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Babylon, New York, "Residents in Babylon, NY, Oppose Expansion of Republic Airport, Fearing Increased Noise and Property Devaluation" (Jul. 5, 1998). Newsday reports Babylon, New York, residents oppose expansion of Republic Airport, saying more runways mean larger planes and more noise, along with more pollution, property devaluation and the higher probability of accidents.

Baldonnel, Ireland, "Proposed Airport Near Dublin, Ireland Would Thrust Noise Upon Wealthy Suburb Residents" (Aug. 4, 1999). The Irish Times reports that a proposed new airport in Baldonnel, Ireland would irritate residents of several upscale Dublin suburbs. The airports flight path would pass over suburbs at altitudes as low as 1,000 feet, and that even if the airline reduced its noise intensity, the frequency of flights "can be as disturbing as the actual noise, particularly at night."

Bali, Indonesia, "Island of Bali Gets Ready for Annual Religious Day of Silence" (Apr. 8, 1997). Asia Pulse reports that the Indonesian tourist island of Bali celebrates the Nyepi holiday tomorrow -- the annual Hindu day of silence. Everyone on Bali is forbidden from leaving their homes or hotels, from making noise, and from using electricity for 26 hours, and local religious police patrol the island to make sure the rules are enforced.

Ballater, Scotland, "Scottish Hotel Owner Threatens Neighbors With More Noise After They Object to Hotel's Extended Hours" (Jun. 4, 1998). The Aberdeen Press and Journal reports that a hotel owner in Ballater, Scotland threatened neighbors with loud music after the neighbors objected to plans to extend the hours of operation of the hotel. The Aberdeenshire (South) licensing board yesterday approved the hotel owner's application for extended hours for six months, on the understanding that the owner seeks advice from Aberdeenshire Council's environmental health department on noise control.

Ballston Spa, New York, "Residents Concerned About Noise and Other Disturbances at Saratoga (New York) County Fair" (Mar. 15, 2000). The Times Union of Albany, New York reports that Ballston Spa, New York resident Richard Gorman presented a petition concerning the management of the Saratoga County Fair, and its negative effects on residents in the area.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Maryland Community Zones Planned Employment Center" (Jan. 16, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports that the area Planning Board is developing a plan for a planned employment center. Area residents seek a development plan that will minimize noise and other environmental pollution.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Noise Zone Reductions at Baltimore-Washington International Airport Not Enough" (Jan. 5, 1998). The Capital reports that although noise levels near Baltimore-Washington International (BWI) Airport have been reduced through the use of newer, quieter aircraft, some nearby residents think the airport could do more. The Airport Coordinating Team, a watchdog group, at a recent hearing on BWI's 1998 proposed airport noise zone, told airport officials they need to regulate the use of older, louder aircraft.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Air Conditioning Unit for Super Market Causes Tremors and Noise Disturbances for Baltimore Neighborhood" (Jun. 19, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports that Cherry Hill neighborhood, located in South Baltimore, is shaking from nine industrial-strength air units erected to provide air conditioning and refrigeration for a new super market. The Super Market is the centerpiece of a major redevelopment campaign spearheaded by Catholic Charities.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Mixed Reviews for New Sound Barriers Along Baltimore's I-695" (Jun. 29, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports last week, The Intrepid Commuter column released the results of an unscientific survey of commuters' opinions on aesthetics of the new sound barriers that were erected along portions of Interstate 695. Most drivers who responded found them distasteful.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Baltimore City Council Discusses Bill to Ban Amplifiers in Lexington Market" (May 19, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports the Baltimore City Council introduced a bill yesterday to ban the use of amplifiers in the Lexington Market area after merchants complained.

Baltimore, Maryland, "Trees Deemed Insufficient Noise Abatement for Plans to Widen Busy Roadway" (Oct. 5, 1998). The Baltimore Sun published the following editorial regarding the use of trees to muffle the sound of vehicles on a heavily traveled route.

Baltimore, Maryland area, "Residents Near Baltimore Get Traffic Noise Barriers" (Aug. 8, 1997). The Baltimore Sun reports that residents along the northeastern edge of Interstate 695 outside Baltimore, Maryland are getting 26-foot noise barriers this summer to protect them from traffic noise. The barriers eventually are intended to provide noise relief to 1,173 homes in seven communities at a cost of $44.2 million.

Baltimore, Maryland area, "Maryland Schools Re-Think Open Classrooms Due to Noise Problems" (Jun. 9, 1997). The Baltimore Sun reports that a shift in educational philosophy is prompting schools in the Baltimore, Maryland area to remodel open classrooms into conventional classrooms with walls. Many teachers and parents believe open classrooms cause too much noise and distraction for effective learning, the article reports.

Baltimore, Maryland area, "Maryland Residents Angry at Noisy, Active New Neighborhood Church" (Nov. 12, 1997). The Baltimore Sun reports that residents in a Brooklyn Park neighborhood outside Baltimore, Maryland are angry with the activities of a inter-denominational Protestant church that opened recently in an old bingo hall. The church angered residents by holding a noisy event, and now some residents are suspicious that the church's activities will be undesirable.

Baltimore, Maryland area, "Maryland Developers Seek to Develop Land Near Highways, While County Officials Struggle to Protect Future Homeowners From Traffic Noise" (Jul. 13, 1998). The Baltimore Sun reports that the counties around Baltimore, Maryland are increasingly facing a problem as developers try to build on land parcels close to major highways, and residents demand noise walls. But the State Highway Administration will not build noise barriers to protect any neighborhood that was built after the roads were constructed. State officials instead are recommending that county officials develop local policies to protect future homeowners from highway noise. As a result, counties are requiring developers to build further away from highways, build their own noise walls, or take other steps to mitigate noise.

Banff, Alberta, Canada, "Tourists in Canada Find Banff Too Noisy; Business Owners Seek Solutions" (Oct. 12, 1998). The article reports Bonar Hunter, Banff's senior bylaw officer, said the town's general noise bylaw does not specifically regulate or enforce bar noise and that his team of four full-time officers only works until 10 p.m. during the summer, and 6 p.m. in the off- season. Most bars close at about 2 a.m. and that's where the trouble starts, hotel and motel officials said. Hunter is investigating and will report to town council. "We want higher profile by RCMP . . ." said Lanz, adding the noise is also becoming a problem for Banff's permanent residents. Banff RCMP agree the problem of early-morning party animals is getting worse and they expect final statistics on jailed drunks this year to be up 20 per cent. "There wasn't a lot of bad weather to drive people indoors so the kids stayed out longer and seemed to party harder than they normally do," said RCMP Sgt. Bob Peterson.

Bangkok, China, "Bangkok Will Enforce Noise Limits on Noisy Canal Boats" (Sep. 10, 1998). Bernama, The Malaysian National News Agency reports China's Bangkok Metropolitan Administration plans to regulate noise levels of passenger boats after operators were found to suffer hearing damage.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Bangkok Residents Experience High Levels of Noise Pollution; Noise Barriers Reduce Some Traffic Noise" (Jun. 16, 1997). The Bangkok Post reports that in Bangkok (Thailand), where traffic jams are part of daily life, it is hard to escape noise pollution. And for people living near the expressway, escape is impossible, the article says. The article goes on to discuss where noise barriers have been built in the city, and what types are most effective.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Bangkok Residents Complain That Boat Noise Causes Hearing Problems" (Dec. 6, 1997). The Bangkok Post describes how residents of Bangkok, Thailand are weary of the noise pollution created by boats in Bangkok's canals.

Bangkok, Thailand, "One-Third of Traffic Police in Bangkok Have Hearing Problems" (Oct. 18, 1997). The Deutsche Presse-Agentur reports that according to Saturday's Nation paper, nearly one-third of all traffic police in Bangkok, Thailand have hearing problems because of their continuous exposure to noise levels above 70 decibels. The percentage of officers with hearing problems increases the longer they have been with the force, said Monthip Srirattana, director of the Science Ministry's environmental research and training center. All of the officers who have held their jobs for more than ten years have hearing problems, Monthip noted. The article notes that the Science Ministry will join with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) to create stricter noise control laws and extend "no- noise zones" to deal with the problem, according to Monthip.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Bangkok Authorities Will Start Enforcing Noise Standard on Boats Traveling in City Canals" (Oct. 20, 1997). The Bangkok Post reports that residents in the Klongside area of Bangkok, Thailand will get some relief from the noise generated by boats on the city's canals when authorities begin strong action against them in December. Boats which violate the noise standard of 100 decibels, as specified in the 1992 Environment Act, will face a fine of 1,000 baht, according to Sirithan Boriboon, director general of Pollution Control Department. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration, the Pollution Control Department, the Harbour Department, and the police will combine efforts to instigate the crackdown, the article says.

Bangkok, Thailand, "National Parks Chief in Thailand Bans Motor Rally From Nature Reserve" (Oct. 26, 1997). AP Worldstream reports that according to newspapers on Sunday, Chamni Saisuthiwong, chief of the Mae Wong National Park in Thailand, banned a fleet of off-road vehicles from entering the wilderness core of the nature reserve on Saturday. The 127 vehicles in the "Caravan" motor rally were stopped from traveling along a 28-kilometer (17-mile) dirt track inside the park. According to the English-language daily, The Nation, local environmentalists had complained that the loud noise and music from the car rally would frighten the park's wildlife.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Off-road Vehicles Prohibited from Thailand Park; Noise Said to Scare Wildlife" (Oct. 26, 1997). The Bangkok Post of Bangkok, Thailand, reported that about 300 off-roaders were barred yesterday from entering Mae Wong National Park by forestry officials who feared they would damage the environment and scare wildlife with their noise.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Bangkok, Thailand May Use Old Law to Fine Owners of Noisy Boats" (Jan. 13, 1998). The World Times reports that Deputy City Clerk Wanchart Suphachaturas said that the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) is considering reviving a martial law imposing fines on owners of passenger boats that operate on canals and the river and generate excessive noise.

Bangkok, Thailand, "Noise Seminar in Bangkok Reveals Harmful Levels of Noise Throughout City" (Jan. 17, 1998). The Bangkok Post reports that inner city residents, traffic police, bus drivers, steersmen and workers at certain factories are at risk of losing their hearing due to traffic and construction noise.

Bangor, Maine, "Unexpected Takeoffs of Fighter Jets Wake Maine Residents in Early Morning" (Aug. 27, 1997). The Bangor Daily News reports that residents in Bangor, Maine were awakened at 3:30 a.m. Tuesday morning by the roar of five F-16 fighter jets taking off from the Bangor International Airport. Four more jets were scheduled to take off today at 4 a.m., the article adds. The flights Tuesday prompted many residents to call the police to complain about the loud noise. Meanwhile, the take-offs are expected to continue to occur occasionally.

Bangor, Maine, "Personal Watercraft Industry Should Take Drastic Action, or Machines Could Face Restrictions on Maine Lakes" (Jul. 24, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed an editorial that discusses the ways in which the personal watercraft industry has started to respond to the irresponsible behavior of many Jet Skiers. The editorial goes on to argue that in the face of strong opposition against personal watercraft on Maine lakes, the industry needs to take more dramatic actions if it doesn't want to see their product banned or restricted on many lakes.

Bangor, Maine, "Maine Resident Says He'll Put Up With Noise From Dirt Bike Event" (Nov. 12, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Geoff Battick, a Bangor, Maine resident, about noise from events in Bass Park:

Bangor, Maine, "NASA Studies Air Pollution from Jets in Upper Atmosphere" (Nov. 12, 1997). National Public Radio reports that NASA is finishing a mission to study air pollution in the upper troposphere, the layer of the atmosphere where jets fly. NASA's research involves collecting air samples using a jet that has been turned into a flying laboratory. Researchers hope that the information they are gathering will teach them about what ozone (smog), which causes global warming, does in this level of the atmosphere.

Bangor, Maine, "Maine City Councillors Reject Residents' Bid to Restrict Leaf Blowers" (Sep. 17, 1997). The Bangor Daily News reports that City Councillors on Bangor, Maine's municipal operations committee heard complaints from three residents Tuesday about leaf blower noise in their neighborhood, and decided to contact the noise offender rather than re-write the noise ordinance at this point.

Bangor, Maine, "Maine Residents May Get Sound Barrier to Mask Traffic Noise Along Interstate Highway" (Oct. 1, 1997). The Bangor Daily News reports that the chances of getting noise barriers for residents near Interstate 95's Broadway exit in Bangor, Maine may be improving. The residents' requests of state officials for relief from the rising noise levels have not been addressed, mostly due to a lack of funding, the article says. But a recent letter from the state Department of Transportation to a Bangor legislator said the outlook for federal funding has improved since the middle of September. State transportation officials had previously said federal funds likely could not be used for building a sound barrier, but now it appears the project is eligible for funding from the Federal Highway Administration. If all goes according to plan, the article says, a noise barrier for the Broadway exit could be installed next year or soon after.

Bangor, Maine, "Neighborhood Group Succeeds in Effort to Get First Noise Barrier Built in Maine" (Sep. 4, 1998). The Bangor Daily News reports residents in one of Bangor, Maine's, noisiest neighborhoods won a battle Thursday to get a noise barrier erected against increasing noise from Interstate 95. Residents worry that prolonged exposure to the noise could result in hearing loss or other health problems.

Bangor, Maine, "Maine Residents Try to Build Consensus for Noise Wall Near Interstate" (Jul. 17, 1998). The Bangor Daily News reports that residents living near the Interstate 95 Broadway exit in Bangor, Maine continued their work Wednesday on getting a noise wall installed along the highway. The article notes that the Maine Department of Transportation has set aside $200,000 to build a wall, but state officials say they won't build the wall unless they get consensus from the residents on the issue. Some residents, the article says, have opposed the wall, saying it would be too intrusive in their neighborhood.

Bangor, Maine, "Maine Neighborhood Near Interstate Will Get Noise Barrier" (Jun. 9, 1998). The Bangor Daily News reports that officials with the Maine Department of Transportation announced Monday that they will spend $200,000 for a noise barrier along the Interstate 95 Broadway exit in Bangor, Maine. The article says that the noise wall would be the first such wall in Maine. Previously, state policy didn't allow the state to construct noise mitigation projects on existing highways, the article notes.

Bangor, Maine, "Street Dances at a Bangor, Maine Nightclub Draw Noise Complaints; City Decides to Work with Establishment Before Instituting a Noise Ordinance" (Aug. 18, 1999). The Bangor Daily News reports that when street dances at a nightclub in Bangor, Maine drew noise complaints, the city decided to work with the establishment instead of instituting a noise ordinance. Residents complained of music and swearing that could be heard from the live band until 12:30 am. One owner said "get a decibel level you're happy with, and we will try to keep noise within that."

Bangor, Maine area, "Resident is Against Personal Watercraft on Maine Lakes" (Jul. 23, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Robert Siegler, a Lincoln resident, regarding noise from personal watercraft on Maine waters:

Banning, California, "Banning, California Council to Vote on New Noise Ordinance" (Aug. 10, 1999). The Press-Enterprise reports that Banning, California's City Council will be voting tonight on the adoption of a new noise ordinance.

Bannnockburn, Illinois, "Illinois Village Fights for Sound Wall to Muffle Tollway Noise" (Feb. 18, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports the village of Bannockburn, Illinois, has launched a campaign to block tollway noise from the community.

Bannockburn, Illinois, "Illinois Residents Challenge Traffic Noise Standards to Get Noise Barrier Built along Tollway" (Feb. 26, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports the town of Bannockburn, Illinois, has challenged the state highway authority over noise standards in an effort to get a sound wall built between the community and the highway.

Bannockburn, Illinois, "Illinois Residents Petition Governor for Noise Wall along Tollway" (Mar. 4, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports a group of Bannockburn, Illinois, residents will petition the Governor for a noise wall to block traffic noise from the Tri-State Tollway.

Bar Harbor, Maine, "Tourists Don't Like Noise, Say Business Owners who want Tough Noise Laws in Bar Harbor, Maine" (Sep. 16, 1998). The Bangor Daily News reports several Bar Harbor, Maine, residents and business owners say the town is too noisy.

Bar Harbor, Maine, "Scientists Say Hearing Loss Is Partially Due to Genetic Predisposition, In Addition to Exposure to Loud Noise" (Aug. 3, 1999). The Stuart News/Port St. Lucie News reports that although loud noise undoubtedly plays a role in hearing loss, scientists are discovering that genetic predisposition plays a large part as well.

Barberton, Ohio, "Barberton, Ohio, Passes Noise Law Targeting Boomcars; Equipment and Vehicles May be Confiscated" (Nov. 23, 1998). The Plain Dealer published an editorial urging readers to move to Barberton, Ohio, to get some peace and quiet now that the town has passed a law authorizing the confiscation of car stereo equipment and vehicles from repeated noise offenders.

Barnegat Township, New Jersey, "New Jersey Residents Complain About Noise From Parkway Expansion Project" (Dec. 30, 1997). The Asbury Park Press reports that expansion work at the Garden State Parkway toll plaza is under way, despite concerns raised by residents living nearby about noise pollution.

Barnegat Township, New Jersey, "Noise from New Jersey Parkway Angers Residents; Highway Officials Consider Ways to Appease Them" (Nov. 13, 1997). The Asbury Park Press reports that residents in the Pine Ridge development in Barnegat Township, New Jersey expressed anger and frustration at a meeting last night about the way the New Jersey Highway Authority has handled a project to add three new toll booths to the 11 toll booths already at the Garden State Parkay toll plaza near their homes. Residents were angry about noise and safety issues of the project. In an attempt to satisfy the residents, officials with the highway authority said they would consider building an earthen berm between the parkway and the residents' homes.

Barnegat Township, New Jersey, "Barnegat Toll Plaza on Garden State Parkway Will Get Quiet Pavement, Maybe Noise Barrier" (Mar. 17, 1998). The Asbury Park Press reports that the New Jersey Highway Authority is considering a noise barrier for the Garden State Parkway toll plaza at Barnegat.

Barnstaple, England, "Residents of English Town Fight to Keep Noise Restrictions on Factory" (Feb. 16, 1999). The Western Morning News reports residents of Barnstaple, England, are objecting to potential noise pollution if a factory destroyed by fire is rebuilt.

Barrington, Rhode Island, "Rhode Island Marina Gets Okay to Expand Despite Residents' Concerns About Noise" (Jun. 2, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports that the Town Council in Barrington, Rhode Island voted 4 to 1 to approve a request from Brewer's Cove Haven Marina last night to re-zone Rodeo Drive from residential to waterfront business. The decision allows the marina to expand its business onto a 14,600-square-foot plot between Rodeo Drive and Bullock's Cove and south of marina's main property, the article notes. Residents living near the marina objected to the change, saying it could change the residential character of the neighborhood. The Town Council went against the advice of the Planning Board, which last week said that the marina's expansion was not consistent with town's Comprehensive Plan and may set a precedent for changing zoning on single plots.

Barrington, Rhode Island, "Barrington, Rhode Island Institutes Noise, Restraint, and Waste Ordinances Against Nuisance Dogs" (Apr. 12, 2000). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports that the town of Barrington, Rhode Island has recently instituted pet ordinances, mostly focused on problems with dogs. A restraint ordinance requires that dogs will have to be kept on leashes; a waste removal ordinance requires that owners pick up after their dogs when off the owner's property; and a noise ordinance will require that owners ensure their pets are not disturbing neighbors with barking and other noise.

Bartow, Florida, "Florida Community Prepares To Revamp Noise Ordinance" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Ledger reports that the Polk County, Florida 5-year-old noise ordinance needs to be fine-tuned to make it easier to enforce, county commissioners were told Tuesday.

Bartow, Florida, "Residents of Future Florida Community Notified about Noise from Bartow Airport" (Apr. 7, 1998). The Ledger reports officials representing Florida's Bartow Municipal Airport and those from the nearby Old Florida Plantation said they've reached an agreement on informing residents at the prospective community about noise from overflying aircraft.

Bartow, Florida, "Florida Residents Ban All-Night Dance Festivals" (Mar. 4, 1998). The Ledger of Lakeland, Florida, reports a new law placing restrictions on outdoor concerts in Polk County was approved recently after last year's all-night dance festival outraged neighbors.

Bartow, Florida, "Sheriff's Office and County Commissioners in Bartow, Florida Disagree on Enforcement of Noise Laws on Businesses; Commission Wants to Criminalize Commercial Noise, While Sheriff Disagrees" (Nov. 28, 1999). The Ledger reports that County Commissioners and the Sheriff's Office in Bartow, Florida disagree on whether to criminalize commercial noise violations. County commissioners want to criminalize commercial noise, while the sheriff's office believes it should remain a code-enforcement and nuisance law issue. The commissioners have postponed a vote to eliminate the current noise exemption for businesses to search for a compromise.

Bartow, Florida, "Florida Noise Amendment Rejected by County Commissioners and State's Attorney" (Jan. 12, 2000). According to the Ledger, county commissioners in Barstow, Florida rejected an amendment that imposed criminal penalties for businesses that make excessive noise.

Barwell, England, "UK Kennel Owner to Pay Town for Noise Violations" (Jan. 12, 2000). According to the Leicester Mercury, the owner of a dog kennel was fined 100É and must pay 75É in costs because he failed to comply with a noise abatement order on his barking dogs.

Bass Harbor, Maine, "Maine Resident Finds Noise Pollution Everywhere" (Jul. 22, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Patricia Thurston, a Bass Harbor (Maine) resident, regarding the incessant noises she experiences:

Batavia, Illinois, "Illinois City Passes Ordinance to Quiet Outdoor Music" (Jun. 20, 1997). The Chicago Tribune reports that the City Council in Batavia, Illinois has approved changes to the current municipal code aimed at quieting outdoor music.

Batavia, New York, "New York Resident Sues Delta And Boeing Over Claim That Airplane Engine Noise Damaged His Hearing" (Dec. 2, 1997). The Buffalo News reports that a Batavia, New York man claims in a $200,000 lawsuit that he began suffering from a constant roaring noise in his ears after he sat next to the engine on a commercial airline flight almost three years ago.

Batavia, New York, "Buffalo, New York Toughens Its Noise Ordinance" (Aug. 10, 1999). The Buffalo News reports that the city council of Buffalo, New York has passed an amended noise ordinance that toughens its previously vague nature.

Batavia, New York, "Citizen Criticizes Noise Ordinance Amendment as Poorly Written at Batavia, New York City Council Hearing" (May 25, 1999). The Buffalo News reports that a noise ordinance amendment in Batavia, New York drew mixed reviews from citizens at the City Council public hearing. The amendment, targeting mainly barking dogs and loud music from cars, is intended to strengthen vague language from the original, setting "objective standards... for violations." One speaker said it was a "legal nightmare" suggesting that even ice cream trucks would be cited. One speaker of three said he would support the amendment, or anything to quiet the streets. The amendment will be voted on June 14.

Bath, England, "Outdoor Entertainer in Bath, England, Banned after Residents Complain of Noise" (Oct. 14, 1998). The Western Daily Press reports a popular outdoor entertainer in Bath, England, recently received a citation for disturbing the peace.

Bath, England, "UK Nightclub Gets Permit For Live Jazz on Sunday" (Jan. 12, 2000). According to the Bath Chronicle, a local bar has been given a license for live music and dancing on Sundays despite opposition from local residents.

Bath, England, "Street Drummers in Bath, England Annoy Residents" (Mar. 15, 2000). The Bath Chronicle in England published a letter from a reader who complained about the noise from a drumming group that was collecting for charity on the streets of Bath. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

Bath, England, "Senior Citizens in UK Protest Early Morning Truck Noise" (Mar. 21, 2000). The Bath Chronicle reported that several senior citizens have complained to their local environmental health officers about loud early morning noises from trucks at the Gammon Plant. According to the article, they have made several attempts to speak with the plant's owner, to no avail.

Bath, Maine, "Bath, Maine Residents Thank Bath Iron Works for Quieting Noise, but Worry that Imminent Pile Driving Will Be Louder" (Aug. 7, 1999). The Portland Press Herald reports that Bath, Maine residents have thanked Bath Iron Works (BIW) for keeping the noise down of late, but worry that upcoming pile driving in the river will be too loud. BIW has taken many noise-reduction steps to keep nighttime noise down in the past month.

Bath, Maine, "Bath, Maine's Bath Iron Works Has Kept River-Platform Construction Quiet Recently, but Residents Plan to Ask for More at a Public Meeting This Week" (Aug. 4, 1999). The Portland Press Herald reports that Bath, Maine's Bath Iron Works plans to hold a public meeting this week to discuss its sometimes-noisy construction in the Kennebec River. Pile-driving scheduled for later this year has the potential to be loud, and residents want to assure quiet.

Bath, Maine, "Bath, Maine Allows Iron Works to Continue 24-Hour Work As Long As Night Noise Limits Are Maintained Between 10 PM and 6 AM" (Sep. 3, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that Bath, Maine's Board of Environmental Protection Ruled that Bath Iron Works (BIW) can continue constructing its $218 million shipbuilding facility around the clock. BIW must keep quiet at night and monitor its own noise. Residents were hoping for a ban on night construction, but they concede that BIW has taken positive steps towards reducing noise. Driving piles into the riverbed will be the loudest process, but BIW will be allowed to do even that at night if noise limits are observed.

Bath, Maine, "Bath, Maine Residents Complain About Noise from Overnight Construction at Bath Iron Works Shipyard" (Jul. 21, 1999). The Portland Herald Press reports that residents are sick of noise from overnight construction at Bath, Maine's Bath Iron Works (BIW). BIW was forced to file a new permit to allow night work, and they can now legally work at night if they don't exceed a 50 decibel nighttime limit. Residents want work to stop between 10 PM and 6 AM. BIW has apologized for the noise, and notes that a nose consultant is on premises nightly, monitoring the noise. Critics question why the shipyard is allowed to take their own readings.

Bath, Maine, "Neighbors of Bath, Maine's Iron Works Protest Shipyard's Permit Request that Would Allow Nighttime Work" (Jun. 25, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that neighbors, who have already dealt with noise from unapproved nighttime construction at Bath, Maine's Iron Works Shipyard, are set against the shipyard's request for a state permit that would make the work legal. Residents say that the noise is keeping them awake, and that the shipyard has not been forthcoming with information about the construction project as they had promised. At least one resident's yard is being used to monitor noise from the construction, and that same resident has circulated a petition to nearly 70 people who oppose a nighttime construction permit.

Bath, Maine, "Maine Company Apologizes To Residents For Night Noise and Promises Solution" (Jul. 2, 1999). The Portland Press Herald reports that Bath Iron Works (BIW), a Navy shipbuilder, apologized to its South End Bath neighbors for construction noise at night when people were trying to sleep. Kevin Gildart, a spokesman for the company, assured residents that measures to lessen the noise were in progress, and more solutions were forthcoming.

Bath, Maine, "Maine Residents Challenge Stone Company Over Noise and Work Hours" (Jan. 11, 2000). The Bath Chronicle reported on a noise dispute between a local stone company and its neighbors over the company's planned expansion.

Bath, UK, "Official Celebration of Millenium in Bath, UK Must Not be Disruptive After 2 AM, Says Council" (Aug. 18, 1999). The Bath Chronicle reports that the Bath, UK Council has demanded that the Millennium Ball not be the source of disruptive noise after 2 am. A noise consultant has said that to comply with the 2 am disruption limit, "patrons will be likely to express some dissatisfaction with both the level and character of the dance music."

Bath, UK, "Noise and Light from Bus Depot in Bath, UK is Disturbing Residents; Local Planning Officer Says Mutual Compromise is Only Solution" (Sep. 16, 1999). The Bath Chronicle reports that a bus depot in Bath, UK is upsetting residents with nighttime noise and light. The company did not consider the potential disturbance that could be caused by the lights before they put them in, as they were required to do. Planning officials say the site is not the best for the depot -- which includes an all-night maintenance building -- but claim that the depot is a benefit to the whole community. They admit that the lights are bothersome, but that some noise is inevitable due to the necessary maintenance building.

Bath, United Kingdom, "Bus Terminal in Bath, U.K. -- Which Already Has Neighbors Upset About Noise -- Will Expand" (Dec. 3, 1999). The Bath Chronicle reports that a bus terminal in Bath, U.K. will expand its 134-bus facility by 16 spots. Neighbors have been complaining about noise from constantly-idling buses and maintenance since the terminal opened in July. Local officials say noise shouldn't get worse.

Bath, United Kingdom, "Several Pubs in Bath, U.K. Apply For Live Music License; Letters of Opposition and Support Have Been Received By the Local Council" (Dec. 1, 1999). The Bath Chronicle reports that several pubs in Bath, U.K. have applied for a live music license, amid differing neighbors' opinions.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Federal Judge Overturns Part of Louisiana City Noise Ordinance" (Apr. 8, 1997). The Advocate reports that a federal judge Monday overturned part of the Baton Rouge, Louisiana city-parish ordinance limiting noise in public, saying the local law violated the constitutional rights of a street preacher who sought to use a bullhorn.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "FAA Funds Received by Baton Rouge's Metro Airport to Soundproof 87 Homes" (Jun. 16, 1998). The Advocate reports that 87 families living near the Baton Rouge Metro Airport could begin to see some reduction of jet noise in their homes. Over the last 12 years Baton Rouge's Metro Airport has participated in a noise reduction program. During that time, $25 million has been spent buying property, relocating families and repairing homes and schools.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "The Department of Transportation Releases $2.5 Million to Acquire Land for Noise Compatibility Purposes at the Baton Rouge Airport, Louisiana" (Jun. 15, 1998). The following Congressional Press Release announced that the East Baton Rouge Parish would receive $2.5 million from the Department of Transportation to acquire land for noise compatibility at the Baton Rouge airport.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Louisiana Receives Funding for Soundproofing of Homes in Flight Paths" (Mar. 11, 1998). The Advocate reports that the Federal Aviation Administration will hand over $1 million to Metro Airport in coming weeks to pay for soundproofing 25 houses near the airport's runway.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Noise Can Permanently Damage Hearing; Protection Devices Recommended" (Sep. 6, 1998). The Advocate of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, published a column that advocates for the use of protection devices to prevent noise-induced hearing damage.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Bill Passes Louisiana House, Protects Churches from Outside Noise" (Apr. 15, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports a Louisiana State House committee approved a bill Wednesday that would make it a crime to blast music or other noise within 200 feet of a church, hospital or courthouse.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Performers Outside New Orleans' Churches Subject to Jail Time Under New Noise Law" (Jul. 13, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports that a new Louisiana law requires street performers and other people to keep noise under 55 decibels within ten feet of a hospital or a church which is having a service. Violators may be subject to a 30-day jail term. The law originated from complaints that street performers in New Orleans were making it hard for parishioners in churches to hear the service. American Civil Liberties Union lawyers say the law restricts the free speech of performers and constrains the city's culture.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Louisiana Senate Approves Bill to Prohibit Excessive Noise Near Hospitals and Houses of Worship" (Jun. 18, 1999). The Times-Picayune reports the Louisiana Senate approved a bill that would prohibit loud noises near hospitals and houses of worship.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Motocross Track Near Ethel, Louisiana Generates Noise 7 Days a Week; Some Residents Complain, While Others Say It Brings Families and Community Together" (Jan. 9, 2000). The Sunday Advocate reports that a motocross track near Ethel, Louisiana has drawn noise complaints from several residents who claim their homes are being devalued from noise, loss of wildlife, dust and exhaust fumes. Many in the area counter that the track allows families to bond while having "good, clean fun," and encourages young and old cyclists to be together. The lawyer for the track said that it was really an issue of land use that should be addressed.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana, "Baton Rouge City Council Tries Noise Ordinance a Second Time" (Mar. 23, 2000). According to the Baton Rouge Advocate, the Metro City Council is enforcing an amended noise ordinance after much of it was declared unconstitutional in 1997.

Bayside, Wisconsin, "Wisconsin Village Approves Noise Ordinance to Address Noisy Vehicles" (Jul. 3, 1997). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports that the Village Board in Bayside, Wisconsin has approved an ordinance that allows police officers to issue disorderly conduct citations to motorists for any loud noise coming from a vehicle, including loud car stereos and peeling rubber when accelerating. According to the article, the ordinance was requested by Police Chief Bruce Resnick because officers currently have no enforcement power over such behavior. The article adds that the ordinance does not cover noise from motorcycles.

Beach Park, Florida, "Tampa International Airport in Florida Attempts to Crack Down on Pilots Who Insist on Creating More Jet Noise by Using Convenient Runway" (Apr. 1, 2000). The Tampa Tribune reports that residents in Beach Park, Florida have complained about noise from aircraft approaching Tampa International Airport. Pilots are not supposed to fly over Beach Park because of repeated noise complaints. But some pilots still take the route over Beach Park nonetheless, in order to save time.

Beaufort, South Carolina, "Street Preacher Says Beaufort, South Carolina Noise Law that Sets Different Decibel Limits for Amplified and Unamplified Noise is Discriminatory to Street Preachers" (Jan. 27, 2000). The Post and Courier reports that a Beaufort, South Carolina preacher has threatened to sue the city for setting decibel limits for unamplified noise lower than those for amplified noise: a rule that discriminates against street preaching.

Beaumont, California, "Neighbors Afraid Proposed Senior Community Will Quiet Their Noisy Family Neighborhood" (Jan. 13, 1998). The Press-Enterprise reports that while developers of a proposed senior citizen community in Beaumont, California work to divert neighbors' traffic concerns, others wonder if the senior residents would curb family activities in the north side of the city. The Marshall Creek housing project would sit in the middle of one of the most family-oriented sections of the city, within earshot of Beaumont High School, Mountain View Junior High and an elementary school. And the Beaumont Sports Park is under construction. Opponents fear that if enough complaints come from the 500-or-so residents expected there, the sports park would be forced to close early and noise from the high school football games would be limited.

Beaumont, California, "CA Community Would Welcome Rail-Port and Plan for Noise Control" (Jan. 22, 1998). The Press-Enterprise reports that while Beaumont officials consider a major Union Pacific rail port for the east edge of the city, residents and officials alike debate the effects on the community. Most would welcome the economic impact while some are cautious about increased noise and traffic.

Beaverdale, Pennsylvania, "Pennsylvania Man Kills Dirt Biker Over Noise" (Sep. 8, 1997). The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reports that John Bereznak of Beaverdale, Pennsylvania on Saturday shot and killed a young dirt biker who was biking on the mounds of coal from an abandoned strip mine about 200 yards from Bereznak's house. Bereznak had complained about noise from the dirt bikers for several years, and once had thrown a shovel at a dirt biker while ranting about noise. He also was suspected by the town's dirt bikers of installing tar paper seeded with nails around the abandoned mine area. Bereznak later killed himself.

Bedford Park, Texas, "Texas Town Rejects Amphitheater, Noise and Preservation of Park Land Drive Decision" (Sep. 5, 1998). The Dallas Morning News reports Bedford, Texas, City Council members say a Park Board recommendation may prevent the chance for an amphitheater on city park land.

Beijing, China, "Province in South China Expected to Pass New Noise Pollution Regulations" (Aug. 20, 1997). The Xinhua News Agency reports that according to today's China Daily, new regulations limiting noise pollution will take effect later this year in Guangdong, a province in South China. The provincial regulations are expected to be passed by the Provincial People's Congress next month.

Beijing, China, "Beijing Takes Measures to Reduce Noise Pollution from Car Alarms" (Apr. 9, 1998). The China Daily reports Beijing yesterday announced new regulations designed to curb noise pollution from car alarms.

Beijing, China, "Beijing Adopts Noise Standards" (Feb. 25, 1998). The Xinhua News Agency reports that Beijing is enjoying greater quiet since the adoption of noise pollution standards in 1984.

Beijing, China, "Chinese Block Lukou International Airport Runway to Protest Noise" (Mar. 23, 1998). The Agence France Presse reports that villagers living near the new airport in eastern China's Nanjing last week blocked air traffic in a protest against excessive noise levels.

Belfast, Maine, "Residents of Belfast, Maine Complain About Noise from Idling Refrigerator Trucks; Official Noise Measurements Indicate Compliance with Noise Ordinance" (Jun. 26, 1999). The Bangor Daily News reports that Penobscot Frozen Foods has been the target of recent noise complaints in Belfast, Maine. Code enforcement officers recently tested the company's property line for noise levels, and found at most 65 decibel readings, well under the permitted 75 decibels. Fifteen years ago, when a chicken-processing plant with considerably more offensive odors left the plant, the neighborhood was made up of working class folk who complained less about noise; now, the neighborhood consists of more wealthy homeowners who have registered increasing numbers of complaints.

Belle Chasse, Louisiana, "Navy Official Stresses Need for Air Training (and Noise)" (Apr. 18, 1999). The Times-Picayune published the following article from Maj. Tom Deall, a public affairs officer for the Naval Air Station-Joint Reserve Base in Belle Chasse, Louisiana. In his article, Maj. Deall addresses complaints from homeowners who live in the take-off or landing paths of military airplanes:

Bellevue, Idaho, "Boise, Idaho Airport Hopes Congress Will Reconsider Giving Local Authorities the Right to Restrict Noisy Aircraft" (Jan. 7, 2000). The Associated Press State and Local Wire reports that federal representatives from Boise, Idaho met with residents this week to discuss noise problems from Stage-2 corporate jets at Friedman Memorial Airport in Hailey. A pending report may encourage Congress to allow cities to restrict noisy aircraft: a right that was taken away in 1990.

Bellevue, Nebraska, "Nebraska Ice Cream Truck Cannot Make Music" (Jan. 11, 2000). According to the Omaha World-Herald, the ice cream man cannot ring the bells on his truck when he's in Bellevue because it is illegal.

Bellevue, Washington, "Washington City Changes Ordinance to Allow Construction Noise on Saturdays" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Seattle Times reports that the City Council in Bellevue, Washington has approved changes to the city's noise ordinance that will allow construction noise between 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Saturdays. In addition, subcontractors will now be fined up to $250 for making noise during quiet hours. Previously, the article reports, the city charged the general contractor of a project for noise violations.

Bellevue, Washington, "Washington State Moderates Traffic Noise with Tall Noise Walls" (Aug. 4, 1998). The Seattle Times reports the biggest noise walls ever put up in the state of Washington are appearing on state Highway 520. Studies showed the unusual height was needed to moderate traffic sounds

Bellevue, Washington, "Noise from Seattle-Tacoma Airport Wakes Bellevue Residents" (Mar. 18, 1998). The Seattle Times published the following letter in the "Just Ask Johnston" column:

Belton, Missouri, "Belton, Missouri Candidates for Aldermen Discuss Opinions on Airport Expansion and Highway Widening" (Mar. 29, 2000). The Kansas City Star reports that upcoming elections for aldermen in Belton, Missouri hinge on issues that include developing an "intermodal hub" at Richards-Gebaur Memorial Airport, and widening a highway, both of which could bring increased noise to nearby neighborhoods.

Beltzville, Pennsylvania, "Personal Watercraft in Pennsylvania Bother Many With Noise and Safety Risks; New Safety Requirement Aimed at Reducing Accidents" (Jul. 15, 1999). The Morning Call reports that many users of Pennsylvania State Parks are irritated with the noise and unsafe operation of personal watercraft; many operators stay in the same area, creating a more constant noise than most other types of craft. Safety concerns have fueled a regulation that will soon require Pennsylvania operators to carry a Boating Safety Education Certificate. While PWCs made up 6.7 percent of registered boats last year, they were involved in 36 percent of accidents and 56 percent of collisions. Their two-cycle engines -- together with two-cycle engines of other boats -- burn oil and leak disproportionate amounts of oil and fuel into waterways. PWCs are barred from certain lakes as well as areas of the Delaware River. National Parks are considering a ban on PWCs altogether, citing that the focus of an operator on the thrill of the PWC itself means they are not actually "enjoying the resources of the park."

Belvedere, California, "Belvedere, California Residents Complain About Homeowner's Chicken Coop" (Mar. 12, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that a resident, Dr. William Rothman, in Belvedere, California has had many complaints lodged against him because of the chicken coop and chickens he keeps on his property. The case has become a controversial symbol of the fight between wealthy newcomers and longtime residents. The city invoked its noise ordinance two years ago when the complaints first started, but they did not pursue that tactic because the hens do not actually make any noise. It's the appearance of the chicken coop that is really bothering those who want the chickens to go.

Bend, Oregon, "Oregon Resident Tells Others to Move Away if They Can't Take the Noise" (Sep. 19, 1997). The Bulletin printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Eva Conover, a Bend, Oregon resident, regarding residents who complained about noise at Mountain View High School:

Bend, Oregon, "Oregon Resident Complains About Traffic Noise" (Jul. 9, 1998). The Bulletin printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Frances Collins, a Bend, Oregon resident, regarding traffic noise on Eighth Street:

Bennington, Nebraska, "Bennington, Nebraska Noise Ordinance Rewritten" (Apr. 5, 2000). The Omaha World-Herald reports that the city of Bennington, Nebraska is in the process of rewriting its twenty-year old noise ordinance. City officials believe that the old ordinance is not specific enough. The new ordinance would require that a noise meter be used to determine whether or not a noise is too loud, and American National Standards Institute specifications would be followed. Daytime noise levels would be allowed to be higher than nighttime noise levels. Police would be able to enforce the ordinance. Violators could be fined $100. The ordinance was given a first reading by the City Council last month, and could be adopted in May.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Chicago Suburb Prepares for Soundproofing from Aircraft Noise" (Nov. 26, 1997). The Chicago Tribune reports that the Bensenville (Illinois) committee of the whole met Tuesday night with more than 40 residents whose homes will be soundproofed against noise from air traffic at O'Hare International Airport. The soundproofing will be paid for with money from a settlement of a Bensenville lawsuit against the city of Chicago.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Bensenville, Illinois Village Board Plans to Continue Soundproofing of Homes Nearest Chicago's O'Hare Airport Despite Shift in Noise Impact Areas Indicated by 1999 Computer Modeling" (May 1, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that the Village Board of Bensenville, Illinois will continue to give soundproofing priority to homes located closest to Chicago's O'Hare Airport. The latest noise-maps from the Chicago Department of Aviation that show the 70-decibel impact area shifting northeast and away from Bensenville. Bensenville officials say the maps are ridiculous, saying that they are based on computer models when they had agreed with the airport to use actual noise monitor data. The Aviation Department funds soundproofing of homes in areas where noise impacts reach or exceed 70 decibels over a 24-hour period.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Illinois Town Fears Politics will Result in Loss of Soundproofing Money to Mitigate Noise from O'Hare" (Feb. 25, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports the town Bensenville, Illinois, believes it will lose soundproofing funds to mitigate noise from O'Hare International Airport due to political maneuvering.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Bensenville, Illinois -- located near O'Hare Airport --to Continue Selecting Homes for Soundproofing by Block Instead of Along Noise Contour Lines to Avoid Resentment Between Neighbors" (Jun. 7, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that the Village Board of Bensenville, Illinois -- a Chicago suburb affected by aircraft noise from O'Hare airport -- will continue to select homes for soundproofing by block. The airport's noise contour lines sometimes designate only portions of a given block as eligible for soundproofing, but the Board holds that soundproofing only part of a block is arbitrary and can cause resentment among neighbors.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Bensenville, Illinois Settles Airport Noise Dispute with Chicago; Bensenville List of Homes to Soundproof Will Be Used, Despite Chicago's Original Opposition" (Nov. 7, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that a U.S. District Court approved a settlement in an airport noise suit between Bensenville, Illinois and Chicago. Chicago originally rejected Bensenville's list of homes to be soundproofed, and replaced it with their own list. The settlement allows Bensenville to select the homes.

Bensenville, Illinois, "Bensenville, Illinois Wins Choice of Which Homes Will Be Soundproofed by Chicago O'Hare Airport Funds; Bensenville Wants to Soundproof By Community, and Accused Chicago's Alternative Home Selections as Discriminatory to Hispanic Neighborhoods" (Nov. 6, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that Bensenville, Illinois has won the right to choose which homes will be soundproofed in its community by Chicago O'Hare Airport funds. This particular article differs by bringing up the issue of environmental justice in the choice of homes.

Benton, Maine, "Second Hearing Scheduled for Controversial Maine Motocross Track" (May 13, 1998). The Central Maine Morning Sentinel reports a new date for a hearing has been set to decide on a controversial proposal to build a motocross track in Benton, Maine.

Benton, Maine, "Maine Residents Oppose Proposed Motocross Track in Their Neighborhood" (May 27, 1998). The Central Maine Morning Sentinel reports that more than 40 people attended a public hearing Tuesday night in Benton, Maine to discuss a proposed motocross track off Route 100. The article says that many residents and some members of the Planning Board raised objections to the track, and there was little middle ground at the hearing.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "New Jersey Columnist Advises Us to Abandon Leaf Blowers and Go Back to Rakes" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey printed an editorial in which the columnist argues that the leaf blower should be banned. The writer says that the noise pollution caused by leaf blowers cannot be justified, and rakes are pleasant alternatives.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "New Jersey Resident Speaks Out About Airport Noise" (Dec. 4, 1997). The Record printed the following letter to the editor concerning airport noise in Bergen County, New Jersey:

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Resident Thanks Newspaper for Coverage of New Jersey Airport Noise Problem" (Nov. 14, 1997). The Record printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Emma Perez, chair of the Bergen County (New Jersey) Against Aircraft Noise group, regarding jet noise from the Teterboro Airport:

Bergen County, New Jersey, "New Jersey Airport Manager Skips Meeting About Plan for More Jets at Airport, Angering Officials and Residents" (Oct. 23, 1997). The Record reports that Phil Engle, manager of New Jersey's Teterboro Airport, abruptly canceled a presentation before the Bergen County freeholders where he was scheduled to answer questions about the possible 20% expansion of corporate jet traffic at the airport. The move has angered freeholders and others, and has intensified concerns over the airport's plans, the article says.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Proposal to Reroute Corporate Jets to Different New Jersey Airport Worries Residents" (Sep. 20, 1997). The Record reports that a plan to relieve congestion and delays at New Jersey's Newark International Airport could add 14,000 takeoffs and landings per year to the Teterboro Airport in Bergen County. But residents and local officials near Teterboro who are already fighting jet noise from the airport are unhappy with the idea and are preparing for a new battle, the article says.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "NJ Resident Calls Attention to Noise on Ground" (Apr. 9, 1998). The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey, published the following letter about noise from a Washington Township resident:

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Trains in New Jersey May be Required to Use Bells Instead of Horns" (Aug. 4, 1998). The Record reports that New Jersey's state legislature is setting forth a bill that calls for trains to use locomotive bells instead of horns. The bill is seen as a potential solution to a dilemma that has upset some Morris County residents since NJ Transit started commuter train service to Manhattan.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "U.S. Representative from New Jersey Seeks Funds to Cut Airplane Noise" (Apr. 3, 1998). The Record reports that Rep. Steve Rothman, D-Fair Lawn, New Jersey, is asking Congress to increase spending on airport noise-reduction by 20 percent by bolstering President Clinton's 1998 Airport Improvement Program funding from $200 to $239 million.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "NJ Residents Want Alternatives to Concrete for Highway Noise Barriers" (May 5, 1998). The Record reports New Jersey's Assembly Transportation Committee approved a bill Monday that would allow counties to choose the form of their highway noise barriers.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "NJ Residents Win Tax Cuts in Fight to Reduce Rail Noise" (May 7, 1998). The Record reports New Jersey residents are fighting train noise by making tax appeals. With one resident's victory setting a precedent, others are following suit, seeking compensation for the noise they endure. Meanwhile Congress is considering a ban on whistle-blowing at crossings while seeking alternative safety measures.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Some Residents in Bergen County, NJ, Feel No Sympathy for Residents Living Near Noisy Route 287" (Sep. 13, 1998). The Record reports readers in Bergen County, New Jersey, mustered little sympathy for a woman unable to get a noise barrier built just beyond her back yard.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "New Jersey Airport More a Safety Hazard Than a Noise Concern" (Dec. 11, 1999). The Bergen County Record reported that noise has become a secondary issue at Teterboro Airport because of a plane crash that killed four people in nearby Hasbrouch Heights.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Rail Companies in Northern New Jersey Talk of Expansion While Several Towns Are Already Inundated With Noise and Fumes from Idling Deisel Trains" (Jul. 19, 1999). The Record reports that complaints over noise and fumes from long-idling diesel trains in Northern New Jersey have increased in recent months. Several municipalities, including Bogota and Ridgefield Park, are also concerned about safety since some of the trains block emergency vehicle crossings. Railroad companies seem to believe that "they are no longer accountable", and the Federal Surface Transportation Board -- which is supposed to watch rail companies -- seem incapable of real action; federal legislators are talking with rail companies, but the next step may be legislation designed to make rail companies more responsible.

Bergen County, New Jersey, "Controversy Continues Over NY and NJ Port Authority's Use of Funds Earmarked for Airport Noise Reduction Projects" (Feb. 15, 2000). The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey reports that the New York and New Jersey Port Authority denies claims recently published in a congressional report that it has not spent allotted money on airport noise reduction projects at Kennedy, LaGuardia, and Newark International Airports. The authority states that it has indeed spent millions on noise reduction efforts in the past five years.

Berkeley County, South Carolina, "South Carolina State Officials Say Proposed Racetrack Won't Hurt Forest" (Nov. 13, 1997). The Post and Courier reports that the South Carolina Department of Archives and History has decided that the predicted noise level of a proposed racetrack in Berkeley County will not prevent Francis Beidler Forest from being placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The state agency's decision eliminates a possible roadblock for the proposed Interstate Speedway. Opponents, who are worried about the racetrack's effect on the wildlife sanctuary two miles away, had hoped the noise level issue would halt the project, the article notes.

Berkeley, California, "Natural Sound Wall for City of Berkeley Needs State Approval" (Apr. 17, 2000). According to the San Francisco Chronicle, the city of Berkeley designed a natural sound wall of flora and fauna along Interstate 80, and asked the state's transportation department to approve the special design.

Berkeley, Missouri, "Missouri Airport Agrees to Spend $35 Million to Build New Schools" (Jun. 11, 1998). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports that the St. Louis (Missouri) Airport Commission voted unanimously Wednesday to spend up to $35 million to acquire land from the Ferguson-Florissant School District in Berkeley, near Lambert Field. The money will be used to purchase about 30 acres where Berkeley High School and four other district buildings are located, and will be used to build a new high school and elementary school. The article notes that the offer needs the approval of the city of St. Louis, as well as the Federal Aviation Administration, which have gone along with the proposal so far. The project is part of the airport's long-range plan to buy property because of airport noise, the article says, but is not related to the proposed airport expansion, according to Leonard Griggs, the airport director.

Berlin, Germany, "Noise Levels Rise in Europe to Unhealthy Levels" (Mar. 27, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports noise is a problem in all major cities in Europe, and environmentalists and social scientists believe the shrieks and roars of urban life may cause serious long-term health effects.

Bethlehem, New Jersey, "NJ Town Votes on Noise Ordinance; Residents Want Law to Cover More Noise Sources" (Mar. 3, 1999). The Morning Call reports the Bethlehem, New Jersey, City Council Tuesday rejected suggestions to create a broad noise ordinance in favor of passing an uncomplicated noise law that targets the most frequent offenders.

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, "Police May Be Able To Slap Fines on Drivers with Loud Car Stereos Under Bethlehemís Newly Proposed City Ordinance" (Aug. 3, 1998). The Morning Call reports that local police in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania may soon be in pursuit after drivers using high-wattage car stereos. The police will be able to slap hefty fines on noisemakers if the mayor is successful in getting the new city ordinance passed.

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, "Pennsylvania City Approves Concrete Recycling Plant Despite Neighbors Protests" (Feb. 27, 1998). The Morning Call reports that the Bethlehem (Pennsylvania) Zoning Hearing Board granted a special exception Wednesday to permit a concrete recycling plant, despite neighbors' concerns about traffic, noise, and dust. The project must also be approved by the city Planning Commission, the article notes.

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, "Noise from Stereos and Car Alarms Spur Penn. Town to Adopt New Noise Ordinance" (Feb. 26, 1999). The Morning Call reports the City Council of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, is set to approve a new noise ordinance after residents complained of loud music and the noise from car alarms.

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, "Penn. Town Passes Stiff Noise Ordinance to Preserve Quality of Life" (Mar. 17, 1999). The Morning Call reports Bethlehem residents were heard Tuesday as the city council enacted one law to discourage noisy peace-breakers and started work on another to restrict BYOB clubs.

Bibb County, Georgia, "Bibb County, Georgia Transportation Plan Likely to Include Highway Noise Barriers" (Mar. 29, 2000). The Macon Telegraph reports Bibb County, Georgia's transportation improvement plan and long-range transportation study are currently being updated. Draft plans will be available for public review next month.

Biddulph, England, "Council of Staffordshire Moor-lands will Monitor Skate Ramp Noise" (Jul. 29, 1998). The Sentinel reports that noise generated by a skate ramp in Biddulph has become an irritant for nearby residents.

Billesholm, Sweden, "Benefits of Uniform Attenuation Hearing Protection in the Workplace" (Mar. 1, 2000). Occupational Health and Safety reports on the technical and scientific aspects of workplace noise and how it affects human hearing and communication.

Birdneck, Virginia, "Birdneck, Virginia Resident Upset Over Continued Noise from Oceana Naval Base Jets, and Lack of Concern from Government and Navy" (Oct. 17, 1999). The Virginian-Pilot prints several letters to the editor, including one regarding jet noise. The author notes that although many say that residents knew how loud it would be to move near the base, residents should always be able to enjoy their home. She also notes that naval officials have ignored her concerns and the concerns of her community -- Birdneck, Virginia.

Birmingham, Alabama, "Alabama Airport Officials and Government Say No to Noise Limits: Residents Angry" (Feb. 21, 2000). The Birmingham Post reported on a controversy among Birmingham International Airport, the Government and residents living near the airport. An advisory committee of the airport [Editor's Note: a committee with no power or binding vote] and the Government both claim that setting noise limits is impractical.

Birmingham, England, "Money from Englandís Birmingham International Airport Intended to Mitigate Noise for School Children" (Jul. 18, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that the Birmingham International Airport is spending 400,000 pounds to mitigate the effect of noisy planes flying over local schools.

Birmingham, England, "Noisy Neighbors Helped Drive English Man to Suicide, Coroner Finds" (Apr. 1, 1998). The Daily Telegraph reports that Dr. Richard Whittington, a coroner in Birmingham, England, has ruled that noisy neighbors helped drive John Vanderstam, a 46-year-old Birmingham resident, to suicide last November. The neighbors reportedly played loud music and had domestic disputes frequently.

Birmingham, England, "England's Birmingham International Airport Welcomes Quieter British Airways Planes" (Oct. 7, 1998). The Birmingham Post reports British Airways has announced the purchase of new, quieter, and more environmentally friendly aircraft. The news is welcomed by England's Birmingham International Airport.

Birmingham, England, "Helicopter Pad at English Hotel Brings Noise Complaints from Neighbors" (Sep. 24, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports a helicopter landing at a Birmingham, England, hotel is angering local residents who claim their peace and quiet is being shattered.

Birmingham, England, "Housing Developer in Birmingham, England Reconsiders Plans After Noise and Pollution Impacts Judged to Be Too High" (Jun. 25, 1999). The Birmingham Post reports that a Birmingham, England housing developer, who had planned to build ten homes on a village green there for 450,000 pounds, has noted that increased noise from the development would be unfair to current residents. While noisy roads around the area throw the results into question, the development will be reconsidered. The developer said "We are still committed towards the scheme and will work to ensure the best possible layout is achieved for this much-needed project."

Birmingham, England, "Common Household Noise Dangers" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Sunday Mercury in Birmingham, England reports that our hearing can be damaged by exposure to all types of seemingly harmless things in the home and in our everyday lives. Loud music is usually the first offender that comes to mind, but there are many others as well.

Birmingham, England, "Birmingham, England Becomes First City in the United Kingdom to Publish a City Noise Map" (Feb. 17, 2000). Press Association (P.R.) Newsfile reports that the city of Birmingham, England today has become the first U.K. city to release a city "noise map," which will plot the sources of disturbing noise within the city.

Birmingham, England, "English Businessman Files Appeal with the English Government Against a Local Government Ban Prohibiting Him From Constructing and Using a Personal Helicopter Landing Near his Home" (Mar. 20, 2000). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that Mr. Simon Farmer, a local resident and businessman, is concerned by the refusal of his local town councilors to allow him to build a helicopter pad on his property and use it to take off in and land his privately-owned helicopter. He has filed an appeal with Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, who is Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions. The government's Planning Inspectorate will handle the appeal.

Birmingham, Great Britain, "Families in a Fury Over Supermarket's Failure to Abate Noise from Store Deliveries in Great Britain" (Oct. 5, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that Safeway supermarket has been branded a "neighbour from Hell" by two families in Great Britain who have a long-standing noise dispute with the giant grocer.

Birmingham, U.K., "Birmingham, UK Reporter Explains When an Annoyance Is an Official Nuisance, and How to Act Against It" (Sep. 7, 1999). The Birmingham Evening Mail prints some questions and answers regarding when an annoyance is an official nuisance in the UK, and what action can be taken. Anything that injures land or enjoyment of land is a nuisance, including smells and noise. The same noise is also more or less likely to be a nuisance depending on the time of day and the type of zone it is in. An official nuisance may result in a noise-abatement notice, and court action of the notice isn't heeded.

Birmingham, U.K., "Police in Birmingham, U.K. Institute Rapid Response Team to Answer Late-Night Noise Complaints" (Sep. 9, 1999). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that police in Birmingham, U.K. have instituted a rapid response team to respond to late-night noise complaints. The team, which will respond to calls up until 1 AM, will have the authority to "initiate prosecutions" and seize sound amplification equipment. A pilot-program saw 167 noise complaints answered over 25 weeks, resulting in five prosecutions and the seizure of equipment.

Birmingham, United Kingdom, "Protesters In Birmingham, U.K. Blast Birmingham Airport Manager's House With Noise To Express Concern Over Approved Doubling of Airport Capacity" (Nov. 27, 1999). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that about a dozen activists in Birmingham, U.K. trucked a large sound system to the house of the Birmingham Airport Manager and blasted the house with noise. Protesters hoped that the manager would take better note of widespread resident concern over noise.

Birmingham, United Kingdom, "After One Noise Warning, Birmingham, U.K. Police Seize Stereo and CDs From 17-Year-Old Noise Offender" (Dec. 3, 1999). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that after giving a warning to a 17-year-old noise offender back in July, police seized stereo equipment and CDs from the noise-offenders house after continued complaints.

Biscayne and Everglades National Parks, Florida, "Environmental Group Joins Appeal of Homestead Air Force Base Permit in Florida" (Oct. 24, 1997). The following wire report was released by US Newswire of Washington, DC, about the National Parks and Conversation Association's recent action regarding a permit for the re-development of Homestead Air Force Base in southern Florida.

Bishop Middleham, England, "British Quarry Extension Proves Controversial; Resident Predicts Personal Ruin" (May 19, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that a family who lives in Bishop Middleham, England, fears their lives will be ruined if a quarry is allowed to expand near their home. They say they will be tormented by relentless noise and dust.

Bishop Middleham, England, "Road Covering Absorbs Traffic Noise in Britain" (Sep. 19, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that for residents of Bishop Middleham, England, noisy traffic could be a thing of the past after a local quarry company helped pay for road safety measures, including paving the road with a covering called whispering bitumen, which absorbs traffic noise.

Bishopston, United Kingdom, "Owner of Pizza Restaurant in Bishopston, U.K. Pays 200 Pound Fine for Noisy Exhaust System that Was Not Repaired In Allotted 90 Days" (Nov. 27, 1999). The Bristol Evening Post reports that the owner of a pizza restaurant in Bishopston, U.K. was fined 200 pounds for failing to repair a noisy exhaust system in accordance with a noise abatement order.

Bishopsworth, United Kingdom, "Roofing/Trucking Business Owner Says Noise Complaints that Threaten to Force His Businesses to Move Are Not Caused By His Businesses" (Nov. 11, 1999). The Bristol Evening Post reports that a Bishopsworth, U.K. businessman -- who runs a roofing business and a trucking business off of one site in the area -- is being told it will have to move within six months because of noise problems. The businessman asserts that the noise is coming from other businesses around the area, and not from his own. He may appeal the decision.

Bitton, United Kingdom, "Bitton, United Kingdom Residents Say Despite Courteous Discussions, Factory Continues to Make Noise" (Jan. 29, 2000). The Bath Chronicle reports that Bitton, U.K. residents are getting fed up with noise from a factory. Planners say that it's just a matter of enforcing delivery hours and parking rules. Factory officials say that they are doing everything they can.

Blasdell, New York, "New York Village Board Postpones Action on Noise Ordinance Due to Split Vote" (Jul. 17, 1997). The Buffalo News reports that the Blasdell (New York) Village Board decided Wednesday to postpone action on a proposed noise ordinance because the board was split on the issue 2-2 in the absence of Mayor Ernest Jewett.

Blasdell, New York, "Village in New York Considers Noise Ordinance Directed at Loud Nighttime Music" (Jul. 3, 1997). The Buffalo News reports that the Village Board in Blasdell, New York will hold a public hearing July 16 on adding a noise ordinance to the village code, in response to complaints from residents about loud music after 2 or 3 a.m. According to the article, the proposed ordinance would limit noise levels to 65 decibels between 9 a.m. and 10 p.m., and 60 decibels from 10 p.m. to 9 a.m., said Village Clerk Barbara Cesar. Noise levels would be measured with a decibel sound meter installed in a police car.

Bloomington, Illinois, "Noise Mitigation Measures are Long Overdue at Illinois Airport" (Jul. 20, 1997). The Pantagraph printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Lois and Eugene Perrine, residents of Bloomington, Illinois, regarding proposed noise mitigation measures at the Bloomington-Normal Airport:

Bloomington, Illinois, "Nostalgic Ice Cream Trucks Considered a Dangerous Nuisance in Cites throughout the United States" (May 27, 1998). The Pantagraph publishes an article discussing the variety of laws and restrictions on ice cream trucks that have popped up across the county.

Blount County, Tennessee, "Blount Count Commissioners Hear Complaints About Noise From Smoky Mountain Raceway" (Mar. 19, 2000). The Knoxville News-Sentinel reports that Blount County, Tennessee commissioners held a meeting recently to discuss complaints about noise coming from the Smoky Mountain Raceway.

Blue Hill, Maine, "Proposed Long Island, Maine Salmon Farm Site Faces Opposition From Residents of Blue Hill Based On Potential Problems with Waters' Oxygen Levels, Disease, Genetics and Noise" (Nov. 1, 1999). The Bangor Daily News reports that a proposed salmon farm off the coast of Long Island in Maine, which would be capable of raising 400,000 Atlantic salmon at a 35-acre site, is being opposed for reasons involving water quality, potential disease outbreaks, and noise. The current proposal will be considered under certain conditions, including noise buffers for boat inboard engines, limitations of noise to only three hours on any day, and use of a drying method for cleaning nets which is quieter than pressure washing. Also, the National Park Service requested that they be consulted on noise and other issues.

Blueberry Farms, British Columbia, Canada, "Quiet Existence of Blueberry Farms, British Columbia Residents Destroyed When Drilling Rights Sold by Province" (Jan. 14, 1998). The Vancouver Sun reports the idyllic existence of residents of Blueberry Farms, British Columbia, Canada ended last summer when they discovered that Calgary-based Remington Energy had purchased the rights to oil and gas reserves under their property. The news came as a shock, because residents were unaware the province retained those rights when making land sales this century and can sell them without notifying or consulting the surface dwellers.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Aircraft Noise Debate Continues in Florida City" (Aug. 10, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that complaints about aircraft noise have been increasing in variety, number, and ferocity in Boca Raton, Florida and surrounding communities. Recent debate has focused on the planned $1 million construction of an air-traffic control tower for the Boca Raton Airport next year, which opponents believe will attract more air traffic and noise. Meanwhile, a resident on a noise committee formed earlier this year said the committee has not been very effective so far.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Debate Continues About Whether an Airport Control Tower Will Increase or Lower Noise in a Florida City" (Aug. 20, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that debate continues in Boca Raton, Florida over whether an airport control tower at Boca Raton Airport, scheduled for construction by the end of the year, will reduce or increase noise levels. On Tuesday, Philip Jones, an air controller for RVA Associates Inc., the company that would run the tower planned for the airport, told members of the airport's noise advisory committee that a tower can help improve noise problems by permitting air traffic controllers to tell pilots to use specific flight routes that avoid residential areas.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Officials and Residents Question the Effectiveness of Airport Noise Committee" (Aug. 27, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the City Council in Boca Raton, Florida has asked to meet with the Airport Authority for the second time in three months over allegations that the recently formed Noise Compatibility Advisory Committee is ineffective. The article says one member of the noise committee resigned last week, and other members complained at a City Council workshop on Monday that the committee is ineffective.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Small-Plane Pilots and Residents Join Forces to Oppose Florida Airport Expansion" (Jul. 13, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that two unlikely groups have joined forces to oppose the expansion of the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport: homeowners and pilots of small planes. The newly formed Boca Raton Aviation Club, a group of small-plane pilots, wants to lease some of vacant land at the airport to create a pilots' cooperative that would offer lower gas and storage prices. Both the pilots and the homeowners want to curb expansion that they fear will increase jet traffic at the busy airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Ice Cream Man Arrested for Noise Violation" (Jun. 7, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that police in Boca Raton, Florida busted ice cream vendor Brian Calvert on May 30 for failing to have a permit to sell ice cream in the city, and playing music to draw customers, thereby violating the city noise ordinance.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Makeup of New Advisory Noise Panel in Florida City Frustrates Citizens Group" (Jun. 5, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport Authority Wednesday created a noise advisory committee to study noise issues at the Boca Raton Airport. Although the authority created slots for six residents on the panel, including three residents from the Boca Raton Airport Action Group, the residents from the citizens group would not be permitted to represent the group on the panel. This move has angered the citizens group, which first raised the noise complaints.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Advisory Noise Committee to Hold its First Meeting in Boca Raton, Florida" (Jun. 16, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the 17-member Noise Compatibility Advisory Committee in Boca Raton, Florida will meet for the first time on Tuesday. The committee, which consists of pilots, airport officials, city officials, and community representatives, will meet regularly to discuss noise and growth issues at the Boca Raton Airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Outlaws Ice Cream Truck Noise" (Jun. 20, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports in an editorial that noise from ice cream trucks is against the law in Boca Raton, Florida. The editorial writer goes on to lament that ice cream trucks have had their friendly bells and music taken away, and to say that silent ice cream trucks are ridiculous.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport and Developer Considering Deal to Prevent Future Homeowners from Suing Against Noise" (Jun. 12, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport Authority will vote today on whether to pay a developer several hundred thousand dollars to prevent future homeowners on a 78-acre parcel of land near the airport from suing about noise. The authority is considering purchasing the "avigation rights" for the land north of the Boca Raton Municipal Airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport Authority Makes Deal to Prohibit Lawsuits From Future Residents" (Jun. 13, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport Authority Thursday approved a $1 million deal that makes it illegal for future residents on a 78-acre parcel of undeveloped land next to the airport's runway to sue the airport due to problems associated with planes flying overhead. The deal, called "avigation" easement, stipulates that future homeowners cannot sue the airport for problems such as noise, vibrations, odors, or vapors. In addition, the airport will have the right to use the airspace over the land parcel without restriction, and this will be written into the deeds.

Boca Raton, Florida, "15,000 Florida Residents Join Alliance to Curb Jet Traffic" (May 13, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that members of the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport Action Group, a new alliance of 14 homeowners' associations representing an estimated 15,000 residents, appeared before the City Council Monday and demanded that jet traffic at Boca Raton Airport be curbed and that the airport be brought back under city control.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Airport Officials in Florida City Say Noise Study Shows No Curfew Needed" (May 21, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport Authority today will unveil a study expected to show no major increase in aircraft noise over the past few years. The study comes at a critical time, when plans for an airport expansion are being met by opposition from organized residents and the city council. The article says that the study results are not expected to dissuade opponents from continuing to call for a flight curfew at the airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport Responds To Residential Concerns" (May 22, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Airport Authority, the City Council, and federal and state aviation officials will be meeting to discuss future airport expansion at the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport. Expansion includes construction of a control tower and the push for a mandetory flight curfew at the airport. Mayor Carol Hanson made motions last month for a mandatory curfew. According to the article, because of a recent change in federal regulation, mandatory regulations are difficult to pass. The Federal Aviation Administration has not approved a mandatory curfew since 1990. The article says that local activist groups are joining forces to voice their say about the airport's expansion.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Mayor Ready to Fight FAA on Local Control Over Airport Noise Issues" (May 24, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that Boca Raton, Florida Mayor Carol Hanson on Friday called on the area's congressional delegation to either ease a federal law restricting flight curfews or give airports the power to fine or ban pilots who ignore noise reduction measures.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Struggles to Accept That It Can't Enforce Local Noise Restrictions" (May 23, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that at a joint meeting Thursday between between the Boca Raton (Florida) City Council and the airport authority to discuss noise issues from the Boca Raton Municipal Airport, members were frustrated to learn that the airport has no power to enforce noise-reduction measures. At a meeting Wednesday, pilots and residents also addressed the issue at the airport authority's monthly meeting.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Noise Opponents of Florida Airport Told Local Restrictions Are Against Federal Law" (May 22, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that at a meeting Wednesday, residents called on the Boca Raton (Florida) Municipal Airport to find ways to cut that noise. The Boca Raton Airport Authority responded that FAA rules limit them from doing much, but said that much noise would lessen if pilots would follow voluntary noise rules the airport has established.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Parties Concerned with Florida Airport Growth Should Gather to Discuss Issues" (May 7, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel printed an editorial in which residents, pilots, and the Airport Authority of the Boca Raton (Florida) Airport are encouraged to sit down together and work out reasonable procedures to deal with aircraft noise that can be reviewed by the Federal Aviation Administration.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport Bans Nighttime and Weekend Touch-And-Go Training Maneuvers" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Airport Authority in Boca Raton, Florida on Wednesday voted unanimously to ban touch-and-go training maneuvers at night and on weekends from the Boca Raton Municipal Airport in an effort to reduce noise. Touch-and-go landings, which are repetitive landings and take-offs by student pilots for training purposes, will be limited to weekdays between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., to take effect on January 1. The ban was recommended by an airport noise committee created several months ago to suggest ways to curb noise at the growing airport. The Pompano Beach Air Park instituted a similar ban on touch-and-go maneuvers in the past year, and as a result, the maneuvers have increased at Boca Raton, the article explains.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport Officials Say City's Growth is Fueling Air Traffic Growth" (Oct. 17, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that a joint meeting between the Boca Raton (Florida) City Council and the airport authority was held Thursday to discuss noise problems at the airport. At the meeting, airport officials said the city's growth is the major reason for the increase in plane traffic. Nevertheless, airport authority officials agreed to create a report gauging what impact the expansion of Boca Aviation, the airport's sole maintenance operator, will have on the airport and nearby neighborhoods. The article says that Boca Aviation plans to build 38 new hangars, new offices, and an 8,000-square-foot jet maintenance center.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Airport Officials Request New Federally Funded Noise Study" (Sep. 16, 1997). The Sun-Sentinel reports that airport officials in Boca Raton, Florida will request Wednesday that the Airport Authority seek federal funding for a new noise study for the city airport called a Part 150 study. The action comes in the midst of continued criticism over airport officials' response to resident concerns about aircraft noise.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Boca Council Member Pushes to Fine Violators of Nighttime Flight Curfews" (Apr. 14, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a Boca Raton City Council member is proposing a resolution that would fine violators of nighttime flight curfews at Boca Raton Airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Editorial Approves Attempts to Quiet Planes at Florida Airport" (Apr. 17, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel printed an editorial that argues that city officials in Boca Raton, Florida should continue their attempts to quiet jets at the Boca Raton Municipal Airport. In addition, the editorial says that progress toward effective noise-abatement procedures will ultimately depend mostly on the voluntary compliance of pilots and airlines, and they should help preserve Boca Raton's high quality of life.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Federal Aviation Administration Rejects Florida City's Plan to Quiet Aircraft Noise" (Apr. 23, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Wednesday rejected a resolution proposed by City Councilor Bill Glass in Boca Raton, Florida to impose curfews on noisy jets at the Boca Raton Airport. The article says that Dean Stringer, an FAA official, told members of the Boca Raton Airport Authority that if the resolution passes, the airport could lose funding from the FAA and Florida Department of Transportation, and could open itself up to lawsuits.

Boca Raton, Florida, "City Council Calls for Curfew at Boca Raton Airport in Effort to Put Officials on Notice" (Apr. 30, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports the Boca Raton, Florida, City Council this week approved a resolution mandating airport officials impose a voluntary night curfew, notify all pilots who violate it, and pursue federal approval for a mandatory ban on night flights.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Land Purchase by Boca Airport Could Create Noise Buffer Zone" (May 2, 1998). The Palm Beach Post reports the Boca Raton Airport is trying to buy property close once planned for residential development to provide a noise buffer between the airport and nearby neighborhoods.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport Tower Put On Hold" (Jan. 17, 1998). Saturday reports that a Federal Aviation Administration ruling concerning the Boca Raton Airport will freeze up funds that would allow for a new control tower. The tower is controversial because its completion would allow for heavier traffic at the Boca Raton airport. Area residents fear the noise that more traffic would bring, while city officials fear the current air traffic congestion as a safety hazard.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Boac Raton, Florida Airport Adopts Ban on Touch-And-Go Maneuvers In Effort to Reduce Noise" (Jan. 7, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports that Boca Raton (Florida) Airport recently instituted a weekend and nighttime ban on touch-and-go maneuvers - repetitive takeoffs and landings by student pilots for training purposes. The ban was one of several recommendations from the Airport Noise Compatibility Committee, an advisory group created by the Airport Authority to boost communication and improve the relationship between pilots, airport officials and homeowners.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida City Council Rules That Resident Must Get Rid of Basketball Court" (Jul. 22, 1998). The Press Journal reports that the code enforcement board in Boca Raton, Florida voted 3-2 Monday that a resident has to get rid of a concrete slab in a vacant lot used as a makeshift basketball court because she couldn't produce a permit for the slab, which was poured in 1965. The issue arose when a resident who lives near the vacant lot complained about the noise from the basketball games.

Boca Raton, Florida, "New Noise Group Aims to Silence Critics of Boca Raton Airport" (Jun. 25, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a new group, Supporters of Aviation Resources Inc., (SOAR), says complaints about airplane noise during the past year have been exaggerated. Its aim is to silence criticism of the Boca Raton Airport.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Airport's New Noise Officer Makes Enforcement Priority" (Mar. 17, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel of Fort Lauderdale reports the city's Airport Authority on Monday appointed a new noise abatement officer.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Airport Advisory Committee Holds Limited Power to Reduce Noise in Boca Raton" (May 5, 1998). The Palm Beach Post reports Boca Raton, Florida, residents heard from members of an advisory committee on airport noise Monday. The committee listed its accomplishments but acknowledged their limited power to decrease airport noise.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Boca Resident Wants to Know Who Controls Noisy Trains" (May 6, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel published an editorial by Boca Raton resident, Louis N. Gordon. In his letter to the editor, Mr. Gordon asks who has jurisdiction over noise from nearby railroad tracks. Mr. Gordon wrote:

Boca Raton, Florida, "City Council Member Pushes for Noise Study at Boca Raton Airport" (May 5, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a public forum, sponsored by Florida's Boca Raton Airport Noise Compatibility Advisory Committee, was held Monday to update residents about changes made by the airport to reduce noise and give residents an opportunity to speak about the noise problem.

Boca Raton, Florida, "FAA Says Noise Study for Florida Airport Not a Priority" (Nov. 20, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a study Florida's Boca Raton Airport must complete before it can further restrict noisy airplanes will not be conducted in the near future, if at all.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Neighbors Disagree over Sound Walls along Florida's U. S. 441" (Apr. 12, 1999). Tthe Sun-Sentinel reports not all residents are in favor of sound walls along U.S. 441 that cuts through Boca Raton, Florida, despite the planned expansion of the road from two to six lanes.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Bill Passed to Change Method of Appointments to Boca Raton, Florida's Airport Authority" (Apr. 30, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Florida Legislature passed a bill that will change the way that members are appointed to the Airport Authority in Boca Raton, Florida. Members of the Boca Raton Airport Action Group say have said that some of the current five members on the airport authority are "arrogant, contentious, and disingenuous." The new bill will create a seven-person authority; previously, members had been appointed by the Chamber of Commerce, but now the City Council will appoint five while the County Commission will select two. Three of the city's choices must live east of the airport, and one must live to the west; these stipulations help to insure that authority members will understand what it's like to live in a flight path. The bill is intended to make the authority more understanding and responsive to residents' concerns.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida's Department of Transportation Will Recommend Whether and How to Build Sound Walls on U.S. 441 Near Boca Raton; Public Hearings Have Split Between Those Wanting Quiet and Those Wanting Aesthetics" (Apr. 27, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports that the Florida Department of Transportation (DOT) will make its recommendation next week to the Federal Highway Department on whether and how to build noise walls on U.S. 441 near Boca Raton. Residents have been split between those wanting relief from growing traffic noise, and those who believe the 18-foot walls will ruin their views and property values, creating "a walled city."

Boca Raton, Florida, "Complaints of Boca Airport Noise Intensify" (Feb. 18, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports residents' complaints about noise from jets flying to and from Florida's Boca Raton Airport are getting louder.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida Politicians and Residents Rally at Boca Raton Airport for More Representation on Airport Board" (Feb. 20, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports protesters gathered at Florida's Boca Raton Airport on Friday to win greater representation on the airport's governing board and more control over noise.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Airport Noise is the Divisive Issue for Local Candidates in Boca Raton, Florida" (Mar. 2, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports noise from Florida's Boca Raton Airport is the issue to debate with local elections a week away.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Endorsement: Vote Yes on Expanding Boca Raton Airport Authority" (Mar. 6, 1999). The Palm Beach Post published an editorial giving the newspaper's endorsement of a YES vote on the question of whether Boca Raton Airport should expand the authority to seven members in give more voice to city residents.

Boca Raton, Florida, "First in US: Naples, Florida, Succeeds in Banning Stage 1 Jets; Other Airport Communities Want Same" (Mar. 6, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel (Fort Lauderdale) reports Naples Airport, Florida, is the first in the United States to receive Federal Aviation Administration approval to ban noisy Stage 1 jets.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida's Boca Raton Airport Considers PR to Quiet Noise Complaints" (Feb. 13, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority may hire a public relations firm to improve its image with the public who is fed up with jet noise.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Residents in Boca Raton, Florida, Object to Industrial-Like Sound Walls" (Feb. 12, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports residents along Florida's State Road 7 object to the aesthetics of federally mandated sound walls that will soon enclose their communities.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Action Group wants Ban on Night Flights at Boca Raton Airport" (Mar. 14, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports Boca Raton, Florida, resident Ellen Lohr who lives northeast of the airport, wants a nighttime ban on all planes and wants a complete ban on what the Federal Aviation Administration calls "Stage One" planes, the loudest and oldest of aircraft. The FAA recently allowed the Naples airport to ban Stage One planes at night. The number of jets taking off and landing at the Boca Raton airport has dramatically increased in the last ten years. In 1990, there were just eight jets based at the airport. Today there are 45. And takeoffs and landings have jumped 42 percent in that time, from 96,000 in 1990 to 136,700 last year - one every four minutes if spread over every hour of every day. The airport's noise hot line logged 318 complaints in January and February, more than triple the amount from the same period last year. About half were for nighttime flights, though most flights occur during the day. When Ellen Lohr moved to Boca Raton in 1990, she fell in love with a relatively quiet South Florida suburb. Now, she's afraid it's turning into a transportation hub. "The planes here, they zoom over the houses," she said. "You can't talk, you can't sleep. It's gotten horrible. Since I've been living here, the quality of my life has severely deteriorated as a result of the noise from the airport," said Lohr, who founded the Boca Raton Airport Action Group (BRAAG) in 1996.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Florida's Boca Raton Airport Begins Noise Study with FAA Grant" (Mar. 19, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority received a federal grant Thursday for a noise study.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Letter: Former Chairman of Florida's Boca Raton Airport Authority Highlights Noise-Reduction Accomplishments of Group" (Mar. 12, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel published the following letter from George W. Blank, past chairman of the Boca Raton Airport Authority and Chairman Emeritus, Federation of Boca Raton Homeowner Associations. Mr. Blank writes to advocate for the Airport Authority and inform readers of the work accomplished towards reducing noise during his tenure:

Boca Raton, Florida, "Many Residents in Boca Raton, Florida Want Smaller Highway Noise Wall Atop Berm Instead of Larger, Less Attractive Wall" (May 6, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports that about 150 residents in Boca Raton, Florida gathered for a rally against a proposed 16-foot to 18-foot noise wall between their homes and U.S. Route 441. Instead, they want an 8-foot wall atop an existing 8-foot berm, which they say would be equally effective and more attractive that the proposed "prison setting." The Department of Transportation says it doesn't have money to buy extra land for berms, and that it's too far along in the process to change plans. Three federal legislators vowed to help residents, saying that a delay is worth it if a more acceptable compromise can be reached.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Residents and State Officials Near Boca Raton Disagree on Noise Walls. On the Turnpike, Residents Who Want Walls Won't Get Them; On State Route 7 Walls Are Planned Despite Resident Protests" (Sep. 16, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports that near Boca Raton, Florida, residents and officials can't agree on the subject of noise walls. On the turnpike, residents want noise walls but the state claims that not enough residents are affected by traffic noise. On State Route 7, the state plans to erect noise walls despite protests from many residents over the walls' appearance. The double standard is caused by different sources of funding.

Boca Raton, Florida, "Automated Horn System that Places Warning Horns at Rail Intersections Instead of On Trains Tested in Boca Raton, Florida" (Sep. 9, 1999). The Sun-Sentinel reports that residents of Boca Raton, Florida seemed enthusiastic after City-Council-sponsored tests of an Automated Horn System at rail crossings. The system places horns at the intersection and focuses them only on the intersection. City Council is considering a free six-month trial of the $15,000 systems. Florida has had night-time bans on train whistles in the past; after being judged too dangerous, the bans are being allowed again if $200,000 four-quadrant gates are installed to prevent cars from sneaking around the gates. Boca Raton is not near the top of the state's priority list for receiving the gates, and so the Automated Horn System is an attractive option.

Bogota, Columbia, "Columbian Airport Says New Runway Will Reduce Noise" (Apr. 30, 1997). Flight International reports that the Colombian Aeronautica Civil (civil-aviation authority) says the addition of a runway to the Eldorado International Airport in Bogota will reduce noise dramatically, even though the runway will increase air-transport movement capacity by 70%. The new runway, which will be parallel to the current runway, will allow approaches and departures to occur simultaneously over the open countryside to the northwest, instead of toward the city to the southeast, the article says. Officials say that this will ensure that few local residents will be affected by aircraft noise.

Bogota, New Jersey, "Railroad Yard in Bogota, New Jersey Agrees to Delay Plans for Second Siding Until Current Complaints of Long-Idling Trains Are Addressed" (Jul. 22, 1999). The Record reports that executives at CSX Corporation, a rail shipping company, have agreed not to build a proposed second siding at their Bogota, New Jersey Railyard until complaints over long-idling engines are addressed. Engines that idle up to 30 hours spew fumes and noise into the lives of nearby residents. CSX plans to discuss alternatives with local lawmakers, and say that the problems are caused by problems at another railyard near Albany, New York.

Boise, Idaho, "Teen Says Boise's New Noise Ordinance Is Unfair" (Apr. 28, 1997). The Idaho Statesman printed the following editorial from Janelle Wilson, a teenager in Boise, Idaho, regarding the city's new noise ordinance:

Boise, Idaho, "Salvation Army in Boise Fights Order to Build Wall to Protect Neighbors From Noise" (Aug. 31, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that the Salvation Army in Boise, Idaho is fighting a directive from the city's Planning and Zoning Commission to build a 10-foot masonry wall at its State Street store to shield nieghbors from noise. The Salvation Army plans to take its case to the Boise City Council on Sept. 9, the article says.

Boise, Idaho, "Boise Considers Ordinance to Control Barking Dogs" (Jul. 28, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that city attorneys in Boise, Idaho are drafting an extension of the city's new noise ordinance that would include measures to control barking dogs.

Boise, Idaho, "Home Depot Store in Boise Takes Measures to Reduce Noise, While City Considers Revoking its Permit" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that the Boise (Idaho) Planning and Zoning Commission discussed at its meeting Monday whether there was enough evidence to justify revoking the conditional-use permit of a Home Depot store at 1200 N. Milwaukee St., after residents complained about noise from the store. Boise Planning Director Wayne Gibbs said the store is making progress in reducing its noise levels, the article says. No decision was made on the permit, and according to Rinda Just, acting chair of the commission, no revocation would occur until the city attorney's office had studied the issue.

Boise, Idaho, "Idaho County to Decide on Exemption to Noise Law Involving Sporting Events and Fairs" (Jun. 26, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that Ada County (Idaho) Commissioners will hold a special meeting today to vote on an amendment to the county's noise ordinance that would allow regularly scheduled sporting events and fairs to be exempt from the regulations. The noise ordinance was passed in early June, and prohibits noise that is plainly audible from 100 feet of the source between 10 p.m and 7 a.m. Already exempted from the ordinance are emergency sirens, trains, planes, and authorized fireworks displays. If approved, the new exemption would allow the Boise Hawks Stadium to continue to use their PA system after 10 p.m.

Boise, Idaho, "Idaho Residents' Concerns About Proposed Party Facility Causes Entrepreneur to Withdraw Idea" (Oct. 21, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that the Boise City Planning and Zoning Commission approved a request for a conditional-use permit for a commercial reception center in a residential neighborhood in Northwest Boise. But the prospective buyer who requested the permit said she will not go forward with plans for the facility because nearby residents are opposed to it. Residents have said they are worried that the center would create noise, congested traffic, and parking problems.

Boise, Idaho, "City and County Noise Ordinances in Idaho Prove Effective" (Oct. 4, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports that two noise ordinances passed this year in Boise and Ada County, Idaho appear to be working, according to officials. Noise citations are up and complaints are down, they said.

Boise, Idaho, "Idaho Resident Complains About Booming Car Stereos; Police Say Noise Ordinance is in Place, But it's Difficult to Catch Violators in Cars" (Apr. 24, 1998). The Idaho Statesman reports that Jim Asbury, a resident of Boise, Idaho, has complained to police about noise from booming car stereos near the Fairview Avenue and Mitchell Street intersection. Police say they have investigated noise complaints in the area, but have difficulty catching violators in cars with loud stereos.

Boise, Idaho, "Boise City Council Will Consider New Ordinance to Silence Barking Dogs" (Jun. 21, 1998). The Idaho Statesman reports that Boise City Council will be considering a new noise ordinance aimed at barking dogs.

Boise, Idaho, "Boise Commissioners Say New Road to Abate Truck Noise" (Mar. 12, 1998). The Idaho Statesman of Boise reports Ada County Highway District commissioners approved a new road plan to reduce garbage trucks' noise.

Boise, Idaho, "Idaho Environmentalists Fight Air Force Training Range Expansion" (Mar. 12, 1998). The Idaho Statesman reports environmentalists don't believe the Air Force will adequately protect Owyhee Desert wilds from a training range expansion, so they are in Washington, DC, trying to halt the project.

Boise, Idaho area, "Idaho County Should Revise Noise Ordinance" (Jun. 24, 1997). The Idaho Statesman reports in an editorial that Ada County's new noise ordinance should be revised to be more flexible, but fair and strict at the same time. The shortcomings of the ordinance were obvious, the editorial says, during a recent outdoor concert and baseball game.

Bolton, Connecticut, "Center Rumble Strip Designed to Reduce Head-On Collisions on Bolton, Connecticut's Route 6 Irritates Neighbors with Noise" (Sep. 16, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports that a rumble strip installed in the center of Route 6 in Bolton, Connecticut is causing irritating noise for residents. Cars and trucks tend to ride the strip all along its length, and residents claim that the rumble strip -- while a good idea - is causing too much noise and is not the answer.

Bonn, Germany, "German Government Approves Aircraft Emissions and Noise Proposals" (Sep. 17, 1997). AFX News reports Germany's federal cabinet has approved a collection of proposals from the transportation and environment ministries that aim to reduce aircraft emissions and noise, according to a joint statement from the ministries. The statement also said that aircraft noise and emissions reduction would be encouraged through financial incentives -- for example, the tax break for the use of jet fuel could be eliminated, and taxes on aircraft take-offs and landings could be restructured.

Boston, MA, "Boston's Big Dig Attempts to Keep Noise Down" (Jan. 25, 1998). The Chicago Tribune reports that in Boston the biggest public works project since the building the Great Pyramids continues while officials attempt to maintain a quality of life for residents. Known as the Big Dig, the project will ultimately create a complex of highways that will run through and under Boston, hopefully eliminating the city's infamous traffic congestion.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Noise Abatement Flight Paths Ignored at Boston's Airport" (Jul. 17, 1997). The Patriot Ledger reports that last fall, a new flight path was approved for Boston's Logan International Airport, designed to give residents in Milton and Quincy relief from airplane noise. However, local officials said this week that pilots consistently ignore the flight path during off-peak travel times, taking planes over Milton. The comments came at a meeting Tuesday between state and local officials from several South Shore towns, officials from Massport, and officials from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The meeting was called to discuss Massport's expansion plan for the airport, which includes the addition of a 5,000-foot runway, but local officials expressed frustration about continuing airplane noise and the lack of communication with Massport and the FAA.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Boston's Big Dig Highway Project Spends Millions on Noise and Other Mitigation Costs" (Sep. 17, 1997). The Washington Post reports that officials managing Boston's "Big Dig," a massive highway project to build an eight-lane highway under the downtown at a cost of nearly $11 billion, are spending about a quarter of the project money on mitigating the negative impacts of the project. Critics say Big Dig bosses give money to anyone who's smart enough to threaten a lawsuit. But the bosses say their approach simply illustrates the reality of undertaking a large public infrastructure project in the late 1990s. Their approach, the article says, is a combination of engineering, traffic management, eco-sensitivity, social work, and ward-heeling that could indicate how the U.S. will approach other road and bridge projects, which across the country need hundreds of billions of dollars worth of repair.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Weymouth Residents Complain of Increased Aircraft Noise from Logan; Massport to Investigate" (Apr. 30, 1998). The Patriot Ledger of Quincy, Massachusetts, reports state officials plan to investigate why there is an increase in aircraft noise complaints from residents in Weymouth. Several hundred people living in those areas have signed a petition complaining of increased airplane noise.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Massport asked by Resident to Quiet Skies Surrounding Logan" (Apr. 8, 1998). The Patriot Ledger reports residents are seeking relief from noise made by aircraft traffic noise near Logan.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Jet Ski Operators Claimed to be the Source of Safety Problems" (Aug. 2, 1998). The Boston Herald reports that jet skis, though considered extremely dangerous by detractors, may not be as much of a threat as they have been perceived to be. The article claims that Jet Ski related accidents comprise only two of the 140 boat-related deaths in Massachusetts since 1987 even though jet ski ownership is on the rise.

Boston, Massachusetts, "MBTA Includes Whistles in T Noise Study; Neighbors Hope for Noise Mitigation" (Jul. 7, 1998). The Patriot Ledger reports the MBTA has agreed to study the noise impact of the trains on Boston's Old Colony lines, including the whistles that engineers blow four times at each street crossing.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Noisy Leaf Blowers Replace Quiet Rakes in Suburban United States" (Nov. 14, 1998). The Boston Globe reports the noisy leaf blower has taken its place alongside the snow blower and ride-on lawn mover as tools of modern suburban living outside Boston, Massachusetts, and throughout the United States.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Officials of Boston's Big Dig Respond to Noise Complaints" (Nov. 12, 1998). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports it's noisy having one of the nation's largest construction projects going on in your backyard, according to residents of Boston's North End neighborhood.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Flight Paths out of Boston's Logan Airport May Stir Neighborhood Tensions" (Oct. 1, 1998). The Boston Globe reports that changed flight patterns at Logan Airport may pit Boston neighborhoods against each other.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Foes of Third Runway at Boston's Logan Airport Question Environmental Justice of Project" (Apr. 12, 1999). The Boston Globe reports opponents of a third runway at Boston's Logan Airport are wielding a new argument these days: environmental injustice.

Boston, Massachusetts, "EPA Official Tells FAA that the Proposed New Runway at Boston's Logan Airport is Not Justified" (Apr. 23, 1999). The Patriot Ledger reports that John P. DeVillars, the Environmental Protection Agency's regional administrator, wrote a 16-page letter to the FAA saying that a proposed new mile-long runway at Boston's Logan Airport is not justified. He discussed problems such as increased noise, pollution, and environmental injustice, and emphasized the need to encourage a more regional approach to transportation. This approach would include encouraging the use of other regional airports, and promoting the increased use of Amtrak and its soon to be introduced high-speed line between Boston and New York.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Logan Expansion Faces Legislative and Environmental Hurdles as Opponents Rally To Halt Runway Plan" (Apr. 23, 1999). The Boston Globe reports that Senator Thomas Birmingham and environmental groups are rallying the EPA to halt the construction of a runway that they say will negatively affect residents of Chelsea and surrounding communities and that a supposed increase in flights does not warrant the construction.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Third Mass. Congressman Opposes New Runway at Logan Airport" (Apr. 18, 1999). The Boston Globe reports a third Massachusetts congressman, citing noise pollution, recently joined the opposition of a new runway at Boston's Logan Airport.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Mass. Business Leaders and Politicians Choosing Sides in New Logan Runway" (Apr. 8, 1999). The Boston Herald reports Boston business leaders last night stated their support for a new runway at Logan Airport along with Gov. Paul Cellucci and Logan Airport officials while Mayor Thomas M. Menino and some members of the state's congressional delegation strongly opposed the addition.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Since Scandal Forced Key Massachusetts Port Authority Official to Resign, Status of Fight Over New Runway at Boston's Logan Airport is Unclear" (Aug. 29, 1999). The Boston Globe reports that since a scandal forced a key official to resign, the status of a fight over a new runway at Boston's Logan Airport is unclear. Runway opponents believe that the governor -- who supports the runway -- is now more likely to put politics aside and consider more regional solutions, including a new airport.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Mass. Communities Disagree on Logan Airport Expansion; Community Advisory Group Challenges Massport on Tactics, Disclosure, and Equity" (Feb. 21, 1999). The Boston Globe reports critics ask tough questions of Massport's plans to new runway at Logan Airport. Residents on the Community Advisory Committee, who represent towns affected by Logan, want answers about airport capacity, long-range planning, equity, and value of residents' quality of life.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Noise-Burdened Mass. Neighborhoods Oppose New Runway at Logan, Look to Governor and Mayor for Support" (Mar. 2, 1999). The Boston Globe published an editorial suggesting it is time for Governor Paul Cellucci's administration, and Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino, to reconsider plans to build a new runway for Logan Airport.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Residents Refuse to Support Massport Plan that Shifts Logan Airport Noise from One Neighborhood to the Next" (Mar. 2, 1999). The Boston Globe reports critics contend Massport's tactic to win support for a new runway plan at Logan Airport by promising that flights will decrease over the neighborhoods hardest-hit by noise has backfired.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Editorial: Despite Political "Mumbo-Jumbo," New Logan Runway Means More Noise for "Working Stiffs"" (Feb. 13, 1999). The Boston Globe published an editorial contending that a new runway at Boston's Logan Airport is a done political deal, but only a quick fix. Meanwhile citizens who suffer from airport noise will only suffer more.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Mass. Moves Forward with Logan Runway Project Despite Objections from South Shore Residents" (Feb. 12, 1999). The Patriot Ledger reports the new runway project at Boston's Logan Airport is being touted by the state as an economic boon while residents of at least one South Shore town predict increased noise pollution will be their lot.

Boston, Massachusetts, "New Runway at Boston's Logan Airport Pits Residents Against Business Leaders" (Feb. 12, 1999). The Boston Globe reports a proposed new runway at Boston's Logan Airport divides many business leaders from numerous residents who live in the city and its suburbs.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Bills in the Mass. State House Could Block Logan's Proposed New Runway" (Mar. 23, 1999). The Boston Herald reports supporters and opponents of a new runway at Logan Airport are expected to face each other this morning at a contentious Massachusetts' State House hearing on bills that would block the runway's construction.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Opposition to Logan Expansion Builds in Massachusetts" (Mar. 28, 1999). The Boston Globe reports the Massachusetts Port Authority's momentum to get a new runway built at Logan Airport is slowly being matched by the opposition of residents, activists, leaders, and politicians.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Editorial: US Rep. Criticizes Massport's Plan for New Runway at Logan Airport" (Mar. 10, 1999). The Boston Globe published an editorial by Michael Capuano, US Representative from Massachusetts's 8th District. Capuano believes a third runway at Logan Airport should not be built for a variety of reasons including the fact it will increase noise in neighborhoods and communities already burdened with aircraft noise.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Mass. Resident Criticizes Logan Expansion; Asks Massport to Consider Noise Effects on Residents" (Mar. 8, 1999). The Boston Globe published a letter from Massachusetts resident Jacques Weissgerber criticizing Massport's disregard of residents of Boston and nearby communities as it proceeds with its plan to build a third runway at Logan Airport. Weissgerber writes:

Boston, Massachusetts, "Massport Promotes New Runway at Logan; Noise Activists Charge Misuse of Funds" (Mar. 12, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire Associated Press reports the Massachusetts Port Authority is using paid advertisements to promote a new runway at Boston's Logan Airport, a move that has angered some airport and noise activists.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Boston's Logan Airport and Others Should Compenstate Neighbors" (May 18, 1999). The Boston Globe printed an Opinion piece by an MIT management and economics professor Lester Thurow suggesting that political difficulties with expanding airports, or better yet developing high-speed rail, be solved the way they are in France: financial compensation. In France, residents receive monthly checks depending on how close they live to power plants to compensate them for the risks. Thurow suggests that we pay premiums for houses that have to be torn down, compensate for train noise, and get a real high-speed rail system underway.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Boston Man Claims in Thirty Years of Living in "Problem Neighborhoods", Aircraft Noise Has Never Bothered Him" (May 8, 1999). The Patriot Ledger prints an opinion piece, claiming that jet noise from Logan airport has never been a big deal. The author has a thirty year history in the area, living in Quincy and Squantum, and frequently relaxing with friends outside in Houghs Neck, Germantown, Wollaston and Montclair. He has never had problems reading, conversing, or balancing a glass of beer through it all. While he acknowledges that air traffic could increase with a proposed new runway at Logan, he says it could be positioned to take most air traffic out over water, diminishing impact on residential areas.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Communities Surrounding Boston, Massachusetts Weigh In on Logan Airport's Proposed New Runway" (May 2, 1999). The Boston Globe reports that many of the communities affected by noise from Boston, Massachusetts' Logan Airport oppose proposed new 5,000-foot runway 14/32 , but their concerns differ slightly. Airport officials claim the new runway would reduce delays and spread noise more evenly over the area surrounding the airport; opponents believe the runway will add noise in the long run. Some opponents criticize the use of computer models instead of real noise monitors, but the airport claims that the FAA prefers computer models because there is no noise from other sources such as traffic or construction.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Massachusetts' Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) Office Approves Massashusetts Port Authority (Massport) Environmental Review, Insiders Say MEPA Will Ask Massport to Iron Out Details" (May 7, 1999). The Boston Globe reports that the Massachusetts' Port Authority (MassPort) has won preliminary approval of its environmental review of a new Logan Airport runway from the state's Environmental Policy Act (MEPA) office. Insiders say MEPA is asking Massport to revise pieces of the draft before it formally approves it, including specific plans to encourage use of other nearby airports and a 'peak pricing' fare plan that would charge more to airlines during prime flight times. Both revisions are aimed at reducing traffic and peak demand at Logan. MEPA also considered over 1,000 public comments, making the runway the second-most commented on review ever.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Research Suggests that a Sauna's Mild Heat Shock May Activate Genes that Protect Against Hearing Loss" (Nov. 27, 1999). The New Scientist reports that a study at Boston's Harvard Medical School suggests that a sauna -- which essentially subjects the body to mild heat shock -- may prepare the ears to better handle excessive noise. Heat-shock proteins normally serve to protect proteins from unfolding and to re-fold damaged ones; once activated by the sauna, these proteins may be protecting proteins that could normally be damaged by noise.

Boston, Massachusetts, "Housing Association in Bellingham, Massachusetts Reach Agreement with Power Company over Noise Levels" (Dec. 2, 1999). Business Wire reports that the Box Pond Association in Bellingham, Massachusetts has settled a dispute with American National Power over a proposed power plant after the company agreed to reduce pollution and noise.

Boston, Massachusetts area, "Massachusetts Airport Noise Opponents Are Disappointed at Officials' Response to Their Noise Recommendations" (Sep. 23, 1997). The Patriot Ledger reports that residents and local officials in the Boston, Massachusetts area who are seeking a reduction of aircraft noise from Boston's Logan International Airport are disappointed at state and federal officials' response to noise mitigation recommendations they made earlier this year. Residents of Milton, Braintree, and Dorchester presented a list of recommendations to Massport and Federal Aviation Administration officials in July, and the agencies issued a five-page response to the recommendations this month.

Boulder, Colorado, "Nuns in Colorado Move their Abbey Due to Noise and Development" (Jun. 29, 1997). The Dallas Morning News reports that the 22 nuns at the Abbey of St. Walburga near Boulder, Colorado have decided to move their abbey because of the noise and development that now surround their once-rural home. The article says the nuns are building a new abbey on a donated plot of land near the Colorado-Wyoming border, about a two-hour drive north from their current location.

Boulevard Park, Washington, "Washington School Battles Airport For Insulation Against Noise" (Mar. 11, 1998). The Seattle Times reports that airport officials at the Seattle Tacoma International Airport in Washington have agreed to insulate schools against noise pollution, including a possible air conditioning system.

Bournemouth, England, "English Boy's Complaint About Noisy Neighbor Leads to Neighbor's Eviction" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Daily Mail reports that Jeanette King and her two children of Bournemouth, England have been evicted from their home after a 13-year-old neighbor complained that King's non-stop playing of Frank Sinatra and Dire Straits records were preventing him from doing his homework.

Bowling Green, Kentucky, "Fight is Shaping up Over Proposal for Airpark in Kentucky" (Jul. 27, 1998). The Courier-Journal reports that a battle is shaping up over a proposal to build a 3,000-acre airport and industrial-park complex outside Bowling Green, Kentucky, near Smiths Grove, a town of about 700. Today, the article says, a feasibility study compiled by HNTB Corp. will be released that will identify at least two proposed sites for an airpark. Meanwhile, a residents group has formed that opposes the airpark.

Boynton Beach, Florida, "Noise Barrier is Extended in Florida to Protect Elementary School" (Sep. 4, 1997). The Palm Beach Post reports that the Forest Park Elementary School in Boynton Beach, Florida will receive a noise barrier to protect it from noise pollution from Interstate 95. The Florida Department of Transportation reconsidered its earlier decision not to build the barrier behind the school.

Boynton Beach, Florida, "Florida Limits Homes Near Highways; Fears Losing Federal Money for Sound Walls" (Nov. 21, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports a federal policy limiting home construction near highways is threatening to stop a controversial housing project west of Boynton Beach, Florida.

Boynton, Florida and Ocean Ridge, Florida, "Florida's Sleep Deprived Residents in Ocean Ridge Complain about Restaurant's Amplified Music; Restaurant Owners Say They Will Conduct Self-Monitoring of Noise Levels" (Jun. 12, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports that residents living at Ocean Ridge complain they have gotten little sleep for the last 1 1/2 years due to the amplified music that plays at the Banana Boat Restaurant located across from the Intracoastal Waterway in Boynton Beach. Restaurant owners, Tom Blum and John Therien, are looking into the issue and have said they will monitor the noise levels when bands play Thursday through Sunday evenings.

Braintree, Massachusetts, "Residents Complain About Increased Noise from Commuter Train in Massachusetts" (Oct. 15, 1997). The Patriot Ledger reports that a meeting was held yesterday in Braintree, Massachusetts commuter-train station between residents, elected officials, and representatives from the MBTA to discuss the noise problems produced by Red Line and Old Colony trains. The meeting was arranged by State Representative Joseph Sullivan (D-Braintree), who is chair of the House Transportation Committee, and was held at the station platform so MBTA officials could hear the noise produced. Residents of Hawthorne Place condominiums, Georganna Street, and French Avenue complained that the new commuter trains are adding to noise already caused by the Red Line and freight trains.

Braintree, Massachusetts, "Braintree Company Responds to Noise Complaints" (Mar. 10, 1998). The Patriot Ledger reports King Hill Road residents in Braintree have asked selectman to take action on noisy delivery trucks at a nearby business.

Brandenton, Florida, "Letter to the Editor Trashes Airboats as an Annoyance and a Danger to Fishermen, Wildlife, and Residents" (Oct. 15, 1999). Sarasota Herald-Tribune prints a letter to the editor from a Brandenton, Florida man concerned about the impact of airboats. He says that their noise and intrusiveness are a problem for residents, wildlife, and fishermen. Further, he says that the decibel-based ordinance passed in a nearby community is unenforceable.

Brandon, Florida, "Residents in Brandon, Florida, Complain about Noise from Students in Portable Classrooms" (Nov. 1, 1997). The Tampa Tribune reports that noise is one complaint that residents in Brandon, Florida, have about the use of portable classrooms that are parked at the McLane Middle School. Other complaints about the trailers and portables range from decreasing property values to unpleasant smells from the portable toilets to the inconvenience caused by portions of streets blocked off during school hours so that children can cross the streets safely.

Bream, United Kingdom, "Noise and Smell from Chicken Farm in Bream, United Kingdom Is So Bad that District Councillors Are Recommending that a Proposed Development of Forty Houses Be Built Elsewhere" (Aug. 3, 1999). The Gloucester Citizen reports that a proposal to build forty houses near a noisy, smelly chicken farm in Bream, U.K. has met with resistance from the District Council.

Brentwood, California, "Oil Rigs in Brentwood, CA Neighborhood Noisy and Unsightly" (Jan. 23, 1998). The San Francisco Chronicle reports that residents in a section of southern Brentwood, California, are upset about the noise coming from oil drilling in their backyards.

Brentwood, Tennessee, "Georgia Woman Boycotts Tennessee Because of Noise From Interstate" (Apr. 23, 1999). A letter to the editor in The Tennessean reports that one woman will never spend "another dime" in Tennessee because of the state's refusal to build sound walls along the interstate behind her child's home.

Brentwood, Tennessee, "Visitor to Brentwood, Tennessee Says Highway Noise is an Unbearable Disgrace" (Apr. 23, 1999). The Tennessean prints this letter to the editor written by the mother of a Brentwood, Tennessee resident. When she recently visited her children, the noise from Interstate 65 was too loud to allow conversations. She feels that this unmitigated problem is a disgrace to the community and to the state.

Brevard County, Florida, "Proponents of Florida Airboat Ban Expect "Battle;" Boaters Plan Demonstration" (May 15, 1998). The Press Journal of Vero Beach, Florida, reports airboaters are organizing a demonstration on Sunday to protest a possible ordinance prohibiting airboats from operating in the Sebastian and Indian Rivers.

Brevard County, Florida, "Florida Airboat Owners Demonstrate on River Hoping to Prevent Ban" (May 18, 1998). The Press Journal reports the owners of airboats took guests on a "trail ride" to protest a proposed ban being considered by Florida's Indian River and Brevard counties. Airboat owners hoped to prove noise complaints were unfounded.

Bridgeton, Missouri, "Missouri Community Weighs Zoning Requests That May Cause Noise Pollution" (Dec. 8, 1997). The St. Louis Post Dispatch reports that Bridgeton (Missouri) City Council is considering two zoning requests, one from Dierbergs Markets and another from a church that wants to build an assisted-living center for the elderly. One major issue in the determination concerns the amount of noise pollution the proposals might produce.

Brisbane, Australia, "New Nuisance Laws in Brisbane, Australia Carry Fines for Noise and Smells" (May 2, 1999). The Australian General News reports that under new nuisance laws, complaints will first attract a warning. For second and third offenses $120 and $240 will be levied, respectively, though a spokesman said on-the-spot fines would likely be less than that. Nuisances covered under the laws would include noise and smells; currently, 47% of nuisance complaints relate to noise. Currently, it is difficult to enforce nuisance laws because it's difficult to get a prosecution.

Brisbane, Australia, "Street Sweeper In Brisbane, Australia Adjusts Truck and Dramatically Lowers Noise Intensity" (May 5, 1999). AAP Newsfeed reports that a street sweeper in Brisbane, Australia managed to cut the noise his truck makes from 86 to 73 dBs by making mechanical adjustments. His 2:30 AM rounds had been prompting complaints, but by speeding the brush speed while lowering the engine revolutions, noise was reduced dramatically. Normal ambient noise, including typical traffic, is about 55-60 dBs in the community.

Brisbane, Australia, "Brisbane, Australia Group Tells Senate Inquiry that Proposed Parallel Runway at Brisbane Airport Would Make Learning Difficult for Children, Exacerbate Health Problems for All" (Nov. 15, 1999). The Australian General News reports that a statement from Ban Aircraft over Residential Brisbane (BARB) was presented to a senate inquiry in Brisbane, Australia on problems associated with the proposed parallel runway at Brisbane Airport; potential problems include increased learning difficulties in schoolchildren and health problems.

Bristol, Connecticut, "Neighbors in Bristol, Connecticut Frustrated Because Dirt Bike Riders on Private Property Are Allowed to Keep Riding With Owner's Permission" (Apr. 7, 2000). The Hartford Courant in Connecticut reports that some residents in Bristol have complained to the city about motorcyclists, many of them teenagers, who ride on a dirt track near their homes. Nearly one hundred neighbors signed a petition asking the city to restrict the hours that the bikers can ride to before 6:00 PM, with a ban on riding on Sundays.

Bristol, England, "Town Council In UK To Fine Noisy Neighbors" (Jul. 8, 1999). According to the Bristol Evening Post, the town council has warned noisy neighbors to keep down the noise or go to court.

Bristol, England, "Floating Nightclub Might Be Moved to Different Dock Mooring to Reduce Noise" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Bristol Evening Post reports that a nightclub aboard a ship moored at the Bristol, England City Docks might be moved to a different mooring because of noise complaints from nearby residents.

Bristol, England, "Reader in Bristol, England Comments on Low-Level Low Frequency Noise" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Bristol United Press in Bristol, England printed a letter by reader M. Ashby concerning low-level low frequency noise. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

Bristol, England, "Residents in Bristol, England Annoyed by Noise from Local Pub" (Mar. 13, 2000). The Bristol Evening Post in England reports that residents who live near to the George Pub in Chipping Sodbury are disturbed by the noise from the pub. The South Gloucestershire Council has investigated the complaints.

Bristol, England area, "U.K. Court Rejects Bid to Re-Launch Airport Expansion" (Jun. 13, 1997). The Press Association Newsfile reports that the British High Court ruled today that British Aerospace cannot resurrect its plan for a commercial airport at historic Filton aerodrome near Bristol, England. The court upheld the joint decision by the former Transport and Environment Secretaries that refused planning permission to develop the 400-acre site after a public inquiry.

Bristol, Rhode Island, "ACLU Says Noise Ordinance in Bristol, RI, Violates First Amendment, Files Lawsuit" (Aug. 6, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the ACLU of Rhode Island has filed a federal lawsuit charging that the town of Bristol's noise ordinance violates the First Amendment.

Bristol, Rhode Island, "Rhode Island Town's New Ordinance is Tougher but Will it Work?" (Apr. 19, 2000). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reported that the Town Council in Bristol asked residents to identify areas in their neighborhoods and throughout the town that are noise problems.

Bristol, RI, "Noise Ordinance in Bristol, RI, Challenged and Repealed for Being Too Broad and Vague" (Nov. 18, 1998). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports the town of Bristol, RI, has agreed to repeal a noise ordinance that was challenged in a lawsuit filed by the American Civil Liberties of Rhode Island.

Bristol, United Kingdom, "Roofing Firm in Bristol, U.K. Has Six Months to Move Out After Noise Complaints from Residents; Business Argues They Are Not Too Loud, and Their Replacement Could Be Louder" (Aug. 27, 1999). The Bristol Evening Post reports that a roofing company in south Bristol, United Kingdom has generated enough noise complaints that the local council has given them six months to leave their premises. Owners of the business deny that they are too loud, cite 10 years of harmony with neighbors before this, and say that their replacement could be even louder.

Brixham, United Kingdom, "Brixham, U.K. Woman Is Fined -- and Her Stereo Equipment Is Confiscated -- for Repeated Noise Disturbances" (Nov. 5, 1999). The Herald Express reports that a Brixham, U.K. woman was fined for repeated late-night disturbances. Three stereo systems were also confiscated. She offered to electronically limit the volume on her stereo for 50 pounds, but officers said it was too late.

Broad Ripple, Indiana, "Neighbors of New Off-Leash Dog Park in Broad Ripple, Indiana Worry About Noise, Smell, and Health Issues" (Jul. 21, 1999). The Indianapolis Star reports that neighbors of a new off-leash dog park in Broad Ripple, Indiana are worried about noise, smell, and health issues that the park may create. The grassy two-acre fenced-in zone has benches and a dispenser with disposable bags for picking up after pets, and will be open from dawn until dusk. Advocates say that dogs rarely bark at a dog park because they aren't bored, lonely, or territorial. Also, dog owners tend to consistently clean up after their pets because of positive peer pressure from other owners. Park officials will be stationed at the "bark park" during peak hours, and will do periodical walk-throughs and disinfecting of waste receptacles. Owners will register their pets at the park offices, and will be barred from bringing food, alcohol, or children under 12; any problem dogs will also be banned.

Bronte, Ontario, Canada, "Canadian Accordian Player Refuses to Lower the Volume at his Outdoor Performances" (May 27, 1998). The Toronto Star reports that an accordion player in Bronte, Ontario has been asked by residents and police to lower the volume at his outdoor concerts at Bronte Harbor, just across from the Lakeside Marketeria on Bronte Road, and move to a new location. But the musician refuses to accommodate the requests. Police say they may ask a judge to impose restrictions on the musician's entertainment.

Brookhaven, New York, "New York County Police Officers Set Up Traps to Capture All-Terrain Vehicle Riders" (May 12, 1997). Newsday reports that Suffolk County (New York) police officers this weekend impounded five all-terrain vehicles and issued summonses to their drivers near Brookhaven, New York. The police operation, in conjunction with officials from Brookhaven Town, the Suffolk Parks Department, and the state Department of Conservation, set up traps Saturday to capture the all-terrain vehicle riders and charged them with having open alcoholic beverages and operating an all-terrain vehicle without the property owners' permission. Police officials' action came after serious complaints from property owners about the noise and dust from the vehicles, which are now banned on public land.

Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, "Minnesota Orchestra Gets OK for Amphitheater, but Opponents Vow to Fight Noise Variance" (Mar. 24, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports while the Minnesota Orchestra won approval Wednesday for an outdoor concert amphitheater, it still faces a number of major hurdles, including obtaining a noise variance.

Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, "Residents in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota Oppose Minnesota Orchestra's Proposed Outdoor Amphitheater, Petition City Council to Ban Outdoor Amphitheaters in Residential Zones Entirely" (May 7, 1999). The Star Tribune reports that nearly 400 people attended a recent Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) meeting on whether to grant a noise variance to the Minnesota Orchestra's proposed outdoor amphitheater in Brooklyn Park. Most were against the project, saying the amphitheater will increase traffic, crime, and noise. 14 homes and a church would need to agree to any noise variance, but at least two are refusing to negotiate.

Brooksville, Florida, "Shock Jock Defends His Loud but Legal Nightclub at County Commission in Hernando County, Florida" (May 12, 1999). The St. Petersburg Times reports that Clem, a radio shock-jock in Hernando County, Florida visited the County Commission to defend his nightclub against noise complaints. The nightclub is within the local noise ordinance limits, but neighbors are still complaining. Clem has pledged to install noise-blocking panels, and pays off-duty sheriffs deputies to patrol the parking lot on weekends, and insists that he is doing nothing wrong.

Broomfield, Colorado, "Broomfield, Colorado's Jefferson County Airport Is Growing; Officials Are Pleased, But Some Residents Complain that Noise Is Getting Worse" (Jan. 29, 2000). The Daily Camera reports that Broomfield, Colorado's Jefferson County Airport is growing, having increased by 10,000 operations during 1999. Residents feel that more and bigger planes have been using the airport, bringing with them more noise. Airport officials say this indicates a healthy economy, but have some voluntary noise rules in place to quiet the noise.

Brown Deer, Wisconsin, "Wisconsin Town Board Tells Resident They Can't Regulate Lawn Mower Noise" (Jun. 19, 1997). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports that Village Board members in Brown Deer, Wisconsin told a resident Monday they don't believe they have the power to restrict lawn mower noise. The resident, Jerry Freidenfeld, had asked the board to help him turn down the noise on the volume of the lawn mowers used by some of his neighbors.

Brownsburg, Indiana, "Resident in Brownsburg, Indiana Presents a Case Against the Proposed Conversion of a Trap Shooting Range Into a Police Firing Range" (Nov. 12, 1999). The Indianapolis Star reports that a resident living near a trap-shooting club in Brownsburg, Indiana urged the town not to convert the facility into a police firing range. She came with substantial evidence, including maps and guidelines for the creation of firing ranges. The town is currently conducting a study that will look at noise and safety issues.

Broxtowe and Nottingham, England, "Police Step Up Patrols in Public Parks to Curb Noise from Teenage Motorcyclists in Nottingham and Boxtowe, England" (Jun. 2, 1998). The Nottingham Evening Post reports that teenage motorcyclists have been annoying residents in Nuthall streets and other areas around the city that are near Broxtowe Country Park in England. The article says police are stepping up patrols in the park to stop the youngsters who are riding there illegally.

Brunswick, Ohio, "Ohio Residents Oppose Firing Range; Noise and Loss of Property Value Among Objections" (Nov. 24, 1998). The Plain Dealer reports a proposed police shooting range in Brunswick Hills, Ohio, brought our dozens of residents yesterday who voiced their objections to noise and loss of property value.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Group Wants European Union To Set New Noise Rules For Airports" (Apr. 29, 1997). The publication Airports reports that the European Center of Enterprises with Public Participation (CEEP), the union of public-owned enterprises in Brussels, Belgium, has said that the European Union should take a leading role in combating airport noise levels by issuing new rules on land-use planning for its 15 member states and tighter noise restrictions for aircraft. The CEEP's comments came in response to the European Commission's November 1996 "green paper" on noise pollution, the article says.

Brussels, Belgium, "Charter Airplane Operators Complain About New Nighttime Noise Rules at Brussels Airport" (Jun. 4, 1997). Aviation Daily reports that charter airlines and other operators using noisy aircraft are complaining about new nighttime regulations at Brussels Airport International.

Brussels, Belgium, "Protesters Sleep Over at Brussels Airport to Protest Nighttime Aircraft Noise" (Nov. 25, 1997). The Daily Record reports that hundreds of protesters dressed in pajamas bedded down for the night at the Brussels (Belgium) airport to protest nighttime aircraft noise. The article says that residents are demanding a cut in the 65 flights allowed at the airport every night.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU Will Strive for Consistent but Flexible Nighttime Aircraft Standards" (Apr. 28, 1998). Airports(R) reports the European Union plans to define a common approach to nighttime movements of aircraft and created a new policy, particularly for cargo shipments, at Europe's airports.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Union to Label Noise Levels on Outdoor Machinery" (Jan. 26, 1998). The Financial Times Limited of London, England, reports that the European Commission, meeting in Brussels, Belgium, is expected to recommend noise levels be labeled on various outdoor machinery in an effort to limit noise that's dangerous to citizens of the European Union.

Brussels, Belgium, "Resident Groups in Belgium Threaten Action if Noise at Two Airports Doesn't Decrease" (Mar. 20, 1998). Aviation Daily reports that resident groups in Belgium are threatening action against two airports in the Brussels area to protest what they say are lax noise standards. Residents living near the Brussels South Charleroi Airport are demanding a halt to night flights and training flights, and residents and city officials in Woluwe-St.-Pierre, a Brussels borough near Brussels Airport International, say the airport is not monitoring or enforcing noise rules for older aircraft.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU Freezes Number of Hush-Kitted Aircraft; They're Legal, but Not So Quiet" (Mar. 13, 1998). AFX News reports the European Commission is proposing a directive so that "hush-kitted" aircraft - aircraft with older engines muffled to meet tighter modern noise pollution standards - cannot be added to the registers of the EU after April 1, 1999.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Commission Proposes Ban on Aircraft with Hush Kits" (Mar. 12, 1998). The Journal of Commerce reports that the European Commission has moved to ban certain types of aircraft in a controversial move against noise pollution that has angered the Continent's express carriers and threatens trade relations with the United States.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Aircraft Muffler Law Tightened to Calm U.S. Fears" (Apr. 26, 1999). The AFX News reports that European air transport legislation may be tightened in order to address U.S. concerns that planes not fitted with the proper muffler may be prohibited from flying into the EU and will lose value for resale.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Union Defers Hush Kit Legislation Until 2001" (Dec. 10, 1999). According to AFX European Focus, the European Commissioner for transport, Loyola de Palacio, said that EU passed legislation requiring certain aircraft to be equipped with "husk kits" to make them quieter may be delayed until after an international aircraft noise conference in Sept 2001.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU May Postpone New Hush-Kit Rules that Would Ban Most US Aircraft from European Skies" (Mar. 2, 1999). The Journal of Commerce reports Undersecretary of State of Economics, Business and Agricultural Affairs Stuart Eizenstat said in Brussels Friday there were signs that European governments would postpone new rules that would ban some US aircraft from their airspace.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU/US Continue to Disagree over Hushkit Regulations" (Mar. 27, 1999). According to the European Report, the US Transportation Secretary told the press in Brussels that the airplane-hushkit dispute between the US and the European Union risks a new trade dispute

Brussels, Belgium, "EU Delays Hushkit Ban for One Month, Will Consult with US" (Mar. 30, 1999). The New York Times reports the European Union today delayed for a month a law on aircraft noise that that has given rise to fears of a trade dispute with the United States.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU Delays Vote to Ban Hushkitted Planes to Allow US to Propose Compromise" (Mar. 30, 1999). The Hartford Courant reports the European Union's transport ministers have postponed a vote on the ban of older aircraft, giving U.S. officials more time to work with European Union executives on a compromise.

Brussels, Belgium, "US Urges EU to Reconsider Noise Law that Will Forbid Additional Stage 2 Aircrafts -- Even When Muffled with 'Husk-Kits' -- from Operating in Europe; US Says Companies Have Already Lost $2.1 Billion in Aircraft Resale Value and Hush-Kit Sales" (Sep. 20, 1999). The Business Times reports that the US is urging the European Union (EU) to reconsider noise laws that would ban additional Stage 2 aircraft from operating in Europe. The US says that the laws discriminate against older US Stage 2 planes with hush-kits which meet noise standards. The EU has already postponed implementation of the law. Now the US wants withdrawal of the legislation, and the EU seems willing to consider it if the US makes commitments to developing new Stage 4 international noise standards in the near future; talks on the new standards are currently at a stand still.

Brussels, Belgium, "EU Must Respond to Ban on American Hush Kits" (Apr. 15, 2000). An article by the Associated Press reported that the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has given the European Commission (EU) until the end of June respond to the United States' complaints over its ban on hush kits--noise reducing technology for noisy jets.

Brussels, Belgium, "US Files Complaint With ICAO Over EU Ban on Hushkitted Aircraft" (Apr. 14, 2000). The Associated Press reports that the United States government filed a complaint last month with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) over a proposed European Union (EU) ban on aircraft outfitted with "hushkits," which are mufflers that reduce noise on older planes. The ban is to take effect May 4. The ICAO has given the European Commission a deadline of June 30 to respond to the complaint.

Brussels, Belgium, "Press Release Report of the 2240th Meeting of Agriculture Council of the European Commission" (Feb. 16, 2000). The Agriculture Council of the Commission of the European Communities recently issued a press release of its meeting on February 16, 2000. M. Luas Capoulas Santos, President of the Agriculture Council, spoke about "the main priorities of the Portuguese presidency for the next six months." He spoke about labeling, food safety, forests, animal health, the hops market, fisheries, energy, labor and social affairs, and finally, about noise emissions. The section on noise emissions is reprinted here in its entirety:

Brussels, Belgium, "Brussels, Belgium Will Ban Night Flights After 2003" (Jan. 3, 2000). AFX European Focus reports that Brussels, Belgium will ban all nighttime flights starting in mid-2003, as well as restricting noisy flights after 11 p.m starting in 2001.

Brussels, Belgium, "Belgian Express Mail Company Seeks Solution to Ban on Night Flights at Brussels Airport" (Jan. 13, 2000). According to an article in AFX European Focus, the CEO of a Belgian express mail company pledged to find a solution to the Belgian government's proposed ban on night flights to Brussels National Airport.

Brussels, Belgium, "European Union Disappointed that United States Filed Complaint Over Upcoming EU Hushkit Ban" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Xinhua News Agency reports that the European Union is disappointed that the United States filed an Article 84 complaint with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) concerning the EU's ban of older non-EU aircraft outfitted with hushkits (airplane engine noise reduction mufflers.) The EU said that the action will make it more difficult for the EU and the U.S. to arrive at any type of agreement on this issue.

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah, "Restrictions on Air Tours at National Parks Receives Attention in Utah" (Aug. 15, 1997). The Washington Post reports that one of the hottest controveries at Utah's Bryce Canyon National Park and other national parks is the pending federal regulations of air tours over the parks. Past and current attempts to limit air tours over the Grand Canyon will play a part in determining what regulations are formed for all national parks, the article says. The controversy has pitted backpackers, environmentalists, and some park superintendents against the air tour industry.

Buckeye, Arizona, "Reader in Arizona Doesn't Mind Noise from Luke Air Force Base" (Mar. 31, 2000). The Arizona Republic printed a letter from a reader who thinks that people should not complain about jet noise from Luke Air Force Base. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

Budapest, Hungary, "Man Says Bomb Threat Made out of Desperation for Peace and Quiet" (Oct. 20, 1998). AP Worldstream reports a man in Budapest, Hungary, admitted to making a bomb threat when noise from construction project drove him to desperation.

Buena Park, California, "California City Considers Changing Noise Ordinance to Allow Police to Issue Citations Without Measuring Noise" (Apr. 2, 1998). The Orange County Register reports the City Council in Buena Park, California is considering changing the city's noise ordinance to allow police officers to use a "reasonable person" standard instead of a decibel measure at noise sources. The article says the new ordinance passed a first reading March 24, and City Councilors are expected to take a final vote on April 14.

Buena Park, California, "Residents Worry that Proposed Water Park in Buena Park, California Will Cause Noise, Pollution, and Safety Problems" (Jan. 27, 2000). The Orange County Register reports that a proposed water park in Buena Park, California has residents worried about noise, traffic, and safety issues.

Buffalo Grove, Illinois, "Experts Disagree on Noise Levels from Peaker Power Plant in Buffalo Grove, Illinois" (Apr. 20, 2000). The Chicago Daily Herald reported that a proposed peaker power plant in Libertyville was the subject of a noise controversy at the 12th public hearing in the town of Buffalo Grove.

Buffalo, New York, "Officials Looking for Money and Solutions to Noise Problem for Residents near Buffalo Airport" (Jul. 17, 1997). The Buffalo News reports that officials with the Town of Cheektowaga, New York and Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA) have agreed to investigate ways to provide some noise relief for residents living near the Greater Buffalo International Airport.

Buffalo, New York, "New York Town Approves New Method to Combat Noise Violations" (Jun. 11, 1997). The Buffalo News reports that police in Buffalo, New York today announced a new system for ticketing noise violators that is expected to get quicker results. Starting Monday, police officers will write summonses for a variety of ordinance violations, including noise violations, and the cases will be handled in the Adjudication Bureau of City Hall. Previously, policy had to make arrests, and the cases went to City Court, the article says.

Buffalo, New York, "Increased Enforcement of Nuisance Ordinances in Buffalo, New York Target Stereos, Loiterers and Minors" (Apr. 29, 1999). The Buffalo News reports that Buffalo, New York is planning a crackdown on noise during the early summer. An existing curfew says children 16 years and younger can not be out after 11 PM on a week night, or midnight on a weekend, unattended. Police say that with crime dropping, they have more time to enforce minor violations like these; also, all police officers now carry a booklet detailing noise ordinances.

Buffalo, New York, "Buffalo, New York Engineering Students Win Design Contest for Quieter, Less Polluting Snowmobile" (Apr. 13, 2000). The New York Times reports that State University of New York Buffalo engineering students have designed a way to eliminate snowmobile noise and air pollution. They won first place in a contest sponsored recently by the Society for Automotive Engineers.

Buffalo, New York; Minnesota; Ontario, Canada, "New York Policy Doesn't Fund Road Noise Barriers on Existing Roads, Unlike Minnesota and Ontario" (May 29, 1998). The Buffalo News reports that New York State Department of Transportation officials have said they don't budget money to build noise barriers along existing expressways. But, the article says, Minnesota and Ontario have funded noise barriers along existing expressways since the 1970s, according to officials.

Bullhead City, Arizona, "Bullhead City, Arizona Rolls Out Tough New Noise Ordinance Aimed at Curbing "Boom-Box" Noise" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Arizona Republic reports that the town of Bullhead City, Arizona is about to put into effect a new, strict noise ordinance that will hopefully solve the city's problems with car stereos. Resident Brian Stevens helped spearhead the effort to get the ordinance passed.

Bullhead City, Arizona, "Bullhead, Arizona City Council Passes Noise Ordinance" (Mar. 23, 2000). An article from the Associated Press reported that the Bullhead City Council recently passed a new noise ordinance that restricts people from playing loud radios, musical instruments, television sets or stereos in "a reckless manner." Emergency vehicles are responding to a call are exempt.

Burbank, CA, "Letters to the Editor Regarding Burbank Airport in California" (Feb. 28, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published two letters about the controversial expansion at the Burbank Airport. One letter is from Peter Kirsch, Special Counsel to Burbank on Airport Affairs. The other letter is from Thomas E. Greer, Executive Director of Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority.

Burbank, California, "Residents Asked to Give up Right to Sue for Free Soundproofing" (Oct. 6, 1996). The Los Angeles Times reported that Burbank Airport plans to offer noise insulation treatment to as many as 2,300 residences if the residents agree never to sue the airport for reasons that relate to noise.

Burbank, California, "City and Airport Authority Should Seek Compromise in Burbank Airport Feud" (Apr. 6, 1997). The Los Angeles Times prints an editorial that urges Burbank and the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority to compromise on an ongoing disagreement over an expanded terminal proposal for Burbank Airport. Last week Burbank won confirmation of its right to stop any unwanted plans in federal court. The airport authority will appeal the decision.

Burbank, California, "Aiport Officials Blame Burbank City Officials for Abandoning Talks Over Airport Expansion" (Sep. 3, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that officials with the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority decried Burbank (California) city officials' decision Tuesday to end talks intended to resolve the dispute over the airport terminal expansion. Authority officials claimed that Burbank officials destroyed the mediation process by making demands that could not legally be met by the authority. But city officials maintain that the authority wasn't willing to make concessions on noise restrictions. According to airport officials, the fate of the terminal now will be decided in an on-going legal battle over the project.

Burbank, California, "Collapse of Negotiations Over Airport Expansion in Burbank Leaves Rift Between City Officials" (Sep. 5, 1997). The LA Weekly reports that late last week, negotiations collapsed between city officials in Burbank, California and the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority over expansion plans for the Burbank Airport, leaving decisions to be settled in court cases already filed. City and community leaders want strong restrictions on jet noise and air traffic, while authority members believe expansion is needed because the airport is already operating beyond capacity. But the failed attempt to negotiate a compromise has left a political rift within the city of Burbank, the article argues. Early this year, elected city officials and their appointees appeared to form a united front to oppose substantial airport expansion, but now the officials are divided into factions, with each side accusing the other of cynical politics, the article says.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Proposes Plan to End the Fight over Airport Expansion" (Feb. 12, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that in a press conference, officials from Burbank California introduced a compromise proposal for the proposed new terminal at Burbank Airport. They agreed to allow a slight increase in the number of gates -- from 14 to 16 -- if the airport would agree to a cap on adding more than 10 percent more flights, and to a night curfew.

Burbank, California, "Burbank's Airport Plan Unacceptable to Airport Carriers" (Feb. 13, 1997). The Los Angeles Times says that Burbank, California's most recent proposal for expansion of the Burbank Airport terminal has been torn apart by two airlines that serve the facility.

Burbank, California, "Judge Rules Against City of Burbank in Airport Expansion Fight" (Jun. 19, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that Los Angeles Superior Court Commissioner Emilie Elias Wednesday dismissed a request by the City of Burbank (California) for an injunction blocking Burbank Airport's proposed new terminal.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Mayor Initiates Talks with Airport Authority over Airport Expansion" (Jun. 13, 1997). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Burbank, California Mayor Bob Kramer will begin talks today with Burbank Airport in the hope of reaching a compromise in a long-running feud over airport expansion. But some critics, including one City Councillor, have accused the mayor of trying to compromise just when the city has a chance of winning its legal battle.

Burbank, California, "California Airport Interviews Residents for Opinions About Airport Noise as Part of Study" (May 20, 1997). The City News Service of Los Angeles reports that consultants for the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena (California) Airport Authority have started to interview community leaders and residents to gather their opinions about airport noise. The interviews are part of the fact finding process in a larger study on noise issues at the Burbank Airport. Noise has been a controversial issue in the fight between the city of Burbank and the Airport Authority over expansion of the airport.

Burbank, California, "California Superior Court Rules Local Power Supersedes Federal in Airport Expansion" (Nov. 1, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank won a court decision that gives it the right to control land use at Burbank Airport. The airport had claimed that federal law didn't allow localities to do this. The judge said "The question is whether you can take away from a local community the right to review an expansion in that community. I don't think federal authority goes that far." Legal representatives for Burbank noted "We have been victorious, not just legally, but in the ability to protect the noise environment around the airport."

Burbank, California, "City of Burbank Gets Control of Airport Expansion" (Oct. 31, 1997). City News Service reports that a Superior Court judge ruled that the city of Burbank, California, has authority over a proposed passenger terminal expansion by the Burbank Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. The Airport Authority says it will appeal the decision.

Burbank, California, "Lawsuit Over Burbank Airport Expansion Will Clarify Laws on Local Control of Jet Noise" (Oct. 6, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports the the outcome of a pending lawsuit between Burbank, California and Burbank Airport's airport authority will make it clearer for all airports as to when a local government can regulate aircraft noise at an airport. The first court appearance for the lawsuit will be on the last day in October in county court, although because of its implications the case may end up in the Supreme Court. The article discusses the background behind the fight, and how it will affect other cities authority to curb jet noise and designate land use for airports.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Fights Airport Expansion; Country Watches Outcome" (Apr. 12, 1998). Copley News Service reports plans to expand the Burbank Airport are vehemently opposed by the city of Burbank. The rest of the country is closely watching this debate and how if will affect the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court landmark decision that limited local control of airports.

Burbank, California, "California Airport Gets $2 Million Grant to Soundproof Homes" (Apr. 16, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Vice President Al Gore announced Wednesday that the Burbank Airport in Burbank, California will get a $2 million federal grant to soundproof 55 homes in Burbank, Sun Valley, and North Hollywood. The soundproofing measures will include adding double-paned windows and new doors, the article says. The grant money for Burbank Airport was part of a $55 million federal airport grant program that was awarded to 14 airports in six states.

Burbank, California, "Debate Continues over Burbank, California Airport Expansion" (Apr. 26, 1998). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letters-to-the-editor regarding the proposed expansion of the Burbank (California) Airport:

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Expansion Plan Lamented and Praised by Editorialists" (Aug. 22, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles ran the following editorials regarding the fairness of the El Toro Airport plan and relocation of the terminal at Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "The City of Burbank Launches a 35-Page Attack on Airport Noise Study" (Aug. 21, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Burbank city officials have launched at 35-page attack on the Burbank Airport's noise study. City officials claim the document "fails to lay a foundation for real, effective aircraft noise abatement."

Burbank, California, "FAA Exec. Will Try to Resolve Dispute between City of Burbank and Airport" (Aug. 10, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports Jane Garvey, the chief executive of the Federal Aviation Administration, will arrive in Burbank, California, on Tuesday to try to secure an end to the 16-year war over the proposed expansion of Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "FAA Official Says FAA Has Yet to Approve Requested Flight Curfews and Growth Caps" (Aug. 12, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports on a recent meeting between Burbank's city officials, airport officials and FAA Administrator Jane Garvey. According to the article Garvey said any application to the FAA for flight curfews and growth caps would be welcome but cautioned that six U.S. airports have sought already sought FAA approval for curfews and growth caps and none of them have been accepted by the agency.

Burbank, California, "The FAA To Assist the City of Burbank and the Airport in Reaching a Solution Regarding Airport's Proposed Expansion" (Aug. 11, 1998). City News Service reports that Federal Aviation Administrator Jane Garvey is willing to help the city of Burbank and the airport come to a solution in their dispute over the airport's proposed expansion.

Burbank, California, "California Chambers Of Commerce Back Burbank Airport Expansion" (Feb. 17, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that an organization representing 23 chambers of commerce in the San Fernando Valley, California area announced that it is backing Burbank Airport's plan to relocate its air terminal and add five gates.

Burbank, California, "California Judge Affirms Airport Expansion Plans" (Feb. 19, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a judge in California decided that Burbank Airport can not veto the airport authorities plans for expansion.

Burbank, California, "Judge Rules That California City Can't Block Airport Expansion Plan" (Feb. 19, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a Superior Court ruling that says Burbank, California can not block airport expansion has paved the way for Burbank Airport to work, unencumbered, toward a 19-gate terminal.

Burbank, California, "California City Fills Vacant Airport Authority Seat With Representative Who Supports Limited Airport Expansion" (Feb. 11, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank, California's City Council appointed a new member to the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority, saying he was on their wavelength when it comes to noise issues and expansion questions.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport and City Still at Odds over Key Expansion Issues such as Noise and Taxes" (Jan. 16, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports Burbank Airport officials' proposed settlement with the city of Burbank contains several points still barring the way to air terminal expansion.

Burbank, California, "Editorial: Stop Throwing Taxpayer Money Away. Burbank Airport and City of LA Need to Come to Terms of Agreement." (Jan. 20, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles published an editorial that urged officials of Los Angeles and of the Burbank Airport to settle their differences.

Burbank, California, "California Resident Calls For Legislative Action On Burbank Airport" (Jan. 4, 1998). Los Angeles Times published the following letter to the editor:

Burbank, California, "California Airport Completes Soundproofing Demonstration Program, and Offers Soundproofing to More Residents" (Jul. 13, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that nine families living near the Burbank Airport in Burbank, California were the first to have soundproofing against jet noise installed in their homes in an airport-sponsored program. Now, the airport plans to spend $110 million to soundproof 2,300 more homes in Burbank, Sun Valley, and North Hollywood over the next 10 to 15 years. The article says that airport officials are hoping their success at soundproofing the first nine "demonstration" homes will encourage more families to sign up for the program, will help meet government sound-reduction mandates, and will generate goodwill in the community over their controversial plan to build a larger air terminal. But the city of Burbank, which is opposing the airport expansion, has not backed the soundproofing program, saying it is a stopgap measure and not a cure for jet noise. In addition, the city has objected to the agreement residents must sign with the airport pledging to never sue the airport over noise, smoke, or vibration in exchange for the free soundproofing.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport in California Receives Variance in Caltran Decision" (Aug. 1, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Burbank Airport and the city of Burbank each claimed victory Friday after Caltrans decided to renew the airport's noise variance - with some new conditions.

Burbank, California, "Experts Proposal Noise Reduction Measures for Burbank Airport" (Jul. 30, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that noise at the Burbank Airport could be reduced with night curfews, sound walls and re-routing of night flights. The recommendations were unveiled in a preliminary study made by Coffman Associates, a noise consultant hired by the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport.

Burbank, California, "Noise Mitigation Measures Need Consideration at Burbank Airport in California" (Jul. 31, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank Airport officials have proposed several noise-mitigation strategies, but a recent study says none of those may ever be implemented.

Burbank, California, "Study Finds 400 More Homes Will be Impacted by Noise in Burbank Air Traffic Growth" (Jul. 29, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a study released Tuesday found that air traffic growth at the Burbank (California) Airport will increase the number of homes impacted by noise by about 400, raising the total to about 2,700, during the next 12 years. The report will be presented today to the airport's Community Study Advisory Committee, made up of airport officials and community stakeholders. The article notes that the study adds fuel to the long legal and political battle between airport and city officials over a proposed expansion at the airport. City officials want to replace the terminal but not expand the facility because of the potential increase in traffic and noise. Airport officials want to increase the airport form 14 to at least 19 gates for economic development and safety reasons.

Burbank, California, "FAA Will Get Involved in Fight Over California Airport Expansion" (Jul. 11, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports California Representatives Howard Berman (D-Mission Hills) and Brad Sherman (D-Woodland Hills) announced Friday that they will lobby the federal government to resolve the long-running dispute over expansion of the Burbank Airport. The Representatives also announced that Jane Garvey, the head of the Federal Aviation Administration, will come to Los Angeles on August 11 to mediate a solution to the fight between city of Burbank and the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. The city is involved in legal battles with the airport authority over the proposed airport expansion, saying the airport's plans will cause more jet noise for its residents. The Representatives made their announcements at a summit on Los Angeles area airport issues sponsored by the Valley Industry and Commerce Association.

Burbank, California, "Councilman Says Constituents Will Suffer for Burbank Airport Expansion in Noise, Traffic and Pollution" (Jun. 30, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles published the following editorial by Dave Golonski, a Burbank City Council member. In his response to a recent commentary about the expansion of California's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, Golonski contends his constituents will pay for the current plans for airport expansion in noise, traffic, and pollution.

Burbank, California, "Foes Say Fight Against Expanded Terminal at Burbank Airport Far From Over" (Mar. 13, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank Airport won a federal court of appeals case which validated an environmental study from 1996 that was called into question. The ruling allows the airport authority to move forward with plans to build a larger terminal.

Burbank, California, "California's Burbank Airport Fights to Expand Terminal, While Nearby Residents Oppose Expansion" (May 31, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Burbank Airport in Burbank, California is fighting to expand the size of its terminal. The article goes on to detail the level of crowding that takes place in the current terminal, and the growth that's predicted. Lawsuits filed by residents and the city of Burbank over noise, pollution, and traffic are preventing the terminal expansion from going forward, the article says. The latest of the at least seven lawsuits was filed Friday.

Burbank, California, "City Councilor Proposes Allowing International Flights at Burbank, California Airport" (Jun. 6, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that right in the middle of the ongoing debate over expansion at Burbank, California's Burbank Airport, a Pasadena representative from the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority suggested the introduction of international flights at the airport. He wants a feasibility study to be done before a design is approved for the proposed 19-gate terminal.

Burbank, California, "City of Burbank, Calif. Wins Latest Court Suit over Noise and Expansion at Burbank Airport" (Nov. 18, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports Burbank officials won a round in California Appeal's Court in their attempt to strike a noise deal with Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "City of Burbank Wins Appeal on Burbank Airport Ruling; Legal Battle Continues over Noise and Expansion" (Nov. 17, 1998). City News Service reports a California state appellate court reinstated a lawsuit against Burbank Airport Authority by the city of Burbank, an attorney for the city said today.

Burbank, California, "Editorial Says Airlines Can Solve Dispute with Burbank, California, by Becoming Good Corporate Citizens" (Nov. 19, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles published an editorial that contends airlines at California's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport have the responsibility and power to end the dispute with the city of Burbank by showing respect for their host and its community and agreeing to abide by curfews.

Burbank, California, "Legal Battle Wages On; City of Burbank Latest Winner in Appeals Court over Noise Impact of Expansion at Burbank Airport" (Nov. 18, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports in the Burbank Airport dispute, a state appeals court has ruled the city of Burbank, California, can proceed with one of its court cases against the Airport Authority on the issue of terminal expansion.

Burbank, California, "Mayors of City of Burbank Explain Hesitancy to Accept "Good Faith" Efforts and Uncertain Outcomes from FAA and Burbank Airport Authority" (Nov. 15, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published the following perspective from Dave Golonski and Stacey Murphy, respectively mayor and vice mayor of the City of Burbank. In their opinions, agreement by the city to support expansion at the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport in exchange for a willingness to adhere to the results of a FAA noise study is an inequitable exchange, for the results of that study are uncertain and remove all incentive for the Airport Authority to work with the city to maintain quality of life for its residents.

Burbank, California, "Airlines Consider Formal Curfew at Burbank; Agreement Could Lead to New Terminal" (Oct. 15, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports more than half of the airlines that use Burbank Airport are considering accepting a formal curfew on night flights. Their acceptance of a mandatory nighttime curfew could pave the way for a new passenger terminal.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Authority Criticizes City Officials for Refusing to Commit to Results of Noise Study" (Oct. 16, 1998). City News Service reports the Burbank City Council today proposed contributing up to $250,000 for a study on noise levels at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport, but airport officials were skeptical about the offer.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport's Airlines Reject Mandatory Curfews; Federal Noise Study May Lead to FAA Sanctioned Curfews" (Oct. 17, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports most airlines serving California's Burbank Airport have refused to accept a mandatory curfew, leaving the airport authority to consider a federal noise study.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Begins Noise Study, Wants City to Abide by Night Flight Findings" (Oct. 20, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports Burbank Airport commissioners voted unanimously Monday to begin a study that could lead to required anti- noise measures, which may include a mandatory curfew on night flights.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Proceeds with Federal Noise Study; City Leaders Reluctant to Commit to Findings" (Oct. 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports the Burbank Airport's governing body unanimously approved a noise study that could eventually lead to a federally ordered curfew. However, city officials in Burbank are reluctant to commit to findings and withdraw their opposition to a new airport terminal.

Burbank, California, "Curfew Study could Lead to Deal between City of Burbank and Burbank-Glendale Airport" (Oct. 19, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports commissioners of California's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority will meet today to consider a noise study that could lead the federal government to impose a mandatory curfew on commercial flights.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Authority Asks Carriers to Agree to Curfew" (Oct. 9, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports airport officials at the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport have urged air carriers to accept an enforceable, mandatory curfew, officials said Thursday. Acceptance of a curfew could ease the longstanding dispute between the airport and the city of Burbank.

Burbank, California, "Calif. Congressmen Seek FAA Exemption of Formal Review for Mandatory Curfew at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport" (Oct. 10, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports federal lawmakers from California are urging the Federal Aviation Administration to allow Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport to enact a mandatory curfew on nighttime flights without a formal review process, officials said Friday.

Burbank, California, "City of Burbank Keeps Pushing for Noise Restrictions at California's Burbank-Glendale Airport" (Oct. 6, 1998). Airports(R) reports city and airport officials are seeking ways to resolve the ongoing dispute over noise pollution, airline schedules and a terminal upgrade at Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport.

Burbank, California, "The U.S. Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Appeal Brought By Burbank's Airport Authorities" (Oct. 7, 1998). Los Angeles Times reports that the U.S. Supreme Court has refused to hear the Burbank airport's appeal from a 1997 U.S. District Court ruling. That ruling, according to the article, says the Burbank Airport Authority lacked the legal standing to challenge the city's veto of the airport expansion project in federal court under the California's Public Utilities Code.

Burbank, California, "Competition for Early-Bird Flights at California's Burbank Airport Could Dispose of Voluntary Morning Curfew" (Sep. 23, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Reno Air has requested that Burbank Airport in California allow flights in the early hours, but residents strongly opposed the idea due to possible increases in noise. The airport was set to decide on the request Tuesday, but delayed its decision until at least next week because of the public outcry.

Burbank, California, "Los Angeles Carrier Decides to Delay Early Morning Departures as a Result of Citizen Protests" (Oct. 3, 1998). Los Angeles Times credits citizen protest with air carriers' decision to delay early morning take offs from Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "Noise Study Focuses on Private Jets at Burbank Airport" (Sep. 28, 1998). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports while Burbank city leaders fight a proposed new passenger terminal at Burbank Airport, citing noise factors, two private terminals that house the jets of Hollywood moguls such as Time Warner and DreamWorks SKG escape city scrutiny.

Burbank, California, "Reno Air Agrees to Burbank Airport's Voluntary Curfew" (Sep. 29, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that Reno Air, which had sought to fly before 7 a.m. at Burbank Airport when the voluntary curfew lifts, decided it won't violate the curfew.

Burbank, California, "Investors Query Los Angeles Travelers To Determine If a Coast-to-coast Service Out of Burbank, California Airport Would Be Utilized" (Apr. 22, 1999). The Los Angeles Daily News reports that a start-up company is hoping to integrate coast-to-coast flights into the services currently offered at Burbank Airport despite the concerns of Burbank officials that nonstop flights will trouble neighbors with noise problems.

Burbank, California, "California's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority Use Less-Strict Noise Limits in Environmental Impact Statement; Los Angeles Objects" (Apr. 27, 1999). Aviation Litigation Reporter reports that after the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority used noise standards that were less strict than traditional California airport noise standards, the city of Los Angeles argues that "the Authority should not be allowed to use a "less sensitive" standard in connection with a planned expansion of airport operations." The Authority argues that the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) does not specify which noise standards must be used, and that their use of alternative "incremental" criteria instead of the standard 65 dB limits is completely legal.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport's Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority Passes Resolution to Reduce All Residential Average Noise Impacts to Below 65-Decibels" (Aug. 3, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank Airport will try to reduce average noise levels in all surrounding residential areas to below 65 decibels.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Reaches Agreement with Burbank Airport Regarding Expansion Plan; Residents and the City of Los Angeles Continue to Disapprove" (Aug. 5, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank, California has reached an agreement with the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority over plans for expansion at Burbank Airport. A new terminal with the same number of gates has been approved in exchange for night closure of the building. Certain additional conditions must be met to allow the airport to expand to 16 and 19 gates from the current 14. Residents feel that the deal "is a total and complete sellout of the principles we have fought for for years." Los Angeles also dislikes the deal, because of a section that institutes a permanent ban on eastern takeoffs, shunting the overflight burden to L.A.

Burbank, California, "California's Burbank Airport and Burbank City Council Agree on New Terminal; Airport Gets Bigger Terminal Without Night-Flight Curfew, But Gets No More Gates Until Curfew is Implemented" (Aug. 5, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that California's Burbank Airport and Burbank's City Council have agreed on conditions for the building a new terminal. Critics of the agreement believe that the city of Burbank are "traitors", saying that the airport is still being allowed to build a larger terminal -- albeit with the same number of gates -- without a curfew that would help existing noise problems. Proponents of the plan claim that "There will be no expansion of the airport without protection against noise and traffic," and site other restrictions that give them control over the airport.

Burbank, California, "California's Burbank Airport to Hold Public Hearing on Proposed New Terminal" (Aug. 19, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that Burbank, California officials are holding a public meeting tonight on the proposed new terminal at Burbank Airport. The 14-gate terminal will close between 11 PM and 6 AM, and expansion will not be allowed unless a night curfew is implemented. The new 330,000-square-foot terminal would replace the current 60-year-old one. Older, noisier Stage II aircraft will be phased out completely over the next five years.

Burbank, California, "Airline Industry Group Opposes Proposed Nighttime Terminal Closure At Burbank Airport, Which Is Designed As an Alternative To an Outright Curfew" (Aug. 31, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that an airline industry group opposes a plan to close California's Burbank Airport terminal at night. The plan was designed to quell citizens' desire for a nighttime curfew without violating federal law that forbids localities from interfering with airport operations. Obtaining an outright, legal curfew would be a lengthy, costly, process involving FAA approval. The FAA has yet to comment on the legality of a terminal closure. Some residents oppose the plan because the city doesn't go far enough towards forcing a curfew, and those residents are seeking a voter initiative to curb airport growth.

Burbank, California, "Anti-Noise Activist in Burbank, California Says City Council Has Sold Out By Permitting Airport Construction Without Immediate Noise Controls; Referendum Will Check the Public's Opinion" (Aug. 29, 1999). The Los Angeles Times prints a piece alleging that Burbank, California's city council has given up the fight against noise by allowing the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority to construct a new terminal without immediate night-curfews and passenger-count caps. The council had the power to refuse the construction of a new terminal if the airport authority failed to implement noise control measures, but chose to require the curfew and caps only if the airport adds gates. The writer concludes, noting an upcoming "mandatory initiative" or referendum on the subject.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Residents Upset Over Public Hearing Held By the Airport Authority that Wasn't Public Enough" (Aug. 31, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a public hearing held by Burbank Airport officials in Burbank, California was held in a strangely private manner, "where residents were each given three minutes in private to voice their opinions to an airport representative...." Residents were upset that they couldn't hear what others had to say. Airport officials explained the nature of the hearing by saying that they were trying to make residents more comfortable. Residents were expecting to air their concerns over a recent noise study which designates an official 'noise impact area', outside of which residents will get no financial assistance to be used toward insulating their homes against noise.

Burbank, California, "Commerce Magazine Criticizes Burbank, California's Fight Against Terminal Construction and Expansion at Burbank Airport" (Aug. 9, 1999). Traffic World prints an article suggesting that Burbank, California has been unreasonable in its fight against terminal construction and expansion at Burbank Airport. It criticizes anti-noise efforts as an extension of the "not in my backyard" philosophy, and said a proposed night-time ban, and another proposed ban on engine hush-kits, would be a scary, first example of unreasonable restrictions on Stage 3 aircraft. Industry representatives claim that an informal curfew has encouraged 95% compliance, but don't discuss how much less disruptive it is to have your sleep interrupted by 5% of planes as opposed to a larger percentage.

Burbank, California, "Letters: California Residents Differ on Noise from Burbank Airport" (Feb. 14, 1999). The Los Angeles Times published letters from California residents expressing their views on noise from the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport. The following letter is from John Di Minico of Studio City, California. Mr. Di Minico writes:

Burbank, California, "Burbank Attacks Credibility of Airport, Citing Noise Violations of Aircraft; Politicians Enter Fray Before November Elections" (Feb. 26, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the city of Burbank, California, claims the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport frequently violates the nighttime noise ban by flying older, Stage 2 aircraft.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Points to Stage 2 Violations, Says Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Not Interested in Controlling Noise" (Feb. 26, 1999). City News Service reports the city of Burbank, California, accused the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority today of "massive violations" of noise regulations over the last three years, a charge the airport vigorously denied.

Burbank, California, "Calif. Supreme Court Rejects Appeal; Rules in Favor of City of Burbank on Noise Impact Issue" (Feb. 24, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the California Supreme Court has upheld a ruling permitting the city of Burbank to argue that terminal expansion at the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport will increase noise in neighborhoods.

Burbank, California, "California Supreme Court Sends Back Burbank Airport Noise Impact Case to Trial Court" (Feb. 24, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports the California Supreme Court has declined to review a case about noise impact area at Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "Rep. Rogan Says FAA's Opinion on Noise Act Needed for Burbank and Airport Officials to Negotiate Noise" (Feb. 24, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports U.S. Rep. James E. Rogan, from Pasadena, California, has asked the head of the Federal Aviation Administration to declare her opinion on whether Burbank Airport needs federal approval for flight restrictions.

Burbank, California, "Chair of House Aviation Panel Will Visit Calif. to Discuss Burbank Airport Noise and Expansion Controversy" (Feb. 11, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports Calif. Rep. James Rogan announced Wednesday he and the chairman of the congressional aviation subcommittee will meet with local officials in April to discuss the city of Burbank's long-running dispute with Burbank Airport.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Airport Commissioners Have a Choice: Make Good on an Agreement to Buy Land for a New Terminal that May Never Be Approved or Face a Lawsuit From the Landowner" (Jul. 26, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority in California has a choice today: buy land for a terminal that the city of Burbank may never approve or default on their agreement and face a lawsuit from Lockheed Martin: the landowner. Burbank has threatened not to approve expansion unless a curfew on night-flights is instituted. The curfew is undesirable to the airlines, and the FAA has never granted such a ban. Burbank is pushing for the purchase, and hopes that Glendale's representatives on the Authority will agree since most of Glendale's city council -- which has recently become more anti-expansion with the arrival of several new members -- has been pushing for a settlement to the expansion question.

Burbank, California, "Editorial: City of Burbank's Noise Lawsuit Threatens Airport Safety" (Mar. 18, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles published an editorial by Joyce Streator, president of the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority. In her editorial, Streator calls for the city of Burbank to stop holding hostage the safety of airport users and return to the bargaining table.

Burbank, California, "FAA Considers City of Burbank's Exemption Claim that Allows Mandatory Noise Curfew at Airport" (Mar. 16, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports the FAA is considering the city of Burbank's claim that that Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport can impose a mandatory noise curfew under an exemption.

Burbank, California, "Public Summit Held on Proposed New Terminal for California's Burbank Airport; No Agreements Reached on Long-Running Noise Issues" (Mar. 19, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports participants at a recent forum on a new terminal at California's Burbank Airport could not agree on whether to seek local or federal solutions to long-standing noise, safety, and regulation issues.

Burbank, California, "New Grant Will Soundproof More Homes Affected by Noise from Burbank Airport" (Apr. 2, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports a new grant of federal funds will provide sound insulation for more homes affected by noise from the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport.

Burbank, California, "California Appelate Court Ruled Burbank, California Can Reject Burbank Airport's Expansion Plans, Making Compromise More Likely" (May 7, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a California appelate court decided Burbank, California can reject airport expansion plans. Burbank Airport had claimed that the city had given up such power when it formed a joint airport governing board with neighboring Glendale and Pasadena. The city, which is now in a much stronger bargaining position, hopes to force the airport to scale down its expansion plan.

Burbank, California, "Court Rules Burbank, California Can Block Expansion at Burbank Airport, Contrary to Airport's Claims" (May 6, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that a California appellate court ruling gives Burbank, California the right to block any future expansion at Burbank Airport. The Airport Authority had claimed that Burbank had given up such power when it formed the authority jointly with the communities of Glendale and Pasadena in 1977, but the court ruled that a city "may not delegate discretionary powers in such a way that results in a total abdication of those powers." The decision should encourage the airport compromise, since a more moderate expansion plan would reduce resistance from the city.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California's Airport Reworks Expansion Proposal, Reducing Terminal Size and Gate Count" (May 25, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that Burbank Airport officials adjusted their expansion proposal to better address the concerns of Burbank's City Council. The adjusted document requests 30% less new terminal space, promises steps towards reducing noise in surrounding communities, and proposes that the number of gates be expanded to only 16; the airport would have the option to add three more gates in or after the year 2010. Burbank has long been concerned about airport expansion, and the airport commissioner says the revised proposal "gives the Burbank City Council long-term control over expansion of the terminal."

Burbank, California, "California and the federal government will pay residents in Burbank, California who live under Burbank Airport flight paths to noise-proof their homes" (May 27, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles: Glendale/Burbank Edition reports that the state Senate has designated $400,000, together with $1.6 million from the federal government, to help residents affected by noise from Burbank Airport noise-proof their homes.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Airport's Request for Rehearing Denied; Original Decision that Affirmed Burbank's Veto Power Over Airport Expansion Still Stands" (Jun. 3, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a rehearing, requested by California's Burbank Airport on the issue of Burbank's veto power over airport expansion, was denied. The original decision held that the city of Burbank must approve any expansion plans at the airport. The airport could still take the case to the Supreme Court, but they hope that a new, scaled-down version of it's original proposal will meet with the city's approval.

Burbank, California, "Three Los Angeles Area Congressmen Asked the FAA to Lift Ban on Eastern Takeoffs at Burbank Airport, Saying the Lift Would More Equitably Share Noise" (Nov. 10, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that three congressmen from the Los Angeles, California area asked the FAA to lift a twenty year ban on eastern takeoffs at Burbank Airport. Los Angeles officials say the ban is unfairly directing flights over Los Angeles, but Burbank officials say eastern takeoffs are more dangerous because of mountains and traffic from Los Angeles International Airport. Also, Burbank residents have come to expect quiet.

Burbank, California, "Federal Aviation Administration Head Commits to Helping Burbank, California Sell Idea of Restricted Operating Hours to Airlines, and Burbank Promises to Verify Legality of Several Proposed Operating and Financial Issues" (Nov. 2, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Federal Aviation Administration promised to help encourage airlines to continue using Burbank airport, while Burbank promised to check out the legality of financial issues. Airlines dislike a "backdoor-curfew" which would close the terminal at night. The FAA worries that a proposed payment to Burbank to replace lost property taxes is not legal. Burbank will put the plan to a referendum in the spring.

Burbank, California, "Legislators West of Burbank, California's Airport Ask FAA to Kill Expansion Plan That Would Ban Eastern Takeoffs; Some Support It Saying Eastern Takeoffs are Unsafe, Others Say the Ban Protects Upper-Class Burbank and Glendale Residents to the East" (Sep. 14, 1999). The Daily News of Los Angeles reports that a deal reached between Burbank, California and its resident airport is being challenged by legislators to the West. Los Angeles legislators say their constituents would get an unfair share of aircraft noise under a ban on eastern takeoffs, but proponents say mountains, runway length, and air-traffic patterns make eastern takeoffs unsafe.

Burbank, California, "Some Say Burbank, California's Expansion Deal With Airport is Ruined By Unfair Ban on Eastern Takeoffs; Others Say Safety Concerns Makes Ban Necessary" (Sep. 14, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that three Los Angeles congressmen have written the FAA, asking them to kill a deal between Burbank and its airport. The congressmen claim that a ban on eastern takeoffs -- presented as part of the deal -- is unfair since the ban would direct most air traffic over Western communities and almost none over Burbank and Glendale.

Burbank, California, "Proposed Ban on Eastern Takeoffs at Burbank, California's Airport May Have Been Politically Motivated, but Safety Suggests It Is Still the Right Decision" (Sep. 19, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that although Burbank and Glendale may have been politically motivated when they suggested a ban on eastern takeoffs at Burbank Airport, safety would dictate that most flights would avoid eastern takeoffs anyway. Eastern takeoffs are dangerous because the runway is shorter than the other runways, tilts uphill, requires aircraft to climb rapidly, and passes through air space used by Los Angeles International Airport: among the busiest in the world. The article suggests that Congressmen who recently opposed the ban, claiming that it distributed noise unfairly, should acknowledge the agreements positive aspects such as construction of a new terminal at safe distance from runways, phasing out noisy jets, and closing the terminal at night to reduce night-noise from aircraft.

Burbank, California, "U.S. Representative in San Fernando Valley Claims the Airport Authority's Deal with the City of Burbank Blatantly Ignores Noise Impacts South and West of the Airport" (Sep. 19, 1999). The Los Angeles Times prints a column written by a U.S Representative in the San Fernando Valley who claims that Burbank's Airport Authority and the city of Burbank have cut a deal that blatantly ignores the impacts of noise on residents South and West of the airport. A new terminal is needed at the airport, and a ban on eastern departures from the east-west runway was suggested as a condition for the city's approval of the terminal. This ban will reduce noise over eastern communities while burdening others who have continually suffered since the FAA ruled that the old terminal is positioned in such a way to make eastern departures unsafe. He debunks the claim that the 6,032 foot runway is too short for commercial flights, pointing out that Orange County's John Wayne Airport handles commercial flights while being 300 feet shorter.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Officials Delay Airport Expansion for Two Years: Noise Study to Come First" (Apr. 18, 2000). According to the Los Angeles Times, Burbank Airport officials voted to conduct an in-depth noise study that may delay the construction of a $300 million airport complex for a minimum of three years. The article said extraordinary opposition to the expansion prompted the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport Authority to give up on beginning construction.

Burbank, California, "Burbank Airport Hopes FAA Will Agree to Nighttime Curfews and Allow New Airport Terminal to be Built" (Apr. 2, 2000). The Los Angeles Times published an editorial reporting that the city of Burbank reached a framework agreement with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) last summer to build a new terminal at Burbank Airport. Since then, it has been waiting to hear from the FAA as to whether the agreement meets federal guidelines. The FAA informed the city last week that the agreement does not meet federal guidelines.

Burbank, California, "California State Senator Editorializes on Disputes between Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport and Local Communities" (Apr. 4, 2000). The Metropolitan News-Enterprise of Burbank, California printed an editorial by Adam Schiff, representative of California's 21st State Senate District, including Burbank, Glendale, Pasadena and the surrounding communities. The editorial discusses continuing noise disputes between Burbank area communities and the Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport and is reprinted here in its entirety:

Burbank, California, "Readers Sound Off About Proposed Expansion at Burbank Airport in California" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Los Angeles Times printed letters to the editor from readers who responded to an editorial that the newspaper published about a proposed expansion at Burbank Airport in California. The letters are reprinted here in their entirety:

Burbank, California, "FAA Head Supports Removal of Eastern-Departure Ban from the Terminal Building Agreement at Burbank Airport; Burbank Officials Dismiss the Comment As a Mere Suggestion" (Jan. 6, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that Jane Garvey of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has said that a proposed ban on eastern takeoffs from Burbank Airport should be removed from the draft agreement. Burbank city officials downplayed the comment as a suggestion, likely because they know that the ban will help win support from Burbank voters.

Burbank, California, "Petition Opposing Burbank Airport Terminal Construction Rejected by City; Issue May Be Brought to Public Vote Anyway" (Mar. 17, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that a recent initiative concerning the construction of a $300 million terminal at Burbank Airport was disqualified from the ballot on Wednesday by City Clerk Judie Sarquiz. The petition was signed by 7,400 voters, but its two most important proponents, former City Councilman Ted McConkey and Howard Rothenbach, neglected to add their signatures to the petition, which legally disqualified the initiative.

Burbank, California, "Residents Concerned About Safety and Expansion at Burbank Airport in California" (Mar. 12, 2000). The Los Angeles Times published four letters to the editor about safety concerns and opposition to expansion at Burbank Airport after an incident in which a jet skidded off a runway after landing. The letters are reprinted here in their entirety:

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Rejects Petition Barring New Airline Terminal Construction at Burbank Airport" (Mar. 19, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that the Burbank City Council recently rejected a petition filed by Restore Our Airport Rights (ROAR) asking the city to deny Burbank Airport the right to construct a new terminal. The FAA agreed that the petition should not stop the airport from adding the terminal.

Burbank, California, "Burbank, California Airport Loses Request to Close Terminal Overnight" (Mar. 31, 2000). The Los Angeles Times reports that FAA administrator Jane Garvey has recently declared that Burbank Airport will not be allowed to close its terminal overnight until it completes a noise study that could take up to two years to complete. The city of Burbank was hoping that closing the old terminal would help speed along their plans to build a new terminal at the airport. The project will now have to be put on hold.

Burbank, California, "California Airport Prompts Noise Discussion" (Mar. 26, 2000). The Los Angeles Times printed a letter to the editor regarding jet noise from Burbank Airport. The letter is printed in its entirety.

Burien, Washington, "Washington State District Strives for a Sound Environment for Education Near Airport" (Oct. 28, 1997). The Seattle Times reported that officials for the Highline School District of Burien, Washington, met yesterday with a public-relations firm to figure out how to deal with noise problems caused by air traffic at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport.

Burlington, Vermont, "Enforceable Noise Ordinance Makes for Quieter Neighborhoods in Vermont College Town" (Sep. 22, 1996). The Burlington Free Press reports that police are enforcing Burlington, Vermont's updated noise ordinance by patrolling neighborhoods and issuing fines for violations. According to this article, violators of the noise ordinance are mostly college-age people involved in off-campus parties. Burlington's noise ordinance prohibits noise from any party or social event that "interferes with the peace or health of members of the public or is audible through walls between units within the same building, from another property or from the street." The ordinance discourages Burlington police officers from simply giving a warning if they determine a noise violation has occurred. Penalties for a first offense range from $100 to $500.

Burlington, Vermont, "City Councilors Disagree about Banning Jet Skis on Vermont Lake" (Oct. 20, 1998). The Associated Press reports Burlington, Vermont's, City Council is considering banning personal watercraft from Burlington Harbor on Lake Champlain.

Burnaby, British Columbia, "Noise and Lead from Gun Clubs Incompatible with Urban Growth Decides Town in British Columbia" (Jan. 20, 1998). The Vancouver Sun reports that the city council of Burnaby, British Columbia, ordered three Burnaby Mountain gun ranges to close by the end of September.

Burrillville, Rhode Island, "RI Town Moves Toward Drafting Enforceable Noise Ordinance" (Oct. 19, 1998). Providence Journal-Bulletin reports noise problems from loud cars to early morning industrial operations prove challenging to Rhode Island residents.

Burton, United Kingdom, "Burton, U.K. Man Fined for Loud Music and Voices In His Home" (Nov. 17, 1999). The Derby Evening Telegraph reports that a Burton, U.K. man was fined 2,596 pounds for loud music and voices that came from his home.

Butler Township, Ohio, "Residents Near Ohio's Dayton International Airport Organize to Fight Noise" (Oct. 8, 1998). The Dayton Daily News reports residents of Butler Township, Ohio, asked for help with noise from Dayton International Airport.

Other Indexes

Aircraft Noise
Amplified Noise
Effects on Wildlife/Animals
Construction Noise
Firing Ranges
Health Effects
Home Equipment and Appliances
International News
Environmental Justice
Land Use and Noise
Civil Liberty Issues
Miscellaneous Noise Stories
Noise Ordinances
Noise Organizations Mentioned
Outdoor Events
Noise in Our National Parks/Natural Areas
Residential and Community Noise
Snowmobile and ATV Noise
Research and Studies
Technological Solutions to Noise
Transportation Related Noise
Violence and Noise
Watercraft Noise
Workplace Noise

Chronological Index

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