of a local inn for its noise levels and failure to be a good neighbor.

Libertyville, Illinois, "Residents Want to Know Just How Noisy Illinois Peaker Plant Will Be" (Feb. 17, 2000). The Chicago Daily Herald reported on the eighth public hearing over a proposed power plant and the difficulty opponents of the plant have had in getting straight answers from the plant's noise consultants.

Libertyville, Illinois, "Libertyville, Illinois Residents Question Need for Electrical Power Plant in Their Community" (Mar. 14, 2000). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that Concerned Citizens of Lake County, a residents' group in Libertyville, Illinois, opposes Indeck Energy Services' proposed electrical peaker power plant in their town. The group is concerned about the noise and air pollution that the power plant would generate, and question whether there really is a need for such a plant. They asked three experts in the field to make a presentation to the town before residents vote next week on whether or not to allow the plant to locate in Libertyville.

Liege, Belgium, "Study Finds that Cargo Development at Belgium Airport Will Bring Noise Problems" (Feb. 18, 1997). The publication Airports reports that two independent studies have been done on the Bierset Airport near Liege, Belgium, and one of them has found that noise problems would result from expanding the airport into a major cargo hub.

Lincoln, Nebraska, "Fifty Employees Working in Lincoln, Nebraska's Capitol Building Can Voluntarily Relocate Because of Construction Noise Levels" (Jan. 8, 2000). The Associated Press State and Local Wire reports that a restoration project at Lincoln, Nebraska's capitol has proven so loud that fifty employees in the building have been given the option of relocating. The noise was measured at 82.5 decibels, just 2.5 decibels below the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's maximum of 85.

Lincoln, Rhode Island, "Gates Put Up in Lincoln State Park to Curb Night-Time Noise from Joy Riders" (Mar. 19, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the state has installed two gates on the road that circles Olney Pond at Lincoln Woods State Park in an effort to cut down on evening joyriders who speed around the pond with their car radios blasting.

Linthicum, Maryland, "Benefits of Active Noise Reduction Headsets in the Workplace" (Mar. 1, 2000). Occupational Health and Safety reports that workers who are routinely subjected to long-term, low-frequency background noise such as vehicles, machinery, engines, large compressors, and air conditioning units are suffering many adverse health effects, particularly hearing loss.

Lisle, Illinois, "Illinois Tollway Expansion Will Include Noise Study and Mitigation" (Apr. 22, 1998). The Chicago Tribune reports that the East-West Tollway in Lisle, Illinois will be expanded by one lane between the North-South Tollway and Naperville Road. As part of the project, a noise study will be conducted, and noise barriers will be constructed if needed, the article says. Residents along the Tollway would like to see noise barriers built, the article notes.

Lisle, Illinois, "Illinois State Toll Highway Authority Offers No Relief for Lisle, Illinois" (Aug. 21, 1998). Chicago Tribune reports that residents and village officials in Lisle, Illinois are irritated with the noise generated from Interstate Highway 355 and Interstate Highway 88. No action for relief is forthcoming, however, from the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority.

Lisle, Illinois, "Lisle, Illinois Residents May Unite to Lobby For Noise Barriers" (Jan. 8, 1998). Chicago Daily Herald reports that Lisle, Illinois Trustee Judy Yuill has proposed forming a citizens committee to deal with tollway noise issues and, ultimately, to persuade the authority to install noise barriers. However, Toll officials say that while they welcome the input, the noise levels don't warrant building barriers.

Lisle, Illinois, "Tollway Noise May Get One Chicago Neighborhood Noise Barriers; No to the Other for Now" (Mar. 18, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority is compiling noise-level readings along the North-South Tollway prompted by residents' complaints of tollway noise.

Lisle, Illinois, "Illinois Highway Officials Refuse Lisle's Request for Noise Barriers" (Oct. 7, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports Lisle, Illinois, officials pledged this week to continue the fight for noise barriers along a three-quarter-mile stretch of the North-South Tollway.

Lisle, Illinois, "No Relief from Tollway Noise for Residents in Lisle, Illinois" (Oct. 7, 1998). The Chicago Tribune reports that residents in Lisle, Illinois should not expect any noise relief from the North-South Tollway. Noise walls cost $1 million per mile to erect and there is a great demand for them along the entire tollway system.

Litchfield, New Hampshire, "New Hampshire Residents Organize to Protest Aircraft Noise" (Sep. 22, 1997). The Union Leader reports that the group Save Our Skies has organized a meeting tomorrow night for residents disturbed by jet noise from the Manchester (New Hampshire) Airport. Organizers intend to discuss the nighttime jet noise problem and strategies to deal with the problem. Officials at the Manchester Airport, meanwhile, say there is little they can do to mitigate the problem.

Little Ferry, New Jersey, "Local and State New Jersey Politicians Urge Crowd of 250 to Continue the Fight Against Increased Jet Traffic at Airport" (Oct. 22, 1997). The Record reports that officials who represent south Bergen County, New Jersey at the local, county, and state level asked residents Tuesday to continue their fight against a proposed increase in corporate jet traffic at the Teterboro Airport. The article says that a crowd of more than 250 attended the meeting in Little Ferry and heard mayors from Moonachie, Teterboro, and Little Ferry, Bergen County freeholders, and state legislators urge them to sign petitions, write letters, and make phone calls protesting the proposed air traffic increase.

Little Rock, Arkansas, "Arkansas Airport Gets Federal Noise Grant to Purchase Land" (Aug. 30, 1997). The Commercial Appeal reports that U.S. Transportation Secretary Rodney Slater announced Thursday the City of Little Rock, Arkansas will receive a $1 million grant to acquire land near Adams Field to reduce the impact of noise from the airport as it continues to grow. The grant is part of the Federal Aviation Administration's Airport Improvement Program, the article says.

Little York, Indiana, "Indiana Residents Cry "Foul" Over Stockyard Deal" (Mar. 21, 2000). The Courier-Journal reported that a proposed $1 million stockyard deal in Little York is a source of contention between cattlemen and some town residents who project a positive economic impact and other residents who fear that it will hinder residential development from a neighboring county.

Littleton, Colorado, "Rock Concert Cut Off Due to Existing County Curfew on Amphitheater Sound" (May 1, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that a rock concert by Lenny Kravitz was cut off in mid-song in Littleton, Colorado when a county curfew on sound was broken. Arapahoe county negotiated a 10:30 curfew on sound at the Fiddler's Green amphitheater, and the concert promoter pulled the plug promptly at 10:30 in order to comply. Kravitz started the show late due to equipment problems, and warned the audience that he may be cut off. Some attendees were upset, and called demanding their money back, despite the fact that the concert had run for some 4.5 hours.

Littleton, Colorado, "Relocation of Train Tracks in Littleton, Colorado Causes Disturbing Vibrations and Increased Noise in Affected Neighborhoods" (Mar. 15, 2000). The Denver Post reports that ever since the Burlington Northern railroad moved some of its tracks 100 feet closer to homes in a Littleton, Colorado neighborhood, the increased noise and vibrations have shaken the houses and disturbed the residents. The tracks were moved to accommodate the Regional Transportation District's (RTD's) new light-rail line along South Santa Fe Drive. A meeting will take place at Littleton City Hall tonight to discuss the issue with railroad and RTD officials.

Littleton, North Carolina, "Barking Dogs Land North Carolina Resident In Prison" (Dec. 13, 1997). The News and Observer reports how Central Prison in Littleton North Carolina has housed its share of notorious criminals over the years -killers, rapists, robbers and such. But the Big House has seldom locked up the likes of James Melvin. Melvin, who is 69, deaf, legally blind and diabetic, walked out of Central Prison a free man Friday after pulling time for violating Section 13 of the Animal Control Ordinance of the Town of Littleton. His dogs were barking too much.

Loma Portal, California, "San Diego Port Officials Will Offer Noise Reduction to Homeowners in Historic District; Debate Rages Over How to Reduce Noise While Preserving Historic Architecture" (Nov. 13, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that San Diego port officials are offering to soundproof historic homes in Loma Portal, but have yet to decide how best to reduce noise while preserving historic architecture. Some residents don't care much about the historic value, but some do, and the port is currently studying noise-reduction at Minneapolis and Boston airports, as well as consulting with window manufacturers to explore their options.

Lombard, Illinois, "Illinois Residents Oppose Softball Field Expansion" (Jun. 3, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that village officials in Lombard, Illinois recently approved a plan for three new softball fields at Madison Meadow park. But now, residents living near the park are saying they weren't told about the project, and are objecting that it would bring more traffic, noise, and trash to their neighborhood. A meeting is scheduled for June 9 between residents and parks district officials.

Lombard, Illinois, "State of Illinois to Build Sound Barrier Wall for Residents of Busy Road in Village of Lombard" (Apr. 12, 2000). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that some residents who live on busy North Avenue in Lombard, Illinois have complained about the traffic noise. The state plans to begin a $29.5 million project to widen three miles of the street, turning it into a six-lane highway, and has agreed to install two sound barrier walls on the south side of North Avenue to help reduce the traffic noise. The wall will either be made of wood or concrete.

London and Manchester, England, "Two British Airports Face Fierce Protests Over Noise" (May 17, 1997). The Guardian reports that London's Heathrow Airport and Manchester's airport both face serious opposition in their expansion plans. The organized campaigners against the airports' expansions argue the expansions will bring too much noise and that Britain needs a national aviation strategy.

London, England, "Noise Museum Exhibition Opens in London" (Apr. 21, 1997). M2 Presswire reports in a press release that there will be an exhibition titled "Noise?" will open at the Science Museum in London on April 24, and will run till July 27. One of the features of the exhibition is research currently underway at the University of Southampton on active sound control, which is cancellation of an unwanted sound wave with another sound wave generated by a loudspeaker. The press release says that the exhibition is aimed at a general and family audience and explores many other interesting areas of noise research, including the production of quieter road surfaces and noise tags to monitor an individual's exposure to noise levels.

London, England, "Researchers Work on Furniture That Cancels Out Neighborhood Noise" (Apr. 28, 1997). The Singapore Straits Times reports that an article in the Sunday Times says researchers are now applying the latest theories on active sound control to armchairs and beds, which they hope will be able to shut out noise from loud neighbors.

London, England, "British Police Will Enforce Noise Restrictions on Car Stereos" (Aug. 20, 1997). According to The Northern Echo of England, government officials are preparing to award police with more powers to combat loud car stereos in England.

London, England, "New Plans To Reduce Fumes and Noise in London Squares" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Associated Press reports how some of London's tourist areas long troubled by traffic noise are up for some improvements. The report describes London's Trafalgar Square: Pigeons. Stone lions. Lord Nelson on a fluted column. And, of course, the relentless roar of traffic. Those are the impressions carried home by the millions of tourists who trek through Trafalgar Square, home of the National Gallery and a major traffic hub located at the geographic center of modern London. But soon, visitors can scratch traffic from the list.

London, England, "Noise Patrols Enforce London's Noise Act" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Press Association News File reports that Christmas revelers are being targeted by 24-hour anti-noise patrols as councils get tough on noise pollution. Noisy neighbors face eviction and on-the-spot fines as several local authorities in London pursue a policy of "Silent Night, Holy Night."

London, England, "Heathrow Airport Officials Pledge Noise Cap and Night Flight Limit if New Terminal is Approved" (Jun. 16, 1997). The Extel Examiner reports that officials of BAA PLC, operator of London's Heathrow Airport, said they will introduce a legally binding noise cap on noise levels around the airport and will not allow the number of night flights to increase if the airport's proposed Terminal 5 is approved. The article says that BAA said in a statement that if Terminal 5 is approved, their pledge "would limit noise levels at the airport to an area no greater than that within the most recent air noise contours published by the government," and that if "the noise level around Heathrow will not get any worse."

London, England, "Noise Levels at London's Heathrow Airport Are "Capped"" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Times reports that BAA, the operator of the Heathrow Airport in London, has proposed that noise levels at the airport be capped at the levels that applied in 1994. The article says the proposal, which would require legislation, is an attempt by BAA to calm noise protests from residents and win approval for a fifth terminal.

London, England, "Flight Cap at London's Heathrow Airport is Only Sure Noise Solution" (Jul. 3, 1997). The Financial Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Dermot Cox, chair of the Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise, regarding the proposed noise cap at London's Heathrow Airport:

London, England, "London Airport Pushes its Case for a Fifth Terminal" (May 16, 1997). Origin Universal News Services Limited reports that the British Airports Authority (BAA), the operator of London's Heathrow Airport, said today it would not oppose a recommendation that there should be no increase in the quota of night flights permitted at the airport. The recommendation came from the Inspector of the inquiry regarding the construction of a fifth terminal at the airport. In addition, BAA circulated a newsletter to 500,000 homeowners surrounding the airport outlining the companies' position and discussing the results of a recent Gallup poll that showed most local residents support the fifth terminal.

London, England, "British Government Drops Commitment to Cut Noise Levels at Heathrow Airport" (Oct. 17, 1997). The Evening Standard reports that the British government has dropped its commitment to cut noise levels at London's Heathrow Airport, on the grounds that an improvement in noise levels cannot be guaranteed. The news came through civil service evidence in the public inquiry into the proposed fifth terminal at Heathrow. The news shocked residents opposed to the expansion, the article says

London, England, "British Government is Accused of Caving on Aircraft Noise" (Oct. 17, 1997). The Daily Telegraph reports that the British government was accused of caving in to pressure from British Airways yesterday after dropping a 12-year-old commitment to seek continual noise reductions at London's Heathrow Airport. The inspector leading the public inquiry into the planned fifth terminal at Heathrow and residents opposed to the development both criticized the Labor government for its action.

London, England, "Columnist Believes London's Heathrow Airport Will Face Continuing Expansion Pressures" (Oct. 13, 1997). EIU ViewsWire printed an editorial in which the public inquiry into London's Heathrow Airport expansion, Britain's longest public inquiry ever, is discussed. The editorial writer talks about the disillusionment of all parties in the length of the inquiry, the fact that the airport owner has made two important concessions in the inquiry, and argues that Heathrow will face continuing pressures to expand and a site for a new airport should be considered.

London, England, "London Mayor should have Power to Regulate Aircraft Noise from Heathrow" (Oct. 29, 1997). London's Evening Standard reported that Labor MP Tony Colman advocated that the new mayor should get the power to limit aircraft noise in the capital. Colman also urged London Minister Glenda Jackson to ban all night flights.

London, England, "Experts with British Government Say Residents Don't Lose Sleep From Heathrow Aircraft Noise" (Sep. 15, 1997). The Independent reports that at the long-running public inquiry into a proposed fifth terminal at London's Heathrow Airport, government experts are submitting testimony that nighttime flights do not affect people's sleep.

London, England, "BBC Gives Out Cough Drops with Quiet Wrappers at Live Radio Broadcasts" (Sep. 28, 1997). Weekend Sunday (NPR) reports in a radio broadcast that BBC Radio in London is distributing cough drops in quiet wrappers to audience members at its live classical music radio broadcasts, in an attempt to cut down on the background noise during the concerts. The broadcast goes on to interview James Pestell, the head of marketing for BBC Radio 3, the country's classical music station from the BBC.

London, England, "Columnist Argues British Government Should Survey People About Noise Around Heathrow Airport Instead of Relying on Computer-Generated Noise Averages" (Apr. 15, 1998). The Guardian printed an editorial that argues the British government should survey residents living near London's Heathrow Airport about the aircraft noise they are experiencing, rather than relying on computer-generated noise averages. The editorial argues that only by doing such a survey can the government make the noise consultation currently in progress over Heathrow's expansion worthwhile.

London, England, "Britain Fights EU's Tough Anti-Noise Proposals" (Apr. 11, 1998). The Independent reports that Britain is preparing to fight new anti- noise laws proposed by the European Commission.

London, England, "England Restricts Boom Cars" (Feb. 24, 1998). The Daily Mail reports that the British government is planning to create a specific offence outlawing "excessive" noise from in-car radios and tape and CD players.

London, England, "European Union Cracks Down On Noisy Garden Machinery" (Feb. 25, 1998). The Daily Mail reports that noisy lawnmowers could soon be outlawed under a crackdown being considered by the EU. Garden machinery would have to be sold with a label showing how loud it is under plans being considered by the European Commission.

London, England, "International Air Association Plans Legal Challenge to British Government's Plan to Cut Noise Levels at London Airports, While Airlines Predict London Airports Will Decline Under Rules" (Feb. 11, 1998). The Travel Trade Gazette UK & Ireland reports that the International Air Transport Association (IATA) is preparing a legal challenge against the British government's proposal to cut noise levels at London's Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted airports. Meanwhile, airline executives are saying that Heathrow airport could lose its spot as Europe's most important airport if the government's noise rules are implemented.

London, England, "English Government Considers Plan to Ban Incoming Night Flights at Heathrow" (Jan. 25, 1998). The Independent of London, England, reports the government, as part of its effort to place limits on aircraft noise, is discussing a ban on all incoming night flights at Heathrow, the world's busiest international airport.

London, England, "Tenants in London Flats Say They Will Take Their Noise Battle to the House of Lords" (Jul. 30, 1998). The Evening Standard reports that tenants in Londonís council flats plan to take their grievance concerning inadequate soundproofing to the House of Lords. The Appeal Court recently ruled the council had no obligation to improve the soundproofing of the flats.

London, England, "London Case Pending on Landlords' Liability in Noise Nuisance Matters" (Jul. 7, 1998). The Lawyer reports judgment is pending in a London case which will determine landlords' liability in respect to noise nuisance.

London, England, "Is Living Under Heathrow Airport's Flight Paths an Asset or Loss for London's Homeowners and Purchasers?" (Jun. 20, 1998). The Financial Times reports that some of Britain's most expensive houses lie on the flight paths into and out of Heathrow airport. The proximity to the airport is considered one of the property's virtues, at least until now. The article poses the question: With construction of the fifth terminal ("Terminal Five") looming on the horizon, will proximity to the airport continue to be an asset or will the proximity push buyers beyond the limits for noise and congestion?

London, England, "Anti-Noise Group Asks Government to Fund Fair Fight Against Heathrow's Terminal 5" (May 14, 1998). Press Association Newsfile reports the Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise (HACAN) asked the government today for financial assistance in its fight to stop a fifth terminal from being built at Heathrow airport.

London, England, "Three Years into Inquiry, Two Sides No Closer on Heathrow's Terminal Five" (May 16, 1998). The Financial Times of London reports the inquiry into Heathrow's Terminal Five has been going on for three years now which makes it the longest inquiry in UK history. Opponents are still vocal, although some are experiencing fatigue and financial strain.

London, England, "British Government Deems Nighttime Flying Ban Impractical at Country's Busiest Airports" (Nov. 17, 1998). Press Association Newsfile reports the British Government today declined to ban night-time flying at Britain's two busiest airports, but continue to consider proposals to reduce noise levels at Heathrow and Gatwick airports.

London, England, "Night Flights to Continue; UK Anti-Noise Groups Blast Government Decision" (Nov. 22, 1998). The Press Association Newsfile reports anti - noise groups in the United Kingdom today bitterly attacked the Government's decision not to ban night flying at major airports in and around London, England.

London, England, "European Study Shows City Noise Leads to Serious Ill Health Effects" (Oct. 9, 1998). The Evening Standard reports Londoners were warned today that big city noise may be responsible for heart disease.

London, England, "Expanded Flightpaths in England Bring More Noise; Additional 1 Million Homes Will Be Affected" (Sep. 27, 1998). The Times Newspapers Limited reports the British government faces an outcry from residents over its plans for a huge expansion of flightpaths that will lead to at least 1m more homes being disturbed by aircraft noise.

London, England, "Government Rejects Activists' Attempts to Restrict Night-Flights at England's Largest Airports" (Sep. 11, 1998). Times Newspapers Limited reports anti-noise groups lost their fight to restrict night-time flying at England's three major airports.

London, England, "Previous Decision To Require a Landlord in London, England to Soundproof His Apartments from Noise was Overturned Because Existing Noise Act Exempts Vehicles on the Street" (Apr. 27, 1999). The Press Association reports on a successful appeal in London, England by a landlord who was ordered to soundproof his apartments against traffic noise. The High Court ruled that although environmental laws require that apartments not compromise the tenants health, noise from street vehicles is not considered a statutory nuisance that could compromise health. The landlord had refused to soundproof his apartments, and was taken to court; his successful appeal frees him of the order for the time being. The presiding judges noted that railway noise was not exempted, though it was not an issue in this case.

London, England, "Letter to the Editor in London, Reprinted from 1940s', Addresses Disturbing Qualities of Noise" (Aug. 16, 1999). The Times reprints a letter to the editor written by Sir Robert Armstrong-Jones (1857-1943), a London physician who often wrote to the paper first half of the 1900s. He was involved in finding new ways to treat those with mental diseases.

London, England, "London Columnist Tells Citizens What Laws Exist For Use Against Noise Offenders" (Aug. 31, 1999). The Times prints a piece by a London columnist discussing the citizen's recourse against noise offenders. While relying on local bylaws can result in buck-passing between understaffed police and the local council, the Crime and Disorder Act of 1998 provides a national law for citizens to use. In addition, the 1997 Harassment Act protects the public from nuisance behavior, and the two laws together can be used to levy fines and jail terms to noise offenders.

London, England, "Residents Near a London, England Incinerator Say the Facility Is Producing Too Much Environmental Pollution and Noise" (Aug. 30, 1999). The London Free Press reports that residents near a London, England incinerator are upset over increasing air-pollution "exceedances" and noise from the facility. No details were given about the noise problems. Air pollution exceedances increased from 61 hours in 1996 to 191 hours in just the first half of 1999. Activists are asking for a public meeting to be scheduled to discuss concerns over the plant.

London, England, "Writer Gets Military's Side of the Story Regarding Noisy, Low-Flying Planes" (Sep. 4, 1999). The Daily Telegraph reports that there are two sides to the story about noisy, low-flying military jets. Despite 6,000 complaints each year relating to noise from low-flying planes, pilots say the skill requires practice and is invaluable. Though in the past designated flyways were used, pilots may now fly anywhere in the country as long as they avoid certain special areas such as hospitals or civil airports; they only fly low only thinly populated areas. Planes must be at least 250 feet above the ground in most areas, but some opposition groups say this is still too dangerous to civilians. Pilots may be monitored at any time by mobile radar that allows police to determine speed and altitude. Even at legal altitudes, complaints roll in and several public relations officers are employed to answer these complaints.

London, England, "UK Underground Noise On Trial" (Dec. 13, 1999). The Lawyer reports that the rights of local council to monitor underground rail noise are on trial in High Court.

London, England, "Londoners Cite Constant Apartment Noises Worse Than Other Noise" (Dec. 11, 1999). The Daily Telegraph printed an op ed about daily noises apartment dwellers have to live with. Flushing toilets, shoes on hardwood floors, washing machines and crying babies were all examples of never ending noises that apartment dwellers are subject to.

London, England, "U.S. May Retaliate with Concorde Ban if EU Enacts Ban on Hush-Kitted Aircraft" (Feb. 25, 1999). The Financial Times reports the U.S. is considering a ban of its own if the European Union goes forward with a ban on older hush-kitted aircraft.

London, England, "EU Refuses to Delay Hush-Kitted Aircraft Restrictions Despite U.S. Plea" (Feb. 11, 1999). The Financial Times reports the European Union's transport commissioner yesterday rejected US attempts to delay EU legislation that would restrict the use of older, noisier aircraft in EU airspace.

London, England, "Inventor of New Noise-Filtering "Smart Curtain" Wins 2000 Pound Prize from British Standards Institution" (Jun. 29, 1999). The Press Association Newsfile reports that a 25-year-old student at the Royal Art College in London will receive a 2000 pound prize for his invention of the 'smart curtain.' The invention is a translucent rubber curtain, embedded with electronics disguised as a grid pattern, that cuts noise by up to eight decibels; it also transforms irritating noise into pleasant melodies and sounds such as the 'ocean' that you hear when putting a sea shell to your ear. The inventor is now searching for a company to back production of the curtain. The curtain is 2.4 meters by 1.2 meters, but weighs only six kilograms.

London, England, "New "Noise Curtain" Brings Prize for Inventor, May Revolutionize Noise Reduction Strategies" (Jun. 29, 1999). The Evening Standard reports that an industrial designer at London's Royal College of Art will receive a 2,000 pound prize from the British Standards Institution tonight for inventing the "smart curtain." The curtain is a rubber sheet embedded with electronics which reduces noise up to eight decibels, and transforms annoying noise into soothing sounds. 173,000 complaints were received by the Chartered Institute for Environmental Health Officers in 1997, and so such an invention could have a major impact on quality of life in London and elsewhere.

London, England, "London Resident Notes that Small Two-Stroke Motorcycles Should Be Subject to Same Noise Restrictions as Four-Stroke Vehicles" (Jun. 6, 1999). London's Sunday Telegraph prints a letter to the editor, pointing out that loud motorcycles are not the fault of negligent motorists, but the fault of ambiguous law that allows two-stroke vehicles to be louder than four-stroke vehicles.

London, England, "BAA Says Fifth New Terminal at London's Heathrow Won't Increase Noise; Environmental Group Wants Flight Numbers Capped" (Mar. 13, 1999). The Financial Times (London) reports BAA yesterday called for legislation to ensure the proposed fifth terminal at London's Heathrow airport did not lead to an increase in aircraft noise. However, a local environmental group said it still believes the additional terminal will unduly disrupt lives.

London, England, "Proposed Directive in Brussels, Belgium to Set Maximum Noise Levels for Lawn and Garden Appliances; Manufacturer Compliance May be Difficult" (May 23, 1999). Times Newspapers Limited reports that a proposed directive in Brussels, Belgium will set limits on how much noise outdoor appliances can make. Manufacturers claim that a reduction of even two decibels could be disastrous for some products. A researcher at Southampton University's Institute of Sound and Vibration Studies said "To remove two decibels you have to remove half the sound energy. That would be quite an engineering achievement."

London, England, "European Union Extends Deadline for Registering Hushkitted Aircraft; Hushkitted Aircraft Will Be Banned from European Union Airspace If Not Registered by April 1, 2000" (May 11, 1999). World Airport Week reports that the European Union has extended its deadline for registration of hushkitted aircraft. The deadline, pushed from April 1999 to April 2000, must be met by hushkitted aircraft if they wish to fly in European Union airspace after April 2002. The ruling is intended to require the use of newer, quieter jets, but compromises with the U.S. who argued their hushkit manufacturers were being discriminated against.

London, England, "Law Lords in U.K. Rule that Landlords Aren't Responsible for Soundproofing Apartments to Protect Tenants from Sounds of Everyday Life from Neighbors" (Nov. 22, 1999). The Lawyer reports that the U.K.'s House of Lords ruled that landlords are not responsible for soundproofing their properties just because tenants can hear sounds of everyday life from their neighbors. The lords clarified the definition of "quiet enjoyment," saying that "in the eyes of the law "quiet enjoyment" had nothing to do with freedom from the noise of normal domestic activities." Quiet enjoyment could theoretically be affected by noise, but it would be noise more abnormal than that cited in the case.

London, England, "London's Heathrow Airport Extends Runway Alternation Policy Into Nighttime Hours" (Nov. 24, 1999). The M2 Presswire reports that London, England's Heathrow Airport will extend its policy of runway alternation into the night hours. Runway alternation -- which designates a particular runway each week to allow residents predictable periods of quiet -- has taken place at Heathrow since the 1970s, but night flights have not alternated to allow for night-maintenance on whichever runways were in need. The government is still trying to decide on details of the policy.

London, England, "Luton Airport Leads London Airport in Environmental Commitment" (Nov. 26, 1999). The Times reports that Luton Airport in London, England has prioritized protection of the environment. The noise policy is strict: the toughest in London. A new rail line is scheduled to open, and should reduce automobile traffic to the airport. Other areas considered are air quality, waste, energy, water protection, and ecology.

London, England, "National Noise Act in England Encourages Local Councils to Set Up Late-Night Teams of Noise Inspectors; Few Councils Take the Opportunity" (Sep. 5, 1999). The Independent reports that Britain's Noise Act -- which encourages local councils to set up teams of late-night noise inspectors who patrol around the clock and issue immediate fines -- has been ignored by 94% of councils who say those programs are unnecessary and expensive. The Act encourages the use of teams between 11 PM and 7 AM to respond to noise violations; noise over 35 decibels can draw an on-the-spot 100 pound fine.

London, England, "Phone-Answering Jobs in UK and Elsewhere May Be Dangerous to Employees' Hearing" (Sep. 7, 1999). The Times reports that people who answer telephones for a living in the UK and elsewhere may be damaging their hearing. Workers, who often sit less than two feet apart in a noisy room with over 100 other employees, experience symptoms including tinnitus, rushing sounds, and certain frequencies that cause pain. Earphones must be turned up loud because of the noisy environment, and piercing beeps indicate when a call is about to come through. Also, unexplained noise shocks -- which reach 140 decibels -- sometimes come through earphones and may cause significant damage after even one exposure.

London, England, "English Pioneer of Aeroacoustics and Noise Control in Aircraft Dies" (Apr. 19, 2000). The London Times printed a feature article about the death of a distinguished mathematician, Aeroacoustics specialist and expert in aircraft engine noise, Sir David Crighton.

London, England, "London Property Owner Loses Lawsuit Over Surveyor's Failure to Advise About Aircraft Noise" (Apr. 14, 2000). The Times of London reports on a Court of Appeals case concerning a contract between a chartered surveyor and a prospective purchaser. The court's task was to determine whether the purchaser could receive damages for "non-physical distress and annoyance" resulting from the high level of aircraft noise that he was subjected to on the property. The contract stipulated that the surveyor was to advise "whether the property might be affected by aircraft noise." The court decided that the property owner was not entitled to a monetary award because the noise was an annoyance, rather than something that caused physical damage or distress. The judges explained that a surveyor's contract does not cover "non-physical stress and annoyance."

London, England, "New 2000 Subaru Legacy Loaded With Many Noise-Reduction Features" (Apr. 14, 2000). The London Free Press published an article by automotive writer Dan Proudfoot touting the virtues of the new 2000 model Subaru Legacy, including reduced engine and driving noise.

London, England, "New National Anti-Noise Organization Launched in United Kingdom" (Apr. 12, 2000). The Press Association Newsfile reports that British individuals and groups against noise are supporting the formation of a new national organization called the United Kingdom Noise Assocation (UKNA.) Members of the new group have appeared before the House of Commons, asking that the British Government create a noise strategy and enforce anti-noise laws.

London, England, "United Kingdom Noise Association Asks Government to Enact Stricter Aviation Noise Regulations" (Apr. 14, 2000). The Evening Standard in London, England reports that the United Kingdom Noise Association used International Noise Awareness Day to publicly ask the Government to make noise pollution a priority when drafting a new aviation strategy report that will be published next year. The Association based its request partially on a report by Friends of the Earth that states that hundreds of thousands of people living near airports are adversely affected by noise.

London, England, "British Airways Head of Environment Reports on Airline's Pollution Control Measures" (Feb. 19, 2000). The London Daily Telegraph reports that British Airway's head of environment discussed the steps the airline takes to attempt to reduce the pollution it generates. He notes that the public will need to compromise in some areas in order to have a cleaner industry that also provides convenient flights.

London, England, "UK Environmental Minister Maps City Noise" (Feb. 18, 2000). According to an article in the Daily Telegraph, England's environmental minister Michael Meacher said that 12 million people in his country are victims of intolerable noise from traffic, railroads, airports or industry, and he has a way to target the problem and help politicians act to solve it.

London, England, "Brussels' Night-Flight Ban Is Latest in European Trend of Noise Restrictions; Policies Hurt Cargo Companies the Most" (Jan. 5, 2000). The Journal of Commerce reports that Belgium's proposed ban on flights between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. at Brussels Airport is the latest in a European trend of noise restrictions. Other airports have lost or gained cargo customers based on their noise restrictions.

London, England, "European Express Association Denounces Belgian Move to Ban Night Flights by 2003" (Jan. 5, 2000). Air Transport Intelligence reports that the European Express Association (EEA) has denounced a move by the Belgian Government to ban night flights starting in 2003. The EEA says that express companies need to fly at night to maintain their competitive edge, and to continue benefiting the European economy.

London, England, "London Architect Supports Proposal to Landscape Ugly, High-Noise Spots Along Transportation Lines Into Greenspace, As Paris Has Done In Past Years" (Jan. 8, 2000). The Times reports that London is considering a plan -- similar to one used in Paris, France -- to reclaim green space and fight noise at the same time. A noisy section of rail line or highway was covered; then, the cover was made into a park. The prime minister of England wants to reclaim greenspace, and this proposal would do it for about 20 million pounds per mile.

London, England, "Londoners Will Tolerate Noise if Construction of Main Thoroughfare Speeds Up" (Feb. 1, 2000). According to the London Evening Standard, telecom cable contractors are disrupting traffic and business because they begin work on the Strand, London's main thoroughfare, from 7:30 am to 5pm. The article advocates a choice of working 24 hours a day until the work is finished or extending the hours from 6am to 8pm, stopping just in time for curtain at nearby theaters.

London, England, "UK Government Panel On Sustainable Development Lists Noise Among Priorities" (Feb. 2, 2000). The Hermes Database reported on a governmental panel in England that met recently to look at sustainable development, the environment and how that country views its own resources. What's remarkable about the panel is that it lists noise as one of the priorities, along with such topics as energy strategy, genetically engineered organisms, world trade and the ethics of biotechnology.

London, England, "Alleged "Throat Clearing" Noise in London, England Audience Actually Electronic Noise From Science Exhibit" (Mar. 18, 2000). The Daily Telegraph reports that an intrusive noise from the audience during a speech delivered by the Princess Royal was thought to be throat-clearing, but it was actually an electronic noise coming from a science exhibit.

London, England, "New Hearing Aid Can Better Distinguish Voices From Background Noise" (Mar. 14, 2000). The London Daily Mail reports on a new type of hearing aid that more closely mimics the function of the human year. The new hearing aid is called "Claro," and is manufactured by Phonak, a Swiss company.

London, England, "London's Heathrow Airport Faces Legal Challenge of Night Flights" (Mar. 25, 2000). The Daily Telegraph reported that flying into Heathrow airport at night could be a violation of one's right to undisturbed sleep, and a test case on "unacceptable night noise" affecting a million people will heard in the European Court of Human Rights in April of 2000. Plaintiffs are asking the court to cut back night flights to before 1993 levels.

London, England, "UK Officials Change Noise Rules With Support from Neighbors" (Mar. 25, 2000). The London Free Press printed an op-ed challenging a recent column that criticized city officials for changing noise rules at outdoor concerts because of complaints.

London, England, "Causes of Hearing Loss and Deafness" (Apr. 1, 2000). The Financial Times in London reports on hearing problems and how they develop. In the United Kingdom, 8.5 million people have hearing difficulties, some of which can be treated. All people should be taught to avoid loud noises that do permanent damage to the ear.

London, England, "Scientific Research on Sound Has Many Possible Worldwide Applications" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Daily Telegraph in London reports on many scientific studies being conducted on sound and its applications.

London, England, "United States and European Union Attempt to Reach Hushkit Compromise" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Journal of Commerce in London, England reports on another effort between the European Union (EU) and the United States to settle the controversy over hushkits. The EU law banning hushkitted aircraft takes place on May 4. This would affect more than 700 US aircraft.

London, England, "Wooden Flooring Can Be an Annoying Conductor of Sound in Apartment Buildings" (Apr. 1, 2000). The Financial Times in London reports that many city apartment dwellers are at loggerheads with their neighbors over noise. An environmental health officer explains that much of the problem can be fixed with the installation of the proper type of flooring and insulation.

London, England area, "English Resident Insists Noise from Heathrow Airport is Growing" (May 1, 1997). The Daily Telegraph printed the following letter-to-the-editor from A.H. Catto regarding increasing noise from the Heathrow Airport in London:

London, England area, "London Airport Apologizes for Demolition Explosion that Frightened Residents" (May 11, 1997). The Sunday Telegraph Limited reports that the British Airports Authority has apologized for a loud demolition explosion that occurred at London's Heathrow Airport. The 2 a.m. blast frightened thousands of residents, many of whom believed they were caught in a terrorist attack, the article reports.

London, Ontario, "Citizens Protest Noisy Outdoor Opera by Mowing their Lawns During Performance" (Jul. 23, 1997). The Ottawa Citizen reports that citizens in London, Ontario protested outdoor performances of the Garsington Opera by synchronizing their lawnmoving, hedge trimming, and other yard work during the opening night of the opera festival, June 9. In response to the long feud between the villagers and opera officials, the South Oxfordshire District Council has decided to prosecute the opera company.

London, Ontario, Canada, "Researchers at University of Western Ontario, Canada Study Noise Reduction in Hospital MRI Machines" (Apr. 4, 2000). The London Free Press in Ontario, Canada reports that researchers at the University of Western Ontario are undertaking a study to reduce noise from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines. MRI's are extremely effective in detecting many types of disease by using radio waves and magnetic fields. However, the machine contains a magnet whose gradient coil generates significant amounts of vibration and noise. The noise is bothersome, and possibly damaging, to both patients and technicians.

Londonderry, New Hampshire, "NH Residents Oppose Power Plant, Voice Noise and Safety Concerns" (Sep. 22, 1998). The Union Leader reports a group opposed to a power plant in Londonderry, New Hampshire, expressed concerns last night about noise, safety, and diminished property values to the Town Council.

Long Beach Township, New Jersey, "Long Beach Township Cancels Ordinance Regulating Ice Cream Vendors" (Jun. 23, 1998). The Asbury Park Press reports New Jersey's Long Beach Township officials have rescinded an ordinance that had limited the days and streets on which ice cream vendors could operate. The canceled ordinance was passed last year after residents complained of noise and fumes from the ice cream trucks.

Long Beach Township, New York, "New York Community Cracks Down On Ice Cream Vendor Noise" (Dec. 6, 1997). The Asbury Park Press reports that the Board of Commissioners in Long Beach Township, New York last night approved new restrictions on ice cream vendors, limiting the amount of noise vendors can make.

Long Beach, California, "SunJet Airlines Suspends Flights From California Airport While Searching for Planes that Meet the City's Noise Regulations" (Oct. 24, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that SunJet International, which offers chartered jets from Long Beach, California's airport has temporarily stopped operating at the airport in an attempt to find aircraft quiet enough for local noise regulations. The company has 118 noise violations since July of 1995, and had 28 just in September.

Long Beach, New York, "New York Town Disregards its Own Leaf Blower Ban" (Aug. 26, 1997). Newsday reports that the City of Long Beach, New York considers itself exempt from its own leaf blower ban passed in 1994. The city's position came to light after a resident complained about city employees using leaf blowers near her home, only to be told the city considers itself exempt from the law.

Long Beach, New York, "New York Town Police Train More Police to Use Decibel Meters, Increasing Enforcement of Noise Law" (Jul. 16, 1998). Newsday reports that the city of Long Beach, New York has doubled the number of police officers qualified to use decibel meters in order to enforce the city's noise ordinance. City officials said the noise ordinance and the decibel meter training has resulted in a less noisy community.

Long Beach, New York, "New York Town Tables Proposal to Rescind Leaf-Blower Ban" (Jul. 23, 1998). Newsday reports that the City Council in Long Beach, New York tabled a proposal to rescind the ban on gas-powered leaf-blowers Tuesday, after an outpouring of opposition to the idea. Residents called for the ban to be enforced, while gardeners complained that they need leaf-blowers.

Long Beach, New York, "Long Beach, NY, Bucks Trend and Considers Lifting Leafblower Ban" (Jul. 8, 1998). Newsday reports the city council of Long Beach, New York, is considering rescinding its ban on leafblowers within the city. Critics say the ban was never enforced in the first place, charging even city workers violated the ban.

Long Beach, New York, "Long Beach, NY, Gives First Ticket for Violating Leafblower Ban Four Years After Law Enacted" (Sep. 17, 1998). Newsday reports the City of Long Beach, New York, issued the first citation for violation of its leafblower ban, a law enacted in 1994.

Long Eaton and Sandiacre, England, "UK Invests É1.5M on Noise Abatement" (Mar. 24, 2000). The Derby Evening Telegraph reported that in an announcement by transport minister Lord Macdonald, the British Parliament is poised to spend 1.5mÉ on noise mitigation for two English towns, Sawley and Sandiacre.

Long Grove, IL, "Long Grove, IL Golf Course Owners Protest Time Limits on Noisy Mowing" (Jun. 15, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports golf course operators in Long Grove, IL say a proposed noise ordinance limiting hours of use for mowers and other such equipment will not allow them sufficient time for course maintenance.

Long Grove, Illinois, "Village of Long Grove, Illinois Sues Dog Owner Over Noise Ordinance Violations" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that dachshund breeder Lucy Huck of Long Grove, Illinois has been continually violating the village's noise ordinance. The village board has decided to file a lawsuit against Huck, who has 25 noisy dogs in her home. This is the second lawsuit filed against Huck in two years.

Long Island City, New York, "Company Releases New Anti-Noise Headset for Computer Use" (Jun. 30, 1997). Newsday reports that Andrea Electronics, based in Long Island City, New York, has introduced a new anti-noise stereo headset for the computer market, the QuietWare 1000 PC stereo headset. According to the company, the product is the first in a new line of peripherals designed to enhance voice-driven PC and Internet applications. The article also reports that the new headset uses Andrea Anti-Noise Active Noise Cancellation microphone technology, and QuietWare Active Noise Reduction headphone technology.

Long Island Sound, Connecticut, "Long Island Sound, Connecticut Residents Concerned with Oyster Boat Noise" (Apr. 27, 1997). The New York Times reports that residents along the waterfront of Long Island Sound are battling with Oyster harvesters over the proprietary rights to the water just offshore from residential neighborhoods.

Long Island, New York, "Long Island, New York Expressway Sound Barriers Visually Displeasing" (Apr. 27, 1997). The New York Times reports that the beauty that brought many people to Long Island is being marred by sound barrier walls that have risen along the expressway.

Long Island, New York, "More Local Laws on Long Island and Around the Country Ban or Limit Leaf Blower Use" (Aug. 11, 1997). Newsday reports that residents and officials on New York's Long Island and in other communties around the country are increasingly complaining about and seeking to pass laws restricting the use of leaf blowers. The article goes on to explore restrictions in Long Island communities, including a ban enacted by the Village of Great Neck Estates in June on the summertime use of gasoline-powered blowers. In addition, the article explores the history of leaf blowers, the health effects of leaf blowers, and attempts by leaf blower manufacturers to make the machines quieter and more palatable to residents.

Long Island, New York, "Leaf-Blowers on Long Island Should be Restricted" (May 11, 1997). The New York Times printed an editorial in which the writer describes the noise problems with the use of leaf-blowers and advocates restrictions on them, giving examples of other municipalities that have banned or restricted them.

Long Island, New York, "Home Depot Makes Noise on Long Island and Across the Country" (Sep. 23, 1998). Newsday reports people across the country, including many on Long Island, New York, say Home Depot, one of the country's largest retailers, is a noisy neighbor that doesn't belong near residential neighborhoods.

Long Island, New York, "Long Island Towns Place Restrictions on Noisy Helicopters" (Apr. 11, 1999). The New York Times reports in recent years the freedom to use helicopters has been reduced on Long Island as more and more towns have passed regulations restricting where they can take off and land. And in some areas where helicopters can still operate on private property, neighbors are becoming more vocal about the noise.

Long Island, New York area, "Residents on New York's Long Island Want Noise Walls, But State Won't Build Them" (Jul. 12, 1998). Newsday reports that residents in many communities on Long Island, outside New York City, are complaining about traffic noise near their homes. While many residents have asked that noise walls be built in their neighborhoods, the state Department of Transportation will only consider building walls in neighborhoods next to major highway construction projects. Only one community on Long Island, Plainview, has succeeded in getting money for a noise wall without a major road construction project underway, the article says.

Long Island, New York area, "Town's on New York's Long Island Struggle With How and Whether to Ban Leaf-Blowers" (Jul. 12, 1998). The New York Times reports that towns and villages across Long Island in New York are struggling with how and whether to ban gas-powered leaf-blowers. The article says that some municipalities have passed an outright ban on the blowers during the summer, while others recently have passed rules that define acceptable decibel levels for the blowers. Still others are considering bans, and one city which banned blowers four years ago is considering rescinding the ordinance.

Longbenton, England, "UK Residents Angry Over Noise Pollution from US Electronics Plant" (Feb. 19, 2000). The Journal reported that a crowd of angry residents in England challenged security guard warnings at a US electronics plant in England, and blocked the plant's entrance for 30 minutes, protesting noise pollution from the plant.

Longboat Key, Florida, "Florida Town Protests New Flight Path at Sarasota-Manatee Airport" (Nov. 21, 1998). The Sarasota Herald-Tribune reports the Sarasota-Manatee Airport Authority has moved another step closer to using a new flight path that would shift jet aircraft noise to the center of Longboat Key, Florida.

Longboat Key, Florida, "Longboat Key, Florida Fights Plan to Divert Noise from Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport Over the Island" (Mar. 1, 1999). The Sarasota Herald-Tribune reports while the plan is temporarily on hold, the debate continues about a controversial diversion of airport noise from Florida's Mainland to a section of Longboat Key. Population, economics, justice, and environmental concerns pepper the debate.

Longwood, Florida, "Florida Kennels Struggles To Make Peace With Neighbors" (Dec. 24, 1997). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune describes how the number of dogs and the noise of their barking increases dramatically during holidays disturbing the neighborhood of one Florida kennel.

Longwood, Florida, "Florida Residents Bemoan Highway Noise and DOT's Refusal to Build Sound Wall" (Feb. 9, 1999). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune reports noise and the loss of trees and property are the primary concerns of residents from Longwood, Florida, who live along busy Interstate 4.

Lonsdale, Tennessee, "Still No Relief from Dust and Noise for Tennessee Residents" (Oct. 22, 1997). The Knoxville News-Sentinel of Knoxville, Tennessee, reports that some Lonsdale residents are seeking help from the city to force owners of a slag-processing operation to follow previously made agreements that would give residents some relief from noise and dust.

Lookout Mountain, Georgia, "Rock City Gardens in Lookout Mountain, Georgia Rezoned As Business Conference District Despite Protests from Residents; Prompts Consideration of Noise Limitations" (Sep. 17, 1999). The Chattanooga Times reports that an 18-room estate in Lookout Mountain, Georgia was rezoned as a family/business conference district which permits "business functions, educational retreats and social gatherings" such as weddings. Partly as a result of the rezoning, the Council is considering a noise ordinance. Residents believe the rezoning will increase traffic, noise, and commerce in the area.

Lookout Mountain, Georgia, "Potential Noise from Bands at a Proposed Venue for Social Events Concerns Residents of Lookout Mountain, Georgia; Concerns May Spark Creation of a Noise Ordinance" (Sep. 9, 1999). The Chattanooga Times reports that a request by a company in Lookout Mountain, Georgia to rezone a large residential estate so it may host social events there has residents concerned about noise. The city will consider a noise ordinance at their next meeting that might quell fears that there will be no noise limits imposed on the venue. The owners of the business say they planned all along to set noise limits if their rezoning request is approved.

Loomis, California, "Sound Wall in Developers' Plans Sparks Controversy in Calif. Town" (Jun. 21, 1998). The article reports initial plans for the Heritage Park Estates project included a 14-foot-high sound wall, but members of the town staff suggested installing an earthen berm instead. "We have looked at several different options on how to mitigate the sound and how to meet the town's concerns about preserving a semirural appearance to the project," Remington said after the meeting. "Just doing an earthen berm would require a massive amount of dirt to be moved." A berm would involve moving 12,000 to 14,000 cubic yards of dirt to the site, an effort that would cost $120,000 to $140,000, Remington said. "That's a big pile," he said. The berm also would result in the loss of 11 lots.

Lorain County, Ohio, "Lorain County Residents and Officials Express Concerns Over Increased Rail Traffic; Top Concerns Were Safety, Noise and Blocked Roads, and Officials Noted that Continued Complaints to Federal Government Was the Best Road to Change" (Aug. 7, 1999). The Plain Dealer reports that residents and officials from several communities in Lorain County, Ohio gathered at a forum to discuss the problem of increased rail traffic. Residents were upset about noise from trains, but officials said that whistles shouldn't be quieted until safety can be improved: in part by building overpasses. Ohio Rail Development Commission officials suggested continued pressure on the transportation department to fight for the overpasses: an approach that worked in the Cleveland area.

Los Alamitos, California, "Residents Near California's Los Alamitos Airfield Warned of Increased Flights and Noise This Month" (Oct. 10, 1998). Los Angeles Times reports Los Alamitos Armed Forces Reserve Center officials warn that noise from heavy runway activity may disturb residents through the end of the month.

Los Angeles, CA, "Procedures and Staffing to Change at Los Angeles, CA's Van Nuys Airport" (Jun. 16, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports procedural and administrative changes have begun at Los Angeles Van Nuys Airport in an attempt to resolve problems.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban" (Dec. 4, 1996). The Los Angeles Times reports that using a gas-fueled leafblower within 500 feet of someone's residence will now draw a $1,000 fine in Los Angeles. A rule passed July 1997 says that the penalty will apply both to users of the blowers and the person they are performing the work for. Electric blowers, and gas blowers that are quieter than 45 decibels will be allowed, although the quietest blower around still makes 65 decibels of noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Gas Leafblowers Banned in Los Angeles Residential Neighborhoods" (Nov. 13, 1996). The article notes that using gas-fueled leafblowers in Los Angeles will now cost gardeners a $1,000 fine, if the use occurs within 500 feet of a residence. The fine is levied under a new law passed by the city council.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Council Postpones Vote to Ban Gas Leaf Blowers" (Nov. 27, 1996). The Los Angeles City Council was supposed to vote on a proposal to prohibit the use of leaf blowers, but decided to postpone its decision. Residents were upset at continued delays, and said that "If we have to take it to a ballot, we will, and we'll win it on a ballot." Despite the lack of a vote, an amendment was added to the proposal to allow equipment that acted as a vacuum for leaves.

Los Angeles, California, "Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers Illegal in LA, But Debate Over Their Use Continues" (Aug. 10, 1997). Newsday reports that an ordinance that went into effect on July 1 in Los Angeles, California bans the use of leaf blowers within 500 feet of homes. One week after the ordinance took effect, however, enforcement was postponed for six months at the urging of the Los Angeles Police Department. Meanwhile, the article reports, the debate over the use of leaf blowers continues, garnering both strong support and strong opposition.

Los Angeles, California, "Landing Fees for Airlines Cut at Two California Airports" (Aug. 19, 1997). Business Wire released a press release that reports the Los Angeles World Airports Board of Airport Commissioners agreed Tuesday to lower landing fees for aircraft using Los Angeles and Ontario International Airports. The noise mitigation programs normally paid for through landing fees will now be funded through passenger facility charges levied on each traveler.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Cuts Aircraft Landing Fees at Two Airports, Approves Passenger Charge to Pay for Noise Mitigation Programs" (Aug. 21, 1997). Aviation Daily reports that the Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners has agreed to reduce aircraft landing fees at Los Angeles and Ontario airports, funds which have been used for noise mitigation programs. The board wants to raise the money for noise mitigation through a passenger facility charge instead, the article reports. The board's decisions must be approved by the Federal Aviation Administration, which is expected later this year.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Expands Curfew At Van Nuys Airport" (Dec. 20, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that after years of debate about noise problems at Van Nuys Airport, the Los Angeles City Council voted Friday to extend the curfew at the airfield so that noisy jets will be barred from taking off after 10 p.m. instead of 11 p.m.

Los Angeles, California, "Penalties Reduced On Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban" (Dec. 18, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles' leaf blower ban lost its teeth when the City Council decided to reduce violations to an infraction from a misdemeanor. Consequently, the fine goes down. Enforcement will begin January 6.

Los Angeles, California, "California Officials Delay Rule Change At Van Nuys Airport" (Dec. 9, 1997). Airports reports that changes in rules at the Van Nuys Airport in California are on hold.

Los Angeles, California, "Ice Cream Truck Jingles Annoy Los Angeles Resident" (Dec. 8, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter to the editor concerning ice cream trucks in residential areas of Los Angeles.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Considers Two Proposals to Ban Leaf Blowers" (Dec. 11, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that more than a year after first moving to ban gasoline-powered leaf blowers, a city panel came up Wednesday with dueling proposals: outlaw the noisy devices next month or phase them out over five years. In both proposals, the severity of the penalty would be reduced from a misdemeanor to an infraction and the fine for any one violation would be $ 270.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban Goes Into Effect" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Copley News Service reports that a Los Angeles City Council committee Wednesday made a series of 11th-hour changes to a gas-powered leaf blower ban that goes into effect next month, but rejected a proposal to further delay its enforcement.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Negotiates Noise Standards With Universal Studios" (Dec. 7, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter to the editor concerning stricter noise standards recommended for Universal Studios in Los Angeles, California:

Los Angeles, California, "Task Force to Consider Noise Over Neighborhoods Near Los Angeles Airport" (Dec. 13, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that a meeting with Federal Aviation Administration officials and Los Angeles International Airport representatives resulted in the decision to create a task force to consider noise issues relating to proposed expansion at the airport. The two issues are turns that are made too soon and low-altitude approaches made by landing aircraft.

Los Angeles, California, "Koala Bears Consume Sound Buffer in Los Angeles Neighborhood" (Feb. 7, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that eucalyptus trees -- which provide a noise and pollution buffer between a major road and residents residents in Los Angeles -- will be cut by the Los Angeles Zoo, who owns the trees. The cut -- which will provide eucalyptus leaves for five koalas and encourage new growth -- was opposed by neighbors, one of which stood in front of the chainsaws to try and stop the zoo from cutting anymore than the 230 they have already cut.

Los Angeles, California, "Leaf-Blower Noise on Los Angeles City Council's List" (Jan. 24, 1997). The Los Angeles City Council is considering restrictions for leaf-blowers, the Los Angeles Times reports.

Los Angeles, California, "All Parties Should Work Together in Controversy Over PA System at L.A. Little League Field" (Jul. 13, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Laura Chick, a Los Angeles City Councillor, regarding the controversy over noise from the PA system at Los Angeles's Franklin Fields baseball field:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Suggests Above-Ground Commuter Train as Alternative to Subway; Residents Worry About Noise Impact" (Jul. 15, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles City Council Transportation Committee has been considering a subway line for the San Fernando Valley, but is now considering alternatives because some fear that they would never get enough funding for an underground system. Although above ground trains or trolleys would be cheaper, residents have promised to oppose them on the basis of noise, traffic, and pollution.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Delays Gas-Powered Leaf Blower Ban Till January" (Jul. 17, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles' City Council is putting off enforcement on an ordinance that would ban gas-fueled leaf blowers. Police will attempt to decide how to enforce the ordinance during the six months, which will also help to make gardeners who oppose the ordinance adapt.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Give Their Opinions on Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban" (Jul. 13, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letters-to-the-editor from Los Angeles area residents regarding the new ban on gasoline-powered leaf blowers:

Los Angeles, California, "Tips on How to Find Peace and Quiet" (Jul. 21, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports the psychologists believe people need to have quiet in their lives occasionally. The Environmental Protection Agency lost it's noise pollution division in 1982, but the article offers some ways to find the quiet you need. Try turning off the car stereo. "If you're just beginning, take five minutes a day and go outside and find a nice, beautiful place and just think about things." Avoid TV once a week, and think or read instead. Remember, Blaise Pascal said "All human evil comes from . . . a person's inability to sit still in a room."

Los Angeles, California, "Why We Fill Our Lives with Constant Noise -- Some Spiritual and Psychological Explanations" (Jul. 21, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that people tend to avoid silence. Several theories for why this is so include: humans are addicted to audible sensory input, we need noise to replace a lack of spiritual satisfaction, and sound can designate personal space

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Residents Complain of New Jet Noise" (Jun. 3, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that several Los Angeles residents in the Marina del Rey neighborhood claim that there has been increasing numbers of airplanes flying over their homes from Los Angeles International Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "California City Gets $9 Million for Airport Noise Mitigation Measures" (Jun. 17, 1997). Business Wire reports that the Board of Airport Commissioners for the Los Angeles International Airport Tuesday awarded a $9.2 million grant to the City of Inglewood, California to insulate homes and acquire property in neighborhoods impacted by aircraft noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Wyle Labs Gets $1 Million Contract for Airport-Related Soundproofing Work in Los Angeles" (Jun. 17, 1997). Business Wire reports that the Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners Tuesday awarded a $1.17 million contract to Wyle Laboratories of El Segundo, California for services related to the Los Angeles International Airport's soundproofing program. Under the contract, Wyle Labs will provide acoustical and architectural design services for about 600 residences in the Los Angeles communities of Westchester and Playa del Rey.

Los Angeles, California, "Ban on Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers in Los Angeles Set to Start Despite Protests from Gardeners" (Jun. 29, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that an ordinance banning gas-powered leaf blowers will take effect Tuesday in Los Angeles, despite increasing pressure from gardeners to call off the ban. A group of Latino gardeners plans to stage a nine-hour sit-in / protest in front of City Hall on the first day of the new ordinance. Meanwhile, the City Council is set to consider a proposal that would exempt gas-powered leaf vacuums from the ordinance, even though they produce the same noise levels.

Los Angeles, California, "Editorial Argues a Compromise on Los Angeles's Leaf Blower Ban is Needed" (Jul. 3, 1997). The Los Angeles Times prints an editorial that finds fault in an approved ordinance that will fine gardeners gardeners up to $1,000 -- or give repeat offenders a six-month jail term -- for using leaf blowers within 500 feet of homes. The ordinance is scheduled to take effect on July 1st, but the paper says that police will be overburdened and will have difficulty enforcing the rule. Instead, the editorial suggests a modification to allow a gradual phase-out of leaf blowers or more lenient restrictions that simply govern their hours of use.

Los Angeles, California, "Hard to Imagine Los Angeles Without Constant Whine of Leaf Blowers, Writer Believes" (Jul. 5, 1997). The Vancouver Sun reports in an editorial that after months of intense political battle, the ban on gasoline-powered leaf blowers in Los Angeles, California finally took effect, and the city may never be the same. The editorial writer believes it is difficult to imagine the city without the constant noise of leaf blowers. He goes on to outline the ban and the controversy surrounding it.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Ban on Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers Begins, But Police Still Figuring Out How to Enforce It" (Jul. 2, 1997). The Commercial Appeal reports that rakes and brooms showed up in lawns and gardens in Los Angeles yesterday as the city's ban on gas-powered leaf blowers took effect. Some gardeners continued to use leaf blowers in defiance of the law. Meanwhile, more than 500 gardeners staged a protest at City Hall, demanding a one-year moratorium on the new law so its impact can be studied further. As gardeners struggle with the new ordinance, police are still in the process of drawing up guidelines to enforce it.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Gardeners Protest City Ordinance Banning Leaf-Blowers" (Jul. 2, 1997). The Metropolitan News-Enterprise reports that hundreds of gardeners staged a protest at Los Angeles' City Hall yesterday to oppose an ordinance that bans the use of gasoline-powered leaf blowers within 500 feet of residences starting today.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Agrees to Undertake Freeway Noise Study" (Jun. 13, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles City Council will study noise levels at the Capistrano Garden Homes housing complex in Las Brisas. The study will cost $15,000. Residents have complained for at least six months, after sound walls built as part of an Interstate 5 widening project did not help lower noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Approves Use of Gas-Powered Leaf Vacuums After Prohibiting Gas-Powered Leaf Blowers" (Jun. 11, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that after passing an ordinance earlier this year outlawing noisy, gasoline-powered leaf blowers, the Los Angeles City Council Tuesday approved an exemption for gas-powered leaf vacuums, which have similar noise levels as leaf blowers.

Los Angeles, California, "California Resident Urges Others to Oppose Universal Studio's Proposed Expansion Due to Increased Noise and Traffic" (Nov. 16, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Joan Luchs, a Los Angeles resident, regarding the proposed expansion of Universal Studios:

Los Angeles, California, "Complaints Over Noise and Litter at a California Recycling Center May Lead to its Closure" (Nov. 25, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that noise from a 400 square-foot recycling center in Los Angeles has been causing increased complaints recently. The city council is considering revocation of the center's permit to operate, and will decide after a public meeting on December 2nd. Litter has also increased at the center.

Los Angeles, California, "California Officials Attempt To Set Curfews For Airport Noise" (Dec. 5, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the city Airport Commission voted Thursday to expand the curfew for airplanes at Van Nuys (California) airport, but delayed new limits on noisy jets located at the airfield after hearing opposition from tenants of the facility.

Los Angeles, California, "Noise Consultant Recommends Stronger Noise Restrictions for Universal Studio's Proposed Expansion in California" (Nov. 11, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that according to a noise consultant, the construction that Universal Studios has proposed should follow county standards rather than the more lenient city standards. He also said that noise measurements should be taken at the studios at unannounced times.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Continue to Debate Los Angeles Leaf-Blower Ban" (Nov. 11, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letters-to-the-editor regarding the leaf-blower ban in Los Angeles:

Los Angeles, California, "Not a Good Idea to Overturn the Los Angeles Warner Center Plan" (Oct. 29, 1997). The California Daily News of Los Angeles (Valley Edition) recently printed an editorial expressing its views on a decision by a state court of appeal to overturn the Warner Center Specific Plan. Noise pollution at the schools is an issue. Herein follows the editorial:

Los Angeles, California, "Gardener Associations and Leaf Blower Manufacturer Sue Los Angeles Over Leaf Blower Ban" (Oct. 4, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that several local gardener associations and one of the nation's largest makers of leaf blowers, Echo Inc., are suing the city of Los Angeles over its ban on gas-powered blowers. The lawsuit was filed in Los Angeles Superior Court, and argues that if a ban is set on leaf blowers because of their noise, the ban also should apply to lawn mowers and weed trimmers.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Councillors Act to Implement FAA-Approved Noise Mitigation Measures for Van Nuys Airport" (Sep. 10, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that a Los Angeles City Councilman has proposed a motion to tell Van Nuys Airport officials to initiate specific noise mitigation measures just approved by the Federal Aviation Administration.

Los Angeles, California, "Resident Says Airplane Noise from Los Angeles Airport is Already Bad Enough" (Apr. 26, 1998). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Noel Park, a San Pedro, California resident, regarding noise at Los Angeles International Airport:

Los Angeles, California, "California Senator Attempts to Blow Away Los Angeles' Ban on Noisy Leaf Blowers with State Legislation" (Apr. 8, 1998). Los Angeles Times ran the following letter to the editor concerning state regulation of noisy leaf blowers in California.

Los Angeles, California, "Federal Aviation Administration Letter Supports Airport Expansion in Burbank, California" (Apr. 8, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports the head of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) sent a letter March 28 to U.S. Rep. Brad Sherman, D-Woodland Hills, saying neither the FAA nor the city can force flight curfews upon the Burbank Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Two Noise Barriers to be Built in Orange County, California" (Apr. 7, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that the south side of the San Diego Freeway will see the building of two noise walls by August. The walls will go near two interchanges: for Garden Grove, and San Diego.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles' Department of Water and Power Develop a Electric-Powered Leaf Blower that's Quiet" (Aug. 18, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power have developed a new electric-powered leaf blower. The new machine is hoped to resolve problems related to the disputed ban on leaf blowers and earn the city money.

Los Angeles, California, "Judge Finds Methanol-Powered Leaf Blowers Permissible under Los AngelesŪ Ordinance, Which Was Intended to Ban Use of the Machines near Residences" (Aug. 2, 1998). Los Angeles Times reports that gardeners in Los Angeles, led by a Latino gardeners union, are considering conversion of their gasoline-fueled leafblowers to methanol. Such a conversion would exploit a loophole in the recent ban on gas-powered leafblowers and allow their continued use. A city judge recently dismissed a case against a gardener because he was using methanol-fueled blowers. The decision agreed with a June ruling in a similar case.

Los Angeles, California, "Who Is A Reliable Source of Information for the El Toro Airport?" (Aug. 23, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following four editorials regarding the proposed conversion of the El Toro Military Airbase. Two of the editorialists are residents. The two other editorialists are members of the El Toro Airport Citizens Advisory Commission (CAC).

Los Angeles, California, "City and FAA Asked to Lower Decibel Level for Homes to Qualify for Insulation from LAX Noise" (Aug. 11, 1998). Copley News Service reports the FAA has been asked by the Los Angles County Board of Supervisors to change noise standards so more homes will qualify for federally funded noise insulation from the Los Angeles International Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "California Legislature Threatens Local Leaf Blower Bans" (Feb. 21, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a state law is poised to overrule city-based laws on leaf blowers in the state of California. Los Angeles plans to rally other cities, and the state League of Cities, to maintain their gas-fueled leafblower bans and restrictions.

Los Angeles, California, "California Survey Shows Residents Demand More Quiet From Airports" (Feb. 20, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports two-thirds of residents near Van Nuys and Burbank airports in California said they can't tolerate any more noise, and more than a third favor extending flight curfews for noisy jets, according to a survey by Rep. Brad Sherman.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Councilwoman Attack State Leafblower Bill" (Feb. 20, 1998). The City News Service reports that Los Angeles City Officials are fighting a state bill that would override local leaf blowere bans.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban Supporters Prepare to Fight State Bill to Lift the City Ban" (Feb. 21, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a state law is poised to overrule city-based laws on leaf blowers in the state of California. Los Angeles plans to rally other cities, and the state League of Cities, to maintain their gas-fueled leafblower bans and restrictions.

Los Angeles, California, "Struggle Continues Over California Airport In Burbank" (Feb. 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published an editorial that addresses a recent court case in California that will aid proponents of Burbank Airport expansion, although opponents plan to appeal the ruling.

Los Angeles, California, "California Residents Debate El Toro Airport Proposal" (Feb. 22, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following letters to the editor concerning the El Toro Airport proposal in California:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles School District Agrees to Allow Major Developments to Proceed, Despite Concerns About Increased Noise" (Feb. 26, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that officials from the city of Los Angeles and the Los Angeles Unified School District reached a partial agreement Wednesday that allows major developments to proceed while talks continue about how to protect the schools from the noise and traffic expected to result from the developments. Last year, the article notes, the school district won an appeals court ruling that invalidates the Warner Center specific plan, which could block construction of the projects. However, school district officials agreed to ask the court to keep the plan in effect while a long-term agreement is negotiated that would provide funds to mitigate noise and traffic impacts on nearby schools. According to City Councilor Laura Chick, school district officials also agreed not to challenge the construction of an 11-story, $30 million office building for Twentieth Century Insurance Company on Owensmouth Avenue.

Los Angeles, California, "Expansion Plan at Los Angeles Universal Studios Drags On" (Feb. 12, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that the first round of hearings regarding Universal Studios proposed expansion in Los Angeles, California are drawing to completion. The Regional Planning Commission delayed formal completion, and residents opposed to the expansion were pleased.

Los Angeles, California, "Gas-Powered Leaf Blower Ban Takes Effect in Los Angeles" (Feb. 13, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles' ban on gas-fueled leafblowers finally went into effect today after nearly a year of debate.

Los Angeles, California, "Leaf Blower Ban in Los Angeles, California Pits City's Homeowners Against Workers" (Jan. 12, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that from the moment the City Council voted last week to ban leaf blowers from Los Angeles, California, the city's class and ethnic divisions split open like an earthquake fault. Before the vote Tuesday, actors Julie Newmar, Peter Graves and others from posh Westside neighborhoods sat on one side of the City Council chamber demanding a ban on leaf blowers that cause air and noise pollution. On the other side sat members of the Association of Latin American Gardeners, clad in green caps and jackets, who pleaded with council members to spare them the basic tool of their trade.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Area Residents Speak About Leaf Blowers" (Jan. 17, 1998). Los Angeles Times published the following letters to the editor concerning leaf blowers:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Transportation Authority Erects Sound Walls to Reduce Construction Noise" (Jan. 26, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports the Metropolitan Transit Authority in Los Angeles, California has promised to mitigate construction noise when work begins on a subway along Chandler Boulevard. Construction work will be done on the median, and residents were worried that noise would become a problem.

Los Angeles, California, "Both Sides of El Toro Airport Debate Claim Victory Over California Judge's Ruling" (Jan. 8, 1998). Los Angeles Times reported that in a decision that made both sides of the debate happy, a Superior Court judge ruled that Orange County must fix its environmental review of its proposed commercial airport at El Toro Marine Base, but it doesn't have to redo the entire thing.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles, California Gardeners Continue Hunger Strike Over Leaf Blower Ban" (Jan. 8, 1998). An article in the Los Angeles Times reports that the steps of Los Angeles' city hall have been home to eight men from the Association of Latin American Gardeners for five days. The men are on a hunger strike which protests a proposed ban on gas-fueled leaf blowers. Their organization was formed last year to fight the ban, and has since produced a union of nearly 1,000 gardeners.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles, California Leaf Blower Ban OK'd by City Council" (Jan. 7, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Los Angeles, California City Council voted to begin enforcement of a ban on gas-powered leaf blowers, despite intense opposition from gardeners, including 200 who packed the chambers and 10 who vowed to continue a hunger strike to seek a veto by Mayor Richard Riordan. The council's 9-6 vote created the enforcement rules, setting a maximum $270 fine for people who operate leaf blowers within 500 feet of residences and for the homeowners who hire them.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Gardeners Begin Hunger Strike To Protest Ban On Leaf Blowers" (Jan. 4, 1998). Los Angeles Times reports that protesters who oppose a pending ban in Los Angeles, California on gas-fueled leaf blowers have started a hunger strike. The protesters are gardeners.

Los Angeles, California, "Man's Quiet Leaf Blower Impresses Gardeners Striking Over Ban in Los Angeles, California" (Jan. 8, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that an auto mechanic who lives in Van Nuys, California put together a leaf blower that is ultra-quiet and easily built with standard auto parts. The blower may have an influence on the controversial ban on gas-fueled leaf blowers that is proposed.

Los Angeles, California, "Soundproofing of California Homes Begins as Part of Program by FAA and Los Angeles International (California) Airport" (Jan. 9, 1998). The Copley News Service reports that the first of 25,000 California residences surrounding Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) have been "soundproofed" as part of a program funded by the Federal Aviation Administration and LAX. The soundproofing program is taking place in Los Angeles and three surrounding California cities, could cost $500 million and take five to seven years to complete. While residents say that the soundproofing, which includes installing airtight doors and double insulated windows, helps, it doesn't eliminate the noise from jets flying overhead.

Los Angeles, California, "More Than 40 Noise Walls Needed Near Freeways in Southern California, But State Has No Timetable to Build Them" (Jul. 12, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports California state officials identified more than a dozen locations in the Los Angeles area in 1989 that needed noise walls to protect residents from traffic noise. But, the article says, those noise barriers haven't even been funded, let alone built. Since then, state officials have identified 27 others that are needed in the San Fernando Valley, but there is no timetable to build them. Now, legislation that would build the noise walls by 2008 is being held up in the Legislature because Northern and Southern California lawmakers are fighting about who should get more money for the noise barriers.

Los Angeles, California, "California's Universal Studios Prepares to Start Major Construction Project" (Jul. 27, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that in Los Angeles, California the second phase of Universal Studios' proposed 3.3-million-square-foot expansion. The project in its entirety is being looked at by county planners. It's scale had been diminished after residents complained last year, but the second phase construction could bring the project up to the size of its original grandeur. The second phase would develop 250,000 square feet to eventually be used to expand Universal's City Walk attraction.

Los Angeles, California, "FAA and Congress Need to Help the Burbank Airport Reach a Positive Settlement" (Jul. 31, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles published the following editorial regarding the need to reach a positive settlement to reduce noise, eliminate safety hazards, and improve service at Burbank Airport in California.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents of Rural LA County Say Peace and Quiet Ruined by Hunt Club; They Will Appeal Club's Permit and Seek Legal Action if Necessary" (Jul. 5, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that neighbors of ranch land that is being used for "bird shoots" by a hunting club are upset at the noise and have appealed a decision to allow the activities to continue. They promised to file lawsuits if necessary.

Los Angeles, California, "Calif. County Court to Decide Volume Level at Pacific Amphitheater" (Jun. 29, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Pacific Amphitheater at Orange County, California's fairgrounds is still a source of tension, even now that a noise lawsuit is over.

Los Angeles, California, "ElToro Airport Activists Network with Anti-Airport Groups Worldwide for Support and Lessons" (Jul. 4, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that those fighting El Toro Airport in Orange County, California have found allies over the Internet in the U.K., South Africa, and Australia who are fighting the same airport problems.

Los Angeles, California, "Pilots' Union Objects to Takeoffs Proposed at El Toro Airport; They Say Safety Risks Outweigh Noise Concerns" (Jul. 4, 1998). The Orange County Register reports the Air Line Pilots Association this week released its response to two Orange County, California, safety studies of El Toro Airport's takeoffs.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles School District Installs Air Conditioners in Schools That Exceed District's Own Noise Limits" (Jun. 7, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Los Angeles (California) Unified School District is using funds from Proposition BB to install air conditioners in schools that exceed the maximum noise levels set by the district. According to the article, the school district resisted efforts to allow experienced companies do the work, approved purchasing air conditioning units that exceed noise limits, and insisted that units be mounted rigidly against walls, which increases noise. Officials from the school district acknowledge the problem, but said they overlooked the noise issues in order to get air conditioning in the schools as soon as possible. So far, about 3,300 air conditioning units have been installed, most of them in San Fernando Valley schools. The district is not yet taking steps to remediate the situation, and installation of the noisy units continues.

Los Angeles, California, "Recently Installed Air Conditioners Exceed District's Own Noise Levels in Some Los Angeles Classrooms" (Jun. 8, 1998). The Orange County Roster reports that air conditioners installed in classrooms are operating above maximum noise levels set by the school district. The noise problem was caused in part by improper installation by city school officials and may take decades to correct. In the meantime, audiologists say noise levels such as those found recently in LAUSD classrooms may make learning difficult.

Los Angeles, California, "LA Neighborhood Avoids Noisy Welding Facility" (Mar. 6, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports MTA officials have abandoned plans to place a temporary welding facility and accompanying 16-foot-high sound walls in the Valley Village neighborhood.

Los Angeles, California, "LA Residents Write in About Leaf Blowers and Enforcing the Law" (Mar. 16, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles published the following letters from residents in the Los Angeles area who cited their views on leaf blowers, the leaf blower ban and its enforcement:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Changes Noise Ordinance to Allow Construction on City-observed Federal Holidays" (Apr. 3, 1998). Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles has revised its noise ordinances to allow construction on federal holidays such as Martin Luther King Jr. day. One justification of the change was that City Hall is already open on those days.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Considers Giving Tax Break to Gardeners Who Say They're Strapped by Leaf-Blower Ban" (Apr. 1, 1998). The Copley News Service reports that the Los Angeles City Council on Wednesday took the first step toward giving a tax break to gardeners who say they're financially strapped by a ban on gas-powered leaf-blowers. The Council is looking at a plan that would reduce gardeners' business tax from about $106 a year to $23 a year, and would give gardeners who turn in their outlawed leaf blowers to the city a $100 rebate. The Council asked the tax equity committee, which is studying ways to better assess business fees, to review the plan. It is expected that the plan will return to the Council for consideration in September.

Los Angeles, California, "Citizens Work to Enforce Los Angeles Leaf Blower Ban" (Mar. 11, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports ...

Los Angeles, California, "Hayden and Riordan Disagree over LAX Expansion" (Mar. 14, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles Saturday reports state Sen. Tom Hayden harshly criticized Mayor Richard Riordan's promotion of a proposal to expand Los Angeles International Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Resident Speaks Out About Noise Pollution" (Mar. 8, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports published the following letter to the editor:

Los Angeles, California, "LA Residents Write Letters About Airport Noise" (May 10, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published two letters to the editor from LA-area residents about airport noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Editorial Advocates for Balance of Noise and Needs of Residents Surrounding Van Nuys Airport" (May 17, 1998). The Los Angeles Times printed an editorial that debates the question of how to consider both residents' need for quiet and the economy's need for airport capacity around California's Van Nuys Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "LAX Residential Soundproofing Program Enters Second Phase" (May 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that as part of the soundproofing program for residents, being undertaken by Los Angeles International Airport, another contract was awarded today. It was the fourth contract awarded that will be part of the program's second stage.

Los Angeles, California, "Opponents of El Toro Airport Point to Study of Health Problems in Children Exposed to Jet Noise" (May 19, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that opponents of the proposed El Toro Airport in Orange County, California are citing a new study from Germany that shows children's health is negatively affected by noise. How applicable the study is to the El Toro situation remains to be seen.

Los Angeles, California, "Van Nuys Airport Noisy and Unfriendly to Community" (May 17, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following letter to the editor from Wayne Williams of Sherman Oaks, California:

Los Angeles, California, "California Residents Win Noise Victory, as State Turns Down Banquet Hall's Liquor License Request" (May 29, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that residents of condominiums in Los Angeles's Marina del Rey won a decade-old fight on May 14 when the state Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control rejected a request for a liquor license for the Fantasea Yacht Club, which holds banquets at the site. On Thursday, the article notes, Fantasea backers filed papers to appeal the license denial, in a process that could continue for a year or longer.

Los Angeles, California, "Calif. Congressman's Letter Addresses Criticism of Airport Noise Questionnaire" (May 3, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following letter to the editor from Brad Sherman, Congressman, 24th District. In his letter, Sherman responds to criticism lodged at a questionnaire he sent out about airport noise. Sherman wrote:

Los Angeles, California, "Calif. Residents Threaten to Block New Cal State Stadium, Citing Noise and Traffic" (Nov. 24, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports neighbors are vehemently opposed to a new football stadium at the North Campus of Cal State Northridge. Fearing noise, traffic, and a general deterioration of their neighborhoods, residents are circulating a petition and threatening to take the issue to court.

Los Angeles, California, "Critics Say Flight Tests at El Toro Won't Give Accurate Noise Picture" (Oct. 14, 1998). The Orange County Register reports critics say El Toro flight tests next year won't give accurate noise picture at California's proposed airport site.

Los Angeles, California, "Calif. Residents Voice Opinions about Costs and Benefits of Proposed El Toro Airport" (Oct. 18, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published letters to editor from residents about the proposed El Toro Airport. Byron Edwards of Orange County is opposed to the new airport:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Resident Says Noise Problems at Universal Not Limited to Late-Night Filming" (Oct. 18, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published a letter to the editor from resident Richard A. Cole of Toluca Lake objecting to expansion and noise at Universal's Park. Cole writes:

Los Angeles, California, "LA Commission Approves Noise Restrictions for Universal Studios" (Oct. 8, 1998). The Associated Press reports noise restrictions for California's Universal Studios were recently approved by the Los Angeles County Regional Planning Commission.

Los Angeles, California, "Noisy and Uncivil Neighbors in Los Angeles" (Oct. 7, 1998). Los Angeles Times published the following editorial opinions in response to the October 1 article, which discussed private party noise in residential areas of Los Angeles.

Los Angeles, California, "'Quiet on the Lot' for Universal Studios if County Noise Restrictions Approved" (Oct. 10, 1998). The Calgary Herald reports Hollywood's Universal Studios may be the first southern California studio to have noise restrictions on its lots.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Area Residents Debate Impact of Proposed El Toro Airport" (Sep. 13, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following letters from residents California residents about the proposed El Toro Airport. The following letter was written by Leonard Kranser of Dana Point, California:

Los Angeles, California, "New Early A.M. Flight at LA's Burbank Airport Likely to Increase Tensions Over Airplane Noise" (Sep. 21, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that the administrators of Burbank Airport may allow early departures by Reno Air, angering residents already upset over airport noise.

Los Angeles, California, "U.S. National Park Ban of Personal Watercraft Causes Ire Among Fans" (Sep. 21, 1998). The Christian Science Monitor reports after years of debate, the U.S. National Park Service has banned the use of personal watercraft (PWC) in its parks with a few exceptions.

Los Angeles, California, "Police Called Repeatedly to Enforce Peace and Quiet in Los Angeles" (Oct. 1, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports the calls pour in all night long to California's downtown Los Angeles police communications center from Angelenos desperate for a little peace and quiet.

Los Angeles, California, "Airport Opponents Will Fight Cargo Flights at California's El Toro" (Sep. 10, 1998). The Orange County Register reports a new effort is under way to start commercial air-cargo flights at the proposed El Toro airport next year. Airport opponents vow to fight the effort.

Los Angeles, California, "LA Planning Commission Recommends Noise Limits at Universal Studios" (Sep. 12, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that resident outcry has convinced the Los Angeles County Regional Planning Commission to consider noise restrictions for Universal Studios.

Los Angeles, California, "Letter: Don't Neglect to Mention Noise from Santa Monica Airport in Real Estate Articles" (Sep. 6, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following letter to the editor from two Los Angeles, California, residents who chided the newspaper for omitting the existence of airplane noise in any article about Sunset Park real estate. The Schechters wrote:

Los Angeles, California, "Runway Work at John Wayne Airport Causes Pilots to Fly Lower and Louder; Residents Complain about Noise" (Sep. 10, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that during runway repair at John Wayne Airport in California, pilots are flying a different approach before landing. The path is more towards the west than usual, and at lower altitude, which has angered residents who have gotten more noise than they're used to. The Federal Aviation Administration says there's no safety problems involved with the new approaches.

Los Angeles, California, "Foes Insist Airport at California's El Toro Won't be 'Quiet and Friendly'" (Apr. 16, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports despite a flawed study, opponents of an airport at El Toro insist noise from departing aircraft would disturb 250,000 California residents.

Los Angeles, California, "Clinton Administration Announces Grants for Improvements at California Airports; Much of the Grants Are Earmarked for Noise Mitigation At Los Angeles International Airport" (Aug. 6, 1999). The City News Service reports that a $32.3-million grant for improvements at California airports was announced today by the Clinton administration. $17.3-million will be used for noise mitigation around Los Angeles International Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Columnist Dubs Van Nuys Airport 'Van Noise' Now That the Airport Commission Will Allow Private Jet Flights By Celebrities, the Wealthy, and Corporations to Continue Until 2010" (Aug. 5, 1999). The New Times Los Angeles prints an amusing, sarcastic, no-punches-pulled column against a recent Los Angeles Airport Commission 'plan' to reduce noise that allows noisy, private jets of celebrities and corporate types to continue flights out of Van Nuys Airport until 2010. "By that time, areas near the jets' extensive flight patterns will be nothing more than slums-in-training." She discusses history of the problem, common airport excuses, the names of the jet owners who would rather not be named, and one-sided economic justifications.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Pays for Extra Soundproofing For Seven Homes Near Noisy Street" (Aug. 5, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angles will pay for additional soundproofing for several homes near a busy street as part of a widening project.

Los Angeles, California, "California Laws Allow Renter to Walk Away from Lease If Noise From Neighbors Can Be Proven 'Intolerable'" (Aug. 15, 1999). The Los Angeles Times prints a question and answer column on real estate questions, and one question relates to noise. The question asks whether a tenant can break a lease and move out of a "really noisy" apartment without being liable for lost rent. Several experts agreed that while you may be able to move out safely if you can prove that the noise is "unbearable," it is best to consult with a lawyer first.

Los Angeles, California, "Communications Company, Which Uses Small Neighborhood Power-Plants As Backup Power Supplies, Working with Residents and Municipalities to Place Plants Appropriately" (Aug. 23, 1999). Multichannel News reports that a communications company in Orange County, California is slowing its deployment of telephone backup power supplies because of concerns over aesthetics, noise and safety. Natural gas powered systems are relatively loud, though the company has switched to smaller generators that produce less noise. Landscaping techniques are being looked into to protect aesthetics, and safety issues have been addressed through automatic shut-off systems.

Los Angeles, California, "Chartered Jet Companies At Van Nuys Airport Say Noise Controls Will Limit Their Growth" (Dec. 7, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports on the booming business of chartered-jet companies at Van Nuys Airport. Residents around airports are opposed to airport growth at the expense of their neighborhood's noise levels. The Los Angeles City Council is considering limitations or an outright ban on noisy Stage-2 aircraft, but a charter company owner details how that would hurt his business.

Los Angeles, California, "New Office to Handle Soundproofing at Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport; Residents Say Soundproofing Doesn't Address the Larger Problem" (Dec. 6, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that a new noise-abatement office will open at Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles, California to coordinate the soundproofing of homes nearby. Residents say the soundproofing is just a quick fix, and does nothing to address the underlying noise problem or to help the rest of the community. A judge is set to rule on whether the airport deserves a variance from noise rules that could allow it to continue operating. The new noise office is partly an attempt to show that judge that the airport is making an attempt to reduce noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Rise in Corporate Jet Traffic At Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles Raises Expenses for Plane Operators and Forces Many General Aviation Propeller Planes to Cheaper Venues" (Dec. 7, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that the rise in corporate jet traffic at Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles, California has caused a rise in rents and insurance for plane operators who use the facility. As a result, many general aviation (non-commercial, non-military aviation) prop-plane operators are leaving the airport in search of cheaper venues. Although the rise in jets based at the airport contributes $1.2 billion and 10,000 jobs to the local economy, the increased noise from the louder jets is driving residences to even more bitterly oppose noise from the airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Opponents of El Toro Airport in Calif. Fear Noise in "Quiet Zones"" (Feb. 18, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports most noise complaints generated by John Wayne Airport in California last year came from areas miles away, in neighborhoods deemed "quiet" by the county. With much more air traffic planned at the proposed airport at El Toro, South Orange County residents fear there will no quiet zones for them.

Los Angeles, California, "Letters from Calif. Residents Voice Opinions about Projected Noise from El Toro" (Feb. 28, 1999). The Los Angeles Times published a series of letters from residents about the impact of noise on residents from proposed jet operations from El Toro airport near Los Angeles, California. Reacting to a previously published article about noise complaints from residents who live in an area deemed a "Quiet Zone," opinions varied. The first letter is from Edward F. Gogin Jr. of Trabuco Canyon, California. Grogin writes:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Asks Van Nuys Airport for Noise Reduction Plan" (Feb. 13, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the Los Angeles City Council voted Friday to ask the Airport Commission to develop a new, balanced approach to reducing noise at Van Nuys Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Council Members Want to Rid Van Nuys Airport of Noisy Stage 2 Jets" (Feb. 6, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports city council members from California's San Fernando Valley are dissatisfied with a recent economic-impact survey, and on Friday called for a plan to phase out noisy aircraft at Van Nuys Airport in California.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Council Members Tired of Studies, Want Limits Now at Van Nuys Airport for Noisy Jets" (Feb. 6, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports two Los Angeles City Council members called Friday for an immediate limit on the number of older, noisier jets based at California's Van Nuys Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Commissioners at Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles Forbid Additional Noisy Aircraft from Airport, Set 2010 Deadline for Phasing-Out of Existing Noisy Planes" (Jul. 30, 1999). Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners passed a rule that would forbid any additional Phase 2 aircraft - noisier than the newer stage 3 variety -- from using the airport. Existing Phase 2 aircraft can remain, but must be phased out by 2010. The rule has drawn criticism from both sides of the noise issue; anti-noise advocates say that the remaining noisy aircraft will still be a problem, while airport advocates say the measure is more "anti-airport" than "anti-noise."

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Near Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport Will Bring Grievances to Top FAA Official at Public Hearing Today" (Jul. 10, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a public hearing today will give residents a chance to talk to the top regional official of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) about noise levels surrounding the Van Nuys Airport. A local Representative set up the meeting after a 1998 survey prompted 5,000 responses from angry residents who are bothered by noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Neighbors of Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport Live with Noise and Crashes" (Jun. 28, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the latest airplane crash in the communities surrounding Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport is just part of living in the flight path of America's busiest general aviation airport. This time, a twin-engine Cessna crashed into two school busses, miraculously causing only two minor injuries; the gauges had been acting strangely earlier that day, and the plane was being returned for an inspection. In recent years there have been four emergency landings in the same area. Despite the crashes, neighbors say they are more concerned about the incessant noise from airplanes that 'buzz' their homes regularly.

Los Angeles, California, "Test Flights at El Toro Still Waiting Approval from Orange County Supervisors" (Mar. 20, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports Orange County, California, supervisors will decide March 30 whether to grant final approval for several commercial test flights at El Toro air base.

Los Angeles, California, "Letters: Los Angeles Area Residents Speak Out About Airports" (Mar. 21, 1999). The Los Angeles Times published the following letters from Los Angeles area residents about voters' rights in the wake of new and expanded airports. The first letter is from Leonard Kranser of Dana Point. Kranser writes to clarify the Safe and Health Communities Initiative:

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles, California Leaf Blower Ban Would Be Lifted if Proposed Legislation Passes; Noise and Hours of Operation Would Be Limited Instead" (Jun. 2, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that a bill that passed California's State Assembly would lift the current ban on leaf-blowers in many California cities and instead impose limits on noise intensity and hours of operation. Blowers would be legal between 9 and 5 during the week, and could only emit up to 65 decibels of sound; current gas-powered leaf blowers emit an average of 67-69 decibels. The Legislature called for an environmental impact study of leaf blowers earlier this year, and the sponsor of the bill in the Assembly may wait for the results of that study before submitting the bill to the State Senate.

Los Angeles, California, "Voluntary Fly Friendly Program at Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles Draws Mixed Reviews from Noise Activists and Airport Officials" (Nov. 14, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that the voluntary "fly-friendly" program -- which aims to reduce noise from Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport -- causes a difference of opinion between anti-noise activists and airport officials. Airline officials and the airport worry about safety from low-noise take-offs, while noise activists say a handful of private jet owners with no consideration cause most of the problem.

Los Angeles, California, "Editorial Supports Passage of Noise Ordinance at Los Angeles, California Van Nuys Airport; The Ordinance Takes Some Small Steps Towards Noise Reduction" (Nov. 21, 1999). The Los Angeles Times prints an editorial which says the Los Angeles City Council should approve the proposed Van Nuys Airport noise ordinance. It says that like the "Fly Friendly" program which is voluntary yet effective, the caps on Stage 2 planes based at the airport would be a step -- albeit it a small one -- towards noise reduction.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Gets Pressure from Both Sides to Reject Proposed Noise Ordinance for Van Nuys Airport" (Nov. 21, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Los Angeles City Council members are getting pressure from anti-noise activists and airport supporters to reject the Airport Commission's proposed noise ordinance that will cap the number of Stage 2 planes that can be based at the airport. Anti-noise activists say noisy planes will still be flying in and out of the airport, while airport supporters point to lost revenue. This article is slightly more detailed than others about certain aspects of the plan.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents and Government Officials in Granada Hills Near Los Angeles, California Want Police Firing Range Soundproofed" (Nov. 22, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that residents and government officials in Granada Hills, California want a police firing range to lower its volume. A $100,000 sound-absorbing wall is being considered after a barrage of complaints. To further complicate matters, neighbors of another police firing range in the city want more police to go to the Granada Hills facility, especially if it becomes soundproofed.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Suggest Better Solutions for Airport Noise Ordinance at Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport" (Nov. 22, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that residents around Los Angeles, California's Van Nuys Airport oppose a proposed noise ordinance that they say would not effectively address noise concerns, and would in fact lock-in many current noise problems. They suggest better solutions for a modified ordinance.

Los Angeles, California, "Van Nuys Airport Business Association in Los Angeles, California Says Proposed Noise Ordinance Will Hurt Business and Actually Create More Noise" (Nov. 22, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Van Nuys Airport Business Association in Los Angeles, California opposes the proposed noise ordinance which it says would actually increase noise. The ordinance would cost hundreds of jobs and hundreds of millions of dollars in lost, taxable revenue. Property values which residents say are hurt by the airport are actually rising. The city would also be open to lawsuits from airport operators.

Los Angeles, California, "Van Nuys Airport Postpones Proposal to Phase Out Noisy Stage 2 Jets; Residents Say Proposal Doesn't Go Far Enough, and Airport Workers Say It Goes Too Far" (Nov. 24, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a Los Angeles City Council proposal to begin phasing out Stage 2 jets from Van Nuys Airport has been delayed for 90 days to get answers from the FAA about its legality. Residents near the airport say the proposal doesn't go far enough, while airport employees and operators say they will lose their livelihood.

Los Angeles, California, "Vote on Los Angeles Van Nuys Airport Noise Proposal Delayed Due to Disagreement from Both Sides; Orange County Supervisors Pose Ballot Initiative that Could Require a Two-Thirds Majority Vote to Approve Airports, Which Would Affect the El Toro Airport Proposal" (Nov. 23, 1999). The City News Service reports that the Los Angeles City Council has delayed a vote on a proposal that would limit noisy Stage 2 jets at the airport. Residents say they were there first, but business representatives say the limitations could cause a loss of $750 million and 2,400 jobs. Also, the Orange County Board of Supervisors have agreed to place an initiative on the ballot that could require a two-thirds majority vote to approve public projects such as airports. Residents hope that the initiative will stop the proposed El Toro Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "California State Legislators Hold Meeting to Discuss Ways to Curb Noise at Van Nuys Airport; Those Attending Agreed that City and County Officials Have Been Ineffectual" (Dec. 1, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that several state legislators organized a meeting -- which included anti-noise activists and airport representatives -- to discuss ways to curb noise at Van Nuys Airport in California. State officials are considering better enforcement of state laws, research into other city's approaches to noise reduction, and tax incentives for quieter jets.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Councilwoman Urges Residents to Support Council Endorsement of Funding for 10-Year-Old Noise Wall List; She Says Debate -- Even If Designed to Add More Walls to the List -- May Jeopardize Funding" (Nov. 28, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that a Los Angeles city councilwoman is urging residents to support a council endorsement of state funding for noise walls that have been stalled for ten years. Some want to debate the list, asking for even more walls. The councilwoman believes that this type of action -- which would likely delay the endorsement -- would hinder the momentum needed for approval of the state funding.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Police Commission Rejects Proposal to Shift Some Firearms Practice From One Firing Range to Another" (Dec. 1, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles Police Commission rejected a proposal to move some firearms practice from one firing range to another. Residents at the second facility have complained substantially about the noise, and the Los Angeles Police have recently designated $100,000 for sound-reduction panels there. A council member had proposed that firing range hours at the first facility be reduced gradually, until it was finally closed.

Los Angeles, California, "National Meeting of Airport Officials Served to Share Noise Problems and Solutions" (Dec. 3, 1999). The Copley News Service reports that at the National League of Cities convention in Los Angeles, there was a seminar -- arranged by National Organization to Insure a Sound-Controlled Environment (NOISE) -- designed to help local officials from across the country share problems and ideas they've encountered when trying to reduce airport noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Near Los Angeles International Airport Are Pushing for Proposed El Toro Airport" (Nov. 29, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that residents and officials near Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) are pushing for the proposed new airport at El Toro in Orange County. They say that it is only fair for Orange County residents, who send about 12 million passengers a year to LAX, to shoulder some of the aircraft noise burden. Opponents say that LAX and nearby John Wayne Airport should be used to their potential before any new airport is built.

Los Angeles, California, "Residents Write to Oppose El Toro Airport, and a Dangerous Ploy By City Council to Build Schools Near the Site to Put the Potential Airport At Higher Risk for Noise Lawsuits" (Nov. 28, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that seven residents wrote to the Los Angeles Times' editorial staff to oppose the proposed El Toro Airport. Among the issues mentioned, there are claims that more 'economic development' from the airport will be hollow, questions as to whether taxpayers should have to approve the airport with a 2/3 majority, and criticism of a dangerous ploy by city council to discourage the airport by approving noise-sensitive schools and residences near the site.

Los Angeles, California, "California's Transportation Department Redesigns Highway Interchange to Be Further From a Mall Where Warner Brothers Plans to Move Part of Its Animation Team; Original Design Would Have Compromised the Mall's Agreement with WB Due to Noise" (Nov. 11, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the California Department of Transportation has redesigned a highway interchange project to keep the road further from a mall. The mall protested that noise from a road as close as the original plans called for would be too noisy; Warner Brothers plans to move hundreds of employees into a facility there.

Los Angeles, California, "Editorial Says Los Angeles City Council Has Ignored Airport-Noise Concerns of Regional Residents for Years, and Hopes that Recent Statement Against an Inequitable Flight Path at Burbank Airport Is a Sign that It Will Take a Stronger Stance on Noise Issues" (Nov. 12, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Los Angeles City Council finally seems to be taking a strong stance on airport-noise reduction and fairness. It has finally said that it will sue if the Airport blocks takeoffs over Glendale and Pasadena, which would force flights over Los Angeles communities. In the past, the council has largely ignored noise concerns from residents near Van Nuys Airport and Los Angeles International Airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Officials Pressure Burbank Airport to Consider Alternative Flight Paths that Don't Overburden their City" (Nov. 11, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Los Angeles officials are putting together a negotiating team that will pressure the Burbank Airport Authority to consider alternative flight paths. Burbank Airport says it will consider L.A.'s comments, but also say that several alternative flight paths have already been deemed ineffective at reducing noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Councilwoman Wins Support for Proposed Noise Walls From 10-Year-Old Waiting List, On Condition that the List Be Re-Evaluated for Any Priority Changes Since the List Was Written" (Nov. 4, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Laura Chick, a councilwoman for Los Angeles, California won support from her colleagues for $3-million in freeway noise-wall projects from a ten-year-old list. She agreed to revisit the list to make sure that problem areas haven't shifted, but said that projects should begin soon, since they've been delayed at least a decade already.

Los Angeles, California, "Study Says that Growth at Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport Has Stimulated Local Economy; Residents Say the Study Didn't Include Negative Impacts on Property Values" (Sep. 15, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a new study shows that growth at Los Angeles' Van Nuys Airport has stimulated the local economy. Residents say the study did not take noise-induced property value reduction. The airport is asking for the renewal of variances which allow it to exceed noise standards, and already has plans to spend $15 million to soundproof 150 homes and 900 apartments that are affected by aircraft noise.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles, California City Council May Contract with Code Expert to Update Noise Ordinance" (Sep. 21, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles, California's City Council will be considering a proposal to improve their 28 year-old noise ordinance by hiring an expert at a cost of $105,600.

Los Angeles, California, "Neighbors of Los Angeles, California's Van Nuys Airport Say Soundproofing is Only Superficial; They Want "Elimination of Noise, Not Management"" (Sep. 8, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that citizens at a meeting of Los Angeles, California's Van Nuys Airport Citizens Advisory Council said soundproofing plans are inadequate. They said that even the best soundproofing forces them to stay indoors, and only manages the noise problem; they want elimination of noise.Airport Commissioners recently banned additional noisy Stage 2 jets from coming to the Airport, but allowed the ones currently there to stay.

Los Angeles, California, "LA City Council Compromises on Jet Noise Restriction" (Apr. 19, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reported that the LA City Council's move to impose a stricter limit on new air traffic at Van Nuys Airport [the busiest airport in the country] is significantly short of the original proposed ban requested by the airport's neighbors.

Los Angeles, California, "Editorial Writer in Orange County, California Does Not Want El Toro to be Converted to Commercial Airport Because of Safety Issues" (Apr. 2, 2000). The Los Angeles Times printed an editorial about the future of the El Toro military air facility in California and possible plans to convert it to a modern, commercial airport. The writer, Donald Segner, a former FAA official, questions whether it can be done safely, and would rather see John Wayne Airport upgraded, with El Toro used as an overflow and small aircraft airport.

Los Angeles, California, "Noise Exposure and Hearing Loss Education Needed" (Apr. 3, 2000). The Plain Dealer printed an article that first appeared in the Los Angeles Times. The article reports on how noise exposure can result in hearing loss.

Los Angeles, California, "More Homes in Vicinity of Los Angeles International Airport to be Soundproofed by the Airport" (Feb. 15, 2000). The Business Wire reports that more homes near Los Angeles International Airport will be soundproofed due to a recent order by the Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council Unsure About Phasing Out Stage 2 Jet Aircraft" (Feb. 2, 2000). According to the Los Angeles Times, the city council wants to talk to the FAA about restricting the number of noisy aircraft at Van Nuys Airport. The article said that city council members are uncertain of their ability to limit the number of Stage 2 aircraft, which are older and noisier than newer planes, from landing or taking off.

Los Angeles, California, "Americans Urged To Increase Awareness of Hearing Hazards, Especially for Children" (Jan. 14, 2000). An article from PR Newswire reported health information from The House Ear Institute, saying that if adults and children are in an environment where they must raise their voices to be heard, they are in potentially hazardous-hearing area and hearing protection is recommended.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles City Council OKS $100,000 to Soundproof Firing Range" (Jan. 15, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that complaints about a police firing range prompted the City Council to approve $100,000 to improve existing soundproofing for the facility. Residents complain that gunfire can be heard two miles away.

Los Angeles, California, "Los Angeles Times Editorial Says Safety Should Override Both Sides of Debate Over Burbank Airport's New Terminal; Noise Should Not Be Introduced to New Neighborhoods Simply to "Share the Noise," and Ban on Eastward Flights Should Not Have Higher Priority than Safety Concerns" (Jan. 9, 2000). The Los Angeles Times prints an editorial which says noise considerations should not be used to determine runway use at Burbank Airport, no matter what side of the debate you are on.

Los Angeles, California area, "More Opinions on California's El Toro Air Base Aired" (Feb. 16, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reprinted the following four letters to the editor concerning the proposed conversion of the El Toro Air Station near Los Angeles into a commercial airport.

Los Angeles, California area, "California Little League Plays Without a PA System After Residents Complain" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the baseball leagues that use the Franklin Fields in Encino, California have had a four-week ban placed on their PA system after nearby residents complained about the noise. The ban, which began Wednesday, was imposed by the Army Corps of Engineers, which owns the land. If a league violates the ban, the Army Corps has said it will prohibit the league from using the field for two months.

Los Angeles, California area, "House near Los Angeles Airport to be Used as Model of Soundproofing" (Jun. 18, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners plans to buy a house at the end of a Los Angeles International Airport runway to use as a demonstration for its soundproofing program.

Los Angeles, California area, "Noise Pollution Increasing as a Health Issue; Noise Problems Continue to Surface in California" (Jun. 23, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that noise pollution is increasingly seen as a health issue by physicians and experts. The article also reports that around California's San Fernando Valley, noise issues continue to surface, and residents continue to complain about noise problems. Finally, the article presents a list of various decibel levels, and common noises associated with each level.

Los Angeles, California area, "Univeral Studio's California Expansion Plan Moves Closer to Approval; Noise Consultant Testifies that Studio Should Provide More Data About Noise" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the county Regional Planning Commission in Los Angeles, California will being studying the feasibility of a proposed on-ramp at Universal Studios for the Hollywood Freeway. The ramp has been proposed by Universal Studios, which is undertaking a $1-billion expansion of their buildings. Residents say they haven't been involved in Universal's decisions, and a noise consultant admitted that Universal didn't give enough information about how noisy there facility can be.

Los Angeles, California area, "California Recycling Center Closed For Noise Pollution" (Dec. 4, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles' City Council will shut down a recycling center behind a supermarket because of noise issues.

Los Angeles, California area, "Neighbors of California's Universal Studios Mount Increasing Opposition to Noise and Expansion Plans" (Oct. 19, 1997). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that neighbors of Universal Studios in the Los Angeles, California area are mounting an opposition over the studio's plans for a multi-billion-dollar expansion. Residents already have been disturbed for years by the lights, noise, and continuous action from the studios, and now they say the expansion plans are too much.

Los Angeles, California area, "Los Angeles City Council Moves to Place Restrictions on Noisy Jets at Van Nuys Airport" (Sep. 17, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Los Angeles City Council will develop an ordinance to limit noisy jets at Van Nuys Airport, and to extend a nighttime curfew, now that the Federal Aviation Administration has authorized the plan.

Los Angeles, California area, "Disputes over Noise at California's Van Nuys and Burbank Airports Take Different Turns, Columnist Says" (Sep. 7, 1997). The Los Angeles Times printed an editorial which expresses the different results in two similar noise-related disputes at southern California airports. The Federal Aviation Administration allowed Van Nuys Airport to initiate an extended noise curfew and limits on the loudest jets. On the other hand, Burbank decided to stop talking with the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority, choosing instead to let pending lawsuits decide the noise disputes there: at taxpayers expense.

Los Angeles, California area, "Some Southern California Airport Expansions Face Opposition, While Others Do Not" (Mar. 1, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that air traffic demand in Southern California is expected to double in the next 15 years, and pressure to expand Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and open El Toro's former military airport for commercial use is mounting. Residents near both airport sites are fighting that pressure. Some say that expansion should happen at March Air Force Base and Palmdale Airport instead; both sites are north of Los Angeles. The article discusses the specific problems at each airport that expansion would cause.

Los Angles, California area, "Environmental Group's Study: Air Pollution from Airports Goes Largely Unchecked" (Oct. 19, 1996). The Los Angeles Times reports that a Natural Resources Defense Council report says that airports -- such as John Wayne Airport in the Los Angeles area -- put out air pollution that does not receive the attention it deserves. This is a major concern in the already smog-prone area.

Los Ranchos, New Mexico, "New Mexico Village Residents Oppose Expansion of Tortilla Factory, Citing Constant Noise from Coolers and Air Compressors" (Nov. 25, 1997). The Albuquerque Journal reports that residents in the village of Los Ranchos, New Mexico are opposing the proposed expansion of the Albuquerque Tortilla Co., saying the constant noise from coolers and air compressors already is a nuisance. The tortilla factory is seeking a zone change from "commercial" to "special use" to operate a new warehouse.

Loudon, New Hampshire, "New Hampshire Racetrack Expansion Gets Preliminary Approval" (Nov. 25, 1997). The Union Leader reports that a conceptual plan for a 9,000-seat expansion of the New Hampshire International Speedway in Loudon, New Hampshire received approval from the town planning board last week. However, according to Loudon Planning Board Chair Gary Tasker, the project must get through several more regulatory hurdles before it can go forward. Concerns about increased noise and traffic from the project are still to be addressed, the article says.

Loudon, New Hampshire, "24-Hour Soil Reclamation Plant in Loudon, New Hampshire Has Residents Worried About Noise" (Jan. 27, 2000). The Union Leader reports that residents plan to turn out "in force" to a public hearing in Loudon, New Hampshire about noise from a soil reclamation plant. Round-the-clock operation has residents upset, and they want operating hours cut back.

Loudoun County, Virginia, "New Plans for Mall in Northern Virginia Upset Residents; County Board Postpones Decision" (Oct. 19, 1997). The Washington Post reports that 950 residents in Countryside, Virginia have signed petitions opposing a proposed 1.2 million-square-foot mall at the intersection of Routes 7 and 28. Residents say they are not opposed to a mall in principle, but are alarmed at the proposed changes in the mall's plans that would cause it to be more intrusive in their rural area, bringing noise, pollution, and glaring lights. Due to resident opposition, the County Board of Supervisors has postponed a decision on the requested changes and have agreed to hold a town hall meeting on the issue early next month.

Loudoun, Virginia, "Virginia Community Proposes Annual Study to Track Effects of Growth on the Environment" (Dec. 7, 1997). The Washington Post reports researchers at George Washington University are seeking to initiate an annual study of Loudoun County, Virginia's environment in an effort to portray the pressures, such as development, traffic and noise, that rapid growth inflicts on the county's natural and historic resources.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Resident Complains About Noise From Trucks" (Jan. 1, 1998). The Courier-Journal describes one Kentucky residents struggle to stop noise from a truck terminal behind his home.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Residents Halt Airport Relocation Plan" (Jan. 1, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports that an expected $20 million from the state to relocate neighbors of Louisville International Airport to the Cedar Creek area in southern Jefferson County is in jeopardy.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Community Demands Deeper Look Into Airport Noise" (Dec. 9, 1997). The Courier Journal reports that Louisville, Kentucky Alderman Greg Handy said yesterday he hopes the Regional Airport Authority will do more than the minimum in helping residents affected by airport noise.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Airport Noise Expert Starts Work with Kentucky Airport" (Jun. 10, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that an airport noise consultant has been hired to work on ways to reduce the impact of aircraft noise from the Louisville (Kentucky) International Airport, and residents got a chance to meet him yesterday.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Airport Board Angers Town by Snubbing Engineer the Town Had Chosen to Help it Relocate Due to Jet Noise" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that the Regional Airport Authority in Louisville, Kentucky has ignored the recommendation of leaders in Minor Lane Heights for an engineering firm to design a new site for residents to move to because of intolerable jet noise from the Louisville International Airport. Minor Lane Heights residents had worked with the firm the town recommended for two years to come up with an acceptable residential development design. In response to the airport authority's decision, leaders of Minor Lane Heights are threatening to move without the airport's assistance, or even to stay put. Leaders also said residents might consider selling their property directly to a private developer or commercial interest and selecting their own relocation site. Minor Lane Heights Mayor Fred Williams said he will get more input from his constituents, but he added, "It would tickle me to death for everybody to tell them to stick it."

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Community Seeks $20 Million From State For Relocation Of Residents Effected By Airport Noise" (Nov. 17, 1997). Business First-Louisville reports that the Jefferson County (Kentucky) Judge-Executive David Armstrong's chief wish from the 1998 General Assembly is approval of a $20 million bond issue to help speed up the relocation of residents in 1,600 homes near Louisville International Airport at Standiford Field.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville Residents Rail Against Airport Authorities, Saying They're Fed Up with Noise" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that about 50 residents attended a meeting sponsored by the Regional Airport Authority last night in Louisville, Kentucky to discuss noise from planes at the Louisville International Airport. The meeting was held to play a simulation of the jet noise level that residents can expect after the new West Runway opens December 1 at the airport. But the simulation provoked residents, who said the noise level is already much greater than the simulation, and they are fed up with it. Meanwhile, airport officials told residents that the areas many of them live in are not eligible for assistance from noise problems because they are outside the boundary considered to be too noisy for daily living.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Manager of Louisville Airport Opposes Input from Public, Columnist Believes" (Nov. 21, 1997). The Courier-Journal printed an editorial which argues that Robert Michael, the manager of the Louisville (Kentucky) International Airport, has badly misjudged two recent situations in which the public wanted input into the airport expansion project and were denied. A residents group asked for representation on the Regional Airport Authority board, and were opposed by Michael. And, after residents worked for two years with a design firm on relocating their community due to aircraft noise, the firm was passed over for other companies when it came time to do the work. The editorial says that Michael is in the wrong and has offended residents.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville Airport Authority Considers Plan to Create New Housing Development for Residents Displaced by Noise" (Nov. 27, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that the Regional Airport Authority of Louisville and Jefferson County (Kentucky) is considering purchasing 287 acres on Cedar Creek Road in order to build 450 homes for people displaced by noise from Louisville International Airport's reconfigured runways. Plans are to offer residents in 1,620 homes to option to move, the article says.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville Airport Gets a New Runway" (Dec. 2, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that the new West Runway at the Louisville (Kentucky) International Airport opened yesterday, joining the parallel East Runway that was completed in 1995. The new runway, which is the key feature of the airport's nearly completed $700 million expansion, will allow two planes to land or take off simultaneously, considerably boosting the airport's capacity. The new runway is expected to give UPS, the airport's largest user, the ability to expand.

Louisville, Kentucky, "New Runway at Louisville Airport Will Change Flight and Noise Patterns" (Oct. 23, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that officials at the Louisville International Airport in Louisville, Kentucky will hold four neighborhood workshops to offer previews of the ways flight patterns and aircraft noise will change when the second new runway opens on December 1. Officials said the workshops will include examples of the ways in which jets will sound in the affected neighborhoods.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Resident Voices Complaints About Airport Noise" (Feb. 13, 1998). The Courier-Journal published the following letter to the editor:

Louisville, Kentucky, "Relocation of Kentucky Neighborhood Near Louisville International Airport is Held Back" (Jan. 11, 1998). An article in the Courier-Journal reports that a plan to relocate a Louisville, Kentucky neighborhood affected by recent Lousiville International Airport expansion has been hampered by the unwillingness of nearby affluent communities to take the residents in. The article reports that the Jefferson County legislature has withheld support for a $20 million state allocation to finally move people out of Minor Lane Heights in Lousiville. It has done this in order to pressure the airport authority into dropping another relocation project, in which anybody displaced from any neighborhood by the airport expansion (such as Minor Lane Heights) could be moved to a new 450-home subdivision in the Cedar Creek area. Residents of the Cedar Creek area oppose the new subdivision.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Residents Complain About Airport Noise" (Jul. 25, 1998). The Courier-Journal printed the following letters-to-the-editor from residents in Louisville, Kentucky, regarding noise from the airport:

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Newspaper Reader Asks Columnist to Get Rid of Loud Music in Neighborhood" (Jul. 27, 1998). The Courier-Journal printed a column in which a resident of Louisville, Kentucky wrote in to say that two garages in the neighborhood have become music halls for practicing bands. The resident asked the columnist to find out what can be done about the constant noise. The columnist responded by asking police officers to monitor the neighborhood, but police heard excessive noise on only one occasion. The columnist tells the reader to call the police when the music being played.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Airport Sound Monitors and Radar Systems Identify Noise and Keep Airlines Honest" (Jun. 22, 1998). The Courier-Journal of Louisville, Kentucky, reports an increasing number of airports are using sound monitors and radar systems to track the exact paths of arriving and departing airplanes. This information can be used to assist in noise abatement measures.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Columnist Criticizes Louisville International Airport's Noise Monitoring System" (Jun. 23, 1998). The Courier-Journal published a column by Bob Hill that contends officials in charge of the $700 million expansion of Kentucky's Louisville International Airport are deaf to noise pollution concerns of residents.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville Airport Accused of Negligence in Monitoring Noise and Residents' Complaints" (Jun. 22, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports Louisville International Airport has done little to track the impact of noise from changes in runways and flight patterns that have occurred under the airport's $700 million expansion.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Residents Worried About Noise From UPS Expansion at Airport" (Mar. 7, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports that residents living near the Louisville (Kentucky) International Airport are worried that making the airport a mega-hub for United Parcel Service will increase the already disturbing noise produced by aircraft. As Regional Airport Authority and Jefferson County officials revise the airport's noise-reduction plan, residents are preparing to voice their concerns.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville Residents Fear Increased Noise with UPS Expansion at Airport" (Mar. 5, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports Louisville, Kentucky, residents who live near the airport or under the flight path, worry that the UPS expansion announced yesterday will mean more noise and other harmful effects.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Some U.S. Cities Have Noise Committees and Programs to Mitigate Aircraft Noise" (Mar. 7, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports that some U.S. cities that have airports close to heavily populated areas have established committees and programs to monitor and mitigate noise for neighbors. The article examines the measures that San Francisco, Minneapolis, and Memphis have undertaken, and discusses how the noise problems are similar to the airport noise issues in Louisville, Kentucky.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Residents Lose Sleep Due to New Runway in Louisville, Kentucky" (Apr. 1, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports a new west runway at Louisville International Airport, Kentucky, is having its effect on residents who are beginning to complain about increased noise and interrupted sleep.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Federal Aviation Administration, Louisville International Airport, Kentucky's Legislature, and the 450-Family Minor Lane Heights Community Work Together to Relocate the Entire City For Noise Mitigation Purposes" (Aug. 9, 1999). Aviation Week and Space Technology reports that the 450-family community of Minor Lane Heights, with help from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Kentucky's Legislature, and Louisville International Airport, will relocate their entire city for noise mitigation purposes. The efforts that led to this innovative approach to noise mitigation are detailed below.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Several Community Committees in Louisville, Kentucky Reported Their Suggestions For Noise Abatement at Louisville International Airport" (Dec. 8, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that ten committees composed of airport administrators, customers residents near Kentucky's Louisville International Airport gave suggestions for noise-abatement alternatives at a recent hearing. The suggestions will be studied by a consultant over the next month. At that point, the consultant will present the practicality of the different suggestions. The ultimate goal is to send a final draft to the FAA in the fall.

Louisville, Kentucky, "First Results from Noise Study at Louisville Regional Airport Presented at Public Meeting; Public Upset with Seemingly Wandering Flight Paths and Data that Presents Noise Disturbances Too Coldly" (Jul. 30, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that the Louisville Regional Airport Authority presented preliminary data from noise-monitors to its volunteer Noise Compatibility Study Group. Some residents said that increased disruption wasn't reflected because "A machine does not live and breathe (the noise)." Noise monitors were placed in 20 locations; at one particular monitor, noise passed a 60 decibel threshold 117 times, often passing the FAA's level of 65 which is considered undesirable. Residents also noted that the flight paths looked like "spaghetti", raising the question of whether enforcement of existing flight paths could solve much of the noise problem.

Louisville, Kentucky, "New Noise Ordinance to Be Proposed in Louisville, Kentucky After Local Tavern Receives Ten Citations" (Jul. 28, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that continued complaints about Lousiville, Kentucky's Phoenix Hill Tavern, which has been warned and cited over ten times in the past year, has spurred interest in a new noise ordinance. The article reports that the new ordinance will restrict outdoor music, and revise the current ordinance's vague description of 'unnecessary noise' with measurable noise limits. The tavern owner supports the ordinance, noting that he has already spent substantial amounts of money on sound abatement.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Public Invited to Attend Volunteer Committee Meeting in Louisville, Kentucky to Discuss Ways to Reduce the Impact of Airport Noise" (Jun. 8, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that a volunteer committees on airport noise -- sponsored by Louisville, Kentucky's regional airport authority -- is inviting the public to attend a meeting to discuss ways to reduce the noise's impact. The committees make up the Airport Noise Compatibility Study Group, which is working with the airport authority's consultants to recommend ways to measure and abate aircraft noise.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Noise Study at Louisville International Airport Makes Neighbors Key Participants" (Mar. 22, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports a new noise study at Kentucky's Louisville International Airport is aimed at soothing eardrums as well as hard feelings that linger from expansion there a decade ago.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville, Kentucky Volunteer Committee on Aircraft Noise to Present Findings" (May 25, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that volunteer committees studying aircraft noise, sponsored by the Regional Airport Authority, will present their findings. The committee intends to help Leigh Fisher Associates decide how to measure and deal with airport noise.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Noise Monitoring Procedures at Louisville, Kentucky's International Airport More Acceptable to Residents than Study Done Six Years Ago; Study Hopes to Give Insight Into Noise Abatement Strategies" (Jun. 3, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that Leigh Fisher Associates has begun a noise study at Louisville, Kentucky's International Airport. The study utilizes noise monitors that record noise simultaneously at four locations for 24-hour periods; this time -- as opposed to a study six years ago -- monitor locations will be kept secret from Airport Authority officials, and a grassroots advisory committee has input into which 20 monitoring sites were selected. The consultants acknowledge that it would be hard for the authority to reroute planes away from noise monitors, but the secrecy has given residents more confidence in the study's eventual results. The results will be compared to a computer model, and the model will be adjusted if necessary.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Owensboro, Kentucky Begins Using New Noise Ordinance Against Loud Car Stereos" (Dec. 2, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that Owensboro, Kentucky police have used the new local noise ordinance against 8 individuals with loud car stereos.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Public Meeting in Louisville, Kentucky to Share Strategies from Noise Committee; Report Will Go Next to Airport Authority, then to FAA" (Oct. 16, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that new noise-reduction strategies have been developed for Louisville International Airport in Kentucky, and will go to the FAA for approval next fall. The article notes that the strategies are in response to a report, which included computer-model data and actual noise measurements. 3,600 homes are now considered to be in high-noise areas.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Tavern in Louisville, Kentucky Threatened with Fines Or Closing If Noise Ordinance Is Not Followed" (Nov. 2, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that Phoenix Hill Tavern in Louisville, Kentucky will pay a fine or face license suspension for violating local noise regulations. Eight noise citations this year and many other noise complaints resulted in the fines, which will be $2,400. If the tavern gets no noise violations for a year, additional fines will not be levied.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville, Kentucky Adopts New Noise Ordinance" (Sep. 17, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that the Louisville, Kentucky Board of Aldermen adopted a tougher new noise ordinance that will carry $1,000 fines and 60-day jail terms. Violators will include those with loud dogs, car stereos, loud garbage collection, and loud bars. Police plan to buy several $600 noise meters to assist in enforcement.

Louisville, Kentucky, "New Ordinance and Enforcement Official in Louisville, Kentucky Can Impose $1000 Fines for Noise Measuring Over 45 Decibels On Neighboring Property" (Sep. 15, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that a new noise ordinance in Louisville, Kentucky will forbid noises of over 45 decibels as measured from a neighboring property. Fines could reach $1000, and may be accompanied by a 60 day jail term. The ordinance was drafted in response to complaints about noise from loud music at nightclubs.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville, Kentucky Columnist Applauds Aldermen for Strengthening the Noise Ordinance" (Sep. 8, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that the Aldermen of Louisville, Kentucky plan to amend the local noise ordinance to be tougher on noise from bars and cars. The Aldermen responded to a proposed wet-dry vote in the area -- designed to shut down loud bars -- by proposing the amendment. They also plan to hire a noise inspector that will monitor noise around the area.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Group Upset Over Vague Airport Noise Reduction Recommendations" (Jan. 14, 2000). The Courier-Journal reports that an airport consultant recommended existing and new technology be used to keep aircraft on track over less populated areas near Louisville International Airport. The article said the consultant upset and even angered some people at the public meeting because he rejected many of their recommendations.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Kentucky Town Discusses Airport Noise Reduction Strategies" (Jan. 11, 2000). The Courier-Journal printed a notice about the Regional Airport Authority's next Noise Compatibility Study Group meeting.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville, Kentucky International Airport to Expand; Regional Airport Authority to Sponsor Public Forums" (Mar. 13, 2000). The Courier-Journal of Louisville, Kentucky, reports that Louisville International Airport will be undergoing major development in the coming years, and airport officials want the public to be involved in studying the airport's Master Plan and giving officials input on the plan.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Louisville, Kentucky Residents Encouraged to Attend Public Meetings About Airport's Future" (Mar. 14, 2000). The Louisville, Kentucky Courier-Journal printed an editorial about Louisville International Airport, in which the editor encourages readers to get involved with helping to plan for the airport's future by attending a series of meetings that will address public concerns. The editor believes it is the reader's duty to get involved in the process before complaining about airport improvements.

Louisville, Kentucky, "Telephone Headset Recommendations" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Louisville Courier-Journal in Kentucky reports on telephone headsets that allow for completely hands-free conversation. Different models are recommended.

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Kentucky Neighbors Consider Airport's Relocation Subdivision Plan" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Courier Journal evaluates the Louisville, Kentucky's Regional Airport Authority's plan to build a new subdivision for people overwhelmed by airport noise. For people displaced by noise to get comparable homes, builders say they must get breaks on land costs or fees.

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Kentucky Resident Complains About Airport Noise" (Dec. 8, 1997). The Courier Journal printed the following letter to the editor concerning noise abatement at the Louisville, Kentucky airport:

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Relocation of Residential Neighborhoods Near Kentucky Airport Will Free Up Prime Land for Industry" (Nov. 17, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that the communities of Minor Lane Heights and Edgewood, near the Louisville (Kentucky) International Airport, are in the heaviest noise zones surrounding the airport, and residents are expected to be moved to new neighborhoods in an airport buyout plan over the next several years. The article explores in detail the economic benefits that could result from using the land the neighborhoods now occupy for industrial and commercial airport-related development.

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Kentucky Residents Angry About Relocation Plan For Victims Of Airport Noise" (Dec. 3, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that residents of the Cedar Creek area of Louisville, Kentucky angrily sounded off last night about a proposal to build a 450-home subdivision nearby for people now living in a handful of neighborhoods plagued by excessive airplane noise.

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Louisville Airport Officials Struggle to Relocate Residents Displaced by Noise from Airport Expansion" (Dec. 1, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that officials from the Regional Airport Authority of Louisville (Kentucky) and Jefferson County are considering building 450 homes on a site in southern Jefferson County, on Cedar Creek Road, in order to relocate residents displaced by noise from Louisville International Airport's reconfigured runway project. Altogether, 1,650 households are eligible to move in Minor Lane Heights, South Park View, Edgewood, and nearby areas. Governor Paul Patton said recently he'd be willing to use $20 million of the state's surplus to help the people move. However, the article reports, many residents already see problems in the relocation process.

Louisville, Kentucky area, "Neighborhood Relocation Near Louisville Airport Leaves Residents Uncertain and Distrustful" (Dec. 1, 1997). The Courier-Journal reports that the Edgewood neighborhood of Louisville, Kentucky has been designated a "relocation area" due to noise from the Louisville International Airport. As a result, the neighborhood is slowly being emptied, and the residents who are left wonder continually when they will leave and where they will go, the article says. The situation has left many residents uncertain, resigned, and distrustful, according to the article.

Louisville, Ky., "Neighbors Will Remain Neighbors as Louisville, Kentucky Suburb is Relocated" (Apr. 25, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that residents of Minor Lane Heights, Kentucky may have to leave their homes behind because of airport expansion, but they will be keeping their neighbors.

Lousiville, Kentucky, "State Representative Jim Wayne Speaks at Airport Neighbor's Association meeting in Louisville, Kentucky" (Jan. 11, 1998). An article in the Courier-Journal reported that Rep. Jim Wayne attended a recent meeting of the Airport Neighbors' Alliance in Louisville, Kentucky. The article reported that Wayne was one of about 50 people at the alliance's monthly meeting held at St. Rose School. At the meeting, people were urged to go to Frankfort, Kentucky this week to support a bill that would add a citizen advocate to the airport board. The meeting also included information about Kentucky's relocation plan for people who live close to Louisville International Airport. This plan has recently come under fire. The Quiet Communities Act was also discussed.

Lower Hutt, England, "Firefighter Landlords in England Protest Station Noise" (Jul. 2, 1998). The Evening Post (Wellington) reports in England two firemen are complaining that the station where they work is too noisy for tenants in apartments next door. The two firemen happen to also be the landlords of the adjacent apartments.

Lower Hutt, New Zealand, "Noise Complaints in New Zealand Prompt Council to Rule Against Dog Owner" (Oct. 30, 1997). The Evening Post of Wellington, New Zealand, reports that Lower Hutt dog owner, Michael Edney was ordered to remove all dogs from his property after numerous complaints from neighbors. After Edney's objection, he was told he could keep one dog. But Edney is not happy at having to put a collar on his dog that gives it an electric shock when it barks.

Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania, "Pennsylvania Residents Group Opposes Wal-Mart Superstore" (May 26, 1998). The Morning Call reports that residents in Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania have formed a coalition to oppose a 203,750-square-foot Wal-Mart superstore and three outbuildings proposed for a site adjacent to Hamilton Boulevard and Lower Macungie Road. Residents are opposed to the development because of the noise and traffic it will create, and because of the large scale of the project. The article says that residents and the developer will square off tonight at a Planning Commission meeting at which each side will get time to present their case.

Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania, "Commercial Land Use in Pennsylvania Brings Noise" (Dec. 12, 1997). The Morning Call reports in an editorial that a Wal-Mart store is planned at a 41-acre commercial site in Lower Macungie Township, Pennsylvania. Vexed residents have organized for a fight.

Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania, "Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania Supervisors Refuse Proposed Ordinance That Would Have Quieted Night-Construction from New Wal-Mart" (Nov. 19, 1999). The Morning Call reports that town supervisors in Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania have refused to move forward on an ordinance proposed to stop night-construction at a new Wal-Mart. A skeptical supervisor said he had gone to the site and said "I didn't really mind the noise that I heard."

Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania, "Resident Believes Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania Council is Ignoring Complaints About Noise From Wal-Mart Construction Site" (Nov. 29, 1999). The Morning Call prints a letter from a Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania man who believes that the local Commission is not listening to resident complaints about noise from a new Wal-Mart's construction site.

Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania, "Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania Supervisors Tell Angry Residents that Nighttime Wal-Mart Construction Can't Be Stopped Because They Have No Nuisance Ordinance; Nuisance Ordinance Will Be Drafted Soon" (Nov. 5, 1999). The Morning Call reports that Lower Macungie, Pennsylvania's Board of Supervisors told angry residents that nighttime Wal-Mart construction can't be stopped, although it will try drafting a nuisance ordinance that could limit construction hours. Residents want construction to end at some compromised time between 6 p.m. and the current 11 p.m. Wal-Mart says it could work around the clock, so the 11 p.m. stop time is already a middle ground.

Luling, Louisiana, "Louisiana Residents Oppose Grocery Store" (Dec. 18, 1997). The Times-Picayune reports that residents in Luling, Louisiana oppose a proposal for a new Winn-Dixie market. Residents say the secondary entrance to the market will cause noise pollution and safety hazards.

Lutherville, Maryland, "Executive's Helicopter Permitted Daily Trip Despite Maryland Residents' Complaints about Noise" (Aug. 8, 1998). The Washington Times reports Rite Aid Chairman Martin Grass has received permission from Baltimore County officials to take off and land in his company helicopter at his home in Lutherville, Maryland, despite complaints from neighbors about the noise.

Lutherville, Maryland area, "Fines for Helicopter Noise Made by Rich Maryland Executive Thrown Out of Court on a Technicality" (Nov. 13, 1997). The Baltimore Sun reports that officials in Baltimore County, Maryland have been attempting to collect $800 in zoning citations from a rich executive who lands his helicopter in Green Spring Valley, an exclusive residential neighborhood in the Lutherville area. But yesterday a hearing officer threw out the fines because county zoning inspectors listed the wrong address on the citation. Zoning officials, however, are vowing to file new complaints against Martin Grass, the Chair and Chief Executive Officer of Rite Aid Corp., who uses the helicopter for his 20-minute commute to the company's headquarters in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Lutterworth, United Kingdom, "Residents in Lutterworth, U.K. Worry that Distribution Centers in Industrial Development Could Mean Noise from Trucks" (Nov. 2, 1999). The Leicester Mercury reports that a planned industrial site in Lutterworth, U.K. has nearby residents worried about noise and pollution. The local plan was for offices to go into the site, but the proposal asks for industrial uses.

Lutz, Florida, "Florida Residents Get Cease and Desist Order for Noisy Nighttime Trucking Operations" (Mar. 12, 1999). The St. Petersburg Times reports Hillsborough County, Florida, officials have put an end to noisy treks through Cheval by a company working on the Suncoast Parkway.

Lyon, France, "France To Enforce Tough Noise Ban At Airport" (Jul. 5, 1999). According to the Air Transport Intelligence, Stage 2 aircraft will no longer be able to land at Lyon-Satolas Airport at night in southeastern France. The French government approved new plans submitted by airport officials. Older aircraft such as old generation Boeing 727 may not land between 11:15 pm and 6:15 am.

Lyons Park, Oklahoma, "Residents of Lyons Park, Oklahoma Want Wall Between Highway and Elementary School; Purpose Would Be to Quiet Noise and Also Increase Safety of Students" (Aug. 23, 1999). The Daily Oklahoman reports that residents of Lyons Park, Oklahoma want a wall on Interstate 44. They want noise to be abated, but many are more concerned with the proximity of an elementary school playground to a dangerous section of the highway. At least three accidents have occurred in the last year during school hours. A wall was promised to residents in 1970 when the highway was first built.

Other Indexes

Aircraft Noise
Amplified Noise
Effects on Wildlife/Animals
Construction Noise
Firing Ranges
Health Effects
Home Equipment and Appliances
International News
Environmental Justice
Land Use and Noise
Civil Liberty Issues
Miscellaneous Noise Stories
Noise Ordinances
Noise Organizations Mentioned
Outdoor Events
Noise in Our National Parks/Natural Areas
Residential and Community Noise
Snowmobile and ATV Noise
Research and Studies
Technological Solutions to Noise
Transportation Related Noise
Violence and Noise
Watercraft Noise
Workplace Noise

Chronological Index

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