Research and Studies

This page is sponsored by E. I. Williams.

Chicago's O'Hare Airport Expansion Subject of Heated Controversy Because of Increase in Jet Noise (Apr. 20, 2000). The Chicago Tribune printed an editorial about the expansion of O'Hare International Airport, its supporters and opponents. The editorial supports the expansion of the airport by adding a third runway.

North Carolina Residents Suspicious of FedEx Hub Business at Triad Airport (Apr. 19, 2000). The High Point Enterprise reported that a state representative visited the Indianapolis International Airport resulted in his having serious concerns regarding the impact of a FedEx cargo hub might have on the Piedmont Triad International airport and its neighbors.

Burbank Airport Officials Delay Airport Expansion for Two Years: Noise Study to Come First (Apr. 18, 2000). According to the Los Angeles Times, Burbank Airport officials voted to conduct an in-depth noise study that may delay the construction of a $300 million airport complex for a minimum of three years. The article said extraordinary opposition to the expansion prompted the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority to give up on beginning construction.

Local Officials in Canada Meet With Federal Minister to Discuss Train Noise (Apr. 18, 2000). The Montreal Gazette printed an article about noise and pollution from trains that pass through Canadian cities. Town officials from Cote St. Luc and Hamstead are appealing to federal Transport Minister David Collenette for help.

North Carolina Man Asks for Clarity on Airport Contour Map (Apr. 18, 2000). The News & Record printed this letter to the editor calling for clarification of the paper's reporting on the contour map of airport noise as printed in the April 7, 2000 edition. The letter is printed in its entirety.

Newer Classrooms Noisy and Impede Learning in New Zealand (Apr. 17, 2000). According to the Press in New Zealand, a study resulting from teacher complaints showed that newly constructed school buildings are noisier than older ones, and listening conditions in the older builders were unsatisfactory.

Some Residents in High Point, N.C. Like the FedEx Cargo Hub (Apr. 17, 2000). An article in the High Point Enterprise reported on some residents who support the proposed FedEx cargo hub project at Piedmont Triad International Airport, saying that personal imposition of noise should be weighed against a positive economic impact and job creation.

Mobile Telephone Use in Spain Prompts Demand for Legislation to Curb Their Use (Apr. 15, 2000). According to The Guardian, the noise levels from mobile telephones is such a nuisance that people are demanding legislative action. The growth rate of mobile telephone use is higher in Spain than anywhere else in Europe, according to the article--from one million to 18 million in just five years.

Loud Noises Causing Increasing Rates of Hearing Loss in New York City (Apr. 14, 2000). The New York Times reports in an editorial that a citywide minute of quiet that was supposed to take place on Wednesday as part of International Noise Awareness Day was a failure in New York City. The minute of quiet is encouraged by the League for the Hard of Hearing. The writer discerned no reduction in the noise level during that time.

Scottish Research Team Studies Hospital Noise (Apr. 12, 2000). The Scottish Daily Record and Sunday Mail reports that a group of researchers from Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland are studying whether high noise levels in hospitals are adversely affecting patient recovery times and increasing nurses' stress levels. Part of the study will include installing special sound-absorbing ceilings to see if they make a difference.

New Zealand Researcher Believes Noise May Reduce Infant Crib-Death Incidents (Apr. 12, 2000). The Press in Christchurch, New Zealand reports that an Auckland, New Zealand clinical psychologist has released a controversial study that says that infants at risk of crib death have an easier time breathing if they are exposed to background noise while they are sleeping.

High School Student in St. Louis Wins Prize for Hearing Research on Teenage Noise Exposure (Apr. 10, 2000). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports on a scientific research project contest for high school students. Senior Shannon Goebel won a first-place prize for her research on the actual and perceived noise levels to which teen-agers are exposed.

New Zealand Research Finds That Classrooms Are Too Noisy (Apr. 8, 2000). The Dominion in New Zealand reports that the Speech-Language Therapists Association held a conference recently in Napier, New Zealand. One of the topics discussed was excessive noise in the classroom and its negative effects on the teaching and learning process.

Researchers at University of Western Ontario, Canada Study Noise Reduction in Hospital MRI Machines (Apr. 4, 2000). The London Free Press in Ontario, Canada reports that researchers at the University of Western Ontario are undertaking a study to reduce noise from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines. MRI's are extremely effective in detecting many types of disease by using radio waves and magnetic fields. However, the machine contains a magnet whose gradient coil generates significant amounts of vibration and noise. The noise is bothersome, and possibly damaging, to both patients and technicians.

Causes of Hearing Loss and Deafness (Apr. 1, 2000). The Financial Times in London reports on hearing problems and how they develop. In the United Kingdom, 8.5 million people have hearing difficulties, some of which can be treated. All people should be taught to avoid loud noises that do permanent damage to the ear.

Scientific Research on Sound Has Many Possible Worldwide Applications (Mar. 30, 2000). The Daily Telegraph in London reports on many scientific studies being conducted on sound and its applications.

US Department of Defense Launches Program to Develop Low-Noise, Supersonic Aircraft (Mar. 29, 2000). Jane's Defense Weekly, a British publication, reports on recent US Department of Defense discussions concerning research and development of a new low-noise supersonic aircraft that could conduct long-range reconnaissance missions without being detected.

Nevada Airport Officials Face Vocal Residents Over Review of Aircraft Weight Limits (Mar. 22, 2000). An article by the Associated Press reported that when the Minden-Tahoe Airport Advisory Board called for a review of the airport's weight limit for aircraft, the airport's neighbors became suspicious that the board planned to expand the airport and increase air traffic.

South Carolina's State Port Authority Noise Underestimated and Residents are Angry (Mar. 21, 2000). According to the Post and Courier, residents in a subdivision of Mt. Pleasant are angry at the State Ports Authority (SPA) over noise from the Wando Welch Terminal and the SPA's plans to expand the port.

Benefits of Uniform Attenuation Hearing Protection in the Workplace (Mar. 1, 2000). Occupational Health and Safety reports on the technical and scientific aspects of workplace noise and how it affects human hearing and communication.

Congressmen Challenge NY Port Authority's Neglect to Fund Noise Abatement Measures (Feb. 15, 2000). According to the New York Times, two congressmen blasted Port Authority in a report on its lack of effort over the past five years to commit federal monies and airport revenue available for reducing airport noise. Instead, the article said, the authority has directed most of its passenger surcharges toward light rail. Kennedy International, Newark and La Guardia are under the Authority's jurisdiction.

Controversy Continues Over NY and NJ Port Authority's Use of Funds Earmarked for Airport Noise Reduction Projects (Feb. 15, 2000). The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey reports that the New York and New Jersey Port Authority denies claims recently published in a congressional report that it has not spent allotted money on airport noise reduction projects at Kennedy, LaGuardia, and Newark International Airports. The authority states that it has indeed spent millions on noise reduction efforts in the past five years.

North Carolina FedEx Airport Plans Subject of Noise Debate (Feb. 3, 2000). According to the Tribune Business News, FedEx officials may have to prove how noisy its aircraft will be by providing a sample landing and takeoff at Piedmont Triad International Airport (PTIA). Airport officials are amenable to the idea if FedEx executives are open to the idea.

Illinois Town Officials Receive Info on Airport Noise Study (Feb. 1, 2000). The Associated Press reported on an airport noise abatement study for Palwaukee Municipal Airport which will measure airport noise, identify exposure to it, and make a land use determination accordingly. The study will be completed in the spring of 2001.

Virginia Naval Station Proves Costly for Schools (Jan. 16, 2000). The Virginia-Pilot reports jet noise from the Oceana Naval Air Station is so disruptive to education in Virginia Beach that 15 schools need better insulation that will cost $3.5 million.

Kentucky Group Upset Over Vague Airport Noise Reduction Recommendations (Jan. 14, 2000). The Courier-Journal reports that an airport consultant recommended existing and new technology be used to keep aircraft on track over less populated areas near Louisville International Airport. The article said the consultant upset and even angered some people at the public meeting because he rejected many of their recommendations.

Helicopter Noise Declared a Public Health Hazard in New York (Jan. 12, 2000). The New York Daily News reported on a study by the Natural Resources Defense Council concluding that helicopter noise is linked to serious health such as sleep and cardiovascular disorders, anxiety and impaired learning ability in children. The study focused on helicopter noise in New York.

Kentucky Town Discusses Airport Noise Reduction Strategies (Jan. 11, 2000). The Courier-Journal printed a notice about the Regional Airport Authority's next Noise Compatibility Study Group meeting.

Classroom Acoustics Study in Ohio Suggests Many Ohio Classrooms Are Noisier than They Should Be For Optimal Learning (Jan. 9, 2000). The Columbus Dispatch reports that Ohio schools' noise levels are too high for optimal learning. Reverberation times and noise levels exceeded standards in 94 percent of classrooms studied.

Numerous Letters to the Editor on Orange County, California's Proposed El Toro Airport Argue For and Against Airport, Criticize Commissioners for Secretive Activity, and Discuss Measure that Would Require Citizen Approval of Infrastructure Like Airports and Jails (Jan. 9, 2000). The Los Angeles Times prints several letters to the editor which argue for and against the validity of a noise report on the proposed El Toro Airport in Orange County, California, argue for and against Measure F that would require citizen approval of public infrastructure like airports and jails, and criticize airport commissioners for secretive activity.

Richfield, Minnesota Wants to Demolish Hundreds of Houses and Apartments and Build More Residences and Office Buildings Elsewhere; Report on Low-Frequency Noise from Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport Runway May Be a Barrier to Plans (Jan. 7, 2000). The Star Tribune reports that a plan to redevelop part of Richfield, Minnesota may face an obstacle in the form of a low-frequency-noise report on Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport's new runway. The 8,000 foot runway will open in 2003. New buildings will be " built with the latest sound-stopping techniques and materials to blunt low-frequency noise."

Research Suggests that a Sauna's Mild Heat Shock May Activate Genes that Protect Against Hearing Loss (Nov. 27, 1999). The New Scientist reports that a study at Boston's Harvard Medical School suggests that a sauna -- which essentially subjects the body to mild heat shock -- may prepare the ears to better handle excessive noise. Heat-shock proteins normally serve to protect proteins from unfolding and to re-fold damaged ones; once activated by the sauna, these proteins may be protecting proteins that could normally be damaged by noise.

Martin County Airport in Stuart, Florida Begins Part 150 Study that Is Required for FAA-Sanctioned Curfews (Nov. 26, 1999). The Stuart News/Port St. Lucie News reports that the Martin County Airport in Stuart, Florida is beginning a Part 150 study. The first piece of the study will cost $35,000, and will monitor jet noise over the Thanksgiving holiday with twelve noise monitors

Seattle-Tacoma Airport Noise Consultant Proposes More Equitable Flight Paths that Would Share Noise More Evenly; FAA to Be Consulted on Use of Industrial Corridor (Nov. 18, 1999). Business Wire reports that at a hearing, attended by at least 200 residents, the noise consultant for the Seattle-Tacoma Airport has proposed the use of split flight paths for north and south departures that would share noise more evenly between communities. CANE (full-name unspecified) was concerned that the proposal had fizzled out in 1990 when it was first proposed, but were optimistic that it would now be taken seriously by the Port Authority. The Community Advisory Committee (CAC) seemed interested in examining the consultant's proposal more closely.

Utah's Department of Transportation Is Exploring Alternatives to Soundwalls that Some Residents Oppose Because of Unsightliness (Nov. 16, 1999). The Salt Lake Tribune reports that alternatives to soundwalls in Farmington, Utah are being explored by the Department of Transportation (DOT). The DOT is examining an alternative to a 17-foot soundwall -- a 10-foot earthen berm with three feet of stylized rock on top -- to satisfy those who want soundwalls but believe they are ugly. The soundwall debate has other sides too; some say soundwalls block views and reflect sound uphill, some say they're critical for quality of life, some demand them to keep up their property values, some say they work but they're too ugly and hurt property values.

Noise Consultant for Palwaukee Municipal Airport in Illinois Warns that Noise Study Does Not Guarantee Federal Noise-Abatement Funds (Nov. 14, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that a noise consultant conducting a study for Palwaukee Municipal Airport in Illinois warned that the study didn't guarantee noise-abatement funds.

Noise Study at Florida's Tampa International Airport Says Noise Still Annoys Residents, But Airport Officials Say Noise Problems Are Decreasing (Nov. 14, 1999). The St. Petersburg Times reports that noise is still a problem for residents in the area around Florida's Tampa International Airport, but airport officials say that noise has been decreasing and will decrease even further by 2003 thanks to noise-reduction policies.

Citizens Association for Responsible Development in Gulfport, Mississippi May Sue to Have Noisy Gravel Plant Moved (Nov. 13, 1999). The State-Times/Morning Advocate reports that the Citizens Association for Responsible Development in Gulfport, Mississippi may sue to have a nearby gravel plant moved to another part of the county. The company has reduced it's noise, but vibrations are still bothersome. Engineers are studying the low frequency noise, and will report to county officials next month.

Resident in Brownsburg, Indiana Presents a Case Against the Proposed Conversion of a Trap Shooting Range Into a Police Firing Range (Nov. 12, 1999). The Indianapolis Star reports that a resident living near a trap-shooting club in Brownsburg, Indiana urged the town not to convert the facility into a police firing range. She came with substantial evidence, including maps and guidelines for the creation of firing ranges. The town is currently conducting a study that will look at noise and safety issues.

Denver County Commissioners Suspend Development Around Four Regional Airports Until Stricter Regulations Are Considered (Nov. 11, 1999). The Denver Post reports that County Commissioners in Arapahoe County, Colorado -- which includes Denver -- have suspended development on a total of 30.7 square miles surrounding four airports in the region. New rules could include sound insulation, and a larger minimum distance between houses and the airport. By February, results should be available from a noise study being conducted at Centennial Airport that can help make decision-making easier.

People Against Intrusive Noise (PAIN) Issue Demands to East Midlands Airport and North West Leicestershire Council (Nov. 11, 1999). The Derby Evening Telegraph reports that an anti-noise group in the U.K. called People Against Intrusive Noise (PAIN) has issued a list of demands to officials at East Midlands Airport and North West Leicestershire Council. Demands include installation of a noise monitoring system, restricted flying at night, and designated flight paths that disturb fewer residents. The airport plans to extend their runway soon, which has spurred the residents to action.

Proposed 1.7 Mile Limestone Conveyor in Nazareth, Pennsylvania Shouldn't Increase Noise Much in the Area; Also, 250 Daily Truck Trips Could Be Eliminated By the Conveyor (Nov. 11, 1999). The Morning Call reports that a 1.7-mile, $10- to $15-million conveyor proposed by a limestone company in Nazareth, Pennsylvania shouldn't add much noise to the area. The company claims the conveyor will not be louder than 50 decibels. In fact, it will eliminate the need for the 250 daily truck trips that the company now needs to transport limestone along an already congested road.

Alternative Flight Paths Tested Last Year at Newark International Airport Deemed Ineffective at Reducing Noise by the Federal Aviation Administration (Nov. 7, 1999). The New York Times reports that alternative flight paths that were tested at Newark International Airport in New Jersey last year did not reduce noise.

Noise Consultants for Suffield, Connecticut's Bradley International Airport Recommend Dropping Turn From Flight-Path; Environmental Impact Study Must Be Done First (Nov. 5, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports that noise consultants for Bradley International Airport in Connecticut have suggested that a fifteen-degree turn be dropped from a departing flight path. The new path would mean that by 2005, 249 people would be affected by an average of 65-decibel noise, while the older path would affect 359. A complete environmental impact study must be done first, because some areas will see an increase in noise despite the overall drop.

Public Meeting in Louisville, Kentucky to Share Strategies from Noise Committee; Report Will Go Next to Airport Authority, then to FAA (Oct. 16, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that new noise-reduction strategies have been developed for Louisville International Airport in Kentucky, and will go to the FAA for approval next fall. The article notes that the strategies are in response to a report, which included computer-model data and actual noise measurements. 3,600 homes are now considered to be in high-noise areas.

Addison, Illinois Hires Consultant to Determine if Sound Wall Would Effectively Reduce Highway Noise, Although Some Say Addison Couldn't Afford the Wall Anyway (Oct. 15, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that Addison, Illinois has decided to hire a noise consultant to determine whether a noise wall could ease noise for residents in the Oak Mill neighborhood. Some officials say the the city would have trouble paying for the $1-million-per-mile wall even if it would help. Proponents hope to get half of the money from Illinois' FIRST construction program, and to get the rest from other grants or by postponing less important village projects.

Noise Consultants from Windsor, Connecticut's Bradley International Airport Will Hold Next Information Session in Less than a Month (Oct. 15, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports that noise consultants for Windsor, Connecticut's Bradley International Airport will hold their next public information session on November 4th. The consultants hope to determine ways to reduce aircraft noise disturbances. The article notes that one method to do this would be to spread flight paths more evenly, but tests this summer prompted a huge increase in noise complaints.

Study in Dhaka City, Bangladesh Reveals Surprisingly High Levels of Noise; Public May Now Become More Aware of Associated Health Risks (Sep. 20, 1999). The Independent reports that a study on the presence of noise pollution in Dhaka City, Bangladesh revealed that many parts of the city have high levels of noise. Noise in the city exceeded World Health Organization recommendations in many places. Factors that contribute to the problem include densely packed structures, construction, loudspeakers, and lack of green spaces to absorb sound waves. Ailments such as tinnitus, vestibular symptoms, irritability, blood pressure and stress may result from continued exposure to noise above 65 decibels; exposure to noise higher than 80 decibels can permanently damage hearing.

Research on Noise in Dhaka, Bangladesh Presented at Meeting Suggests Measures to Quiet the City (Sep. 19, 1999). The Independent reports that noise research, gathered in Dhaka, Bangladesh and presented there yesterday, discussed the dangers of excessive noise in the city and some possible solutions. Noise in the city ranges from 68 to 106.2 decibels, although the World Health Organization has said that 65 decibels is the highest acceptable level. The article notes that attendees of the seminar included several government leaders.

Politicians in North Yorkshire, U.K. Push for Resurfacing of Highway Bypass that Could Reduce Noise for Residents (Sep. 16, 1999). The Northern Echo reports that the government in North Yorkshire, U.K. has agreed to study the possibility of resurfacing a particularly noisy concrete bypass. Normally resurfacing would be considered only after seven years, but the bypass may be eligible earlier if it is deemed to be in a "particularly sensitive location."

Activists in San Antonio, Texas Hope Noise Compatibility Study Will Bring Airport Up to Speed on Noise Reduction Initiatives (Sep. 15, 1999). The San Antonio Express-News reports that a current noise compatibility study around San Antonio International Airport in Texas has residents hoping for relief from aircraft noise. Local organizations believe that alternating takeoff patterns and faster climbing are among the cheapest, easiest, ways to reduce noise immediately. A 5-house pilot soundproofing project will help determine whether the federal government will fund up to 80% of a soundproofing initiative at the airport.

Addison, Illinois Officials Approve Study on I-290 Highway Noise (Sep. 10, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that Addison, Illinois officials have approved a $25,000 study to determine whether a noise wall along Interstate 290 would help muffle noise. Officials are past their fears that they may not be able to obtain money for the wall if it were deemed necessary; several state grant programs are available and several community projects may be postponed.

Noise Consultant for Wilmette, Illinois Residents Near Edens Expressway Recommend Noise Walls and Shrubbery (Sep. 3, 1999). The Chicago Sun-Times reports that the noise consultant for Wilmette, Illinois recommends a combination of soundwalls and shrubbery to block highway noise after a year-long $100,000 study. The project -- designed to reduce the 79 decibels that those nearest Edens Expressway currently experience -- would cost $1.5 million, and the village hopes to get half of the funding from the state.

Marine Corps Tests Noise From Helicopters Along Del Mar, California's Coastline As Part of 1997 Settlement With Anti-Noise Group (Aug. 31, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that a noise study was recently performed along the coastline of Del Mar, California to determine the impact of noise from military helicopters. The noise study will last four days, and is part of a 1997 agreement in which the Marine Corps settled with a local anti-noise group -- Move Against Relocating Choppers Here -- in part by promising a noise study. Much resident outcry has been from residents along the already noisy Interstate 15, but shoreline residents receive two-thirds of the noise impact.

FAA Says It Will Conduct Independent Environmental Review at Orange County, California's El Toro Marine Base; Residents Approve of Non-Political Environmental Review, but Aren't Holding Their Breath (Aug. 20, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that according to its head, the FAA will conduct its own Environmental Review of a proposed commercial airport at Orange County, California's El Toro Marine Base. Environmental studies now being conducted by the Navy and the County are seen by residents as being politically motivated, and the promised scope of the FAA study was welcomed by them. But although residents welcome an independent review, they are not convinced that the FAA will necessarily follow through on their leader's promises.

Connecticut's Bradley International Airport Confirms that FAA's Flight Path Directs Too Many Flights Over Nearby Enfield; Alternatives Include Earlier Turns (Aug. 19, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports that Bradley International Airport has confirmed that having planes turn after a relatively straight first four miles takes too many planes over nearby Enfield. Enfield officials were worried when the early summer tests increased aircraft noise substantially in their community but airport officials assured them today that the flight path shift will not be permanently adopted. The airport's noise consultant said that it knew four miles was too long, but the tests proved this to the skeptical FAA, which will probably now allow the turning point to be placed before the 4-mile point.

Park Service Employs Panel of Acoustics Experts to Recommend Best Places to Collect Noise Data in Grand Canyon National Park (Aug. 19, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that the Park Service and the FAA has asked a panel of eight acoustics experts to review plans for collecting noise data in Grand Canyon National Park, intending to head off potential critics concerning the accuracy of the $800,000 study. The data will help to determine changes to flight paths designed to reach the goal of making 50% of the park quiet 75% of the time.

New Orleans International Airport Is Conducting a Noise Study; Public Hearing Scheduled Tuesday (Aug. 7, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports that a second hearing on airport noise is scheduled for Tuesday in New Orleans, after residents said they didn't have enough advance warning about the first one in May. The hearing will present information on a current study at New Orleans International Airport and highlight noise-reduction efforts at other airports.

First Results from Noise Study at Louisville Regional Airport Presented at Public Meeting; Public Upset with Seemingly Wandering Flight Paths and Data that Presents Noise Disturbances Too Coldly (Jul. 30, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that the Louisville Regional Airport Authority presented preliminary data from noise-monitors to its volunteer Noise Compatibility Study Group. Some residents said that increased disruption wasn't reflected because "A machine does not live and breathe (the noise)." Noise monitors were placed in 20 locations; at one particular monitor, noise passed a 60 decibel threshold 117 times, often passing the FAA's level of 65 which is considered undesirable. Residents also noted that the flight paths looked like "spaghetti", raising the question of whether enforcement of existing flight paths could solve much of the noise problem.

Letters To the Editor Tell of Residents' Protest Over LAX Expansion (Jul. 7, 1999). No more planes

Utah City Council Puts Noise Barrier On Voting Ballot (Jul. 7, 1999). According to the Deseret News, residents in Farmington want the town to build noise barriers around Interstate 15, which is soon to be expanded. They were successful in getting over 1,000 signatures to have the issue on the city's Nov. 2 ballot.

Students and Scientists Study Noise Impact on Whales (Jul. 6, 1999). According to an Associated Press article, scientists have studed whale feedings in the Massachusetts Bay between Cape Ann and Provincetown, and think that too much human noise from fishing vessels, whale watch cruises and leisure boats may have a negative impact on their health. Now students will begin a five-day study of the impact of noise on whales that feed along Stellwagen Bank one of the nation's 12 aquatic sanctuaries.

France To Enforce Tough Noise Ban At Airport (Jul. 5, 1999). According to the Air Transport Intelligence, Stage 2 aircraft will no longer be able to land at Lyon-Satolas Airport at night in southeastern France. The French government approved new plans submitted by airport officials. Older aircraft such as old generation Boeing 727 may not land between 11:15 pm and 6:15 am.

U.S. Navy's Fledgling Sonar Submarine System Shown to Harm Marine Life (Jun. 22, 1999). The Earth Island Journal reports the U.S. Navy's latest sonar submarine detection system could severly damage whales' and dolphins' acoustic-based ability to find food and defend themselves.

Noise Greatest Cause of Hearing Loss in Aging Baby Boomers (Jun. 14, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports President Clinton's noise-related hearing loss has prompted other baby boomers to seek treatment for their own noise-related hearing problems.

Noise Monitoring Procedures at Louisville, Kentucky's International Airport More Acceptable to Residents than Study Done Six Years Ago; Study Hopes to Give Insight Into Noise Abatement Strategies (Jun. 3, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports that Leigh Fisher Associates has begun a noise study at Louisville, Kentucky's International Airport. The study utilizes noise monitors that record noise simultaneously at four locations for 24-hour periods; this time -- as opposed to a study six years ago -- monitor locations will be kept secret from Airport Authority officials, and a grassroots advisory committee has input into which 20 monitoring sites were selected. The consultants acknowledge that it would be hard for the authority to reroute planes away from noise monitors, but the secrecy has given residents more confidence in the study's eventual results. The results will be compared to a computer model, and the model will be adjusted if necessary.

Residents in Orange County California Debate Proposed El Toro Airport (May 30, 1999). The Los Angeles Times printed letters to the editor against the opening a former military airport to commercial traffic in Orange County.

Illinois Airport Plans To Monitor Airplane Noise (May27, 1999). (May 27, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that esidents near Schaumburg Airport have registered so many complaints about airplane noise that airport officials are now monitoring noise levels. Officials added, according to the report, that pilots have emphasized their intent to be as considerate as possible of residents in the area.

Roselle (Chicago Suburb), Illinois' Schaumburg Airport to Monitor Noise Ordinance Compliance in Response to Resident Complaints (May 27, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that Schaumburg Regional Airport, on the outskirts of Chicago, plans to implement a noise abatement monitoring program in response to continued resident complaints. The program would track flights on random days and record whether pilots are legally high enough when they turn to fly over residential areas.

Chicago's O'Hare Airport Slacking on Use of Preferred Night Runways that Disturb Fewer Residents, but Introduction of Quieter Planes Helps to Lessen Noise Complaints (May 26, 1999). The Chicago Sun-Times reports that O-Hare Airport's "Fly Quiet" guidelines, created in 1997 to limit noise between 10 PM and 7 AM, are not always being adhered to. Use of two designated night runways, selected because their flight paths avoid most residential areas, has declined. Despite this fact, nighttime noise complaints have declined from 2,234 to 1,246, due in part to the phasing out of noisier "Phase II" aircraft.

Chicago's O'Hare Noise Compatibility Commission Asked City to Identify Airlines Not Adhering to Preferred Flight Paths (May 26, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that O'Hare's Noise Compatibility Commission has asked city officials to identify which airlines stray from routes designed to limit airport noise in residential areas. Many flights are ignoring the designated runways, or turning earlier than suggested.

Consultants Recommend that Warwick, Rhode Island's T.F. Green Airport Buy Homes Subjected to Most Noise, and Consider Extending Shorter Runway (May 26, 1999). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports that Landrum & Brown, noise consultants for Rhode Island's Airport Corporation, recommended the $20 million purchase of at least 135 residences surrounding Warwick's T.F. Green Airport. The residences selected are subjected to at least 65-70 dB of airport noise each day, caused by ever-increasing air traffic at the airport. The $100-300 million extension of a shorter runway, which would redistribute more flights over less populated areas such as an industrial park, was not in the noise consultants report; the consultants did encourage a second look at extending the runway, saying that other benefits other than noise abatement may help to justify the cost. The Corporation's Board of Directors will vote on the proposals and forward them to the FAA for adoption.

Irvine, California's city council Sues County Over Planned Jet Noise Test at El Toro Marine Base, Insisting on Environmental Review (May 26, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Irvine, California's City Council will sue the County over a planned test of commercial jet noise at El Toro Marine base. The council wants the county to obtain an environmental review, and consider public safety issues involved, before the two-day test, during which noise from 27 takeoffs and landings will be recorded using 10 noise monitors. The study is intended to determine whether commercial jets can use the facility without excessive disturbance of the surrounding residential communities. The County supervisors, military and federal regulators have all approved the test, saying an environmental study is not needed.

New Orleans International Airport's Noise Consultants Begin Study, Hold First in Series of Public Hearings (May 26, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports that Barnard Dunkelberg and Associates, a noise consulting firm for the New Orleans International Airport held the first in a new series of public hearings. The firm has begun their 15-month study which will evaluate the effect of airport noise on neighborhoods in nearby Kenner, Louisiana. Noise monitoring sites have been chosen, but which will be used on any day will remain secret.

FAA Studies Impact that Jet Noise from a Proposed Federal Express Hub Would Have in Greensboro, North Carolina (May 10, 1999). High Point Enterprise reports that the FAA is performing a year-long environmental impact study -- which will include data on where noise impacts will be worst -- for a proposed FedEx hub at Piedmont Triad International Airport (PTIA) in Greensboro, North Carolina. FedEx and PTIA claim noise mitigation measures, such as soundproofing airplane engines, will be taken to minimize morning and evening noise disruption. The hub would serve 20-25 planes a day on a third, parallel runway.

Noise Monitors at Chicago's O'Hare Airport Say Noise is Decreasing, but Some Say Data May Be Misleading (May 9, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports that 8 of 37 noise monitors at Chicago O'Hare's Airport show that aircraft noise is decreasing. Compared to last year, the first three months of this year were quieter by one or two decibels -- the smallest discernible amount measurable -- and noise complaints were down too. Some of the change may have to do with quieter aircraft being used.

Foes Insist Airport at California's El Toro Won't be 'Quiet and Friendly' (Apr. 16, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports despite a flawed study, opponents of an airport at El Toro insist noise from departing aircraft would disturb 250,000 California residents.

Florida Residents Petition against Expansion of Noisy Sawgrass Expressway (Apr. 14, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports residents of one community have petitioned the Florida DOT against expansion of what they say is highway that's already too noisy.

Hull, Mass. Voices Grievances to Massport about Logan Air Traffic and Noise (Apr. 14, 1999). The Patriot Ledger reports town officials from Hull, Massachusetts, last night did not accept Massport's rationalization for an additional runway at Boston's Logan Airport. Instead, they voiced a list of airport-related grievances.

Neighbors Disagree over Sound Walls along Florida's U. S. 441 (Apr. 12, 1999). Tthe Sun-Sentinel reports not all residents are in favor of sound walls along U.S. 441 that cuts through Boca Raton, Florida, despite the planned expansion of the road from two to six lanes.

West Texas Ranchers Threaten to Sue Over Noise from Air Force Bomber Training (Apr. 7, 1999). The Associated Press reports a large group of West Texas ranchers and farmers have joined together to voice their opposition to Air Force bombing practice that they say will bring noise to ruin their way of life and spook their animals.

Town Near New Orleans Airport Vows to Fight New Runway Plan (Apr. 7, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports a proposed new runway at New Orleans International Airport has the support of the Louisiana Governor but the strong opposition of a nearby town that fears increased noise from roaring jets.

Noise is the Thing in the Greensboro, North Carolina FedEx Debate (Apr. 6, 1999). The News & Record published an editorial from resident Ray Rimmer of Greensboro, North Carolina, who says noise, not economics, is the issue of debate in considering FedEx development. Rimmer writes:

Noise Study of Bradley Airport Presents Dilemma for Suffield, Conn. (Apr. 5, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports the results of a mini-study show reducing noise in one part of Suffield, Connecticut, will only increase noise in another section of town.

RI Residents Invited to Comment on Plans to Limit Noise from T.F. Green Airport (Apr. 2, 1999). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports on Monday, residents of Cranston and Warwick, Rhode Island, will have a final opportunity to comment on a list of noise controls proposed for T.F. Green Airport, including significant changes in the flight paths over the city.

Acoustic Ecology: Hearing Care and Preserving the Rare Sounds of Silence (Apr.1 1999). Cooking Light Magazine reports natural quiet in the United States is difficult to find in these modern times of more cars, more planes, more appliances, and more people. What we hear and how well we hear it is a major concern of both audiologists and a movement called acoustic ecology.

FAA Accused of Having "No Decency;" Residents of Queens, NY, Say More Flights and Noise at LaGuardia and Kennedy Unacceptable (Mar. 31, 1999). Newsday reports residents who live near New York's LaGuardia and Kennedy Airports met in Queens last night to tell FAA officials they are dead set against increased flights and the accompanying noise.

LI Residents Complain about Noise, Fumes, Lights from New Rail Road Yard (Mar. 28, 1999). Newsday reports neighbors of a new Long Island Rail Road yard in Port Jefferson Station, New York, are complaining of noise, fumes, and lights.

Noise Levels Rise in Europe to Unhealthy Levels (Mar. 27, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports noise is a problem in all major cities in Europe, and environmentalists and social scientists believe the shrieks and roars of urban life may cause serious long-term health effects.

Port of Seattle "Puts Kids First" and Funds Jet Noise Study at Highline Schools (Mar. 24, 1999). The Seattle Post-Intelligencer reports the Port of Seattle yesterday agreed to fund the noise study for Highline School District whose schools are seriously affected by noise from nearby Seattle-Tacoma International Airport

Toronto Airport Authority will Test Departures over Industrial Corridors to Reduce Noise from Pearson International Airport (Mar. 24, 1999). Canada NewsWire Ltd. published a press release by the Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) detailing the planned departure trials for the new north/sough runway at Lester B. Pearson International Airport, (LBPIA). The press release reads as follows:

Noise Study at Louisville International Airport Makes Neighbors Key Participants (Mar. 22, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports a new noise study at Kentucky's Louisville International Airport is aimed at soothing eardrums as well as hard feelings that linger from expansion there a decade ago.

Letters: Los Angeles Area Residents Speak Out About Airports (Mar. 21, 1999). The Los Angeles Times published the following letters from Los Angeles area residents about voters' rights in the wake of new and expanded airports. The first letter is from Leonard Kranser of Dana Point. Kranser writes to clarify the Safe and Health Communities Initiative:

Florida's Boca Raton Airport Begins Noise Study with FAA Grant (Mar. 19, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority received a federal grant Thursday for a noise study.

Editorial: City of Burbank's Noise Lawsuit Threatens Airport Safety (Mar. 18, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles published an editorial by Joyce Streator, president of the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. In her editorial, Streator calls for the city of Burbank to stop holding hostage the safety of airport users and return to the bargaining table.

Letter: Former Chairman of Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority Highlights Noise-Reduction Accomplishments of Group (Mar. 12, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel published the following letter from George W. Blank, past chairman of the Boca Raton Airport Authority and Chairman Emeritus, Federation of Boca Raton Homeowner Associations. Mr. Blank writes to advocate for the Airport Authority and inform readers of the work accomplished towards reducing noise during his tenure:

Illinois Residents Question Impartiality of Noise Experts Hired by Power Plant (Mar. 12, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports concerns over the effects of noise from a proposed electricity-generating power plant near Woodstock, Illinois, dominated the third night of public hearings. Some citizens question the impartiality of noise specialists hired by the power plant.

Town of Hull Organizes to Fight Third Runway at Massachusetts' Logan Airport (Mar. 12, 1999). The Patriot Ledger reports Massport has agreed to study the noise impact a new Logan International Airport runway would have on the Hull peninsula, a town whose residents have already had enough of airplane noise.

Conn. Residents to Hear Results of Noise Study of Bradley Airport (Mar. 11, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports consultants hired by the Connecticut Department of Transportation, which operates Bradley International Airport, will report this month to residents the results of a noise study.

Airlines Flying in Australia May Face Stiffer Fines for Violating Curfews and Breaching Safety Rules (Mar. 7, 1999). AAP Newsfeed reports airlines breaching Sydney Airport's noise curfew could face bigger fines under a review of airport regulations, federal Transport Minister John Anderson announced today.

Chicago Updates Soundproofing Plan to Include More Homes Affected by Noise from O'Hare (Mar. 6, 1999). The Chicago Daily Herald reports the city of Chicago has updated its soundproofing plan to include homes located just west of O'Hare International Airport previously considered ineligible. Chicago will now soundproof homes in eight communities surrounding the airport.

Study Shows Fewer Noise Disturbed Residents if Pilots Use Shorter Runway at Rhode Island's T.F. Green Airport (Mar. 3, 1999). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the final draft of Rhode Island's Airport Corporation's Part 51 noise study on T.F. Green Airport in Warwick arrived this week, giving residents a month to study it before a public hearing set for March 31.

Burbank Attacks Credibility of Airport, Citing Noise Violations of Aircraft; Politicians Enter Fray Before November Elections (Feb. 26, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the city of Burbank, California, claims the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport frequently violates the nighttime noise ban by flying older, Stage 2 aircraft.

Marines Agree to Conduct Noise and Pollution Studies to Settle Lawsuit Over Helicopters at Miramar, Calif. (Feb. 23, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports the U.S. Marines announced Tuesday an agreement to conduct air pollution studies and pay legal fees to settle a California lawsuit over the transfer of hundreds military helicopters to Miramar Marine Corps Air Station.

Chicago Suburb Asks Legislators to Delay Lifting Flight Caps at O'Hare; Noise Panel Asks for Impact Study (Feb. 17, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports key members of the Illinois congressional delegation have been asked to withhold approval of legislation ending a cap on hourly flights at O'Hare International Airport until an impact study can be done.

Study Shows Noise from New Texas Airport will Affect 1,500 Residents (Feb. 17, 1999). The Austin American-Statesman reports an updated study on noise around a new airport in Southeast Austin, Texas, shows an increase in the number of residents who will be affected by noise from aircraft taking off and landing.

Florida's Boca Raton Airport Considers PR to Quiet Noise Complaints (Feb. 13, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority may hire a public relations firm to improve its image with the public who is fed up with jet noise.

Los Angeles City Council Asks Van Nuys Airport for Noise Reduction Plan (Feb. 13, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the Los Angeles City Council voted Friday to ask the Airport Commission to develop a new, balanced approach to reducing noise at Van Nuys Airport.

NH Legislature vs. Local Control in Speedway Noise and Traffic Fray (Feb. 12, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports the New Hampshire Legislature's decision to enter the traffic and noise dispute between the town of Canterbury and a major speedway raises questions about municipal control.

Snowmobile Debate in US Parks Goes National with Petition from Green Groups (Feb. 12, 1999). USA Today reports a coalition of environmental groups in the United Sates is calling for the ban of recreational snowmobiles in national parks, setting off a contentious debate covering issues from noise and pollution to local economies and civil rights.

Sound Specialist Tells Calif. Residents Noise from Sound and Gravel Company Can be Mitigated (Feb. 11, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports residents of Serra Mesa, California, learned from an acoustical engineer that noise from a nearby sand and gravel pit can be muffled at the source to allow them to sleep at night.

Residents Question Noise Reduction Plan at Anchorage Airport in the Face of Continued Growth (Feb. 9, 1999). The Anchorage Daily News reports communities near the Anchorage International Airport say they're pleased that airport officials are addressing noise; nevertheless, some residents are skeptical the proposed measures will help.

Council Members Want to Rid Van Nuys Airport of Noisy Stage 2 Jets (Feb. 6, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports city council members from California's San Fernando Valley are dissatisfied with a recent economic-impact survey, and on Friday called for a plan to phase out noisy aircraft at Van Nuys Airport in California.

Florida Residents Bothered by Noise from Orlando Sanford Airport Even Though Levels Below FAA Limit (Feb. 5, 1999). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune Seminole reports jets flying over neighborhoods on their way to and from Orlando Sanford Airport are noisy, but according to recent tests and federal standards, they're not a noise problem.

Third Noise Study Rejects Noise Barriers for NJ Town (Feb. 3, 1999). The Courier-Journal reports a third noise study of the Westport Road area where a Watterson Expressway interchange is planned in St. Matthews, Kentucky, has again concluded that concrete noise barriers are not warranted - despite residents' pleas.

Noise, Growth, Aviation Marketplace, All Figure into Chicago Airport Debate (Nov. 23, 1998). The Chicago Tribune published an editorial contending a new group f business leaders is recasting the question of Chicago, O'Hare Airport, and growth in the aviation marketplace. Should the focus be on accommodating growth or attracting it?

St.Charles County, Missouri, Joins Cities in Lawsuit to Block Expansion and Noise at Lambert Field Airport (Nov. 23, 1998). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports St. Charles County, Missouri, has joined the cities of St. Charles and Bridgeton in taking legal action against expansion at Lambert Field Airport. The lawsuit objects to increased noise among other issues.

Editorial: Minn. Politics and Bureaucracy Nix Citizens' Chance in Fighting New Runway at Metropolitan Airport (Nov. 22, 1998). The Star Tribune published an editorial contending a Richfield, Illinois, couple who fought runway noise at the Metropolitan Airport, and lost, learned a bitter civics lesson involving the mixing of politics and bureaucracy.

FAA Says Noise Study for Florida Airport Not a Priority (Nov. 20, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a study Florida's Boca Raton Airport must complete before it can further restrict noisy airplanes will not be conducted in the near future, if at all.

Chicago Botanic Garden Proposes to Build Eye-Pleasing Noise Wall (Nov. 19, 1998). The Chicago Tribune reports the Chicago Botanic Garden is working on a proposal to build an innovative sound barrier to muffle nearby highway traffic noise.

Georgia Town to Send Officials to Airport Noise Symposium (Nov. 19, 1998). The Atlanta Journal reports concerned about airport noise and expansion, members of the College Park City Council will return to Sand Diego in February for the 1999 Airport Noise Symposium.

RI Town Delays Gun-Club Permit to Conduct More Noise Tests (Nov. 18, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports a Rhode Island zoning board delayed voting on a gun club permit so that the town can hire a sound expert to study how noise from the club would affect nearby residents.

Airports Commission Accuses Richfield of Using Insignificant Data to Halt New Runway at Minneapolis-St. Paul Airport (Nov. 17, 1998). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports the Metropolitan Airports Commission says the city of Richfield has been citing an insignificant noise study to try to stop plans for a new runway at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.

Airports Commission and Town of Richfield at Standoff Over Noise from the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport; Accusations Hurled from Both Sides (Nov. 17, 1998). The Star Tribune reports the Metropolitan Airports Commission and the city of Richfield, Minnesota, are at an impasse over reports on low-frequency noise from jets on a proposed north-south runway at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.

Study Finds Noise Levels within Law at Conn. Crematory; Residents Continue to Object to Noise (Nov. 17, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports results of a noise study conducted at an Enfield, Connecticut, crematory did not solve a dispute between the funeral home and its neighbors.

Virginia Beach to Study Noise Mitigation Measures for Schools after Luring Noisy Navy Jets to Area (Nov. 16, 1998). The Virginian-Pilot reports in the wake of the Navy moving 10 F/A-18 squadrons to Virginia Beach, Virginia, city officials will fund a noise-mitigation study for schools in the high-noise zone.

Mayors of City of Burbank Explain Hesitancy to Accept "Good Faith" Efforts and Uncertain Outcomes from FAA and Burbank Airport Authority (Nov. 15, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following perspective from Dave Golonski and Stacey Murphy, respectively mayor and vice mayor of the City of Burbank. In their opinions, agreement by the city to support expansion at the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport in exchange for a willingness to adhere to the results of a FAA noise study is an inequitable exchange, for the results of that study are uncertain and remove all incentive for the Airport Authority to work with the city to maintain quality of life for its residents.

Officials of Richfield, MN, and MAC Disagree Over Significance of Previously Unreleased Noise Study of New Runway at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport (Nov. 14, 1998). The Star Tribune reports the city of Richfield, Minnesota, charges the Metropolitan Airports Commission withheld a noise study report that held information favorable to Richfield's efforts to secure state and federal noise mitigation funds to address low-frequency noise from a proposed new runway at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.

Burbank Airport Begins Noise Study, Wants City to Abide by Night Flight Findings (Oct. 20, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports Burbank Airport commissioners voted unanimously Monday to begin a study that could lead to required anti- noise measures, which may include a mandatory curfew on night flights.

Burbank Airport Proceeds with Federal Noise Study; City Leaders Reluctant to Commit to Findings (Oct. 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports the Burbank Airport's governing body unanimously approved a noise study that could eventually lead to a federally ordered curfew. However, city officials in Burbank are reluctant to commit to findings and withdraw their opposition to a new airport terminal.

County Supervisors Add Noise Monitoring to Flight Tests at California's El Toro (Oct. 20, 1998). City News Service reports county supervisors requested noise monitoring and night flights be added to a series of flight tests conducted at California's former El Toro Marine base, a site being considered for a commercial airport.

Curfew Study could Lead to Deal between City of Burbank and Burbank-Glendale Airport (Oct. 19, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports commissioners of California's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority will meet today to consider a noise study that could lead the federal government to impose a mandatory curfew on commercial flights.

Burbank Airport's Airlines Reject Mandatory Curfews; Federal Noise Study May Lead to FAA Sanctioned Curfews (Oct. 17, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports most airlines serving California's Burbank Airport have refused to accept a mandatory curfew, leaving the airport authority to consider a federal noise study.

Burbank Requests Glendale Take Active Role in Calif.'s Burbank Airport Curfew Issue (Oct. 17, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports the Glendale City Council has scheduled an emergency, closed-door meeting today to discuss developments at California's Burbank Airport, where opposing factions have been discussing flight curfews.

Burbank Airport Authority Criticizes City Officials for Refusing to Commit to Results of Noise Study (Oct. 16, 1998). City News Service reports the Burbank City Council today proposed contributing up to $250,000 for a study on noise levels at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, but airport officials were skeptical about the offer.

Officials from Illinois' Palwaukee Airport Request Grant Money for Noise Study and Construction of Taxiway (Oct. 14, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports officials from Palwaukee Municipal Airport bid for millions of dollars in grants for airport improvements. Plans for the grant money include an update of a noise study and construction of part of a taxiway on the main runway's west side.

Virginia Speedway Gets OK from City Planners Despite Noise Concerns (Oct. 13, 1998). The Virginian-Pilot reports city planners in Chesapeake, Virginia have approved a controversial motorsports speedway, saying noise can be satisfactorily mitigated.

Richfield, MN, Officials Take Airport Noise Concerns to Washington (Oct. 8, 1998). The Star Tribune reports Richfield, Minnesota, officials brought to Washington, DC, this week their fight against low-frequency airport noise in their suburban neighborhood.

City of Burbank Keeps Pushing for Noise Restrictions at California's Burbank-Glendale Airport (Oct. 6, 1998). Airports(R) reports city and airport officials are seeking ways to resolve the ongoing dispute over noise pollution, airline schedules and a terminal upgrade at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport.

New Report on Noise Research and Noise Health Effects (Oct. 1, 1998). Industrial Health & Hazards Update announces a new report by Armstrong Laboratory on the complexity of noise research.

Maryland Village Requests Noise Barriers; Offered Trees Instead (Sep. 29, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports residents of a Maryland village have been offered evergreen trees to buffer noise from a four-lane highway, although officials admit the vegetation will do little to mitigate the noise.

Will New Flight Plan at O'Hare Bring More Noise? (Sep. 29, 1998). The Chicago Sun-Times reports residents of Chicago's suburbs, airport activists, and other leaders fear a federal proposal to redesign flight paths would lead to increased flights at O'Hare Airport and more noise below.

Noise Study Focuses on Private Jets at Burbank Airport (Sep. 28, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports while Burbank city leaders fight a proposed new passenger terminal at Burbank Airport, citing noise factors, two private terminals that house the jets of Hollywood moguls such as Time Warner and DreamWorks SKG escape city scrutiny.

Air Tour Industry Accuses Park Service of Exaggerating Noise Report to Expand Quiet Zones (Sep. 25, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports Congress was told Thursday by consultants to the air tour industry that National Park Service noise studies are seriously flawed.

Seeking Relief, Conn. Residents Urge Expedience in Noise Study at Bradley Airport (Sep. 25, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports Connecticut residents affected by noise from Bradley International Airport urged consultants to avoid any delays of a planned noise study.

Conn. Residents Petition for Relief from I-95 Noise (Sep. 23, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports close to 100 Connecticut residents who live along a stretch of I-95 have signed a petition calling for an investigation of escalating noise along the highway.

Illinois Town Conducts Study to Solve Truck Traffic Noise (Sep. 23, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports noisy truck traffic through east-side residential streets in South Elgin, Illinois, may come to an end depending on the results of a village truck-traffic study.

Meetings to Focus on Mini-Study of Noise Sensitive Residential Areas Surrounding Conn.'s Bradley Airport (Sep. 21, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports residents will be able to voice their concerns about noise from Connecticut's Bradley International Airport at three meetings this week. Residents will be asked to give input on a planned "mini-study" of noise-sensitive areas.

Exploring Methods to Quiet Fighter Noise at Tulsa International Airport (Sep. 11, 1998). Tulsa World reports military jets are the loudest aircraft at Oklahoma's Tulsa International Airport and cause the most complaints among airport-area residents. But a recent study found certain departure procedures can reduce noise from the military aircraft.

Shared-Noise Strategy at Australia's Kingsford Smith Airport Criticized by Safety Experts, Air Traffic Controllers, Pilots and Others (Sep. 7, 1998). Aviation Week and Space Technology reports Australia's government shared- noise strategy significantly reduces capacity at Sydney's Kingsford Smith Airport while increasing safety concerns.

Airport Activist Calls New O'Hare Flight Path Plans 'Two-Lane Highways' (Sep. 5, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports new flight path plans favored by the Federal Aviation Administration at O'Hare International Airport are causing alarm in airport activists who fear more flights, along with increased noise and pollution.

Illinois State Toll Highway Authority Offers No Relief for Lisle, Illinois (Aug. 21, 1998). Chicago Tribune reports that residents and village officials in Lisle, Illinois are irritated with the noise generated from Interstate Highway 355 and Interstate Highway 88. No action for relief is forthcoming, however, from the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority.

The City of Burbank Launches a 35-Page Attack on Airport Noise Study (Aug. 21, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Burbank city officials have launched at 35-page attack on the Burbank Airport's noise study. City officials claim the document "fails to lay a foundation for real, effective aircraft noise abatement."

Homeowners' Sentiments Concerning the Proposed Federal Express Hub Aired at Public Meeting in Greensboro, North Carolina (Aug. 18, 1998). News & Record in Greensboro, North Carolina reports that a public meeting brought out a torrent of public sentiments concerning the proposed Federal Express hub and third runway for Piedmont Triad International Airport.

Conn. DOT to Assess Need for Sound Barriers Along Section of I-91 Expansion (Aug. 7, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports that in an effort to determine whether there is a need for sound barriers, the state Connecticut Department of Transportation has begun to monitor traffic noise in neighborhoods along I- 91 in Rocky Hill.

NJ Bill Would Replace Earsplitting Train Horns with Bells at Crossings (Aug. 5, 1998). The Record reports a New Jersey state bill, introduced in the Assembly last week, would require trains to use bells instead of loud horns at grade crossings at a town's request.

The Devastating Effects of Noise Pollution and Some Ways to Ease its Impact (Jul. 27, 1998). Time Magazine reports noise pollution is increasing across Europe. While noise can damage health and destroy peace of mind, there are ways to lessen its impact.

MBTA Includes Whistles in T Noise Study; Neighbors Hope for Noise Mitigation (Jul. 7, 1998). The Patriot Ledger reports the MBTA has agreed to study the noise impact of the trains on Boston's Old Colony lines, including the whistles that engineers blow four times at each street crossing.

Scientists at University of Texas Devise Design Improvement for Noise Walls (Jul. 3, 1998). The Arizona Republic reports because scientists believe noise generated by cars and trucks can damage the hearing of people who live nearby, a group at the University of Texas at Austin is trying to develop the best physical barrier to block noise coming from highways.

Expanded T.F. Green Airport Brings More Noise to Rhode Island Residents (Jun. 23, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the newly expanded T.F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, is bringing new noise to its host city, afflicting almost 4 square miles of neighborhoods with enough noise to make them eligible for house soundproofing at taxpayer expense.

Study Predicts High Noise Levels for Planned Housing near Colorado's Buckley Air Base (Jun. 21, 1998). The Rocky Mountain News reports a recently released report by the Air Force concerning noise levels from Buckley Air National Guard Base may force Aurora, Colorado, city planners to reconsider already-approved developments.

Opponents of El Toro Airport Point to Study of Health Problems in Children Exposed to Jet Noise (May 19, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that opponents of the proposed El Toro Airport in Orange County, California are citing a new study from Germany that shows children's health is negatively affected by noise. How applicable the study is to the El Toro situation remains to be seen.

Letter from Dept. of Aviation Clarifies Methods of O'Hare Noise Data Collection (May 16, 1998). The Chicago Tribune published the following letter from Mary Rose Loney, Commissioner, Department of Aviation. In her letter, Ms. Loney seeks to clarify information reported in a previous Tribune article about the collection of noise data from O'Hare to establish noise contour maps:

Sea-Tac Negotiates with Schools to Pay for Jet Noise Study and Noise Reduction Improvements (May 15, 1998). The News Tribune of Tacoma, Washington, reports school district officials and representatives of the Port of Seattle, which runs the Sea-Tac Airport, say they're trying to negotiate a solution to the long-running dispute over jet noise in Highline classrooms. Both sides say they could have an agreement within the week over how to pay for a noise study.

Port of Seattle Agrees to Fund Noise and Soundproofing Study for Highline Schools (May 14, 1998). The Seattle Times reports the Port of Seattle and school officials say they're close to reaching a deal that would begin the process of outfitting schools near Sea-Tac Airport with insulation to muffle the noise of jets.

Residents Optimistic, Officials Cautious about Airport's Noise Diversion Study (May 9, 1998). The Chicago Daily Herald reports residents who live in an apartment complex near the Palwaukee Municipal Airport welcome the news that airport officials plan to study a possible shift of the airfield's main runway to direct planes over an industrial area instead of the apartments. However, airport officials say it may be too late to make such changes.

Washington School District Sponsors "A Sound Education;" Explores Ways to Reduce Classroom Noise from Seattle Airport (May 6, 1998). The Seattle Times reports the Highline School District in Des Moines, Washington, has hired a firm to measure noise from the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and to advise the district on ways to reduce jet noise in classrooms. Teachers have involved students in studying the problem and coming up with solutions.

Conn. Seeks Federal Money for Comprehensive Noise Study of Bradley Airport (May 6, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports state transportation officials are seeking federal aid to expand their planned study of noise from Bradley International Airport.

Ventura County Airports Conduct Noise Studies; May Apply for FAA Grants (May 5, 1998). The Ventura County Star reports the Camarillo and Oxnard airports are undergoing a noise study to determine if there is a problem at either airstrip.

City Council Member Pushes for Noise Study at Boca Raton Airport (May 5, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a public forum, sponsored by Florida's Boca Raton Airport Noise Compatibility Advisory Committee, was held Monday to update residents about changes made by the airport to reduce noise and give residents an opportunity to speak about the noise problem.

Board Orders RI Gun Club to Conduct More Sound Tests (May 5, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the West Greenwich, Rhode Island Planning Board last night rejected noise tests performed by a gun club seeking a special-use permit to relocate. The Planning Board requested further noise tests as well as a second traffic study.

Weymouth Residents Complain of Increased Aircraft Noise from Logan; Massport to Investigate (Apr. 30, 1998). The Patriot Ledger of Quincy, Massachusetts, reports state officials plan to investigate why there is an increase in aircraft noise complaints from residents in Weymouth. Several hundred people living in those areas have signed a petition complaining of increased airplane noise.

Noise Sharing Scheme at Sydney Airport Criticized (Apr. 29, 1998). Flight International of Cairns, Australia, reports airline officials, controllers and pilots are against noise sharing at Sydney's airport, citing safety and economic issues as well as mounting chaos.

Report Finds Six Million People in France Suffer From Excess Noise Pollution (Apr. 16, 1998). The Independent reports that the Economic and Social Council (CES) in France, a consultative body representing industrial, business and social groups, issued a report that finds six million French people suffer from excess noise, mainly from cars, railways, and planes.

Study Says Noise Acceptable from Georgia Firing Range; Neighbors Disagree (Apr. 15, 1998). The Atlanta Journal reports a study of noise from a Georgia police firing range shows that noise levels acceptable.

Noise Expert Says Wall Won't Block Noise from Ohio Amphitheater (Apr. 10, 1998). The Columbus Dispatch reports Westerville, Ohio's noise consultant said yesterday the higher wall planned for the Polaris Amphitheater this summer won't solve the noise problem in the neighborhood. Instead, he advocates for stricter enforcement of existing noise standards and stronger penalties for violators.

Study to Assess Impact of Sea-Tac Noise on Washington Schools (Apr. 10, 1998). The News Tribune of Tacoma, Washington, reports that the Highline School District has hired sound experts to measure acoustic conditions in classrooms affected by the noise from nearby Sea-Tac Airport.

Illinois Funds Two Studies of Highway Noise Barriers (Apr. 9, 1998). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports the Illinois Transportation Research Center (ITRC) is funding two traffic noise -related studies at Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville's School of Engineering in response to residents' concerns.

Scientists Find that Oceans are Deafeningly Noisy (Mar. 24, 1998). AAP Newsfeed reports that scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Cornell University have found that oceans are extremely noisy. In some places, researchers found, the level of noise is the same as that found in New York's Times Square at midday. Although natural causes create some loud ocean noises, most are the result of human activities. The scientists performed their research using data collected over more than a decade by the US Navy searching for enemy submarines with highly sensitive underwater microphones. The Navy data has recently been made public.

Noise Pollution Study in Greece Demands Attention (Mar. 11, 1998). AP Worldstream reports that according to the Athens Pollution Control Program, or Perpa, 54 percent of Athenians live in areas with unacceptable levels of noise pollution.

Residents Wary of Study that Says Sixth Runway at Denver Airport will Reduce Noise (Mar. 6, 1998). The Denver Post reports Denver officials are hoping a study that says it is possible to reduce noise around Denver International Airport will persuade Congress to release funds for a sixth runway.

Study Says More Planes Won't Mean More Noise at Denver's Airport (Mar. 6, 1998). The Rocky Mountain News reports changes in flight paths at Denver International Airport could ease noise problems for 90,000 people, according to a study released Wednesday. The study drew attention because it's the first time anyone has suggested so many people in the area are bothered by airport noise.

Sea-Tac and Schools Discuss Funding for Airport Noise Impact Studies (Mar. 5, 1998). The News Tribune reports the Highline School District of Seattle, Washington, whose schools encircle the airport, recently discussed the impact of airport noise on schools and funding for studies. At the meeting residents heard from Sea-Tac Airport director, Gina Marie Lindsey.

Coalition Questions New Housing in Potential Flight Paths of Luke AFB (Mar. 4, 1998). The Arizona Republic reports that developers plans to build up to 2,200 residences in El Mirage, Arizona, have been put on hold because it's unclear whether the properties are in the flight path of planes from Luke Air Force Base.

Cornell Study Measures Ill Effects of Airport Noise on School-Age Children (Mar. 4, 1998). BC Cycle reports Cornell researchers say that airport noise puts stress on children that may have lifelong effects. The article details the physiological effects of airport noise on a group of children living in Germany over a period of two years.

BWI Airport Works to Get Pilots to Adhere to Higher Altitudes, Giving Residents More Quiet (Mar. 3, 1998). The Capital reports the Baltimore-Washington International Airport is taking steps to reduce low-flying, loud aircraft that disturb residents. BWI will begin employing a new technique to remind pilots to fly higher and, therefore, quieter.

Paper on Nighttime Aircraft Restrictions Released in Britain (Mar. 2, 1998). M2 Presswire released a press release that reports a new consultation paper was issued today by Glenda Jackson, Britain's Minister for Shipping and Aviation, regarding night restrictions on aircraft movements at Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted Airports. Jackson also announced that a research trial will take place on sleep disturbance patterns by aircraft. The press release goes on to quote Jackson's answer to a Parliamentary Question from a Member of Parliament on the issue.

Study Available on Noise Control and Abatement in Transportation and Heavy Industrial Environments (Mar. 1, 1998). The Industrial Health & Hazards Update says that a report is available about noise control and abatement in the transportation industry and heavy industrial environments. The publication goes on to list what the report covers and how it can be obtained.

New Study Finds Aircraft Noise Harms Psychological Well-Being of Children (Feb. 23, 1998). The Des Moines Register reports that a team of international researchers has found that chronic exposure to airplane noise can affect the health and psychological well-being of children. The researchers studied children living in the flight path of a new international airport near Munich, Germany.

Study Shows Aircraft Noise Effects Health Of Children (Feb. 17, 1998). The Washington Post reports that chronic exposure to airplane noise can affect the health and psychological well-being of young children, according to a team of international researchers who studied children living in the flight path of a new international airport near Munich, Germany.

Malaysian Residents Says Noisy Cement Plant Polluting Food, Water, and Air (Jan. 21, 1998). WorldSources Online reports residents of Kampung Satu in Malaysia want Kuala Lumpur City Hall to halt operations at a cement batching plant which they claim has caused noise pollution as well as the pollution of their food and drinking water.

Noise Expert Cries Out For Stronger Noise Pollution Control In New York City (Dec. 30, 1997). The Daily News reports that a top environmental expert yesterday called for appointment of a city czar to coordinate a crackdown on the noise explosion tormenting New Yorkers.

New Yorkers Number 1 Quality Of Life Complaint Is Noise (Dec. 29, 1997). The Daily News reports that New York City is doing little to reduce noise pollution even though noise is New Yorkers' No.1 quality of life issue.

Federal Aviation Administration Completes Environmental Assessment of Airport Expansion In Missouri (Dec. 23, 1997). St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports that the expansion of the Missouri Airport at Lambert Field won a big endorsement from the Federal Aviation Administration on Monday.

Weapons Testing In Maryland Worries Residents (Dec. 19, 1997). The Baltimore Sun reports that the Hellfire, a helicopter-launched missile, will be tested at Abbey Point in Maryland and will be fired at a remote area of the proving ground. Area residents worry about the noise and environmental effects.

Florida Community Studies Amphitheater Proposal (Dec. 18, 1997). The Florida Times-Union reports that officials in Jacksonville, Florida said a new sound study has raised questions that are forcing them to rethink plans for building a 17,000-seat amphitheater in Metropolitan Park.

Virginia Community Proposes Annual Study to Track Effects of Growth on the Environment (Dec. 7, 1997). The Washington Post reports researchers at George Washington University are seeking to initiate an annual study of Loudoun County, Virginia's environment in an effort to portray the pressures, such as development, traffic and noise, that rapid growth inflicts on the county's natural and historic resources.

California Community Resists Plan For Football Stadium (Dec. 5, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that homeowners in Northridge, California expressed concern Thursday about potential increases in noise and traffic if a proposed football stadium is built in the North Campus area of California State University.

Irish Employers Take Notice Of Growing Claims For Damaged Hearing From Work Related Noise (Dec. 5, 1997). The Irish Times reports that many businesses in Ireland are not aware of their vulnerability to claims for hearing loss.

Report Available on Health Effects of Noise Exposure and Relation Noise Information (Dec. 1, 1997). The Industrial Health & Hazards Update reports that a report is available containing up to 250 abstracts of available studies, reports, papers, and other documentation related to the health impacts of noise pollution and other noise-related information.

Study Finds That Speed Bumps to Slow Traffic in Britain's Villages Result in More Noise (Nov. 29, 1997). The Daily Telegraph reports that a British government study published in Traffic Engineering & Control magazine has found that vehicles driving over speed bumps in Britain's villages are so noisy they are annoying thousands of British residents. In many cases, the article says, the increased noise from the speed bumps is outweighing the benefit of quieter roads gained by reducing the speed of traffic. The study found that trucks are responsible for much of the louder noise, the article says.

More People Have Medical Condition of Ringing in the Ears From Increasing Societal Noise (Nov. 13, 1997). The Record reports that tinnitus, the ringing, roaring, or hissing sound in the ears that often is the start of noise-induced hearing loss, is becoming more common, according to the American Tinnitus Association. The article says the cause of the increase is our increasingly loud society.

NASA Studies Air Pollution from Jets in Upper Atmosphere (Nov. 12, 1997). National Public Radio reports that NASA is finishing a mission to study air pollution in the upper troposphere, the layer of the atmosphere where jets fly. NASA's research involves collecting air samples using a jet that has been turned into a flying laboratory. Researchers hope that the information they are gathering will teach them about what ozone (smog), which causes global warming, does in this level of the atmosphere.

Noise Consultant to Speak to New Jersey Citizens About Effects of Aircraft Noise (Oct. 23, 1997). The Record reports that Arline Bronzaft, an author, researcher, and noise consultant, will speak to the public about aircraft noise in south Bergen County, New Jersey. Bronzaft was asked to speak by a citizens group, the Alliance of Municipalities Concerning Air Traffic, which is fighting possible plans to re-route corporate jets to the Teterboro Airport. Bronzaft will discuss a recent study that found that children living or going to school in areas that experience aircraft noise have poorer reading skills and slower cognitive development, on average.

German Scientists Find that Nocturnal Traffic Noise Negatively Affects Health (Oct. 1, 1997). The Deutsche Presse-Agentur reports that two German scientists have completed research on the precise health effects of nocturnal traffic noise. According to the article, they have found that nighttime traffic noise not only disturbs sleep but also encourages psychosomatic illnesses, shortens the period of deep, dream-rich REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, lengthens the phase of light slumber, and may cause cardio-circulatory problems. The findings are published in the medical journal "Fortschritte der Medizin."

British Medical Association Recommends Curbs on Motor Traffic, Emissions, and Noise (Sep. 25, 1997). The Press Association Newsfile reports that a report has been released by the British Medical Association arguing that high levels of motor traffic and pollution are producing adverse effects on people's health. The study, called Transport and Health, was undertaken by the Association's Board of Science in response to the British government's green paper on transport and the environment. The report calls on the government to set national targets to reduce motor traffic, diesel emissions, and vehicle noise, the article says.

British Government Announces Funding of New Research into the Health Effects of Noise (Sep. 17, 1997). M2 Presswire reports that Great Britain's Environment Minister Angela Eagle announced today that the government will invest about 600,000 Pounds into research of the links between health and environmental noise. The research will take three years, and will be run jointly by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions and the Department of Health. The former department also will conduct separate studies regarding the incidences of noise disturbances and attitudes towards noise, so that changes in the country's "noise climate" can be traced. These Noise Attitude and Incidence surveys are expected to be completed by the end of 1998, building upon two surveys that took place in the early 1990s.

South Australian Government Will Monitor Noise Levels in Nightclubs (Sep. 9, 1997). AAP Newsfeed reports that the South Australian government will monitor noise levels in nightclubs, hotels, and at concert venues in a project that will seek to improve the health of workers in the entertainment and hospitality industries.

Experts Say Noisy Classrooms May Hinder Learning (Jul. 24, 1997). The Toronto Star reports that at a recent conference of the Acoustical Society of America, experts told conference attendees that classroom noise levels are often so loud they impair childrens' speech perception, reading and spelling ability, behavior, attention, and academic performance.

Noise Awareness Day in Scotland Gets Support from Government (Jul. 23, 1997). The Scotsman reports that today is Scotland's Noise Awareness Day, and the government is calling for people to be more considerate of their neighbors to help control noise, the least recognized form of environmental pollution.

Study in Scotland Finds Only a Small Percentage of Localities Likely to Adopt New Strict Noise Standards (Jul. 22, 1997). The Herald reports that a survey by the National Society for Clean Air in Scotland has found that only about 8% of local authorities are likely to adopt new curbs on noise between 11 pm and 7 am which come into force this week, enabling environmental health officers to seize noisy stereos, radios, and TVs. The survey was released yesterday to coincide with National Noise Awareness Day tomorrow, the article says.

The Harmful Effects of Noise Pollution on Marine Animals (Jul.1 1997). According to an article in Utne Reader by Rebecca Scheib, an underwater sonar defense system being developed by the U.S. Navy could harm the hearing of whales and other marine mammals. The Navy's Surveillance Towed Array Sonar System, Low Frequency Active (LFA), is designed to detect certain submarines with a intense, low-frequency tone. This tone, however, can reach 235 decibels, high enough to damage a whale's hearing.

Parents in Wales to Sue Ministry of Defense over Damage to Children's Hearing From Low-Flying Military Jets (Jun. 20, 1997). The Guardian reports that a group of parents in Wales is planning to sue Great Ministry of Defense over their children's hearing problems which they blame on low-flying military jets. The parents are submitting research conducted in conjunction with the Federal Environmental Agency in Germany, which has found a link between low flying aircraft and hearing impairments.

German Acoustic Designer Transforms Bothersome Noise Into "Pleasant Sounds" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Deutsche Presse-Agentur reports that Axel Rudolph, an acoustic designer in Cologne, Germany, designs sound systems that change irksome noise into sounds that people prefer to hear. According to Rudolph, noise profoundly influences people's feelings, but the field of acoustic design is in its early stages. The article goes on to outline some of Rudoph's projects and other applications for acoustic design.

Orlando Residents Complain About Airport Noise; Officials Measure Levels (Jun. 1, 1997). The Orlando Sentinel reports that more people complained in April about noise from airplanes flying in and out of the Orlando Sanford (Florida) Airport than in any previous month. But airport officials who decided to test the noise from aircraft over homes in Chase Grove, said the aircraft noise isn't any louder than other everyday neighborhood noises measured on the same day.

Airplane Noise Interferes With Children's Learning, Study Finds (May 20, 1997). The Washington Post reports that two environmental psychologists at Cornell University (New York) have completed a study which finds that children who attend schools that experience frequent airport noise do not learn to read as well as children who attend quiet schools, because they tune out speech along with airplane noise. As a result, these children have trouble learning to recognize and differentiate between speech sounds, a prerequisite to learning to read, the article reports.

Local Survey in Alaska Shows Noise Exceeds Safe Limits in Many Environments (May 19, 1997). The Anchorage Daily News reports that a survey undertaken by the Quota International of Anchorage (Alaska) service club to determine how loud noises are around Anchorage found that 14 out of 23 locations tested register above 80 decibels, the level at which permanent damage to ears can occur after prolonged exposure, according to club members. The club undertook the survey in order to educate people about noise threats and about the subtlety and irreversibility of hearing damage.

Researchers Study Beluga Whales' Responses to Shipping Noise in Canadian Rivers (May 6, 1997). Newsday reports that a University of Connecticut researcher is studying whether shipping noise in the St. Lawrence and Saugenay Rivers in Quebec could damage the hearing and capacity for survival of beluga whales in the area.

Other Indexes

Aircraft Noise
Amplified Noise
Effects on Wildlife/Animals
Construction Noise
Firing Ranges
Health Effects
Home Equipment and Appliances
International News
Environmental Justice
Land Use and Noise
Civil Liberty Issues
Miscellaneous Noise Stories
Noise Ordinances
Noise Organizations Mentioned
Outdoor Events
Noise in Our National Parks/Natural Areas
Residential and Community Noise
Snowmobile and ATV Noise
Technological Solutions to Noise
Transportation Related Noise
Violence and Noise
Watercraft Noise
Workplace Noise

Chronological Index
Geographical Index

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