State or Country Index

City Index:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

State or Country Index:

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W 

East Sussex England, "English Businessman Wins Damages Over Aircraft Noise" (May 27, 1999). The Press Association of England reports a High Court awareded a wealthy resident É10,750 because of the effect of aircraft noise on the value of his home. The PA article the judge as stating that it was not as if the residence - 15 miles from Gatwick Airport- was "on the end of a B52 runway", but it was a question of degree of noise. The article stated that the resident, Graham Farley, was not an overly sensitive man and had done his best to tolerate the situation. Farley attempted to avoid problems initially by giving instructions to Michael Skinner, a surveryor whom he had paid, to check the effect of the house's proximity to Gatwick, and now his view now was that he shouldn't have to tolerate the noise.

England, "Study Finds That Speed Bumps to Slow Traffic in Britain's Villages Result in More Noise" (Nov. 29, 1997). The Daily Telegraph reports that a British government study published in Traffic Engineering & Control magazine has found that vehicles driving over speed bumps in Britain's villages are so noisy they are annoying thousands of British residents. In many cases, the article says, the increased noise from the speed bumps is outweighing the benefit of quieter roads gained by reducing the speed of traffic. The study found that trucks are responsible for much of the louder noise, the article says.

England, "British Residents Seek Solutions to Deal with Noisy Neighbors" (Oct. 19, 1997). The Sunday Times reports that due to poorly regulated residential property conversions in England in the 1960s, many people find themselves in the situation of being disturbed by the relatively quiet activities of their neighbors. The article goes on to interview several residents with problems, and to suggest measures that can dampen noise.

England, "Soundproofing Measures Exist for Insulation Against Neighbor Noise" (Oct. 19, 1997). The Independent reports that according to the World Health Organization, noise is probably the most widespread of pollutants in Great Britain, and noise from neighbors seems to be the most common environmental complaint. The article notes that there were 164,000 noise complaints to local authorities during 1995-96, an increase of 24% over the previous year, according to figures released by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health. The article goes on to discuss technical solutions to mitigating noise from neighbors.

England, "British Telephone to Blame for Acoustic Shock; Leads to Safety Devices for Workers" (Apr. 20, 1998). The Leicester Mercury of England reports that British Telephone has admitted liability in twenty cases of acoustic shock in workers.

England, "Contemporary Annoyances of 'Unwanted Sound' in Great Britain" (Jun. 14, 1998). The Observer published the following article concerning contemporary annoyances of noise as "unwanted sound".

England, "Residents in England Join Forces to Limit Fireworks and Associated Noise" (Oct. 20, 1998). The Evening Standard reports anti-noise protesters have recruited former education minister Sir Rhodes Boyson in an effort to restrict fireworks parties to the week of November 5, to celebrate Guy Fawkes night.

England, "UK Organizations Battle Noise" (Dec. 15, 1999). According to an article in England's Birmingham Press, regular columnist Sid Langley refers people who are plagued with noise to two organizations committed to noise. The article named the two organizations: Pipedown, PO Box 1722, Salisbury, SP4 7US; The UK Noise Network, PO Box 968, London, SE2 9RL.

England, "Increasing Noise Complaints in UK Prompts Activists to Call for Strategy" (Jul. 7, 1999). The Press Association reports that noise is a health hazard as well as an irritant, but we're not doing enough to mitigate it.

England, "Noise Action Day Prompts England's Environment Minister To Ask For Quieter, Gentler Neighbors" (Jul. 8, 1999). An M2 Presswire article reports that England's Environment Minister, Michael Meacher, addressed an audience at a shopping center in Westminster on Noise Action Day, asking people to consider their neighbors and live quieter lives. Meacher told the audience that overexposure to noise has an adverse effect on our lives and our health.

England, "Noise Action Day Reveals Noise Complaints On the Rise" (Jul. 7, 1999). According to the Press Association, politicians are campaigning on Noise Action Day, asking people to be more thoughtful of their neighbors. The article revealed that noise complaints are increasing in number, especially noise from arguing neighbors, airplanes and loud music from nearby clubs. Local authorities, however, show no signs of enforcing a national noise policy.

England, "Noise Activists Call for Considerate Neighbors for the Millennium" (Jul. 7, 1999). Valerie Weedon of The Noise Network, says that noise is both an irritant and a health hazard, and we're not doing enough to mitigate it. <

England, "UK City Council Smashes Loud Stereo As Warning On Noise Action Day" (Jul. 7, 1999). The Gloucester Citizen reports that the city council made an example out of one noisy neighbor by smashing his stereo in a ceremony on Noise Action Day.

England, "UK Groups Say Noise Is Hazardous to Your Health" (Jul. 7, 1999). According to the Times Newspapers, you can get sick from an over exposure to noise. Loud music, neighbors that fight, barking dogs and the do-it-yourselfer who uses a hammer and drill too long are all among the most emphatic noise complaints.

England, "British Parliament May Give Municipalities the Right to Close Roads to Reduce Traffic, Noise, and Pollution on National Car-Free Day and Other Days" (Jun. 7, 1999). Times Newspapers Limited reports that as England prepares for the upcoming National Car-Free Day, which encourages motorists to voluntarily give up their car for a day, Parliament is considering granting municipalities the right to close roads on car-free days. Ministers have been impressed by French successes with road-closings; thirty-five French towns closed roads last year, "cutting car traffic by up to a third, and reducing noise and pollution"; then, local councils create detailed reports about public response, and reductions in noise and pollution.

England, "Firearm Silencers Explained" (Jun. 12, 1999). New Scientist reports that firearm silencers work very differently from the way they are portrayed in movies. Noise from a firearm discharge comes from hot gas expanding rapidly behind the bullet, and from the bullet breaking the sound barrier. Silencers slow the expansion of the gas in several ways: providing an expansion chamber for the gas, breaking up the column of gas with baffles, dissipating and cooling the gas with wire mesh or liquid that acts as a heat sink, or slowing the bullet to sub-sonic speed.

England, "UK Bar Renovations and Night Curfews May Reduce Noise Levels" (Feb. 16, 2000). According to the Grimbsby Evening Telegraph, renovations to a local bar has the support of district councilors because of noise reduction plans bar owners will implement. Council members agree the number one priority is soundproofing the building well.

England, "UK Puts Noise on the Map" (Feb. 16, 2000). According to an article from Hermes Database, 12 million people in England are victims of intolerable noise levels from transportation and industry, and the Environment Minister, Michael Meacher announced the nation's first noise map of one city.

England, "Fans Complain About Rules on Remaining Quiet During Football Matches" (Mar. 18, 2000). The Mirror reports that spectators at Old Trafford football matches must remain quiet. Fans have a history of being boisterous at football matches, and think it's not right to have to remain quiet during a game.

England and the Netherlands, "Dutch Firm Receives Noise Abatement Contracts for British and Dutch Airports" (Apr. 1, 2000). Jane's Airport Review in England reports that HITT Special Products BV, a Dutch firm, has received a contract to supply a LogIT noise and track monitoring system to East Midlands Airport in the UK. The company has supplied similar systems to Leeds-Bradford Airport in the UK and to Valkenburg Military Airfield in the Netherlands. Eindhoven Airport in the Netherlands has ordered a flight route monitoring system that will aid its noise mitigation efforts.

England and Wales, "Local Authorities Are Granted More Power to Arrest Noisy Neighbors in England and Wales" (Aug. 31, 1997). The Times Newspapers Limited reports that the government of the United Kingdom has given local authorities and housing associations in England and Wales the power to seek an injunction for the arrest of rowdy tenants. The new rules allow offenders to be arrested and charged with a breach of the peace or of their tenancy agreement, and prostitutes and drug-dealers will lose their tenancies, the article says. Neighbors who are arrested could spend a night in jail and appear in court the following morning.

England area, Bristol, "U.K. Court Rejects Bid to Re-Launch Airport Expansion" (Jun. 13, 1997). The Press Association Newsfile reports that the British High Court ruled today that British Aerospace cannot resurrect its plan for a commercial airport at historic Filton aerodrome near Bristol, England. The court upheld the joint decision by the former Transport and Environment Secretaries that refused planning permission to develop the 400-acre site after a public inquiry.

England area, London, "English Resident Insists Noise from Heathrow Airport is Growing" (May 1, 1997). The Daily Telegraph printed the following letter-to-the-editor from A.H. Catto regarding increasing noise from the Heathrow Airport in London:

England area, London, "London Airport Apologizes for Demolition Explosion that Frightened Residents" (May 11, 1997). The Sunday Telegraph Limited reports that the British Airports Authority has apologized for a loud demolition explosion that occurred at London's Heathrow Airport. The 2 a.m. blast frightened thousands of residents, many of whom believed they were caught in a terrorist attack, the article reports.

England, Alvaston, "UK Nursery Wins Construction Appeal" (Feb. 18, 2000). The Derby Telegraph reported that the owner of a nursery in Alvaston, England won an appeal that will allow her to complete construction of the nursery. Construction was interrupted when the Derby City Council discovered that the plans for the nursery included converting the garage into a baby unit, and had not been approved.

England, Ashby, "Bar in Ashby, England May Not Be Allowed to Continue Operating as a Nightclub Because of Excessive Noise" (Apr. 6, 2000). The Leicester Mercury in England reports that an entertainment locale in Ashby, England called "Desires" has been operating illegally as a nightclub. However, until the North West Leicestershire District Council makes a decision about its license, the establishment can stay open until 2 AM on weekend nights. The noise from the club has been extremely bothersome to one of its neighbors, who is elderly.

England, Barnstaple, "Residents of English Town Fight to Keep Noise Restrictions on Factory" (Feb. 16, 1999). The Western Morning News reports residents of Barnstaple, England, are objecting to potential noise pollution if a factory destroyed by fire is rebuilt.

England, Barwell, "UK Kennel Owner to Pay Town for Noise Violations" (Jan. 12, 2000). According to the Leicester Mercury, the owner of a dog kennel was fined 100É and must pay 75É in costs because he failed to comply with a noise abatement order on his barking dogs.

England, Bath, "Outdoor Entertainer in Bath, England, Banned after Residents Complain of Noise" (Oct. 14, 1998). The Western Daily Press reports a popular outdoor entertainer in Bath, England, recently received a citation for disturbing the peace.

England, Bath, "UK Nightclub Gets Permit For Live Jazz on Sunday" (Jan. 12, 2000). According to the Bath Chronicle, a local bar has been given a license for live music and dancing on Sundays despite opposition from local residents.

England, Bath, "Street Drummers in Bath, England Annoy Residents" (Mar. 15, 2000). The Bath Chronicle in England published a letter from a reader who complained about the noise from a drumming group that was collecting for charity on the streets of Bath. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

England, Bath, "Senior Citizens in UK Protest Early Morning Truck Noise" (Mar. 21, 2000). The Bath Chronicle reported that several senior citizens have complained to their local environmental health officers about loud early morning noises from trucks at the Gammon Plant. According to the article, they have made several attempts to speak with the plant's owner, to no avail.

England, Biddulph, "Council of Staffordshire Moor-lands will Monitor Skate Ramp Noise" (Jul. 29, 1998). The Sentinel reports that noise generated by a skate ramp in Biddulph has become an irritant for nearby residents.

England, Birmingham, "Money from Englandís Birmingham International Airport Intended to Mitigate Noise for School Children" (Jul. 18, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that the Birmingham International Airport is spending 400,000 pounds to mitigate the effect of noisy planes flying over local schools.

England, Birmingham, "Noisy Neighbors Helped Drive English Man to Suicide, Coroner Finds" (Apr. 1, 1998). The Daily Telegraph reports that Dr. Richard Whittington, a coroner in Birmingham, England, has ruled that noisy neighbors helped drive John Vanderstam, a 46-year-old Birmingham resident, to suicide last November. The neighbors reportedly played loud music and had domestic disputes frequently.

England, Birmingham, "England's Birmingham International Airport Welcomes Quieter British Airways Planes" (Oct. 7, 1998). The Birmingham Post reports British Airways has announced the purchase of new, quieter, and more environmentally friendly aircraft. The news is welcomed by England's Birmingham International Airport.

England, Birmingham, "Helicopter Pad at English Hotel Brings Noise Complaints from Neighbors" (Sep. 24, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports a helicopter landing at a Birmingham, England, hotel is angering local residents who claim their peace and quiet is being shattered.

England, Birmingham, "Housing Developer in Birmingham, England Reconsiders Plans After Noise and Pollution Impacts Judged to Be Too High" (Jun. 25, 1999). The Birmingham Post reports that a Birmingham, England housing developer, who had planned to build ten homes on a village green there for 450,000 pounds, has noted that increased noise from the development would be unfair to current residents. While noisy roads around the area throw the results into question, the development will be reconsidered. The developer said "We are still committed towards the scheme and will work to ensure the best possible layout is achieved for this much-needed project."

England, Birmingham, "Common Household Noise Dangers" (Apr. 9, 2000). The Sunday Mercury in Birmingham, England reports that our hearing can be damaged by exposure to all types of seemingly harmless things in the home and in our everyday lives. Loud music is usually the first offender that comes to mind, but there are many others as well.

England, Birmingham, "Birmingham, England Becomes First City in the United Kingdom to Publish a City Noise Map" (Feb. 17, 2000). Press Association (P.R.) Newsfile reports that the city of Birmingham, England today has become the first U.K. city to release a city "noise map," which will plot the sources of disturbing noise within the city.

England, Birmingham, "English Businessman Files Appeal with the English Government Against a Local Government Ban Prohibiting Him From Constructing and Using a Personal Helicopter Landing Near his Home" (Mar. 20, 2000). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports that Mr. Simon Farmer, a local resident and businessman, is concerned by the refusal of his local town councilors to allow him to build a helicopter pad on his property and use it to take off in and land his privately-owned helicopter. He has filed an appeal with Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott, who is Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions. The government's Planning Inspectorate will handle the appeal.

England, Bishop Middleham, "British Quarry Extension Proves Controversial; Resident Predicts Personal Ruin" (May 19, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that a family who lives in Bishop Middleham, England, fears their lives will be ruined if a quarry is allowed to expand near their home. They say they will be tormented by relentless noise and dust.

England, Bishop Middleham, "Road Covering Absorbs Traffic Noise in Britain" (Sep. 19, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that for residents of Bishop Middleham, England, noisy traffic could be a thing of the past after a local quarry company helped pay for road safety measures, including paving the road with a covering called whispering bitumen, which absorbs traffic noise.

England, Bournemouth, "English Boy's Complaint About Noisy Neighbor Leads to Neighbor's Eviction" (Nov. 20, 1997). The Daily Mail reports that Jeanette King and her two children of Bournemouth, England have been evicted from their home after a 13-year-old neighbor complained that King's non-stop playing of Frank Sinatra and Dire Straits records were preventing him from doing his homework.

England, Bristol, "Town Council In UK To Fine Noisy Neighbors" (Jul. 8, 1999). According to the Bristol Evening Post, the town council has warned noisy neighbors to keep down the noise or go to court.

England, Bristol, "Floating Nightclub Might Be Moved to Different Dock Mooring to Reduce Noise" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Bristol Evening Post reports that a nightclub aboard a ship moored at the Bristol, England City Docks might be moved to a different mooring because of noise complaints from nearby residents.

England, Bristol, "Reader in Bristol, England Comments on Low-Level Low Frequency Noise" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Bristol United Press in Bristol, England printed a letter by reader M. Ashby concerning low-level low frequency noise. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

England, Bristol, "Residents in Bristol, England Annoyed by Noise from Local Pub" (Mar. 13, 2000). The Bristol Evening Post in England reports that residents who live near to the George Pub in Chipping Sodbury are disturbed by the noise from the pub. The South Gloucestershire Council has investigated the complaints.

England, Broxtowe and Nottingham, "Police Step Up Patrols in Public Parks to Curb Noise from Teenage Motorcyclists in Nottingham and Boxtowe, England" (Jun. 2, 1998). The Nottingham Evening Post reports that teenage motorcyclists have been annoying residents in Nuthall streets and other areas around the city that are near Broxtowe Country Park in England. The article says police are stepping up patrols in the park to stop the youngsters who are riding there illegally.

England, Cambridgeshire, "Residents Oppose Turning Vacant RAF Airfield into International Airport" (Mar. 16, 1998). The Press Association Newsfile reports that thousands of angry residents are fighting plans to turn an abandoned airfield in rural England into a 24 hour international airport.

England, Cardiff, "Opera Lover Silenced in England" (Mar. 10, 1998). The Daily Mail reports that neighbors in Cardiff, England are in dispute over loud opera music.

England, Central Elgin County, "Proposed Noise Bylaw in Central Elgin County, England Difficult to Draft Because Some Residents Tolerate More Noise Than Others" (Apr. 9, 2000). The London Free Press in England reports that people have varying degrees of tolerance for noise, based partly on where they live, and also on their particular personalities. This makes noise issues difficult to regulate and enforce.

England, Cheltenham, "Resident Says Noise Ruins Lives in English Town" (Jun. 23, 1998). The Gloucestershire Echo published the following letter to the editor about the ill effects of noise from a resident of High Street, Cheltenham, England:

England, Cheltenham, "Reader in Gloucestershire, England Opposes Height of Construction Sound Barrier" (Apr. 5, 2000). The Gloucestershire Echo in England recently published a letter to the editor by a reader concerned about a government construction project near her residential neighborhood. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

England, Cheltenham, "Streetsweeper Too Noisy in English Town" (Jan. 15, 2000). The Gloucestershire Echo printed a letter that appeared in the environmental section of the newspaper concerning noise from a local mechanical streetsweeper. The letter appears in its entirety.

England, Cheltenham, "Reader From England Complains About Motorbike Noise" (Mar. 13, 2000). The Gloucestershire Echo in England published a letter to the editor from a reader who is concerned about motorbike noise near a cemetery. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

England, Cirencester, Gloucestershire County, "Gloucestershire Protesters Block Road for Peace and Quiet" (Apr. 10, 1998). The Gloucestershire Echo of England reports protesters brought traffic to a halt as they staged a march against noise pollution from the new Cirencester bypass.

England, Cirencester, Gloucestershire County, "Road Noise from New Bypass Drives Family From Home; Residents Ask for Road Resurfacing" (Apr. 11, 1998). The Gloucestershire Echo of England reports a resident says excessive road noise is forcing him out of his home near the new Cirencester bypass.

England, Coalville, "Residents in UK Town Protest New Construction Project" (Mar. 21, 2000). The Leicester Mercury reported that residents in this small town oppose a new warehouse because the building is a huge, ugly structure towers over their homes. They also state they were not informed of its significant size.

England, Colchester, "English Court of Appeals Upholds EPA Noise Nuisance Notice Regarding Barking Dogs" (Apr. 14, 1999). The Times Newspapers Limited reports a Court of Appeal on March 3 in Colchester, England, upheld the serving of a noise nuisance notice established by the 1990 Environmental Protection Act.

England, Copley, "Proposed Kennel Expansion in Britain May Be Rejected Due To Noise" (Dec. 6, 1997). The Northern Echo reports that a proposal to expand a dog kennel in Copley, England may be rejected due to the concern for noise pollution that would be created by the additional animals.

England, Coventry, "Coventry, England Parliament Member Backs Campaign to Allow More Local Regulation of Noise" (Nov. 10, 1999). The Coventry Evening Telegraph reports that a Labour MP of Rugby and Kenilworth, U.K. is backing a campaign to give local authorities more power to regulate airport noise.

England, Coventry, "Nightclub in Coventry, England Fined For Loud Music" (Apr. 6, 2000). The Coventry Evening Telegraph in Coventry, England reports that a nightclub that had been accused of producing too much noise was fined pounds 3,000.

England, Coventry, "Proposed Legislation Would Allow Local British Authorities More Power Over Noise Control at Provincial Airports" (Feb. 17, 2000). The Coventry Evening Telegraph reports that Parliament will soon discuss possible legislation to control noise at provincial airports, including Baginton Airport in Coventry.

England, Coventry, "Coventry, England Nurses Concerned About Lessening Night Noises for Patients" (Mar. 18, 2000). The Coventry Evening Telegraph reports that Coventry nurses have implemented a Night Noise Standard to help ensure that patients get a good night's rest. They believe that patients will recover faster in a quiet, less stressful environment. Some of the noise-control measures include having the nurses wear soft-soled shoes and speak as quietly as possible. Other efforts will include oiling squeaky trolley wheels and offering patients earplugs if they are disturbed by snorers. Patients who disturb others may be moved to a side room.

England, Crewkerne, "Crewkerne, England Noise Officials Bust Late-Night Party Held by Several City Officials" (Oct. 16, 1999). The Birmingham Post reports that Crewkerne, England noise officials busted the Mayor, the town councillor, and the chair of the noise abatement committee for a 1:15 AM noise violation. The town postmaster, who left his home to complain about the noise, wants the three to resign.

England, Derby, "Noise Complaints Lodged Against Local Pub" (Mar. 15, 2000). The Derby Evening Telegraph reports that residents in Belper, England have lodged letters of complaint against a local pub because of excessive noise.

England, Droitwich, "Resident in Droitwich, England Fined for Violating Residential Noise Abatement Notice" (Apr. 11, 2000). The Birmingham Evening Mail in England reports that Darryl Knight of Droitwich, Worcestershire, England was found guilty of violating a noise abatement notice that had been issued to him by Wychavon District Council's environment protection department. He was fined pounds 300 for causing a noise nuisance in his neighborhood after playing music and operating his TV at excessively high noise levels.

England, Durham, "Proposal for Police Shooting Range in England Draws Concern" (Jul. 16, 1998). The Northern Echo reports that the police force in County Durham, England has proposed using the site of an old quarry at Running Waters, three miles southeast of Durham City, for an outdoor shooting range. But, the article says, some residents and councilors are objecting to the plan.

England, Durham County, "British Residents Concerned Quarry Proposal Will Increase Noise" (Dec. 5, 1997). The Northern Echo reports that officials from a quarry company near West Cornforth, England have been told they will have to wait for a decision on whether they can proceed with proposals to install a mobile crusher and screening plant.

England, East Devon, "British County Planners Recommend Approval of Recycling Facility, Despite Residents' Objections" (May 1, 1998). The Western Morning News reports that British county planners have recommended that plans for a recycling facility in East Devon, England be approved, despite objections by local residents and the parish council. The article notes that the project will be considered by the county's development control committee on Wednesday.

England, East Lindsey, "Noise Complaints Rise as Tolerance for Noise Decreases in English Town" (Sep. 23, 1998). The Grimsby Evening Telegraph reports noise pollution is becoming an increasing problem in East Lindsey, England, as residents become less tolerant of certain kinds of noise.

England, Erewash, "Farm Family in Erewash Borough, England Wants to Build Road Embankment to Shield Farm from Traffic Noise" (Apr. 5, 2000). The Derby Evening Telegraph in England reports that a farm family in the Borough of Erewash wants to build their own sound berm to protect their farm from the noise created by the busy road along which the farm is located.

England, Estover, "Metal Fabrication Plant Approved in Estover, England Despite Resident Noise Concerns" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Evening Herald in Plymouth, England reports that the city council in Estover, England has granted approval for West Wise Manufacturing, Ltd. to build a new factory, despite concerns by residents over noise.

England, Evesham, "Noise Complaints Increase 20 Percent in English Towns" (Jun. 29, 1998). The Gloucestershire Echo reports complaints about noisy neighbors are on the increase in the English towns of Vale of Evesham and Broadway.

England, Exeter, "New Concrete Highway in Exeter, England Draws Ire from Residents" (Apr. 6, 2000). The Express and Echo in Exeter, England reports that the final stretch of the new A30 highway has been completed. The new "M5 junction" opens today. Next week the Highways Agency will begin noise testing on the new road.

England, Exeter, "East Devon Dog Kennel's Construction Might Not be Approved" (Apr. 10, 2000). The Express and Echo in Exeter, England reports that a community in an East Devon parish has been wrestling with the issue of whether a dog boarding kennel that may be built will cause too much neighborhood noise.

England, Exeter, "Homeowners in Exeter, England May Apply for Government Compensation Because of Exposure to Noise from Newly Opened Highway" (Apr. 11, 2000). The Express and Echo in Exeter, England reports that residents living near a newly opened highway, the A30, may apply for compensation from the government through the Highways Agency. The homeowners are eligible for compensation under the Land Compensation Act 1973, which states that "there is a right to compensation when property is devalued by more than GBP 50 as a result of physical factors such as noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke and artificial lighting."

England, Exeter, "Resident Group in Exeter, England Continues to Protest Highway A30; Calls for Resurfacing of New Roadway to Reduce Noise" (Feb. 17, 2000). The Exeter, England Express and Echo reports that over 2,000 people have joined the resident group Resurface The A30 (RTA30) to complain about traffic noise from the newly-opened stretch of Highway A30. The group has circulated a petition asking that the new road be relaid with a blacktop surface, which would be substantially quieter than the present brushed concrete surface.

England, Exeter, "Protesters Would Like New Highway in Exeter, England to be Resurfaced to Make it Quieter" (Mar. 29, 2000). The Express and Echo in Exeter, England reports that a newly-opened highway, the A30 running east from Exeter to Honiton, has been the focus of many complaints from residents who say that the noise from the road is excessive. They want the brushed concrete road to be resurfaced with bitumen, which is quieter.

England, Feniton and Taleford, "UK Residents Mobilize to Get New Noisy Highway Resurfaced" (Feb. 18, 2000). According to the Express and Echo, residents of two towns in England are vociferously upset about traffic noise from a newly completed stretch of highway near their towns. They joined a 2,000-member protest campaign calling for the new 13-miles stretch of road to be resurfaced.

England, Gloucester, "City Councilors Angered at Limited Penalty Fees Required of Noise Nuisance Neighbor in Gloucester, England" (Jun. 16, 1998). The Gloucester Citizen reports that angry city councilors agreed to explore new measures for dealing with people who create a noise nuisance.

England, Gloucester, "Noise Action Day Celebrated in Smashing Ceremony" (Jul. 8, 1999). An article in the Bristol United Press reports that one noisy rock fan in Gloucester lost his confiscated stereo system when it was crushed by heavy equipment in a ceremony to mark Noise Action Day.

England, Gloucestershire, "Residents Concerned About Size of Earthen Noise Shield at Gloucestershire, England Construction Site" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Gloucestershire Echo in England reports that the "doughnut building" construction project at the GCHQ spy center is angering area residents. It is the largest construction site in Europe, costing GBP 300 million.

England, Gosport, "Court of Appeal Will Hear Challenge of Noise Abatement Notice Served to English Pub" (Jul. 7, 1998). The Lawyer reports a Gosport, England, pub is at the center of a pending test case over procedures to be followed by courts dealing with complaints of noise nuisance.

England, Grantham, "English Resident Breaks Noise Laws; Town Destroys Stereo to Deter Future Violators" (Sep. 5, 1998). The Daily Telegraph reports a residents' music system was demolished in public in Grantham, England, as a warning to those who persistently defy noise laws.

England, Great Yarmouth, "Jet Skiers Banned from Great Yarmouth in England" (May 4, 1997). The Sunday Mirror reports that jet skiers have been banned from using an area in Great Yarmouth, England on noise and safety grounds. Jet skiers have also recently been banned from Gorleston and a Norfolk seaside resort on the same grounds.

England, Grimsby, "Electronic Monitoring System Used in Grimsby, England, to Combat Noise Nuisances" (Jul. 14, 1998). The Grimsby Evening Telegraph reports an English town of Grimsby is using an electronic monitoring system to combat noise pollution.

England, Ilminster, "English Court of Appeal Rules Against Noise Complaint" (Jan. 21, 1998). Times Newspapers Limited of London reports on the outcome of a Court of Appeal: Murdoch and Another v Glacier Metal Co Ltd., in which the plaintiffs were overruled in a noise case.

England, Ipswich, "Court Orders Couple to Quiet Lovemaking after Neighbors Complain of Noise in Ipswich, England" (Aug. 6, 1998). The Mirror reports an Ipswich, England, man has been ordered to keep his lovemaking sessions quiet or face eviction.

England, Islington, "North London Church Fined for Noise Violations" (Mar. 13, 1998). The Press Association Newsfile reports a North London church has been fined for violating noise regulations.

England, Kinningworth and Westmoor, "UK Planning Council Member Responds to Noise Complaint Against US Company" (Feb. 18, 2000). The Journal printed this letter from a planning council member in England responding to a letter complaining about noise from Viasystem, a US electronics plant. In question are two fume abatement chimneys. The letter is printed in its entirety and defends the planning council's permitting process.

England, Leicester, "University Students in England Complain about Night Time Noise on Campus" (Mar. 26, 1998). The Leicester Mail reports De Montfort University students who live near the student union have complained about late night noise coming from the union.

England, Leicester, "European Commission Requires Towns to Create Noise Contour Maps" (Sep. 24, 1998). The Leicester Mercury reports noise blackspots in Leicester, England, will be targeted as part of pollution research mandated by the European Commission.

England, Leicester, "Residents' Group in England Continues to Fight Noise from Shouting Inmates" (Sep. 27, 1998). The Leicester Mail reports a community action group in Leicester, England, claims it is still fighting for some peace and quiet more than two years after voicing its concern about noise from a nearby juvenile detention center.

England, Leicester, "Hinckley Borough Council Enforces Neighborhood Noise Abatement Legislation" (Feb. 16, 2000). The Leicester Mercury in England reports that a Hinckley resident had his stereo system confiscated and was forced to pay fines and legal fees after he refused to turn down the volume on his stereo system and was reported to the authorities by annoyed neighbors.

England, Leicester, "Noisy Neighbors Turn Down the Volume Before UK Environmental Officer Can Act" (Feb. 1, 2000). According to the Leicester Mercury, an attempt by the local environmental health officer to act on noise complaints because the disruptive neighbors turn down the volume of their stereo before he arrives.

England, Leicestershire, "Impact Statement 'Flawed" Says Group Against Airport Runway Expansion in Leicester, England" (Feb. 22, 1999). The Leicester Mercury reports activists in Leicester, England, are pressuring their district council to reject an environmental impact statement addressing expansion at a nearby airport on the basis that it's too limited in scope.

England, London, "Noise Museum Exhibition Opens in London" (Apr. 21, 1997). M2 Presswire reports in a press release that there will be an exhibition titled "Noise?" will open at the Science Museum in London on April 24, and will run till July 27. One of the features of the exhibition is research currently underway at the University of Southampton on active sound control, which is cancellation of an unwanted sound wave with another sound wave generated by a loudspeaker. The press release says that the exhibition is aimed at a general and family audience and explores many other interesting areas of noise research, including the production of quieter road surfaces and noise tags to monitor an individual's exposure to noise levels.

England, London, "Researchers Work on Furniture That Cancels Out Neighborhood Noise" (Apr. 28, 1997). The Singapore Straits Times reports that an article in the Sunday Times says researchers are now applying the latest theories on active sound control to armchairs and beds, which they hope will be able to shut out noise from loud neighbors.

England, London, "British Police Will Enforce Noise Restrictions on Car Stereos" (Aug. 20, 1997). According to The Northern Echo of England, government officials are preparing to award police with more powers to combat loud car stereos in England.

England, London, "New Plans To Reduce Fumes and Noise in London Squares" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Associated Press reports how some of London's tourist areas long troubled by traffic noise are up for some improvements. The report describes London's Trafalgar Square: Pigeons. Stone lions. Lord Nelson on a fluted column. And, of course, the relentless roar of traffic. Those are the impressions carried home by the millions of tourists who trek through Trafalgar Square, home of the National Gallery and a major traffic hub located at the geographic center of modern London. But soon, visitors can scratch traffic from the list.

England, London, "Noise Patrols Enforce London's Noise Act" (Dec. 10, 1997). The Press Association News File reports that Christmas revelers are being targeted by 24-hour anti-noise patrols as councils get tough on noise pollution. Noisy neighbors face eviction and on-the-spot fines as several local authorities in London pursue a policy of "Silent Night, Holy Night."

England, London, "Heathrow Airport Officials Pledge Noise Cap and Night Flight Limit if New Terminal is Approved" (Jun. 16, 1997). The Extel Examiner reports that officials of BAA PLC, operator of London's Heathrow Airport, said they will introduce a legally binding noise cap on noise levels around the airport and will not allow the number of night flights to increase if the airport's proposed Terminal 5 is approved. The article says that BAA said in a statement that if Terminal 5 is approved, their pledge "would limit noise levels at the airport to an area no greater than that within the most recent air noise contours published by the government," and that if "the noise level around Heathrow will not get any worse."

England, London, "Noise Levels at London's Heathrow Airport Are "Capped"" (Jun. 17, 1997). The Times reports that BAA, the operator of the Heathrow Airport in London, has proposed that noise levels at the airport be capped at the levels that applied in 1994. The article says the proposal, which would require legislation, is an attempt by BAA to calm noise protests from residents and win approval for a fifth terminal.

England, London, "Flight Cap at London's Heathrow Airport is Only Sure Noise Solution" (Jul. 3, 1997). The Financial Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Dermot Cox, chair of the Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise, regarding the proposed noise cap at London's Heathrow Airport:

England, London, "London Airport Pushes its Case for a Fifth Terminal" (May 16, 1997). Origin Universal News Services Limited reports that the British Airports Authority (BAA), the operator of London's Heathrow Airport, said today it would not oppose a recommendation that there should be no increase in the quota of night flights permitted at the airport. The recommendation came from the Inspector of the inquiry regarding the construction of a fifth terminal at the airport. In addition, BAA circulated a newsletter to 500,000 homeowners surrounding the airport outlining the companies' position and discussing the results of a recent Gallup poll that showed most local residents support the fifth terminal.

England, London, "British Government Drops Commitment to Cut Noise Levels at Heathrow Airport" (Oct. 17, 1997). The Evening Standard reports that the British government has dropped its commitment to cut noise levels at London's Heathrow Airport, on the grounds that an improvement in noise levels cannot be guaranteed. The news came through civil service evidence in the public inquiry into the proposed fifth terminal at Heathrow. The news shocked residents opposed to the expansion, the article says

England, London, "British Government is Accused of Caving on Aircraft Noise" (Oct. 17, 1997). The Daily Telegraph reports that the British government was accused of caving in to pressure from British Airways yesterday after dropping a 12-year-old commitment to seek continual noise reductions at London's Heathrow Airport. The inspector leading the public inquiry into the planned fifth terminal at Heathrow and residents opposed to the development both criticized the Labor government for its action.

England, London, "Columnist Believes London's Heathrow Airport Will Face Continuing Expansion Pressures" (Oct. 13, 1997). EIU ViewsWire printed an editorial in which the public inquiry into London's Heathrow Airport expansion, Britain's longest public inquiry ever, is discussed. The editorial writer talks about the disillusionment of all parties in the length of the inquiry, the fact that the airport owner has made two important concessions in the inquiry, and argues that Heathrow will face continuing pressures to expand and a site for a new airport should be considered.

England, London, "London Mayor should have Power to Regulate Aircraft Noise from Heathrow" (Oct. 29, 1997). London's Evening Standard reported that Labor MP Tony Colman advocated that the new mayor should get the power to limit aircraft noise in the capital. Colman also urged London Minister Glenda Jackson to ban all night flights.

England, London, "Experts with British Government Say Residents Don't Lose Sleep From Heathrow Aircraft Noise" (Sep. 15, 1997). The Independent reports that at the long-running public inquiry into a proposed fifth terminal at London's Heathrow Airport, government experts are submitting testimony that nighttime flights do not affect people's sleep.

England, London, "BBC Gives Out Cough Drops with Quiet Wrappers at Live Radio Broadcasts" (Sep. 28, 1997). Weekend Sunday (NPR) reports in a radio broadcast that BBC Radio in London is distributing cough drops in quiet wrappers to audience members at its live classical music radio broadcasts, in an attempt to cut down on the background noise during the concerts. The broadcast goes on to interview James Pestell, the head of marketing for BBC Radio 3, the country's classical music station from the BBC.

England, London, "Columnist Argues British Government Should Survey People About Noise Around Heathrow Airport Instead of Relying on Computer-Generated Noise Averages" (Apr. 15, 1998). The Guardian printed an editorial that argues the British government should survey residents living near London's Heathrow Airport about the aircraft noise they are experiencing, rather than relying on computer-generated noise averages. The editorial argues that only by doing such a survey can the government make the noise consultation currently in progress over Heathrow's expansion worthwhile.

England, London, "Britain Fights EU's Tough Anti-Noise Proposals" (Apr. 11, 1998). The Independent reports that Britain is preparing to fight new anti- noise laws proposed by the European Commission.

England, London, "England Restricts Boom Cars" (Feb. 24, 1998). The Daily Mail reports that the British government is planning to create a specific offence outlawing "excessive" noise from in-car radios and tape and CD players.

England, London, "European Union Cracks Down On Noisy Garden Machinery" (Feb. 25, 1998). The Daily Mail reports that noisy lawnmowers could soon be outlawed under a crackdown being considered by the EU. Garden machinery would have to be sold with a label showing how loud it is under plans being considered by the European Commission.

England, London, "International Air Association Plans Legal Challenge to British Government's Plan to Cut Noise Levels at London Airports, While Airlines Predict London Airports Will Decline Under Rules" (Feb. 11, 1998). The Travel Trade Gazette UK & Ireland reports that the International Air Transport Association (IATA) is preparing a legal challenge against the British government's proposal to cut noise levels at London's Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted airports. Meanwhile, airline executives are saying that Heathrow airport could lose its spot as Europe's most important airport if the government's noise rules are implemented.

England, London, "English Government Considers Plan to Ban Incoming Night Flights at Heathrow" (Jan. 25, 1998). The Independent of London, England, reports the government, as part of its effort to place limits on aircraft noise, is discussing a ban on all incoming night flights at Heathrow, the world's busiest international airport.

England, London, "Tenants in London Flats Say They Will Take Their Noise Battle to the House of Lords" (Jul. 30, 1998). The Evening Standard reports that tenants in Londonís council flats plan to take their grievance concerning inadequate soundproofing to the House of Lords. The Appeal Court recently ruled the council had no obligation to improve the soundproofing of the flats.

England, London, "London Case Pending on Landlords' Liability in Noise Nuisance Matters" (Jul. 7, 1998). The Lawyer reports judgment is pending in a London case which will determine landlords' liability in respect to noise nuisance.

England, London, "Is Living Under Heathrow Airport's Flight Paths an Asset or Loss for London's Homeowners and Purchasers?" (Jun. 20, 1998). The Financial Times reports that some of Britain's most expensive houses lie on the flight paths into and out of Heathrow airport. The proximity to the airport is considered one of the property's virtues, at least until now. The article poses the question: With construction of the fifth terminal ("Terminal Five") looming on the horizon, will proximity to the airport continue to be an asset or will the proximity push buyers beyond the limits for noise and congestion?

England, London, "Anti-Noise Group Asks Government to Fund Fair Fight Against Heathrow's Terminal 5" (May 14, 1998). Press Association Newsfile reports the Heathrow Association for the Control of Aircraft Noise (HACAN) asked the government today for financial assistance in its fight to stop a fifth terminal from being built at Heathrow airport.

England, London, "Three Years into Inquiry, Two Sides No Closer on Heathrow's Terminal Five" (May 16, 1998). The Financial Times of London reports the inquiry into Heathrow's Terminal Five has been going on for three years now which makes it the longest inquiry in UK history. Opponents are still vocal, although some are experiencing fatigue and financial strain.

England, London, "British Government Deems Nighttime Flying Ban Impractical at Country's Busiest Airports" (Nov. 17, 1998). Press Association Newsfile reports the British Government today declined to ban night-time flying at Britain's two busiest airports, but continue to consider proposals to reduce noise levels at Heathrow and Gatwick airports.

England, London, "Night Flights to Continue; UK Anti-Noise Groups Blast Government Decision" (Nov. 22, 1998). The Press Association Newsfile reports anti - noise groups in the United Kingdom today bitterly attacked the Government's decision not to ban night flying at major airports in and around London, England.

England, London, "European Study Shows City Noise Leads to Serious Ill Health Effects" (Oct. 9, 1998). The Evening Standard reports Londoners were warned today that big city noise may be responsible for heart disease.

England, London, "Expanded Flightpaths in England Bring More Noise; Additional 1 Million Homes Will Be Affected" (Sep. 27, 1998). The Times Newspapers Limited reports the British government faces an outcry from residents over its plans for a huge expansion of flightpaths that will lead to at least 1m more homes being disturbed by aircraft noise.

England, London, "Government Rejects Activists' Attempts to Restrict Night-Flights at England's Largest Airports" (Sep. 11, 1998). Times Newspapers Limited reports anti-noise groups lost their fight to restrict night-time flying at England's three major airports.

England, London, "Previous Decision To Require a Landlord in London, England to Soundproof His Apartments from Noise was Overturned Because Existing Noise Act Exempts Vehicles on the Street" (Apr. 27, 1999). The Press Association reports on a successful appeal in London, England by a landlord who was ordered to soundproof his apartments against traffic noise. The High Court ruled that although environmental laws require that apartments not compromise the tenants health, noise from street vehicles is not considered a statutory nuisance that could compromise health. The landlord had refused to soundproof his apartments, and was taken to court; his successful appeal frees him of the order for the time being. The presiding judges noted that railway noise was not exempted, though it was not an issue in this case.

England, London, "Letter to the Editor in London, Reprinted from 1940s', Addresses Disturbing Qualities of Noise" (Aug. 16, 1999). The Times reprints a letter to the editor written by Sir Robert Armstrong-Jones (1857-1943), a London physician who often wrote to the paper first half of the 1900s. He was involved in finding new ways to treat those with mental diseases.

England, London, "London Columnist Tells Citizens What Laws Exist For Use Against Noise Offenders" (Aug. 31, 1999). The Times prints a piece by a London columnist discussing the citizen's recourse against noise offenders. While relying on local bylaws can result in buck-passing between understaffed police and the local council, the Crime and Disorder Act of 1998 provides a national law for citizens to use. In addition, the 1997 Harassment Act protects the public from nuisance behavior, and the two laws together can be used to levy fines and jail terms to noise offenders.

England, London, "Residents Near a London, England Incinerator Say the Facility Is Producing Too Much Environmental Pollution and Noise" (Aug. 30, 1999). The London Free Press reports that residents near a London, England incinerator are upset over increasing air-pollution "exceedances" and noise from the facility. No details were given about the noise problems. Air pollution exceedances increased from 61 hours in 1996 to 191 hours in just the first half of 1999. Activists are asking for a public meeting to be scheduled to discuss concerns over the plant.

England, London, "Writer Gets Military's Side of the Story Regarding Noisy, Low-Flying Planes" (Sep. 4, 1999). The Daily Telegraph reports that there are two sides to the story about noisy, low-flying military jets. Despite 6,000 complaints each year relating to noise from low-flying planes, pilots say the skill requires practice and is invaluable. Though in the past designated flyways were used, pilots may now fly anywhere in the country as long as they avoid certain special areas such as hospitals or civil airports; they only fly low only thinly populated areas. Planes must be at least 250 feet above the ground in most areas, but some opposition groups say this is still too dangerous to civilians. Pilots may be monitored at any time by mobile radar that allows police to determine speed and altitude. Even at legal altitudes, complaints roll in and several public relations officers are employed to answer these complaints.

England, London, "UK Underground Noise On Trial" (Dec. 13, 1999). The Lawyer reports that the rights of local council to monitor underground rail noise are on trial in High Court.

England, London, "Londoners Cite Constant Apartment Noises Worse Than Other Noise" (Dec. 11, 1999). The Daily Telegraph printed an op ed about daily noises apartment dwellers have to live with. Flushing toilets, shoes on hardwood floors, washing machines and crying babies were all examples of never ending noises that apartment dwellers are subject to.

England, London, "U.S. May Retaliate with Concorde Ban if EU Enacts Ban on Hush-Kitted Aircraft" (Feb. 25, 1999). The Financial Times reports the U.S. is considering a ban of its own if the European Union goes forward with a ban on older hush-kitted aircraft.

England, London, "EU Refuses to Delay Hush-Kitted Aircraft Restrictions Despite U.S. Plea" (Feb. 11, 1999). The Financial Times reports the European Union's transport commissioner yesterday rejected US attempts to delay EU legislation that would restrict the use of older, noisier aircraft in EU airspace.

England, London, "Inventor of New Noise-Filtering "Smart Curtain" Wins 2000 Pound Prize from British Standards Institution" (Jun. 29, 1999). The Press Association Newsfile reports that a 25-year-old student at the Royal Art College in London will receive a 2000 pound prize for his invention of the 'smart curtain.' The invention is a translucent rubber curtain, embedded with electronics disguised as a grid pattern, that cuts noise by up to eight decibels; it also transforms irritating noise into pleasant melodies and sounds such as the 'ocean' that you hear when putting a sea shell to your ear. The inventor is now searching for a company to back production of the curtain. The curtain is 2.4 meters by 1.2 meters, but weighs only six kilograms.

England, London, "New "Noise Curtain" Brings Prize for Inventor, May Revolutionize Noise Reduction Strategies" (Jun. 29, 1999). The Evening Standard reports that an industrial designer at London's Royal College of Art will receive a 2,000 pound prize from the British Standards Institution tonight for inventing the "smart curtain." The curtain is a rubber sheet embedded with electronics which reduces noise up to eight decibels, and transforms annoying noise into soothing sounds. 173,000 complaints were received by the Chartered Institute for Environmental Health Officers in 1997, and so such an invention could have a major impact on quality of life in London and elsewhere.

England, London, "London Resident Notes that Small Two-Stroke Motorcycles Should Be Subject to Same Noise Restrictions as Four-Stroke Vehicles" (Jun. 6, 1999). London's Sunday Telegraph prints a letter to the editor, pointing out that loud motorcycles are not the fault of negligent motorists, but the fault of ambiguous law that allows two-stroke vehicles to be louder than four-stroke vehicles.

England, London, "BAA Says Fifth New Terminal at London's Heathrow Won't Increase Noise; Environmental Group Wants Flight Numbers Capped" (Mar. 13, 1999). The Financial Times (London) reports BAA yesterday called for legislation to ensure the proposed fifth terminal at London's Heathrow airport did not lead to an increase in aircraft noise. However, a local environmental group said it still believes the additional terminal will unduly disrupt lives.

England, London, "Proposed Directive in Brussels, Belgium to Set Maximum Noise Levels for Lawn and Garden Appliances; Manufacturer Compliance May be Difficult" (May 23, 1999). Times Newspapers Limited reports that a proposed directive in Brussels, Belgium will set limits on how much noise outdoor appliances can make. Manufacturers claim that a reduction of even two decibels could be disastrous for some products. A researcher at Southampton University's Institute of Sound and Vibration Studies said "To remove two decibels you have to remove half the sound energy. That would be quite an engineering achievement."

England, London, "European Union Extends Deadline for Registering Hushkitted Aircraft; Hushkitted Aircraft Will Be Banned from European Union Airspace If Not Registered by April 1, 2000" (May 11, 1999). World Airport Week reports that the European Union has extended its deadline for registration of hushkitted aircraft. The deadline, pushed from April 1999 to April 2000, must be met by hushkitted aircraft if they wish to fly in European Union airspace after April 2002. The ruling is intended to require the use of newer, quieter jets, but compromises with the U.S. who argued their hushkit manufacturers were being discriminated against.

England, London, "Law Lords in U.K. Rule that Landlords Aren't Responsible for Soundproofing Apartments to Protect Tenants from Sounds of Everyday Life from Neighbors" (Nov. 22, 1999). The Lawyer reports that the U.K.'s House of Lords ruled that landlords are not responsible for soundproofing their properties just because tenants can hear sounds of everyday life from their neighbors. The lords clarified the definition of "quiet enjoyment," saying that "in the eyes of the law "quiet enjoyment" had nothing to do with freedom from the noise of normal domestic activities." Quiet enjoyment could theoretically be affected by noise, but it would be noise more abnormal than that cited in the case.

England, London, "London's Heathrow Airport Extends Runway Alternation Policy Into Nighttime Hours" (Nov. 24, 1999). The M2 Presswire reports that London, England's Heathrow Airport will extend its policy of runway alternation into the night hours. Runway alternation -- which designates a particular runway each week to allow residents predictable periods of quiet -- has taken place at Heathrow since the 1970s, but night flights have not alternated to allow for night-maintenance on whichever runways were in need. The government is still trying to decide on details of the policy.

England, London, "Luton Airport Leads London Airport in Environmental Commitment" (Nov. 26, 1999). The Times reports that Luton Airport in London, England has prioritized protection of the environment. The noise policy is strict: the toughest in London. A new rail line is scheduled to open, and should reduce automobile traffic to the airport. Other areas considered are air quality, waste, energy, water protection, and ecology.

England, London, "National Noise Act in England Encourages Local Councils to Set Up Late-Night Teams of Noise Inspectors; Few Councils Take the Opportunity" (Sep. 5, 1999). The Independent reports that Britain's Noise Act -- which encourages local councils to set up teams of late-night noise inspectors who patrol around the clock and issue immediate fines -- has been ignored by 94% of councils who say those programs are unnecessary and expensive. The Act encourages the use of teams between 11 PM and 7 AM to respond to noise violations; noise over 35 decibels can draw an on-the-spot 100 pound fine.

England, London, "Phone-Answering Jobs in UK and Elsewhere May Be Dangerous to Employees' Hearing" (Sep. 7, 1999). The Times reports that people who answer telephones for a living in the UK and elsewhere may be damaging their hearing. Workers, who often sit less than two feet apart in a noisy room with over 100 other employees, experience symptoms including tinnitus, rushing sounds, and certain frequencies that cause pain. Earphones must be turned up loud because of the noisy environment, and piercing beeps indicate when a call is about to come through. Also, unexplained noise shocks -- which reach 140 decibels -- sometimes come through earphones and may cause significant damage after even one exposure.

England, London, "English Pioneer of Aeroacoustics and Noise Control in Aircraft Dies" (Apr. 19, 2000). The London Times printed a feature article about the death of a distinguished mathematician, Aeroacoustics specialist and expert in aircraft engine noise, Sir David Crighton.

England, London, "London Property Owner Loses Lawsuit Over Surveyor's Failure to Advise About Aircraft Noise" (Apr. 14, 2000). The Times of London reports on a Court of Appeals case concerning a contract between a chartered surveyor and a prospective purchaser. The court's task was to determine whether the purchaser could receive damages for "non-physical distress and annoyance" resulting from the high level of aircraft noise that he was subjected to on the property. The contract stipulated that the surveyor was to advise "whether the property might be affected by aircraft noise." The court decided that the property owner was not entitled to a monetary award because the noise was an annoyance, rather than something that caused physical damage or distress. The judges explained that a surveyor's contract does not cover "non-physical stress and annoyance."

England, London, "New 2000 Subaru Legacy Loaded With Many Noise-Reduction Features" (Apr. 14, 2000). The London Free Press published an article by automotive writer Dan Proudfoot touting the virtues of the new 2000 model Subaru Legacy, including reduced engine and driving noise.

England, London, "New National Anti-Noise Organization Launched in United Kingdom" (Apr. 12, 2000). The Press Association Newsfile reports that British individuals and groups against noise are supporting the formation of a new national organization called the United Kingdom Noise Assocation (UKNA.) Members of the new group have appeared before the House of Commons, asking that the British Government create a noise strategy and enforce anti-noise laws.

England, London, "United Kingdom Noise Association Asks Government to Enact Stricter Aviation Noise Regulations" (Apr. 14, 2000). The Evening Standard in London, England reports that the United Kingdom Noise Association used International Noise Awareness Day to publicly ask the Government to make noise pollution a priority when drafting a new aviation strategy report that will be published next year. The Association based its request partially on a report by Friends of the Earth that states that hundreds of thousands of people living near airports are adversely affected by noise.

England, London, "British Airways Head of Environment Reports on Airline's Pollution Control Measures" (Feb. 19, 2000). The London Daily Telegraph reports that British Airway's head of environment discussed the steps the airline takes to attempt to reduce the pollution it generates. He notes that the public will need to compromise in some areas in order to have a cleaner industry that also provides convenient flights.

England, London, "UK Environmental Minister Maps City Noise" (Feb. 18, 2000). According to an article in the Daily Telegraph, England's environmental minister Michael Meacher said that 12 million people in his country are victims of intolerable noise from traffic, railroads, airports or industry, and he has a way to target the problem and help politicians act to solve it.

England, London, "Brussels' Night-Flight Ban Is Latest in European Trend of Noise Restrictions; Policies Hurt Cargo Companies the Most" (Jan. 5, 2000). The Journal of Commerce reports that Belgium's proposed ban on flights between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. at Brussels Airport is the latest in a European trend of noise restrictions. Other airports have lost or gained cargo customers based on their noise restrictions.

England, London, "European Express Association Denounces Belgian Move to Ban Night Flights by 2003" (Jan. 5, 2000). Air Transport Intelligence reports that the European Express Association (EEA) has denounced a move by the Belgian Government to ban night flights starting in 2003. The EEA says that express companies need to fly at night to maintain their competitive edge, and to continue benefiting the European economy.

England, London, "London Architect Supports Proposal to Landscape Ugly, High-Noise Spots Along Transportation Lines Into Greenspace, As Paris Has Done In Past Years" (Jan. 8, 2000). The Times reports that London is considering a plan -- similar to one used in Paris, France -- to reclaim green space and fight noise at the same time. A noisy section of rail line or highway was covered; then, the cover was made into a park. The prime minister of England wants to reclaim greenspace, and this proposal would do it for about 20 million pounds per mile.

England, London, "Londoners Will Tolerate Noise if Construction of Main Thoroughfare Speeds Up" (Feb. 1, 2000). According to the London Evening Standard, telecom cable contractors are disrupting traffic and business because they begin work on the Strand, London's main thoroughfare, from 7:30 am to 5pm. The article advocates a choice of working 24 hours a day until the work is finished or extending the hours from 6am to 8pm, stopping just in time for curtain at nearby theaters.

England, London, "UK Government Panel On Sustainable Development Lists Noise Among Priorities" (Feb. 2, 2000). The Hermes Database reported on a governmental panel in England that met recently to look at sustainable development, the environment and how that country views its own resources. What's remarkable about the panel is that it lists noise as one of the priorities, along with such topics as energy strategy, genetically engineered organisms, world trade and the ethics of biotechnology.

England, London, "Alleged "Throat Clearing" Noise in London, England Audience Actually Electronic Noise From Science Exhibit" (Mar. 18, 2000). The Daily Telegraph reports that an intrusive noise from the audience during a speech delivered by the Princess Royal was thought to be throat-clearing, but it was actually an electronic noise coming from a science exhibit.

England, London, "New Hearing Aid Can Better Distinguish Voices From Background Noise" (Mar. 14, 2000). The London Daily Mail reports on a new type of hearing aid that more closely mimics the function of the human year. The new hearing aid is called "Claro," and is manufactured by Phonak, a Swiss company.

England, London, "London's Heathrow Airport Faces Legal Challenge of Night Flights" (Mar. 25, 2000). The Daily Telegraph reported that flying into Heathrow airport at night could be a violation of one's right to undisturbed sleep, and a test case on "unacceptable night noise" affecting a million people will heard in the European Court of Human Rights in April of 2000. Plaintiffs are asking the court to cut back night flights to before 1993 levels.

England, London, "UK Officials Change Noise Rules With Support from Neighbors" (Mar. 25, 2000). The London Free Press printed an op-ed challenging a recent column that criticized city officials for changing noise rules at outdoor concerts because of complaints.

England, London, "Causes of Hearing Loss and Deafness" (Apr. 1, 2000). The Financial Times in London reports on hearing problems and how they develop. In the United Kingdom, 8.5 million people have hearing difficulties, some of which can be treated. All people should be taught to avoid loud noises that do permanent damage to the ear.

England, London, "Scientific Research on Sound Has Many Possible Worldwide Applications" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Daily Telegraph in London reports on many scientific studies being conducted on sound and its applications.

England, London, "United States and European Union Attempt to Reach Hushkit Compromise" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Journal of Commerce in London, England reports on another effort between the European Union (EU) and the United States to settle the controversy over hushkits. The EU law banning hushkitted aircraft takes place on May 4. This would affect more than 700 US aircraft.

England, London, "Wooden Flooring Can Be an Annoying Conductor of Sound in Apartment Buildings" (Apr. 1, 2000). The Financial Times in London reports that many city apartment dwellers are at loggerheads with their neighbors over noise. An environmental health officer explains that much of the problem can be fixed with the installation of the proper type of flooring and insulation.

England, London and Manchester, "Two British Airports Face Fierce Protests Over Noise" (May 17, 1997). The Guardian reports that London's Heathrow Airport and Manchester's airport both face serious opposition in their expansion plans. The organized campaigners against the airports' expansions argue the expansions will bring too much noise and that Britain needs a national aviation strategy.

England, Long Eaton and Sandiacre, "UK Invests É1.5M on Noise Abatement" (Mar. 24, 2000). The Derby Evening Telegraph reported that in an announcement by transport minister Lord Macdonald, the British Parliament is poised to spend 1.5mÉ on noise mitigation for two English towns, Sawley and Sandiacre.

England, Longbenton, "UK Residents Angry Over Noise Pollution from US Electronics Plant" (Feb. 19, 2000). The Journal reported that a crowd of angry residents in England challenged security guard warnings at a US electronics plant in England, and blocked the plant's entrance for 30 minutes, protesting noise pollution from the plant.

England, Lower Hutt, "Firefighter Landlords in England Protest Station Noise" (Jul. 2, 1998). The Evening Post (Wellington) reports in England two firemen are complaining that the station where they work is too noisy for tenants in apartments next door. The two firemen happen to also be the landlords of the adjacent apartments.

England, Manchester, "Mother and Two Children in England Die in Suspected Arson Attack Over Noise Dispute" (Jun. 11, 1997). The Daily Mail reports that a dispute between neighbors over noise may have led to an arson attack in which a mother and two of her children were killed yesterday in Manchester, England.

England, Middlesbrough, "Noise Teams Help Maintain the Quiet in Middlesbrough, England" (Aug. 1, 1998). The Northern Echo reports that the fight to quieten town pubs and clubs has been a success in Middlesbrough where ďOUT-of-hoursĒ noise patrols are used. According to the article the patrols function as noise teams and were first put out on the townís street four years ago to crack down on weekend levels.

England, Midland, "Local City Council in UK Calls for Public Forum on Airport Noise" (Mar. 23, 2000). The Birmingham Evening Mail reported that a Midland city councilor asked for a public forum for residents to discuss Birmingham International Airport.

England, Newcasle, "UK Residents Oppose New Nightclub Because of Noise and Rowdiness" (Feb. 5, 2000). The Newcastle Chronicle and Journal reported that residents in the English town complained to the Newcastle City council about plans for a new nightclub near their homes. They don't want to listen to noise or disturbances and promise to fight the plan.

England, Newcastle, "British Residents Oppose Day Nursery in their Neighborhood" (May 26, 1998). The Sentinel reports that residents living near the site a proposed new 40-child day nursery in Newcastle, England are opposing the development. Residents say that traffic will increase and the peace and quiet they have in their backyards will disappear. The article notes that the Newcastle Borough Council will consider the application at an undetermined date.

England, Newcastle, "UK City Officials Promote Tourism and Nightlife but Residents Say No" (Apr. 17, 2000). The Journal reported that residents and restaurant/pub owners have two different views of Newcastle, England. Residents want more peace and quiet but the business community says the positive economic impact the nightlife brings is critical to the town's finances.

England, Newcastle, "Soundproofing Households in UK Can Reduce Noise" (Feb. 19, 2000). The Lifestyle section of the Evening Chronicle printed an article about household noise and how one can reduce it.

England, Newcastle, "Newcastle, England Stadium Considering Adding Stock-Car Racing; Residents Protest Over Noise" (Mar. 14, 2000). The Evening Chronicle of Newcastle, England reports that residents near Brough Park are vehemently protesting plans to add stock-car racing there. North East Stockcar Promotions is seeking a lawful development certificate, which would allow them to legally add stock-car races to the park

England, North Lincolnshire, "Few Noise Complaints in North Lincolnshire Require Formal Action" (Apr. 15, 1998). The Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph of England reports more than 900 complaints about excessive noise were made to North Lincolnshire council last year, but few resulted in formal action.

England, North Lincolnshire, "Sounds of Silence Rare in North Lincolnshire, England; Noise Complaints Increase" (Jul. 1, 1998). The Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph reports complaints about noise pollution are on the rise in the English towns of North Lincolnshire. But the Health and Public Protection Committee can help residents bothered by noise.

England, North Lincolnshire, "North Lincolnshire, England Council Must Pay Compensation to Resident for Failing to Take Timely Action Against Noisy Club" (Mar. 30, 2000). The Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph in England reports that the North Lincolnshire Council has been required to apologize and to pay GBP 750 to a local woman after failing to take action on a noise complaint against a working men's club located next door to her home.

England, North Warwickshire, "Noise Barrier at Rifle Range in N. Warwickshire, England, Welcomed by Environmentalists" (Apr. 10, 1999). The Birmingham Post reports the Defense Estates Organization has requested approval to build a sound wall at a rifle range near a nature conservation area in North Warwickshire, England.

England, North-East, "British Residents Campaign for Quiet Roads" (Jul. 29, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that thousands of North-East families are faced with a summer noise nightmare due to road maintenance neglect. But financially strapped officials say they are battling just to keep the region's roads patched up, and they don't have any money over for "extras" like quiet materials, according to an AA report.

England, Northallerton, "British Haulage Facility Worries Neighbors Over Noise" (Dec. 9, 1997). The Northern Echo reports that neighbors claim they could suffer from noise and pollution if a company wins permission to use agricultural land behind their homes in Leases Lane, at Leeming Bar, near Northallerton, England.

England, Nottingham, "Resident is Heavily Fined in England for Noise Disturbances" (Sep. 8, 1998). The Nottingham Evening Post reports Richard Ramsey of Nottingham, England, has been fined for two breaches of a noise abatement notice.

England, Nottingham, "Musician Fined For Playing Loud Drums Late at Night" (Mar. 17, 2000). The Nottingham Evening Post in Nottingham, England reports that the Broxtowe, England Borough Council has fined Daniel Bachelard GBP 100 after receiving complaints from neighbors about loud music late at night.

England, Nuneaton, "UK Residents Complain Until Excavation Noise is Reduced: Company Makes Offer" (Feb. 22, 2000). The Coventry Evening Telegraph reported on an excavation company's plans to reduce noise at its Nuneaton site as a result of residents' complaints.

England, Plymouth, "Hearing Experts in England Call for Restrictions on Noise Levels in Cinemas" (Oct. 14, 1998). The Evening Herald reports hearing experts in Plymouth, England, say film-makers are turning up the volume to dangerous levels which could lead to hearing loss.

England, Plymouth, "Town Council in England will Investigate Ways to Reduce Excessive Noise from Music Festival after Residents Complain" (Sep. 12, 1998). The Evening Herald reports the Plymouth, England, City Council is determined to address the issue of excessive noise from a free festival in 1999 after complaints about this year's event.

England, Plymouth, "Reader in Plymouth, England Disagrees With Those Who Complain About Airport Noise" (Apr. 3, 2000). The Evening Herald in Plymouth, England printed a letter to the editor from a reader who does not feel that residents should complain about noise from nearby Plymouth Airport. The letter is reprinted here in its entirety:

England, Plymouth, "Five Resident Opinions Concerning Planned Alterations to Plymouth City, England Airport and Surrounding Roads" (Feb. 17, 2000). The Evening Herald, Plymouth, England has printed letters from five residents of the Plymouth area who have varying opinions on proposed changes to Plymouth Airport and alterations to surrounding roads. The letters are printed below in their entirety:

England, Plymouth, "Plymouth, England Planners to Conduct Noise Reduction Survey of Proposed Manufacturing Plant" (Feb. 15, 2000). The Evening Herald of Plymouth, England reports that the planning council in Plymouth, England will not approve an application by West Wise Manufacturing, Limited to build a new factory at Darklake View in Estover until they inspect the building site and conduct a noise survey. Nearby residents are concerned that the new metal fabrication plant would create excessive noise.

England, Plymouth, "Application for Building of New Wildlife Park in Jeopardy Due to Noise and Other Concerns" (Mar. 14, 2000). The Evening Herald of Plymouth, England reports that the South Hams, England city council is not recommending approval of a 104-acre wildlife park to be built in the community. The park is planned to be located on the site of the National Shire Horse Center in Yealmpton.

England, Plymouth, "Business Owner in Torbay, England Forced to Go to Court Over Loud Bird" (Mar. 13, 2000). The Western Morning News of Plymouth, England reports that Derek Sharp, owner of the Alpine Lodge residential home in Torbay, has had to go to court over his noisy cockerel. This is not the first time that Sharp has been served with orders to silence his cockerels.

England, Plympton, "UK Local City Council Member Objects to Noise in Neighboring Industrial Park" (Feb. 1, 2000). The Evening Herald printed this letter from a City Council member in Plympton, England regarding commercial and industrial noise near residences. The letter is printed in its entirety.

England, Plympton, "Residents in Plympton, England Bothered by Noise From Nearby Industrial Park" (Mar. 16, 2000). The Plymouth, England Evening Herald reports that there have been many noise complaints lodged by Plympton residents against businesses at the Valley Road Industrial Estate. Residents says that the noise has become increasingly loud over the last few years.

England, Salisbury, "Citing Noise and Increased Use, Neighbors Wants Restrictions Placed on Britain's Oldest Working Airfield" (Mar. 18, 1999). The Western Daily Press reports a public meeting is being called over families' complaints that their weekends are being ruined by noise from light planes using Britain's oldest working airfield.

England, Salisbury Plain, "English Rural Life Also Plagued By Unwanted Sound" (Dec. 11, 1999). The Daily Telegraph printed an article from someone who left the urban life for country life to get away from the noise, only to find unwanted sound of a completely different genre.

England, Sedgefield, "England Town Launches Noise Exposure Survey to Encourage Quiet Neighborhoods" (Jul. 22, 1997). The Northern Echo of England escalating complaints of domestic noise from barking dogs, loud music and other sources have prompted the town of Sedgefield, England, to take action.

England, Soho, "London's Theater District Too Noisy for Soho Residents" (Feb. 2, 2000). An article from the Press Association Newsfile reported that Soho residents have taken political action against Westminster City Council's decision to allow another new night cafť in London's theater. Resident's claim that there are just too many night cafes, loud music and entertainment in the West End, London's theater and entertainment center, and that they interfere with their sleep.

England, Southampton, "British Professor Says Owls' Wing Feathers Are Key to Quiet Flight; Suggests Airplane Engineers Take Note" (Jun. 13, 1999). The Ottowa Citizen reports a British professor says the key to owls'quiet flight is in their wing feathers and may offer suggestions to airplane engineers.

England, Spondon, "British Government Invests É760,000 on Road Noise Reduction" (Mar. 24, 2000). The London Evening Standard reported on a 760,000É noise abatement grant from the Government to reduce road surface noise on a major highway, A52.

England, Stafford, "English Town Expands Noise Control Team as Noise Complaints Rise" (May 1, 1998). The Sentinel of Stoke, England reports an extra officer is being added to the Stafford Borough Council's noise control team to help cope with the expected rise in complaints. The council faces its busiest period in the summer months.

England, Staffordshire County, "Staffordshire Relaxes Steel Company's Restrictions, Ignores Residents' Noise Concerns" (Apr. 10, 1998). The Sentinel of Stoke, England, reports a Staffordshire steel company has been given approval to store stock closer to its boundary despite residents' fears of noise and late night working.

England, Stoke, "Residents Say Generator a Noise Nuisance in England Town" (Oct. 14, 1998). The Sentinel reports residents of Stoke, England, contend noise from a generator powering temporary traffic lights is making their life hell.

England, Stoke-on-Trent, "English Residents Living Near Highway Get Money to Mitigate Traffic Noise" (Jun. 4, 1998). The Sentinel reports the Highways Agency in the United Kingdom will spend more than 400,000 pounds on noise insulation to protect residents along a section of the new A50 highway in Stoke-on-Trent, England. The article notes that 164 residents have applied for noise mitigation measures, and the government will spend about 2,500 pounds per home for the insulation measures.

England, Stroud, "Council in Stroud, England, Committed to Dealing with Noise Issues" (Sep. 15, 1998). The Gloucester Citizen reports members of an environment committee in Stroud, England, are committed to dealing with noise complaints.

England, Sunderland, "UK Go Kart Track Subject of Noise Complaints and Controversy" (Jan. 13, 2000). According to The Journal, Sunderland residents are so angry about the noise from the expansion of a nearby go-kart track that they've organized to challenge not only the noise but also the procedure for the track's getting a permit to open. Representatives from the Warden Law Action Group say the process was not democratic.

England, Surrey, "United Kingdom to Test Rubber Roads to Reduce Noise" (Sep. 13, 1998). Times Newspapers Limited reports Colsoft, a new type of road surface, could come to the relief of United Kingdom residents plagued by traffic noise.

England, Teesside, "British Residents Fear Noise While Airport Promises Jobs" (Aug. 19, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that plans are going forward at Teesside Airport to build one to the United Kingdom's biggest freight distribution centers. The warehouse has been at the center of a controversy in spite of its promise to create thousands of jobs. Nearby residents object to the likelihood of unrelenting road and air traffic as well as noise and air pollution.

England, Teignbridge, "English Town Promotes Noise Awareness Day with Education" (Jul. 3, 1998). The Herald Express reports the Council in Teignbridge, England, went into action to spotlight Noise Awareness Day launched by the National Society for Clean Air.

England, Thirsk, "British Neighbors Near Auto Maintenance Shop Want Peace and Quiet on Weekends" (Oct. 15, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that after a public inquiry yesterday that a bid by Kwik Fit, a tire and exhaust fitting chain, to expand its operations near a market town's conservation area would result in an unacceptable disturbance to residents. The district health officer said residents should not lose their freedom from noise on the weekends and holidays.

England, Torquay, "Will Pleas For Quiet Go Unheard?" (Jul. 8, 1999). The Herald Express reports that England's National Noise Action Day may only be a good idea.

England, Torquay, "UK Town Council Grants Entertainment License After Noise Reduction" (Feb. 1, 2000). The Herald Express reported that the public entertainment licenses for two inns have been granted only after the owners squelched the noise.

England, Torquay, Devon, "UK Student Stabbed Over Noise Argument" (Dec. 13, 1999). A Press Association Newsfile article reports that an argument over noise led to the violent death of a Plymouth University student.

England, Tow Law, "Frustrated by Years of Noise from Foundry, British Residents Will Fight" (Sep. 9, 1997). The Northern Echo of England, reports that residents of Tow Law, England are strengthening their fight against noise from a foundry after a local man was arrested and fined for protesting at the Bonds Foundry.

England, Tower Hamlets, "UK Residents, Town Council and Environmental Group Fight Noise and Pollution With Trees" (Mar. 25, 2000). An article from the Press Association Newsfile reported on a local effort by residents and environmental group Trees for London to fight noise and fumes from a major highway, the A102(M).

England, Walsall, "Steel Company Makes Noise Reduction Efforts to Appease Neighbors in Walsall, England" (Jul. 8, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports a dispute has been resolved between residents and a Walsall, England, steel firm over alleged late night noise.

England, Wellington, "Community In England Launches Attack On Gang Noise" (Dec. 30, 1997). The Evening Post reports that Wellington City Council has launched a crackdown on Satan Slaves' noisy Berhampore headquarters.

England, Wellington, "Action Group Formed to Address Noise from Bars in Wellington, England" (Feb. 20, 1999). The Evening Post (Wellington) reports tensions are mounting between inner-city residents and bar owners over complaints about loud music in Wellington, England.

England, West Cornforth, "British Council Uses New Powers to Quiet Noisy Neighbor" (Sep. 12, 1997). The Northern Echo of England reports that a resident of West Cornforth, England, who held noisy, late-night parties has been ordered by a judge to stop the noise.

England, Westcott, "UK Residents Suffer From Highway Road Noise" (Feb. 5, 2000). The Daily Telegraph of London reported on residents in one English town who say their quiet, pastoral life has come to an end because of a new highway that recently opened near their town.

England, Worcester, "Residents in English Town Demand Relief from Road Noise" (Sep. 22, 1998). The Birmingham Evening Mail reports residents of Evesham, England, are requesting a low noise surface be laid on a busy highway that creates constant and intolerable traffic noise.

England, Yeovilton, "English Residents Say Helicopter Noise Disturbing Their Lives" (Feb. 10, 1999). The Western Daily Press reports complaints from villagers in the English countryside about helicopter noise from a nearby air base has prompted a meeting with local officials to address their concerns.

Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, "Commetary Says Stricter Rules Justified for Noise Reduction in Addis Ababa" (Aug. 11, 1998). The Monitor published an editorial advocating the new strict noise regulations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The writer believes it's better to enforce controls now before the city becomes hopelessly polluted.

Europe, "European Commission Adopts New Airport Charges Principles" (Apr. 29, 1997). The publication Airports reports that the European Commission last week adopted a proposal to create a new legislative framework for airport charges throughout the European Union. The proposal seeks to ensure that airport charges are cost-related, transparent, and do not discriminate between domestic and intra-EU air services. The proposal must now be agreed to by the Council of 15 EU Transport Ministers.

Europe, "Aviation Industry Angry Over Move by European Body to Place Further Restrictions on Chapter 2 Aircraft" (Aug. 4, 1997). Commuter/Regional Airline News International reports that the aviation industry is reacting in anger over moves by the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) to prevent the influx of hushkitted Chapter 2 aircraft into its 36 member countries after April 1, 1999, three years ahead of the date set for all Chapter 2 aircraft to be banned from ECAC countries. The article reports that ECAC officials also have said they intend to recommend that Chapter 2 aircraft not be allowed to join the ECAC fleet after April 1999, even if they are fitted with hushkits to bring them into compliance with Chapter 3 noise level standards. It is believed that ECAC has proposed the earlier date in order to stop Chapter 2 aircraft from flooding their market if, as expected, the aircraft are banned in North America before 2000, the article says.

Europe, "Europe Continues to Limit Aircraft Noise" (Aug. 4, 1997). Aircraft Value News reports that several recent actions in Europe have continued to place limitations on aircraft noise. As a result, the article says, residual values for a number of aircraft types may be called into question.

Europe, "Day-Long Noise Seminar Held in Europe" (Sep. 5, 1997). The publication Europe Environment reports that a day-long seminar will be held on September 16 to focus on the latest developments in noise legislation, ambient noise management, neighbor noise control, and noise research. The seminar is being sponsored by the National Society for Clean Air and Environmental Protection in England.

Europe, "European Environmental Bureau Calls for Aircraft Fuels Tax to Fund Noise Abatement" (Sep. 2, 1997). Aviation Daily reports that the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) released a policy statement to European Union members stating that noise abatement measures should be funded by a tax on aircraft fuels. The EEB report also called for strict rules against night flights at Europe's airports, the article says.

Europe, "Noise Conference to be Held in Europe" (Feb. 20, 1997). The European reports that as part of the European Commission's focus on noise problems, a conference on noise issues will be held on March 24 that will gather noise experts from around Europe.

Europe, "36 Countries in Europe Agree to Limit Flights From Noisy Aircraft" (Jul. 18, 1997). The publication Transport Europe reports that members of the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), a group with 36 member countries, met in Strasbourg on July 2 and 3 and agreed to reduce the level of noise emissions from aircraft by the year 2002, and resolved to adopt a formal Recommendation on the matter by December 31. Meanwhile, express delivery airlines voiced concern about regulations limited to Europe and called for an international agreement.

Europe, "European Commission Pushes for Legal Action Against Italy and Belgium for Failing to Adopt Noise Limits on Construction Machinery" (Jul. 21, 1997). The Occupational Health & Safety Letter reports that the European Commission (EC) has applied to the European Court of Justice, seeking legal retribution against Italy and Belgium for failing to adopt limits on construction workers' exposure to noise from construction machinery.

Europe, "European Commission Backs Recommendations to Improve Aircraft Noise Standards" (Jul. 7, 1997). Aircraft Value News reports in an editorial that the European Commission is supporting two proposals that would ban or restrict aircraft equipped with Chapter 3 hushkits in an attempt to move along strong aircraft noise standards. The editorial argues that the first proposal, which would allow European authorities to ban aircraft equipped with Chapter 3 hushkits, would significantly hurt values for older, noisier Chapter 2 aircraft. The second proposal would bar operators in European Civil Aviation Conference member countries (ECAC) from adding hushkitted aircraft to their fleets after 1999, and this also would depress values for older aircraft, the editorial says.

Europe, "European Countries Agree to Prohibit Hushkitted Chapter 3 Aircraft After April 1999" (Jul. 8, 1997). Aviation Daily reports that the European Civil Aviation Conference's 36 member countries (ECAC) agreed last week in Strasbourg to "take all necessary steps" after April 1, 1999 to exclude aircraft from their carriers' fleets that have been hushkitted only to meet the minimum requirements of Chapter 3 noise standards. The decision sends a signal to current and future airlines not to increase their fleet's noise by using hushkitten airplanes, according to ECAC president-elect Andre Auer. The action comes as a result of a January 1996 environmental policy statement issued by ECAC calling for substantially lower noise levels at Europe's airports after Chapter 2 aircraft are phased out in 2002, the article reports.

Europe, "Europe Moving to Impose Tougher Noise Restrictions on Airlines" (Jun. 5, 1997). EIU ViewsWire printed a summary of a report in European Voice, a weekly newspaper of The Economist Group covering the European Union, which says that Europe is finalizing moves to impose tougher restrictions on noisy airplanes. The European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) is expected to adopt a non-binding recommendation in July committing its member countries not to add any new aircraft to their fleets after 2002 which do not meet the quieter "Chapter 3" noise standards. According to the Association of European Airlines (AEA), the recommendation will eventually form the basis of binding European Union legislation.

Europe, "European Parlaiment Debates Commission Response to Noise Reduction" (Jun. 10, 1997). The Reuter European Community Report released a press release which states that some members of the European Parlaiment are critical that the Commission has not been sufficiently diligent in tackling the noise problem in Europe.

Europe, "Aircraft Noise Policy Across the World Lacks Coherence" (Jun. 1997). Airline Business reports in an editorial that the failure of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to agree on a transition to Chapter IV noise standards is leading to a patchwork of policy making around the world on aircraft noise. The diverse policies will force airlines to face operational restraints, the editorial concludes.

Europe, "Editorial Writer Says Aviation Industry Should Promote its Current Commitment to Improving Air and Noise Pollution" (Oct. 15, 1997). Flight International printed an editorial in which the columnist says that the aviation industry should do more to show how it is already making strides against air and noise pollution unless it wants to be faced with "increasingly irrational, and occasionally impossible," regulation. The writer goes on to discuss the new air emissions surcharge at the Zurich Airport and the new flight restrictions due to noise problems at Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport as cases in point.

Europe, "The International Union of Railway's Action Plan Includes Quieter Passenger Trains" (Oct. 28, 1997). M2 Presswire published a press release from The International Union of Railway (UIC) announcing its Action Plan for the 21st Century in Europe. The UIC plans to focus on increasing freight business and satisfying its rail passengers with lower noise levels among other accommodations.

Europe, "European Environmental Bureau Calls for Fuel Tax on Aircraft to Reduce Noise" (Sep. 8, 1997). The Weekly of Business Aviation reports that the European Environmental Bureau (EEB) released a new policy statement to European Union members, saying that Europe's problem with increasing aircraft noise pollution is partly a result of the absence of a tax on aircraft fuels. The EEB called for noise mitigation measures to be funded by such a tax.

Europe, "Europe's Air Cargo Businesses Becoming More Heavily Regulated Due to Noise and Nighttime Flight Restrictions" (Apr. 24, 1998). The Journal of Commerce reports that the air cargo industry in Europe is facing an increasingly regulated market due to restrictions on noise levels and night flights. The article notes that the limitations come as express carriers are reporting record volumes in business.

Europe, "The Devastating Effects of Noise Pollution and Some Ways to Ease its Impact" (Jul. 27, 1998). Time Magazine reports noise pollution is increasing across Europe. While noise can damage health and destroy peace of mind, there are ways to lessen its impact.

Europe, "European Union Proposes Restrictions on Noise From Outdoor Equipment" (Mar. 1, 1998). The Automotive Environment Analyst reports that the European Commission proposed a new directive on noise from outdoor equipment on February 24. The directive specifies noise levels for a range of equipment used outdoors, the article notes.

Europe, "European Commission Proposal Would Prohibit Hushkits after April, 1999" (Apr. 1998). The Airfinance Journal reports that a European Commission proposal for a directive on noise pollution would prohibit airlines from hushkitting aircraft after April 1, 1999. Originally, the deadline had been set for 2002.

Europe, "Ear Muffs Relieve Patients of Construction Noise" (Mar. 11, 1998). The Daily Record reports that heart patients at the Ayr Hospital were upset by noise from hospital construction. The report describes how the hospital is making use of ear muffs to content the noise weary patients.

Europe, "European Commission Plans to Ban "Hush Kitted" Planes by 2000" (Jun. 1998). Air Cargo World reports the European Commission plans to ban "hush-kitted" planes in the near future.

Europe, "European Union Mandates Noise Maps for Cities" (Sep. 19, 1998). New Scientist reports every city in the European Union with more than 250 000 inhabitants will be required to draw up " noise maps" of their streets by 2002.

Europe, "How Quiet are the Neighbors? European Bank Advises Finding Answer Before Buying a Home" (Sep. 25, 1998). The Daily Record of Europe reports noisy neighbors are the biggest drawback to buying a new home, according to a survey out yesterday.

Europe, "European Union's Environment Commission Says it Will Propose Noise Pollution Legislation by the End of 1999" (Sep. 28, 1998). The Economist Intelligence Unit reports that the Environment Commission for the European Union has announced that it will propose, by the end of 1999, a legislative framework to extend ambient noise levels, beyond the current limits, for cars, lorries and aircraft.

Europe, "US Official Sees New EU Aircraft Standards as Attempt to Control Market" (Mar. 3, 1999). The Journal of Commerce reports at least one United States commerce official sees new European Union aircraft standards as a way to control the aircraft market.

Europe, "Organizer of ECTS, Europe's Premier Trade Show, Vows to Police Noise from Booths" (Jul. 28, 1999). The M2 Presswire reports that Europe's ECTS trade show will include 'noise police' this year. The noise experts will monitor noise and will be authorized to issue warnings, or pull the plug if warnings are not heeded.

Europe, "Friends of the Earth Supports EU Directive to Ban Noisy Aircraft in Europe" (Apr. 2, 1999). According to the European Report, two non -governmental organizations have criticized the European Union for giving in to pressure from the United States to delay a ban on older and louder "hushkitted" aircraft in European skies.

European Community, "The European Commission Outlines Airport Equity Proposal" (Apr. 23, 1997). The 1997 RAPID reports that the European Commission agreed on a proposal that would create a framework to ensure fair and equitable market conditions for airports and airlines within the EC. The program includes a proposal for noise regulations.

Other Indexes

Aircraft Noise
Amplified Noise
Effects on Wildlife/Animals
Construction Noise
Firing Ranges
Health Effects
Home Equipment and Appliances
International News
Environmental Justice
Land Use and Noise
Civil Liberty Issues
Miscellaneous Noise Stories
Noise Ordinances
Noise Organizations Mentioned
Outdoor Events
Noise in Our National Parks/Natural Areas
Residential and Community Noise
Snowmobile and ATV Noise
Research and Studies
Technological Solutions to Noise
Transportation Related Noise
Violence and Noise
Watercraft Noise
Workplace Noise

Chronological Index

NPC Menu Bar NPC Home Page Ask NPC Support NPC Search the NPC Home Page NPC QuietNet NPC Resources NPC Hearing Loss and Occupational Noise Library NPC Noise News NPC Law Library NPC Library