Noise in Our National Parks/Natural Areas

Buffalo, New York Engineering Students Win Design Contest for Quieter, Less Polluting Snowmobile (Apr. 13, 2000). The New York Times reports that State University of New York Buffalo engineering students have designed a way to eliminate snowmobile noise and air pollution. They won first place in a contest sponsored recently by the Society for Automotive Engineers.

Expansion Plans at Hanscom Field in Concord, Massachusetts Anger Local Politicians and Historic Preservation Groups (Apr. 6, 2000). The Boston Globe reports that Shuttle America, a low-cost airline, would like to expand at Hanscom Field in Concord, Massachusetts. The plan has met with strong opposition. The airline has requested approval from the FAA to schedule twelve flights a day between Hanscom and LaGuardia Airport in New York.

US National Park Service Hoping to Reduce Motor Vehicle Use in Parks (Apr. 2, 2000). The Deseret News in Salt Lake City, Utah recently published an article that originally appeared in the Christian Science Monitor. The article reports that the National Park Service is considering reducing the use of snowmobiles, cars, and airplanes in some of the country's national parks, including Yellowstone, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon. The Park Service hopes to be able to decrease noise and air pollution in the parks to keep them more pristine and to allow visitors to experience a more unspoiled environment.

Reader in San Clemente, California Worried that Noise From New Toll Road Will Ruin San Clemente Backcountry Experience (Apr. 2, 2000). The Orange County Register in California printed an editorial by Steve Netherby of San Clemente. He is extremely concerned about plans to build the Foothill South Toll Road. He is worried about the noise and other environmental assaults that the expressway, as well as other types of development, would produce in the area and the negative impact it will have on the San Clemente backcountry.

Jet Skis Banned From Assateague Island, Maryland (Apr. 1, 2000). The Chicago Tribune reports that the U.S. National Park Service recently extended its jet ski and personal watercraft ban to include Assateague Island off the coast of Maryland and Virginia. The Park Service had earlier banned such watercraft at 358 of its 379 parks, recreation areas, and historic sites. Assateague was not included in the ban. The Park Service left it up to the exempted parks' superintendents to determine whether jet skis were harmful to wildlife in the park.

Flight Limits Placed on Grand Canyon National Park Tours Do Not Meet Goals of 1987 Law (Mar. 30, 2000). The Arizona Republic printed an editorial that discusses the recent limits placed on the number of flights in Grand Canyon National Park. However, the goals of a 1987 law that established flight-free zones over the park and called for "substantial restoration of natural quiet" still have not been attained.

US Government Announces Limits on Flights Over Grand Canyon (Mar. 29, 2000). The Arizona Republic in Phoenix reports that President Clinton announced on Tuesday that the number of flights that tour airplanes and helicopters may make over Grand Canyon National Park will be limited. The limits were established by the National Parks Service in conjunction with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Flights will be limited to 90,000 per year.

US National Park Services Restricts Use of Personal Watercraft in National Parks (Mar. 21, 2000). An article by Business Wire printed commentary by the Personal Watercraft Industry Association (PWIA) regarding the National Park Service's decision to allow some personal watercraft (pwc) use in selected parks while banning the watercraft in other parks.

Colorado State University Engineering Students Attempt to Build Clean and Quiet Snowmobile (Mar. 20, 2000). The Denver Post reports that local university teams are competing in Jackson, Wyoming to design cleaner running snowmobiles. The competition is taking place during a time of intense debate over a possible snowmobile ban in Yellowstone and Grand Teton national parks....

Noise Study Conducted by Conservation Groups in Yellowstone National Park May Convince National Park Service to Implement Parkwide Snowmobile Ban (Mar. 14, 2000). The U.S. Newswire reports that the National Parks Conservation Association (NPCA) and the Greater Yellowstone Coalition recently collaborated to study snowmobile noise in Yellowstone National Park. Based on its results, the National Park Service announced that it is seriously considering imposing a ban on snowmobiles in the park.

Redirecting Flight Path at Seattle International Airport Is Not a Solution (Feb. 18, 2000). The Seattle Times printed this letter to the editor regarding a controversial proposal to switch jet flight paths from some neighborhoods to others. The letter is printed in its entirety.

US Engineering Students Compete in Nationwide Contest to Design Quieter Snowmobiles (Feb. 1, 2000). An article in the Associated Press reported that if engineering students are successful, then a little more peace and quiet may be in store for Yellowstone National Park, and snowmobiles will have a better public image as a result.

Helicopter Convention Includes Retrofits to Reduce Noise Footprint, Inspired By Noise Problems Over Grand Canyon National Park (Jan. 31, 2000). Aviation Week and Space Technology reports on an international helicopter conference which included the introduction of a retrofitted sightseeing helicopter which is quieter than the original, creating an 80-decibel footprint.

Minnesota Competition Asks College Students to Design a Cleaner, Quieter Snowmobile (Jan. 31, 2000). The Star Tribune reports that engineering students from seven colleges will compete in Jackson, Wyoming to have the cleanest, quietest snowmobile. The issues of air-pollution and noise in Wyoming state parks had been looming large, and the competition was conceived as a constructive way to address the issue.

US Snowmobile Manufacturer Announces Quieter Machines For Testing in Yellowstone (Jan. 14, 2000). An article from the PR Presswire reported that Arctic Cat announced that it would loan two prototypes for a quieter snowmobile to the National Park Service for use in Yellowstone National Park.

London Architect Supports Proposal to Landscape Ugly, High-Noise Spots Along Transportation Lines Into Greenspace, As Paris Has Done In Past Years (Jan. 8, 2000). The Times reports that London is considering a plan -- similar to one used in Paris, France -- to reclaim green space and fight noise at the same time. A noisy section of rail line or highway was covered; then, the cover was made into a park. The prime minister of England wants to reclaim greenspace, and this proposal would do it for about 20 million pounds per mile.

Fish and Wildlife Service Says Proposed Amphitheater in Shakopee, Minnesota Will Harm Neighboring Wildlife Refuge (Jan. 6, 2000). The Associated Press State and Local Wire reports that the Fish and Wildlife Service has opposed an amphitheater in Shakopee, Minnesota that would disrupt animals and recreation at a wildlife refuge. A preliminary environmental review determined the noise wouldn't be too much, but the Fish and Wildlife Service wants further study at the 10,500 acre refuge.

Clayton, Missouri Resident Believes Motorized Vehicles Should Stay Out of National Forests (Jan. 5, 2000). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch prints a letter to the editor from a reader who believes that noisy motorized vehicles have no place in our national forests, where they can harm wildlife.

Mt. Cook, New Zealand Recreationists and Residents Complain Less About Aircraft Noise; Airline Industry Appears to Be Voluntarily Cooperating (Nov. 27, 1999). The Timaru Herald reports that the Department of Conservation in Aoraki/Mt Cook, New Zealand believes that airlines have been voluntarily cooperating to reduce noise, by trying to use alternative flight paths that keep planes "high and wide" of populated areas and recreational sites.

Amherst, New York Resident Says Despite Low Turnout at a Recent Public Meeting, Many State and National Park Visitors Resent Noise and Exhaust from Snowmobiles (Nov. 22, 1999). The Buffalo News prints a letter to the editor from a man in Amherst, New York who believes that despite the low turnout at a recent public meeting, many visitors to state and national parks resent the noise and pollution from snowmobiles.

Commissioners In Jefferson County, Colorado Will Soon Hold Last Public Hearing On Proposed Quarry Near Eldorado Canyon State Park (Nov. 9, 1999). The Denver Rocky Mountain News reports that the last public hearing on a proposed quarry near Jefferson County, Colorado's Eldorado State Park will be held soon. The county staff's report sides with residents and state legislators in opposing the project based on possible noise problems.

Proposed Long Island, Maine Salmon Farm Site Faces Opposition From Residents of Blue Hill Based On Potential Problems with Waters' Oxygen Levels, Disease, Genetics and Noise (Nov. 1, 1999). The Bangor Daily News reports that a proposed salmon farm off the coast of Long Island in Maine, which would be capable of raising 400,000 Atlantic salmon at a 35-acre site, is being opposed for reasons involving water quality, potential disease outbreaks, and noise. The current proposal will be considered under certain conditions, including noise buffers for boat inboard engines, limitations of noise to only three hours on any day, and use of a drying method for cleaning nets which is quieter than pressure washing. Also, the National Park Service requested that they be consulted on noise and other issues.

Columnist in Columbia, South Carolina Discusses Noise Strategies in Our National Parks (Oct. 16, 1999). The Sacramento Bee prints a column that discusses noise pollution in our national parks. The column discusses air-tour noise, raft-motor noise, and other problems in our national parks. She mentions that the National Park Service is currently drafting a policy that will require all parks to monitor their noise and establish natural sound levels as well as sources of the most intrusive human-made sounds.

Environmentalists and Private Boaters Say Noise From Motorized Tour Boats Degrade the Grand Canyon Experience; Tour Operators Say They Allow Quicker, Easier Trips For Those Who Couldn't Otherwise Visit (Sep. 19, 1999). The Los Angeles Times reports that operators of motorized raft tours on the Grand Canyon's Colorado River are at odds with environmentalists and private boaters who want a quieter, less congested river. Tour operators say that they allow older, less fit people, or people with little time to spare, to see the Grand Canyon. Environmentalists and private boaters say the noise ruins the natural quiet of the park, and waiting lists skewed in favor of companies relegate private boaters to a twenty-year waiting list. A motor ban on the river was killed twenty years ago, but a new management plan will raise the question again.

Nevada Senators Add Rider to Spending Bill That Would Delay Noise Restrictions Planned for Grand Canyon National Park (Sep. 17, 1999). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports that Nevada senators added a rider to an Interior spending bill that would delay implementation of new noise limits in Grand Canyon National Park. The senators say that air tour operators only want time to refute the methods used by the Park Service: methods they say are flawed. Environmentalists consider the rider a simple delay tactic, to be used to find other ways to reject the limits. In developing the limits, the Park Service is trying to comply with a 1987 congressional mandate to restore natural quiet to the park.

Anchorage, Alaska Resident Worries that Permit to Fill Wetlands at Airport Will Destroy Environment and Neighborhoods (Sep. 14, 1999). The Anchorage Daily News prints an article written by a resident who is worried about a requested 10-year permit that would allow the Anchorage International Airport to fill most of the wetlands remaining on its land. Officials say competition requires growth, and critics worry about negative impacts to the environment and the community. The author urges the withdrawal of the permit request, and the drafting of an Environmental Impact Statement, which is not currently planned.

Letter Writer Says Placement of Housing Developments Near DIA Airport in Aurora, Colorado Sets Stage for Future Litigation Over Noise (Sep. 6, 1999). The Denver Rocky Mountain News prints a letter to the editor by a realtor from Aurora, Colorado. The writer is concerned that after DIA Airport was built intentionally in an area away from residential neighborhoods, new development plans will place residences there and set the stage for future litigations that taxpayers will end up paying for.

Proposed Roads Across San Diego Area Canyons Intended to Reduce Traffic Pit Environmentalists Against Transportation Planners (Sep. 5, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that many San Diego leaders are pushing to allow roads through area canyons to alleviate traffic problems. The canyons are important 'wildlife corridors' for species like Mule Deer, and often serve as natural retreats for people who want to escape the city. According to environmentalists, one canyon with a highway through it was "pushed into a slow biological decline." Another canyon which blocked a road that was proposed twenty years ago is in danger again. The canyon in question contains a huge nature preserve where hundreds of songbird species and eleven raptor species live in addition to many mule deer and other wildlife. Canyon crossings contribute to erosion problems in the canyons, and disrupt important wildlife corridors.

National Park Service Plans to Ban Cars from Grand Canyon National Park by 2003 (Aug. 20, 1999). USA Today reports that the National Park Service plans to ban personal vehicles from Grand Canyon National Park by 2003. Their plans also include restricting air-tour flights over the park, and strive to meet a goal of having at least 50% of the park dominated by natural sounds by 2008. As alternatives, they plan to develop a light-rail system and bus service that bring tourists from parking lots outside of the park. Also, they are planning an ecologically-conscious commercial development on the edge of the park that will recycle, conserve energy, and import water; currently, the high demand for the park's available groundwater is being taxed by more and more hotels and increasing suburban sprawl in nearby Tusayan.

Park Service Employs Panel of Acoustics Experts to Recommend Best Places to Collect Noise Data in Grand Canyon National Park (Aug. 19, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that the Park Service and the FAA has asked a panel of eight acoustics experts to review plans for collecting noise data in Grand Canyon National Park, intending to head off potential critics concerning the accuracy of the $800,000 study. The data will help to determine changes to flight paths designed to reach the goal of making 50% of the park quiet 75% of the time.

Environmentalists and Air Tour Operators Clash at a Flagstaff, Arizona Public Hearing on Whether to Freeze the Number of Flights Over the Grand Canyon National Park (Aug. 18, 1999). The Arizona Republic reports that environmentalists and air tour operators presented differing opinions at a public hearing in Flagstaff, Arizona that focused on a proposed freeze on the number of flights allowed over Grand Canyon National Park. Air tour operators say the current no-fly zones and the proposed freeze would put them out of business, and that the majority of tourists don't mind the noise. Environmentalists say that boaters and hikers enjoy natural quiet only 19% of the time, and only 10% of the river is covered by no-fly zones.

Grand Canyon Hiker Writes to Editor Giving First Hand Account of Disruptive Aircraft Noise (Jul. 30, 1999). The Arizona Republic prints a letter to the editor by a Grand Canyon hiker, citing the disruptive aircraft noise he experienced on a recent visit to the canyon. He provides a first-hand account of the aircraft noise that is often left abstract in articles about this subject. He supports a freeze of flights over the canyon.

San Diego, California Group Works with Marine Corps to Design New Helicopter Flight Paths that Disturb Fewer Communities (Jul. 29, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that because of a lawsuit settlement with San Diego, California group Move Against Relocating Choppers Here (MARCH), the Marine Corps is considering flight path changes for its helicopters. MARCH has suggested a more easterly alternative to the current northern route along the highly-populated Interstate 15 corridor. The military also has ideas, but a study considering noise, regulations, and especially safety will need to be done.

Number of Flights Over Grand Canyon May Be Frozen as Early As January In Order To Restore Natural Quiet to the Park (Jul. 26, 1999). The Arizona Republic reports that federal officials may freeze the number of flights passing over the Grand Canyon as early as January. Many of the 250,000 hikers and rafters that come to experience the wilderness of the park each year applaud the measure, but air tour operators claim that some of their 800,000 passengers will be deprived of that experience. The two-year freeze is meant to restore quiet to 50% of the park for 75% of the day, as ordered by a 12-year old federal law, and noise will be monitored throughout that time to determine how much quiet has been restored. The FAA hopes to meet the mandated goal by 2008. The $151 million air-tour industry stands to lose $25.5 million each year for ten years.

Neighbors of New Off-Leash Dog Park in Broad Ripple, Indiana Worry About Noise, Smell, and Health Issues (Jul. 21, 1999). The Indianapolis Star reports that neighbors of a new off-leash dog park in Broad Ripple, Indiana are worried about noise, smell, and health issues that the park may create. The grassy two-acre fenced-in zone has benches and a dispenser with disposable bags for picking up after pets, and will be open from dawn until dusk. Advocates say that dogs rarely bark at a dog park because they aren't bored, lonely, or territorial. Also, dog owners tend to consistently clean up after their pets because of positive peer pressure from other owners. Park officials will be stationed at the "bark park" during peak hours, and will do periodical walk-throughs and disinfecting of waste receptacles. Owners will register their pets at the park offices, and will be barred from bringing food, alcohol, or children under 12; any problem dogs will also be banned.

Helicopter Tour Operators in Juneau, Alaska Ask for Increase in Permitted Ice Flow Landings; Residents and Hikers Say Noise From the Flights Is Already Too Much (Jul. 18, 1999). The Anchorage Daily News reports that helicopter tour operators in Juneau, Alaska -- who are asking the National Forest Service to increase the number of ice flow landings they are permitted -- are bothering residents and hikers with their noise. Tours have increasingly been routed over wilderness areas in order to avoid residential areas where complaints often originate, but now hikers say they "can't get away" from civilization anymore. 86,000 of 500,000 tourists who come to Juneau each year take helicopter tours, spending at least $13 million in the process.

Personal Watercraft in Pennsylvania Bother Many With Noise and Safety Risks; New Safety Requirement Aimed at Reducing Accidents (Jul. 15, 1999). The Morning Call reports that many users of Pennsylvania State Parks are irritated with the noise and unsafe operation of personal watercraft; many operators stay in the same area, creating a more constant noise than most other types of craft. Safety concerns have fueled a regulation that will soon require Pennsylvania operators to carry a Boating Safety Education Certificate. While PWCs made up 6.7 percent of registered boats last year, they were involved in 36 percent of accidents and 56 percent of collisions. Their two-cycle engines -- together with two-cycle engines of other boats -- burn oil and leak disproportionate amounts of oil and fuel into waterways. PWCs are barred from certain lakes as well as areas of the Delaware River. National Parks are considering a ban on PWCs altogether, citing that the focus of an operator on the thrill of the PWC itself means they are not actually "enjoying the resources of the park."

FAA Proposes Rules to Limit Air Tours Over Grand Canyon National Park In an Effort to Restore Natural Quiet (Jul. 9, 1999). The M2 Presswire reports that the FAA has announced its plan to reduce air-tour noise over Grand Canyon National Park as the next step in realizing a 1987 law that calls for restoration of natural quiet in the park. The law calls for at least half of the park to be free from aircraft noise for greater than 75% of the day; currently only 32 percent of the park is quiet that often, and the new plan will increase that number to 41 percent. The FAA has revised air tour routes over the park, modified 'flight-free' zones, and designed a system that allocates limited numbers of flights to individual air tour operators.

Illinois Speed Boater Challenges Noise Citation from County (Jul. 7, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that Mike Lovergine, a McHenry resident, is the first person ever to receive a $35 citation for making too much noise in his hih performance speedboat on Pistakee Bay, north of Johnsburg. The man plans to challenge the ticket in the County Circuit Court.

California Residents Upset Over Gun Range Noise: Current Reduction Measures Not Working (Jul. 6, 1999). According to the Ventura County Star, some residents who live near Grant Park's Gun Range have filed numerous complaints about the noise from 9mm gunshots. And the sound-reduction measures, an earth berm and metal barriers, are required by the city, but aren't effective.

Florida Airport Runway Construction Prompts Noise Debate (Jul. 2, 1999). The Palm Beach Post reports that Palm Beach International Airport's (PBIA) runway construction work has some residents consulting heir attorneys.

Residents of Apache Junction, Arizona Upset at Noise from New Phoenix Airport Flight Path, Airport Officials Say Their Hands are Tied by Federal Rules (Jun. 26, 1999). The Arizona Republic reports that more than 100 residents of Apache Junction, Arizona -- which has been experiencing noise from increasingly numerous flights using a newly revived flight path -- were told by Sky Harbor International Airport officials at a recent meeting that it's up to the federal government. A Phoenix Councilman and U.S. Representative are backing a Congressional bill that would require a noise study of the affected area.

Water Enthusiast Writes of Noise, Stench Caused by Watercraft (Jun. 12, 1999). The London Free Press recently ran a letter to the editor complaining of the noise and smells generated by watercraft on England's lakes.

Supreme Court Rejects Appeals from Environmentalists that Claim the Government is Moving Too Slowly to Address Noise from Sightseeing Planes Over the Grand Canyon. (Jun. 8, 1999). Greenwire reports that the Supreme Court rejected an appeal from Environmentalists that said the Federal Aviation Administration's plan to reduce noise by 2008 violates Federal Law which requires noise-abatement steps. Air-tour operators had also filed suit, claiming the government was moving too quickly. The Supreme Court Decision agreed with a previous U.S. Court of Appeals decision, which said that it was unfair to say that no noise-abatement steps had been taken. Environmentalists claimed that "Under this approach, no delay is unreasonable."

Supreme Court is Latest Court to Reject Environmentalist Arguments that Government Must Move More Quickly to Reduce Aircraft Noise over the Grand Canyon and Other National Parks (Jun. 8, 1999). The Tennessean reports that the Supreme Court rejected an appeal from seven environmental groups -- including the Grand Canyon Trust -- to more quickly reduce noise from planes flying over the Grand Canyon. In a similar case over helicopter landing pads -- used by tourism companies -- near Tennessee's Great Smoky Mountains National Park, the court similarly refused to hear arguments. In 1987, a federal law was passed that noted safety concerns and the negative impacts of noise from aircraft flying over the Grand Canyon; after years of study, a 1994 report said more noise reduction was needed. The FAA created flight-free zones and limited flights, to be in place by 2008. Air tour operators complained this was too fast, while environmentalists argued it was too slow.

FAA Approves Terminal Expansion and Parking Garage at Jackson, Wyoming's Jackson Hole Airport, Rejects Plans for New Radar System and Noise-Reducing Restrictions (Jun. 7, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that the Federal Aviation Administration approved a terminal expansion and new parking garage at Jackson, Wyoming's Jackson Hole Airport. The 10,000 square foot terminal expansion will make room for additional gates. Plans to move rental-car company parking off-site may free up more parking for the public, eliminating the need for the new parking garage. The proposals were part of an environmental assessment presented to the FAA as part of a long-term plan for airport expansion. Other parts of the plan, such as noise-reduction initiatives, were rejected because costs involved were not clearly justified.

Supreme Court Rejects an Appeal by Environmentalists that Claimed the Government is Moving Too Slowly to Reduce Aircraft Noise in the Grand Canyon (Jun. 7, 1999). AP Online reports that the Supreme Court rejected an appeal from environmentalists that claimed the government was moving too slowly to reduce aircraft noise from sightseeing flights over the Grand Canyon. The decision confirmed what lower appeals courts asserted: even the slow pace of progress is something, and it is unfair to say no steps have been taken. The appeal had claimed that at the current rate of action, "no delay is unreasonable." In contrast, a group of air tour operators have claimed the government is moving too quickly. Both claims have been rejected by appeals courts.

Report Released by Izaak Walton League of America Details Environmental Damage and Safety Risks Caused by Personal Watercraft in America (Jun. 3, 1999). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports that a report released by the Izaak Walton League of America details the environmental and safety concerns raised by increasing use of personal watercraft. While many consider the noise from personal watercraft a nuisance, the report asserts that problems go far beyond that. Ordinances around the country are restricting their use. Their two-cycle engines are terrible polluters, they cause a disproportionately large percentages of water-based accidents, and their noise and spray disrupt wildlife, plant life, and others who use the waterways.

California Towns Consider Restrictions on Personal Watercraft, Residents Line Up On Both Sides (May 31 1999). The PM Cycle reports that jet skis, boats and all personal watercraft will face new restrictions at Donner Lake near Truckee. Noise, water quailty and safety are all concerns addressed in the regulations, according to the article. The article goes on to say that residents in Truckee and Donner Lake are calling for for sweeping changes in regulation of watercraft based on a similar ban at nearby Lake Tahoe. Other residents who support stricter regulation claim the new restrictions are not strict enough, while still others oppose the new restrictions claiming their civil rights are being violated, the article says. (May 31, 1999). TRUCKEE, Ca - Pm Cycle reports that jet skis and other personal watercraft will face new and sweeping restrictions at nearby Donner Lake in a proposal by the town council.

California Towns For and Against Restrictions on Personal Watercraft (May 31, 1999). The Associated Press reports that jet skis and other personal watercraft will face new and sweeping restrictions at Donner Lake in a proposal by the town council.

Congress and Air Tour Industry Criticize NPS Noise Proposal for Grand Canyon (May 31, 1999). Politicians and air tourism officials testified at a recent House subcommittee against a National Park Service Proposal (NPS) banning sections of the Grand Canyon as off limits to commercial tours according to the Weekly of Business Aviation. Both groups challenge the motives and methods of park service officials, claiming extremism has taken over.

Group Says Jet Skis Cause Great Harm to Air, Waterways (May 29, 1999). The Boston Globe reports that a Maryland conservation group and personal watercraft industry officials are clashing over pollution concerns caused by jet skis.

Las Vegas, Nevada Air Tour Operators Upset Over Proposed National Park Service Rule To Limit Noise to Levels Below Ambient Sounds (May 26, 1999). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports that Nevada's air tour industry believes a new rule proposed by the National Park Service could destroy their industry by limiting noise levels for Grand Canyon National Park. The rule would limit non-natural noise to 8 dB below natural sounds, although a federal court ruled that 3 dB above natural sounds would be sufficient; the park has been divided into different sound regions, so the natural noise limit would range between 20 and 40 dBs, depending on the location within the park.

Poor Weather Forces Rescheduling of Noise Tests to Help Boaters Comply with New Noise Law on Chicago area's Chain o' Lakes (May 24, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports that noise tests, designed to help boaters comply with a new noise ordinance on the Chicago area's Chain o' Lakes, were poorly attended due to miserable weather. The tests will be rescheduled for early June. The new ordinance starts with the state-mandated 90 dB limit for idling boats and 70 dB for moving boats, but gives marine officers the ability to determine excessive noise by ear since traditional noise-measuring equipment is designed for use on the open water.

Humboldt County, California Motocross Track Shut Down After Environmentalists Complain of Noise in Nearby Ancient Redwood Grove (May 18, 1999). Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that a popular motocross track in California's Humboldt County will be shut down after a successful suit by the Save the Redwoods League contended that the resulting noise was incompatible with enjoyment of a nearby ancient Redwood grove.

Humboldt County, California Motocross Track Shut Down After Environmentalists Complain of Noise in Nearby Ancient Redwood Grove (May 18, 1999). Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that a popular motocross track in California's Humboldt County will be shut down after a successful suit by the Save the Redwoods League contended that the resulting noise was incompatible with enjoyment of a nearby ancient Redwood grove.

Truckee, California's Town Council Considers Restrictions for Personal Watercraft on Donner Lake, Fearing Recent Restrictions at Lake Tahoe will Bring More Polluting Watercraft There (May 18, 1999). The Sacramento Bee reports that Truckee, California's Town Council is considering restrictions on the use of personal watercraft in Lake Donner. Nearby Lake Tahoe recently banned personal watercraft, and residents are afraid make people will come to Lake Donner instead. Personal watercraft release up to 1/4 of their fuel -- including MTBE, benzene, and other chemicals -- unburned into the water, which in turn is used as drinking water by lake-level residents and also imported into Nevada for drinking.

Personal Watercraft Banned from Cape Hatteras National Seashore in Manteo, North Carolina (Apr. 29, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports that federal officials have banned the use of jet-skis or personal water craft near Cape Hatteras National Seashore. Water craft will be banned from landing or launching from any beach in the Seashore, which encompasses 80 miles on each side of the islands. Operators must stay 150 feet from the Seashore along Pamlico Sound, but can be as close to the beach as they want where the Seashore has no jurisdiction. On private property they will still be allowed.

Wisconsin Powerboat Group Challenges Noise Ordinance (Apr. 5, 1999). Chicago Tribune reports a powerboater association will ask for a repeal of a new boating noise ordinance enacted by a waterway authority in Wisconsin.

Calif. Writer Says Noise Violates Even Sacred Places in Our Modern World (Apr. 4, 1999). The Ventura County Star published a column in which the author tells of a recent vacation across Coconino National Forest of northern Arizona, where she rediscovered the sounds of silence. But in her attempt to embrace it, she notes the pervasive lack of silence in our modern world.

Acoustic Ecology: Hearing Care and Preserving the Rare Sounds of Silence (Apr.1 1999). Cooking Light Magazine reports natural quiet in the United States is difficult to find in these modern times of more cars, more planes, more appliances, and more people. What we hear and how well we hear it is a major concern of both audiologists and a movement called acoustic ecology.

Opinion: Too Much Noise about Navy Jet Flyover at Little League Park (Mar. 18, 1999). The San Diego Union-Tribune published an opinion article charging that the negative reaction to the recent Navy flyover at Solana Beach, California, is creating much more noise than the criticized incident.

Illinois Waterway Agency Drafts Noise Ordinance that will Fine Noisy Boaters (Mar. 16, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports directors of a waterway in Illinois are planning to adopt an ordinance that will fine boaters for creating excessive noise.

Lake Mary, Florida, Resident Experiences Excessive Noise and Low-Flying Aircraft from Sanford Airport (Mar. 7, 1999). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune published a letter from Randy Neal of Lake Mary, Florida, questioning a recent assertion that jets from the Sanford Airport are quiet. Neal writes that is not at all his experience:

Residents Bothered by Noise from Wisconsin Sports Center Dissatisfied with DNR Report (Mar. 1, 1999). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports Wisconsin's Department of Natural Resources has developed a long-range plan for improving the McMiller Sports Center, including seeking ways to reduce gunfire noise, but nearby residents say more focus should have been placed on mitigating noise.

'Snowmobile' is a Fighting Word in Yellowstone National Park; Man and Motor Versus Natural Quiet (Feb. 28, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports the snowmobile's noise and pollution in Yellowstone National Park is the latest topic in a larger debate of how to appreciate nature on public lands in the United States.

Bill in VT House Would Ban Personal Watercraft from Most Vermont Lakes (Feb. 23, 1999). The Associated Press State & Local Wire reports Jet Skis and other brands of the popular motorized water scooters may be banned on all but Vermont's four largest lakes.

Promoters of Minn. Amphitheater Look to Other Venues for Tips on How to be a Good Neighbor (Feb. 21, 1999). The Star Tribune reports in its bid to build an amphitheater, the Minnesota Orchestra has studied similar amphitheaters for ways to be a harmonious neighbor while achieving financial and artistic success. Topics included noise control and community relations.

Snowmobile Debate in US Parks Goes National with Petition from Green Groups (Feb. 12, 1999). USA Today reports a coalition of environmental groups in the United Sates is calling for the ban of recreational snowmobiles in national parks, setting off a contentious debate covering issues from noise and pollution to local economies and civil rights.

US Senate Will Regulate Air Tour Noise in National Parks (Feb. 11, 1999). The Chicago Tribune reports the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation today approved steps to address noise generated by airplane and helicopter tours over national parks.

Environmentalists Want Snowmobiles Out of U.S. National Parks (Feb. 7, 1999). The New York Times reports a coalition of environmental groups in the United States wants to ban snowmobiles from the 28 National Parks that allow them. Noise, air pollution and safety are environmentalists' chief concerns.

Noise Won't Fly as Reason for SFO Runways over Salt Bay (Nov. 24, 1998). The San Francisco Chronicle reports San Francisco International Airport officials outlined a plan yesterday to build new runways over the bay. Environmentalists are skeptical.

Residents Consider Noise Ordinance in Conn. Town (Nov. 24, 1998). The Hartford Courant reports Ellington, Connecticut, residents gathered Monday at a town ordinance meeting addressing noise and blight.

Environmentalists Protest Commercial Airport in Homestead, Florida; Noise and Pollution in Nearby National Parks at Issue (Nov. 22, 1998). The New York Times reports plans for turning the Florida's Homestead Air Force Base into a commercial airport have hit turbulence from environmental groups concerned about noise and air and water pollution in two national parks.

Metropolitan Airports Commission and City of Minneapolis Agree to North-South Runway, Temporary Extension, and No Third Runway (Nov. 17, 1998). PR Newswire published the following press release detailing two agreements regarding development at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport reached between the Metropolitan Airports Commission (MAC) and the City of Minneapolis:

City Councilors Disagree about Banning Jet Skis on Vermont Lake (Oct. 20, 1998). The Associated Press reports Burlington, Vermont's, City Council is considering banning personal watercraft from Burlington Harbor on Lake Champlain.

Los Angeles Resident Says Noise Problems at Universal Not Limited to Late-Night Filming (Oct. 18, 1998). The Los Angeles Times published a letter to the editor from resident Richard A. Cole of Toluca Lake objecting to expansion and noise at Universal's Park. Cole writes:

Tourists in Canada Find Banff Too Noisy; Business Owners Seek Solutions (Oct. 12, 1998). The article reports Bonar Hunter, Banff's senior bylaw officer, said the town's general noise bylaw does not specifically regulate or enforce bar noise and that his team of four full-time officers only works until 10 p.m. during the summer, and 6 p.m. in the off- season. Most bars close at about 2 a.m. and that's where the trouble starts, hotel and motel officials said. Hunter is investigating and will report to town council. "We want higher profile by RCMP . . ." said Lanz, adding the noise is also becoming a problem for Banff's permanent residents. Banff RCMP agree the problem of early-morning party animals is getting worse and they expect final statistics on jailed drunks this year to be up 20 per cent. "There wasn't a lot of bad weather to drive people indoors so the kids stayed out longer and seemed to party harder than they normally do," said RCMP Sgt. Bob Peterson.

Critics Say National Park Service Study of Aircraft Noise is False and Misleading (Sep. 28, 1998). The Weekly of Business Aviation(TM) reports critics of a National Park Service aircraft noise study at the Grand Canyon spoke on Capitol Hill last week.

Air Tour Industry Accuses Park Service of Exaggerating Noise Report to Expand Quiet Zones (Sep. 25, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports Congress was told Thursday by consultants to the air tour industry that National Park Service noise studies are seriously flawed.

Senate Approves Regulation of Air Tour Noise in National Parks (Sep. 25, 1998). U.S. Newswire reports the United States Senate approved measures to address the problem of excessive noise from aircraft in national parks.

Federal Appeals Court Supports Noise Restrictions in Grand Canyon (Sep. 24, 1998). The Arizona Business Gazette reports a federal appellate court has refused to set aside new rules designed to curb aircraft noise at the Grand Canyon in the case of Grand Canyon Air Tour Coalition v. Federal Aviation Administration (97-1003).

Washington Area Lawmakers Object to Senate Bill Allowing Increased Flights at Reagan National (Sep. 24, 1998). The Associated Press reports a final Senate vote is expected Friday, despite some local opposition, to increase flights at Washington, DC's Reagan National Airport.

U.S. National Park Ban of Personal Watercraft Causes Ire Among Fans (Sep. 21, 1998). The Christian Science Monitor reports after years of debate, the U.S. National Park Service has banned the use of personal watercraft (PWC) in its parks with a few exceptions.

Minn. Refuge Paid $20 Million for Loss of Quiet Due to Jet Noise (Sep. 18, 1998). The Associated Press reports that silence is worth at least $20 million, according to an appraisal of the Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge.

US Court of Appeals Rejects Challenges to Noise and Airflight Restrictions over Grand Canyon National Park (Sep. 15, 1998). Greenwire released the following statement announcing a US federal appeals court upheld new noise and flight restrictions in the Grand Canyon National Park. The press release reads as follows:

Snowmobilers Gather in NH to Discuss Noise and Other Problems that Threaten their Sport (Sep. 13, 1998). The Union Leader reports snowmobile enthusiasts met in Manchester, New Hampshire, yesterday to discuss how to keep trails open in the wake of numerous complaints from homeowners about the noisy recreational machines.

In Minnesota, Popular Personal Watercraft Bring Noise and Safety Concerns (Sep. 9, 1998). The Associated Press reports as personal watercraft grow in popularity in Minnesota, they are attracting more scrutiny with regards to noise and safety issues.

Pilots' Strike Brings Some Quiet to Noisy World of Minneapolis, Minnesota (Sep. 8, 1998). The Star Tribune reports an unintended consequence of the pilots' strike against Northwest Airlines: natural quiet beneath the airport flight paths in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Debate Continues Over Use of Personal Watercraft as National Parks Service Proposes Rule (Sep. 6, 1998). The Sarasota Herald-Tribune reports national seashores in Florida and North Carolina are among several that would be exempt from a ban on Jet Ski-type watercraft under new proposed National Park Service regulations.

Editorial: Keep Your Darned Noise to Yourself (Aug. 12, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal published the following editorial from Joseph Spear, a writer for the Newspaper Enterprise Association. Spear's article identifies with and applauds the advocacy efforts of noise haters nationally saying: "There are hundreds of thousands of noise haters out there, and a movement of some kind is clearly a-building." The editorial reads as follows:

Editorial Says Jet Skis Ruin Peace and Quite of Canadian Lakes (Aug. 11, 1998). The Vancouver Sun published an editorial about personal watercraft ruining the peace and quiet of Canadian lakes.

Enforce Noise Abatement Laws on Illinois' Waterways, Says Editorial (Aug. 10, 1998). The Chicago Tribune published an editorial criticizing the lack of enforcement of quiet boating on Illinois' inland waterways.

County Aviation Official Says New Nevada Airport Necessary (Aug. 9, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal published the following editorial by Randall H. Walker, director of Nevada's Clark County Department of Aviation. Walker advocates for the Ivanpah Airport project, deeming it a necessity to accommodate the Las Vegas Valley's future needs. Walker writes:

Editorial Advocates Regulations on Jet Skis in Florida (Jul. 18, 1998). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune printed an editorial that argues that Florida communities should place restrictions on Jet Skis, or personal watercraft, and enforce the regulations. Otherwise, the editorial says, a ban could lie ahead.

Jet Skis Targeted as Polluters of Michigan's Great Lakes (Jul. 17, 1998). The Detroit News reports that scientists and others this summer are targeting personal watercraft with significantly polluting Michigan's Great Lakes. Millions of gallons of unburned fuel are being poured into the lakes from the inefficient two-stroke engines on Jet Skis and other personal watercraft, experts say. The article notes that state bills on Jet Ski restrictions have passed the House and Senate and are bound for Governor Engler's signature. The bills address issues of safety, training, and law enforcement related to personal watercraft, but don't address water pollution.

Editorial Applauds Proposal by National Park Service to Ban Personal Watercraft (Jul. 16, 1998). The St. Petersburg Times printed an editorial that argues the proposal by the National Park Service to ban Jet Skis at national parks would improve health and safety conditions at our parks. The editorial goes on to say that state and local governments should impose similar restrictions on Jet Skis near coastal and lake shores. The issue is especially important for Florida, the editorial says.

National Park Service's Proposal to Ban Jet Skis Intensifies Debate on Issue (Jul. 16, 1998). Greenwire reports that according to USA Today, the National Park Service's proposal to ban personal watercraft in several national parks and recreation areas is "intensifying [the] aquatic culture clash between Jet Skiers, traditional boaters, and shoreside spectators" (Greenwire, 7/8). The article lists several areas around the country that have recently restricted Jet Skis, and gives several editorial quotes from U.S. newspapers on the topic of Jet Ski restrictions.

Washington Resident Applauds State Supreme Court and National Park Service for Banning Jet Skis (Jul. 15, 1998). The Seattle Times printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Christina Wilsdon, a Seattle resident, regarding noise from personal watercraft:

Editorial Says Jet Ski Ban in Some Washington Lakes Makes Sense (Jul. 13, 1998). The Columbian printed an editorial that argues Jet Ski bans make sense in some Washington lakes. In national parks and other important natural areas, Jet Skis are not appropriate, the editorial says. But on other lakes, such as the Lacamas Lake near Vancouver, Washington, seaplanes and motorboats already have shattered the silence and residential developments have eliminated much of the former natural setting. On such lakes, the editorial argues, Jet Skis should be banned only if they can be shown to be environmentally harmful.

Maine's Acadia National Park is First National Park to Ban Jet Skis (Jul. 13, 1998). The Bangor Daily News reports that Acadia National Park, near Bar Harbor, Maine, has become the first national park in the country to ban personal watercraft in its lakes and ponds. The article explains that the Maine Land Use Regulation Commission and the National Park System currently are working on rules that would restrict personal watercraft on many water bodies throughout the country. According to the article, Acadia used the state's Great Ponds law to achieve its ban. Meanwhile, the National Park Service is considering banning Jet Skis at nine other national parks, including Mount Ranier in Washington and Voyageurs in Minnesota.

Washington State Supreme Court Rules That Jet Skis Can Be Banned (Jul. 13, 1998). NBC News Transcripts reports that the Washington state Supreme Court has upheld a county ordinance that bans Jet Skis as noise pollution in the San Juan islands, north of Seattle, Washington.

Florida County Government and Two Federal Agencies Target Personal Watercraft With Restrictions and Research (Jul. 12, 1998). The Houston Chronicle reports that a wide range of groups has started to criticize personal watercraft, saying that the machines are too noisy and unsafe. Among the critics are law enforcement officers, anglers and recreational boaters, waterside homeowners, and safety officials. The most recent critics include officials in Florida's Monroe County, the National Park Service, and the National Transportation Safety Board. The article goes on to outline the actions of each of the three agencies, and lists many safety statistics related to Jet Skis.

Senator McCain Gets Praise and Criticism for Flight-Related Bill (Jul. 10, 1998). The Arizona Republic reports that Arizona Senator John McCain was praised by many on Thursday for a bill to reduce aircraft noise over national parks, but was then criticized by citizen groups opposed to a provision in the bill which would increase flights at such airports as Chicago's O'Hare and Washington's Reagan National. McCain also was accused of pushing the bill in order to benefit America West Airlines, based in Tempe, Arizona. The bill would allow America West to fly non-stop from Phoenix to Washington's Reagan National Airport. The article notes that the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, which McCain heads, gave preliminary approval to the bill, and will return next week to consider some minor amendments.

Legislation Will Address Noise from Air Tours in National Parks (Jul. 9, 1998). U.S. Newswire issued the following press release concerning regulation of air tours over national parks:

U.S. National Park Service Announces Plans to Ban Jet Skis in Certain Areas (Jul. 8, 1998). Greenwire published the following press release saying the National Park Service has proposed banning jet- propulsion personal watercraft (PWCs) from many of the waterways it oversees because of pollution, noise and safety concerns:

National Park Service Proposes Banning Personal Watercraft From All National Parks (Jul. 8, 1998). The Austin American-Statesman reports that the National Park Service has proposed banning personal watercraft such as Jet Skis from all national parks because of noise, safety, and environmental concerns. The article notes that the Park Service expects to publish the proposed rules this summer, and then take public comments for 90 days, after which the rules could be revised. The new regulations could take effect next year.

National Parks Service Ban on Jet Skis May Affect California Sites (Jul. 8, 1998). The San Francisco Chronicle reports personal watercraft would be banned from all national parks as early as next year because of safety, noise and environmental concerns under rules proposed by the National Park Service. In California, personal watercraft could still be operated at the discretion of the local superintendent at units administered by the Park Service.

Personal Watercraft Ban Proposed by National Park Service (Jul. 8, 1998). The New York Times reports personal watercraft such as Jet Skis could be banned from all national parks because of safety, noise and environmental concerns under rules proposed by the National Park Service.

Maine Passes Comprehensive Law Regulating Noise and Operators of Personal Watercraft (Jul. 6, 1998). The Portland Press Herald reported Maine's new watercraft regulations take effect on Thursday. Years of complaints about noise and safety issues concerning the personal watercraft led to the most comprehensive law of its kind yet passed in Maine.

Pilots' Union Objects to Takeoffs Proposed at El Toro Airport; They Say Safety Risks Outweigh Noise Concerns (Jul. 4, 1998). The Orange County Register reports the Air Line Pilots Association this week released its response to two Orange County, California, safety studies of El Toro Airport's takeoffs.

Noise Regulations for Watercraft in Maine (Jun. 30, 1998). The Central Maine Morning Sentinel reports new laws regulating motorboats, including limiting the noise levels of all powerboats go into effect next week in Maine.

For Peace and Safety's Sake, Virginia Needs to Regulate Personal Watercraft, Says Editorial (Jun. 28, 1998). The Virginian-Pilot of Norfolk, VA, published the following commentary advocating for stronger rules for personal watercraft.

New Laws on Maine's Waters Restricting Noise and Personal Watercraft (Jun. 28, 1998). The Portland Press Herald reports as Maine's busiest boating season begins next weekend, game wardens are gearing up to enforce new boating laws - including restrictions on noise levels and the minimum age for operating personal watercraft.

New Zealanders Look to Preserve Natural Quiet in National Parks; Helicopter Buzzing is Main Concern (Jun. 27, 1998). The Press reports helicopter noise is annoying visitors and ruining the natural quiet in New Zealand's national parks. Conservation and park groups are taking measures to avoid the over-flying that has plagued the US's Grand Canyon.

Enviromental Groups Oppose Air Cargo Hub in Nevada's Ivanpah Valley (Jun. 24, 1998). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports environmentalists said Tuesday they oppose Clark County's plans for a new airport in the Ivanpah Valley because it would disrupt national parks, stimulate more urban growth, and increase air and noise pollution.

National Parks Service Proposes Ban on Jet-Propelled Water Skis, with Limited Exceptions (Jun. 17, 1998). The Seattle Times reports that the week of June 15, National Parks Service proposed a ban on personal watercraft from thousands of pristine lakes and rivers in national parks, while simultaneously permitting them on waterways where they have traditionally been used. The proposal from the parks services does not establish the complete ban sought by some environmentalists, but it does effectuate a total ban in some areas.

Noise at National Parks Creates High-Level Debate (Jun. 3, 1998). The Gannett News Service reports that noise in U.S. national parks has created an intense debate between hikers, conservationists, personal watercraft manufacturers, tour plane operators, and the federal government. This summer, the article says, Congress and the Clinton administration are considering actions to lower human-made noise in national parks. In addition, the National Park Service intends to adopt strict rules regulating the use of personal watercraft, or Jet Skis. And, the Senate Commerce Committee is scheduled to vote this summer on a bill by its chair, John McCain (R-Arizona), to restrict tour planes and helicopters above national parks. At the same time, the Federal Aviation Administration and the National Park Service are working on a new regulation that would require each national park to adopt a management plan to detail how many sightseeing flights should be allowed and what routes they should take.

Air Tour Group Alleges the Park Service Overstated Noise Impact of Flights Over Grand Canyon (May 25, 1998). The Weekly of Business Aviation reports that the United States Air Tour Association (USATA), an industry group of commercial air tour operators, charged last week that the National Park Service significantly overstated the noise impact of flights over Grand Canyon National Park.

Plans for Road Development through Welsh Gorge Brings Protests of Noise Pollution (May 17, 1998). The Independent of London, England, reports Clydach Gorge, a three-mile enclave of wildlife in South Wales, is under consideration for road development. Locals oppose the plan, citing environmental impacts and noise pollution.

Quieter Aircraft Planned for Grand Canyon (Apr. 26, 1998). The San Diego Union-Tribune reports that the National Park Service is working to control noise from helicopter and plane flights in Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. A ten-year phase-out of the noisiest aircraft that was enacted last year is the most recent noise regulation, the article says.

Maine Senate Enacts Watercraft-use Legislation that Bans Use of Personalwatercraft and Boat Moters on Specific Water Surfaces and Sets Decibel Noise Restrictions Where Watercraft Use is Permitted. (Apr. 8, 1998). The Bangdor Daily News reports that legislation enacted by Maine's Senate bans the use of personal watercraft (including Jet Skis) on 243 gem ponds and on specific lakes in Maine's Rangeley region.

The U.S. Air Force Argues that an 11,269 Acres Expansion Necessary for Improved Training at the Mountain Home Airforce Base in Idaho (Apr. 5, 1998). The Idaho Statesman's published in their editorial section an article, in question/answer format, from the United States Air Force concerning their proposed expansion of the training range at Mountain Home Air Force Base.

Restrictions on Personal Watercraft Operators Will Go into Effect if Maine's House Joins the Senate and Approves the Bill (Apr. 2, 1998). The Portland Press Herald reports personal watercraft operators will face new usage restrictions in Maine if the House joins the Senate in passing the proposed legislation. The article, which was provided through the Associated press, says the bill banishes the machines from 245 lakes and ponds and requires a minimum of 16 years of age for operators of personal watercraft-better known by the trade name Jet Skis.

Noise and Development Drives Away Turtles Laying Eggs on Beaches in Malaysia (Mar. 30, 1998). Emerging Markets Datafile reports the beaches of Rantau Abang, Malaysia became a popular eco-tourism site for tourists who wanted to see the majestic leatherback turtles lay their eggs. But extensive development and noise to accommodate more tourists has driven away the shy turtles. Now, as the Malacca Fisheries Department makes plans to designate Pulau Upeh as a turtle sanctuary, along with promoting it as an eco-tourism site, a better model of sensitive development is needed, the article says.

Off-Road Vehicles Should Be Banned From National Forests, Columnist Believes (Mar. 30, 1998). The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette printed an editorial in which the writer argues that dirt bikes, snowmobiles, and all-terrain vehicles should be banned at national forests.

Scientists Find that Oceans are Deafeningly Noisy (Mar. 24, 1998). AAP Newsfeed reports that scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Cornell University have found that oceans are extremely noisy. In some places, researchers found, the level of noise is the same as that found in New York's Times Square at midday. Although natural causes create some loud ocean noises, most are the result of human activities. The scientists performed their research using data collected over more than a decade by the US Navy searching for enemy submarines with highly sensitive underwater microphones. The Navy data has recently been made public.

Columnist Criticizes Snowmobiles on Public Lands (Mar. 23, 1998). The Charleston Gazette printed the following editorial from Donella Meadows, an adjunct professor of environmental studies at Dartmouth College, regarding snowmobile noise on public lands:

Gates Put Up in Lincoln State Park to Curb Night-Time Noise from Joy Riders (Mar. 19, 1998). The Providence Journal-Bulletin reports the state has installed two gates on the road that circles Olney Pond at Lincoln Woods State Park in an effort to cut down on evening joyriders who speed around the pond with their car radios blasting.

Raleigh Council Weighing Pro's and Con's of Proposed FedEx Hub at Airport; No Official Position Yet (Mar. 18, 1998). The News and Observer reports that the city of Raleigh has yet to take an official stand in the debate about the noise impact of the proposed Federal Express hub at Raleigh-Durham International Airport while the other three towns who would be most affected have made their positions known.

National Parks Noisy and Congested with Traffic, National Conservation Group Says (Mar. 17, 1998). Gannett News Service reports vacationers may be shocked at discovering smog, traffic congestion, and noise from jet skis and sightseeing planes in national parks this summer.

Idaho Environmentalists Fight Air Force Training Range Expansion (Mar. 12, 1998). The Idaho Statesman reports environmentalists don't believe the Air Force will adequately protect Owyhee Desert wilds from a training range expansion, so they are in Washington, DC, trying to halt the project.

Air Force Proposes Bomber Training in New Mexico (Mar. 10, 1998). The Albuquerque Journal reports that a U.S. Air Force proposal for bomber training in rural New Mexico has residents inflamed.

Florida County Considers Pumping Sand From One Beach to Restore Another Beach; Residents Protest Plan, Citing Noise and Other Issues (Feb. 26, 1998). The Sun-Sentinel reports that officials in Broward County, Florida want to restore one of the state's most popular beaches, at John U. Lloyd State Recreation Area in Hollywood, by pumping sand from an area in front of exclusive Point of Americas condominiums at the Port Everglades Inlet. Erosion at the state beach has become so severe, the article says, that signs have been posted to warn people of drop-offs. But residents from the condominiums are protesting the plan, saying their beach will be reduced and the noise from the sand dredging operation will be a problem.

National Audubon Society Fights South Carolina Racetrack Proposal (Feb. 19, 1998). The Post and Courier reports that residents of Charlestown, South Carolina are engaged in a lawsuit over whether to build a racetrack near the Francis Beidler Forest.

Snowmobiles Plague Yellowstone (Feb. 19, 1998). USA Today published an editorial about the effects of snowmobiles on Yellowstone National Park and advocates banning their use in National Parks.

Florida Development May Threaten Bald Eagles (Feb. 14, 1998). The Florida Times-Union reports that plans to build a 3-acre waterfront park in Eagle Harbor, Florida could push out the threatened species for which the Clay County area is named.

Californai Residents React to El Toro Editorial (Jan. 25, 1998). The Los Angeles Times printed the following letters to the editor in response to a January 18, 1998, editorial titled, "Clarity for El Toro."

CA Community Would Welcome Rail-Port and Plan for Noise Control (Jan. 22, 1998). The Press-Enterprise reports that while Beaumont officials consider a major Union Pacific rail port for the east edge of the city, residents and officials alike debate the effects on the community. Most would welcome the economic impact while some are cautious about increased noise and traffic.

CSXT Unveils Noise Mitigation Plans for Cleveland (Jan. 22, 1998). PR Newswire reports CSX Transportation Inc. (CSXT) announced its plan today for noise berms and attractive landscaping adjacent to the sections of Conrail track it plans to obtain in the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area.

Despite Noise Concerns, Freeholders Approve Carousel for NJ Park (Jan. 22, 1998). The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey, reports that despite noise concerns and other issues, the Board of Freeholders gave their support for a carousel in Van Saun Park.

Natural Quiet Still Lives in Louisiana Bayou (Jan. 22, 1998). In a column called Tammany Talk, The Times-Picayune of New Orleans printed writer Carol Wolfram's peaceful canoeing experience through the Cane Bayou in Louisiana, part of the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge. In the Bayou, Wolfram enjoys the beautiful sounds of silence.

The Plusses and Minuses of Personal Watercraft: Noisy but Popular (Jan. 22, 1998). The Houston Chronicle of Houston, Texas, published a column by Shannon Tompkins, outdoors writer, about personal watercraft. In his column, Tompkins covers the reasons people love PWCs and why others see them as loud nuisances that are highly dangerous.

English Court of Appeal Rules Against Noise Complaint (Jan. 21, 1998). Times Newspapers Limited of London reports on the outcome of a Court of Appeal: Murdoch and Another v Glacier Metal Co Ltd., in which the plaintiffs were overruled in a noise case.

Who Will Pay for Quieter but More Expensive Helicopters in Grand Canyon? (Jan. 21, 1998). The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reports that Grand Canyon Park employees say it's noisier than ever at the top of rim in spite of aircraft and flight restrictions. Renewed hopes for natural quiet rest on a new helicopter.

New Exit on Parkway Robs Lake Forest Residents of Sleep (Jan. 20, 1998). The Los Angeles Times reports that a truck route created by a new exit on Southern California's Interstate 5 has exposed residents in Foothill Ranch and Rancho Santa Margarita to high levels of noise that disrupts sleep.

Noise and Lead from Gun Clubs Incompatible with Urban Growth Decides Town in British Columbia (Jan. 20, 1998). The Vancouver Sun reports that the city council of Burnaby, British Columbia, ordered three Burnaby Mountain gun ranges to close by the end of September.

In Jacksonville, Florida, Smaller is Better in the Noise and Music Wars (Jan. 18, 1998). The Florida Times-Union, in a longer article that makes a bid for a Metropolitan Park amphitheater, recalls the mere fifteen thousand fans who went to the Gator Bowl to hear the Who in 1976. While 15,000 appeared awkward in the Gator Bowl, think how nicely they would fit at a proposed new Metropolitan Park amphitheater, the article suggested A snug audience right up against the riverfront park's new seating capacity of 17,000 would be a compelling picture for all the world to see. The article goes on to suggest that other groups may be enticed by such a comfortable number. It also compares and contrasts the behavior of a larger concert audience to that of a smaller one by citing injury statistics from both small crowd a the 1976 concert and the 70,000 at a concert played by the Rolling Stones.

Spokane Area Lakes in Critical Condition, Poisoned by Noise, Pollution, Crowds (Jan. 18, 1998). The Spokesman-Review reports several lakes in the Spokane, Washington, area are critically polluted with silt, weeds, noise and overcrowding.

Virginia Residents Sue Marina to Stop Expansion Citing Noise, Danger, and Damage (Jan. 18, 1998). The Roanoke Times & World News reports that residents are opposed to a developer's plan to expand a marina along Becky's Creek in Virginia. Residents are concerned about dock damage and noise. A number of lawsuits on both sides have been filed.

National Park Service Prepares To Develop Winter Use Plan At Yellowstone Park (Jan. 16, 1998). The National Parks and Conservation Association issued the following press release concerning the study of winter uses by the public at Yellowstone Park and their effects on wildlife, air and water quality, and overall park tranquility:

Mining Company Incompatible with Tennessee Residential Area (Jan. 14, 1998). The Knoxville News-Sentinel reports that a surface-mining operation has been deemed incompatible with the Millertown Pike area. Planning commissioners were not wooed by company's offer to make road improvements.

An Editorial Advocates Cleaning Up Air Pollution in Roanoke, Virginia (Jan. 9, 1998). An editorial printed by the Roanoke Times & World News advocates cleaning up noise pollution in Roanoke, Virginia. Kelly Polykov, a student at Hollins College, says in the editorial that like air and water pollution, noise pollution is a very real problem for millions of Americans across the country. It comes from cars, trucks, airplanes, leaf blowers, air conditioners, construction, the booming bass of car stereos and a plethora of other sources. Noise has been getting louder and the problem more widespread every year.

Sports Center in Eagle, Wisconsin Seeks Permit for Clay Shooting Despite Noise Complaints by Residents (Jan. 7, 1998). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports that Wern Valley Inc. plans another attempt to obtain a conditional use permit to allow sporting clay target shooting at the McMiller Sports Center, part of the Southern Unit of the Kettle Moraine State Forest in Wisconsin. Last year, Eagle, Wisconsin officials declined to renew Wern Valley's permit for sporting clay shooting for another year because of noise complaints from nearby residents.

Quieter Helicopters at the Grand Canyon May Help Meet Noise Restrictions (Jan. 7, 1998). The Arizona Republic reports that National Park Service officials recently held a news conference to unveil what they hope will put an end to one of the most vexing environmental problems at the Grand Canyon in recent years. Officials are hopeful that the use of the Boeing MD-900 helicopter will enable them to maintain a viable air-tour industry while abiding by a federal law mandating the natural quiet of the Grand Canyon and other national parks. The Boeing MD-900 helicopter produces 73 decibels, compared with the average tour helicopter's 85.

Park Service Prepares Regulations For Jet Skis on Lake Powell (Jan. 4, 1998). The Salt Lake Tribune reports that federal managers of Lake Powell, one of the West's premier watersports playgrounds, are considering making portions of the Utah-Arizona lake "Jet Ski free."

Grand Canyon Park Service To Unveil Quiet Technology Helicopter (Jan. 2, 1998). U.S. Newswire issued the following press release concerning the dedication of quiet technology helicopters at the Grand Canyon National Park:

Across The Nation, Jet Skis Are Making Waves (Dec. 30, 1997). The San Francisco Chronicle reports that the increase in boating accidents involving jet skis are yet another cause for their regulation. Noise and other environmental damage are causing some states to regulate the use of jet skis.

Minnesota Gun Clubs Raise Tensions With Neighbors (Dec. 24, 1997). The Star Tribune reports how gun clubs around the nation are under fire.

National Parks Prepare New Transportation Plans For Visitors (Dec. 23, 1997). National Public Radio reports that Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt has announced a plan to reduce the use of cars in America's National Parks.

New York Police Impound ATVs In Response To Noise Complaints (Dec. 22, 1997). Newsday reports that reacting to noise complaints from residents and civic groups, police in Suffolk County New York took to the woods of Shoreham Saturday and impounded 10 all-terrain vehicles.

Florida Residents Prepare For New YMCA (Dec. 17, 1997). The Orlando Sentinel Tribune reports that county commissioners in Orlando, Florida voted to sign a 50-year lease with the Central Florida YMCA and contribute $1.9 million toward the new fitness center in Blanchard Park. Area residents worry about noise and are concerned over the loss of their park.

Illinois Officials Prepare For Airport Expansion (Dec. 15, 1997). The Chicago Tribune reports that the Illinois Department of Transportation is considering a runway expansion at the Waukegan Airport. Area residents worry about greater noise and traffic and its effects on homes and on wilderness areas.

Noise In Wilderness Areas Destroys Peace (Dec. 14, 1997). The Ledger reports how noise shatters the peace of natural areas and one's mind.

Artists Speak About Air and Noise Pollution At The Grand Canyon (Dec. 8, 1997). The Las Vegas Review Journal reports that Curt Walters is locked in battle with the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. He charges forth with his brush to capture the quintessential essence of the canyon's beauty, even when the atmosphere is layered in leaden veils. It is a battle he sometimes wins, producing $50,000 works that hang in galleries from Tokyo to New York. They reveal the canyon as America's great natural cathedral, a place to breathe in the pleasure of its awesome silence, if not to pray. But the canyon's fine grace often eludes him these days.

Park Service To Fly Quieter Helicopters Over Grand Canyon (Dec. 5, 1997). The Helicopter News reports that the U.S. National Park Service will lease a state of the art quiet-technology helicopter for use over the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona.

California Officials Consider How To Limit Noise Of Rafting Groups On Kaweah River (Dec. 3, 1997). The Fresno Bee reports that Tulare County, California wants to impose limits on noise river rafters can make as they shoot the rapids on the rocky and challenging Kaweah River.

Environmentalists Band Together To Oppose Commercial Airport Near Florida's Everglades (Dec. 2, 1997). The States News Service reports that a group of environmentalists is calling for more study before the federal government signs off on a plan to convert defunct Homestead Air Force Base near the Everglades National Park in Florida into a commercial airport.

Environmentalists Call for More Study on Plan for a Commercial Airport Near the Everglades (Dec. 2, 1997). The States News Service reports that a coalition of environmentalists sent a letter to President Clinton dated Monday calling for more study before the federal government signs off on a plan to convert the defunct Homestead Air Force Base, near Everglades National Park and Biscayne National Park, into a commercial airport. The group is worried that the noise from the airport could harm the area's wildlife and ruin visitors' experience, and that the project could cause problems for the area's water systems.

Secret Memo By National Park Service Says New Grand Canyon Air Flight Rules Will Not Reduce Noise Enough (Dec. 2, 1997). Greenwire reports that according to an article by Steve Yozwiak in the Phoenix Arizona Republic, a "secret" National Park Service memo obtained by the newspaper says the new rules for air flights over the Grand Canyon will do almost nothing to reduce noise over the national park.

Musicians and Artists Say the Grand Canyon is Losing its Essence Due to Increased Noise and Air Pollution (Dec. 1, 1997). The Dallas Morning News reports that musicians and visual artists are increasingly saying that the Grand Canyon is losing its distinctive essence due to increased noise and air pollution. The article goes on to explore how the works of artist Curt Walters, musician Paul Winter, and other artists have changed over time as the Grand Canyon has experienced increasing impacts from more visitors.

Boaters Should Consider Noise And Its Effects On Others (Dec.1 1997). Trailer Boats reports that boaters should consider the nuisance of noise on others.

Plans To Cut Air Pollution Over The Grand Canyon Behind Schedule (Nov. 30, 1997). The Arizona Republic reports that new rules for air-tour flights over the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona will result in virtually no reduction in noise, according to a secret National Park Service memo obtained by The Arizona Republic.

Florida City Considers Restricting Use of Boat Launches to Cut Down on Noise and Traffic for Neighbors (Nov. 26, 1997). The St. Petersburg Times printed an editorial that argues that residents living near Crisp Park in St. Petersburg, Florida deserve relief from the noise and traffic associated with a popular boat launch area in the park. The City Council is considering restricting the use of the boat ramps, and the editorial says councilors should vote in the restrictions.

Public Parks in India are Being Turned Into Noisy Celebration Venues, Columnist Complains (Nov. 24, 1997). Business Line printed an editorial in which the columnist argues that public parks in India are being converted into locations for one noisy personal celebration after another. The writer urges people to join the "quiet India" revolution in order to save the public parks for their intended use and protect human hearing.

South Carolina State Officials Rule that Proposed Racetrack Near Old-Growth Forest Can Go Forward (Nov. 20, 1997). The Herald reports that the South Carolina state Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management issued a decision Tuesday that plans for a racetrack near the old-growth Francis Beidler Forest comply with the state's Coastal Zone Management Act. The agency had ruled earlier that the project complied with the state rules, but reviewed its decision after the state Department of Archives and History raised concerns that noise from the track could affect the forest. Meanwhile, opponents led by the National Audubon Society have challenged several permits for the proposed track near Four Holes Swamp, just two miles from the forest.

Grand Canyon Raft Outfitters Agree to Quieter Boat Motors (Nov. 19, 1997). The Orange County Register reports that commercial river-rafting outfitters in Arizona's Grand Canyon National Park have agreed to convert their fleets of rafts to low-noise, low-emission outboards by 2001. The outfitters' announcement came in response to a growing call to quiet the noisy boats by the Park Service in response to the federal government's directive to restore "natural quiet" to the park. Meanwhile, conservation group members said the outfitters recognized they have little choice but to abandon the noisier outboard motors.

Airport Information Booths Anger Kenner Residents; They Still Say No New Runway (Nov. 18, 1997). The Times-Picayune reports that a number of Kenner residents expressed their disapproval on Monday of New Orleans International Airport's plans to turn its east-west taxiway into a runway for private aircraft. Residents also were not pleased with the forum designed to receive their input.

Conservation Group Says National Park Service Should Regulate Air Tours Over National Parks (Nov. 17, 1997). U.S. Newswire reports that an official from the National Parks and Conservation Association today testified at a congressional field hearing that the National Park Service should be given the power to regulate air tours over national parks in order to curb noise. The official said that legislation is needed to manage the operations of scenic air tours, because the tours have grown explosively at the Grand Canyon and have expanded to other parks. Currently, neither the Park Service nor the Federal Aviation Administration has a process in place for regulating or managing flight tour operations over parks, the article notes.

Monks in Nova Scotia Fight Loggers' Chainsaws (Nov. 16, 1997). The Record reports that Catholic monks at the Nova Nada monastery in Nova Scotia are fighting the J.D. Irving company over logging in the woods near the monastery. The monks say the chainsaws disrupt their silent meditation, and are waging a fight to keep the logging operations at least two miles away from the monastery.

South Carolina State Officials Say Proposed Racetrack Won't Hurt Forest (Nov. 13, 1997). The Post and Courier reports that the South Carolina Department of Archives and History has decided that the predicted noise level of a proposed racetrack in Berkeley County will not prevent Francis Beidler Forest from being placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The state agency's decision eliminates a possible roadblock for the proposed Interstate Speedway. Opponents, who are worried about the racetrack's effect on the wildlife sanctuary two miles away, had hoped the noise level issue would halt the project, the article notes.

Lake Tahoe Jet Ski Ban Challenged by Manufacturers (Oct. 31, 1997). The San Francisco Chronicle reports that the nation's jet ski industry filed suit in federal court in Sacramento, California, against Lake Tahoe's ban on personal watercraft. Watercraft manufacturers challenged the suit by arguing that the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency exceeded its authority when it adopted the ban, to take effect in June 1999. According to this article, the Lake Tahoe case is of particular importance because as "one of the nation's natural jewels," Lake Tahoe gives this fight "great visibility and importance."

Some Wisconsin Residents Say Peace and Quiet Shattered. Others Urge Compromise (Oct. 31, 1997). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports that some residents of Eagle, Wisconsin, are upset about a proposal from a private gun club, the McMiller Sports Center, to use state land for a sporting clay pigeon range. The land is in the Kettle Moraine State Forest.

National Parks Chief in Thailand Bans Motor Rally From Nature Reserve (Oct. 26, 1997). AP Worldstream reports that according to newspapers on Sunday, Chamni Saisuthiwong, chief of the Mae Wong National Park in Thailand, banned a fleet of off-road vehicles from entering the wilderness core of the nature reserve on Saturday. The 127 vehicles in the "Caravan" motor rally were stopped from traveling along a 28-kilometer (17-mile) dirt track inside the park. According to the English-language daily, The Nation, local environmentalists had complained that the loud noise and music from the car rally would frighten the park's wildlife.

Off-road Vehicles Prohibited from Thailand Park; Noise Said to Scare Wildlife (Oct. 26, 1997). The Bangkok Post of Bangkok, Thailand, reported that about 300 off-roaders were barred yesterday from entering Mae Wong National Park by forestry officials who feared they would damage the environment and scare wildlife with their noise.

Environmental Group Joins Appeal of Homestead Air Force Base Permit in Florida (Oct. 24, 1997). The following wire report was released by US Newswire of Washington, DC, about the National Parks and Conversation Association's recent action regarding a permit for the re-development of Homestead Air Force Base in southern Florida.

Alaska Group Formed to Promote Quiet Rights in the Outdoors (Sep. 28, 1997). The Anchorage Daily News reports that a new group has formed in Alaska to promote the right to quiet in the state's outdoors. The group is called the Alaska Quiet Rights Coalition, and members say they have signed up hundreds of supporters across the state during the past year. An event planned by the group, Alaska Quiet Rights Day, will be held today and will be mainly a public information meeting.

U.S. Park Service Develops Rules Making it Easier to Ban Personal Watercraft from National Parks (Sep. 19, 1997). AP Online reports that the U.S. National Park Service is developing new rules to make it easier for personal watercraft such as jet skis to be banned in National Parks. The agency has proposed a rule expected to get final approval in late October that would direct local park officials to determine the "appropriateness" of jet ski use in each park and restrict or ban the machines if necessary. The article says there has been a growing concern among many park superintendents about the impact of personal watercraft on the tranquillity of parks.

Temporary Ban Set on Personal Watercraft in National Parks (Sep. 18, 1997). The Star Tribune reports that federal officials announced Wednesday that a moratorium will be imposed on the use of personal watercraft in the National Park System, starting in October. The moratorium could lead to a permanent ban on the machines in many areas of the National Park System, the article says.

Aircraft Noise Over Grand Canyon is Not Significant, Resident Believes (Sep. 16, 1997). The Arizona Republic printed the following letter-to-the-editor from Edward Murphy, a Mesa, Arizona resident, regarding aircraft noise over Grand Canyon National Park

Residents in Massachusetts Town Vote to Uphold Ban on Motorcycles on Frozen Ponds (Sep. 9, 1997). The Patriot Ledger reports that residents in Halifax, Massachusetts voted at last night's special town meeting to keep a ban on motorcycles on the town's frozen waterways. The ban originally was passed at the May town meeting as part of a new boating bylaw. But William Cafarelli had asked that the bylaw be amended to allow motorcycle use between 10 a.m. and dusk, the article says.

Maine Resident Decries the Noisiness of Life Outdoors (Aug. 18, 1997). The Kennebec Journal printed an editorial from George Smith, a Mount Vernon, Maine resident, which says that quiet is an important aspect of life in Maine that is not appreciated, understood, protected or respected. The writer goes on to detail several personal experiences he has had with noise or the absence of noise in the outdoors, including noise from trains, personal watercraft, barking dogs, and loud radios, and the affect of noise on fish.

Restrictions on Air Tours at National Parks Receives Attention in Utah (Aug. 15, 1997). The Washington Post reports that one of the hottest controveries at Utah's Bryce Canyon National Park and other national parks is the pending federal regulations of air tours over the parks. Past and current attempts to limit air tours over the Grand Canyon will play a part in determining what regulations are formed for all national parks, the article says. The controversy has pitted backpackers, environmentalists, and some park superintendents against the air tour industry.

Grand Canyon Air Tour Operators Refuse to Pay Park Service Fees, Landing Them in Court (Jul. 28, 1997). The Arizona Republic printed an editorial about the refusal of some air tour operators in Grand Canyon National Park to pay Park Service fees. Now, the U.S. Attorney's Office in Arizona has filed the first of what may be several lawsuits against air tour operators to collect the fees. The editorial compares the situation to a tenant not paying rent, and says the air tour operators should be "evicted" if they don't pay.

Maine Residents Complain About Personal Watercraft on Local Lakes (Jul. 25, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed the following letter-to-the-editors from residents in Surry and Cherryfield, Maine regarding noise from personal watercraft on local lakes:

Personal Watercraft Industry Should Take Drastic Action, or Machines Could Face Restrictions on Maine Lakes (Jul. 24, 1997). The Bangor Daily News printed an editorial that discusses the ways in which the personal watercraft industry has started to respond to the irresponsible behavior of many Jet Skiers. The editorial goes on to argue that in the face of strong opposition against personal watercraft on Maine lakes, the industry needs to take more dramatic actions if it doesn't want to see their product banned or restricted on many lakes.

FAA Proposes to Divert L.A. Flight Paths Over California Indian Reservation and Other Communities (Jul. 11, 1997). The Press-Enterprise reports that to accomodate increasing air traffic at Los Angeles International Airport, the Federal Aviation Administration has proposed routing as many as 170 jets per day over the San Gorgonio Pass, which would put the aircraft over the Morongo Indian Reservation, Banning, Beaumont, Moreno Valley, Riverside, and Norco. At a public hearing Thursday at the Morongo Tribal Hall, about 40 residents of Banning and the Morongo Indian Reservation denounced the plans.

Debate Over Water Scooters on Maine Waters Grows (Jul. 5, 1997). The Patriot Ledger reports that the debate in Maine over what to do about water scooters is growing. Critics say the personal watercraft, known by brand names such as Jet Skis or Sea Doos, are noisy and a nuisance, while proponents say the scooters are a great way to draw families to Maine and make money. The state legislature had a chance to pass regulations governing the watercraft this year, but essentially did nothing, the article says.

Jet Skis Banned or More Heavily Policed on Two Idaho Mountain Lakes (Jul. 5, 1997). The Idaho Falls Post Register reports that officials in Custer County, Idaho have banned personal watercraft on Stanley Lake, and have decided to more heavily police them on Redfish Lake due to noise complaints from campers, anglers, and others.

Outdoor Enthusiast Champions Victory for Failed Helicopter Tour Scheme on a British Isle (Jun. 28, 1997). The Daily Telegraph printed an editorial in which the writer celebrates the victory over a proposal to run sightseeing flights over Skye, an island in the Hebrides off Scotland's northwest coast. The writer says the noise from the tour flights would have destroyed "one of the last wild sanctuaries of silence" in Britain.

Nevada Air Tour Operator Speaks Out Against Proposed Grand Canyon Resort (Jun. 16, 1997). The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports that a Las Vegas, Nevada air tour executive has said that Arizona business interests and relatives of the U.S. Interior Secretary stand to benefit most from limiting air tour flights over the Grand Canyon. According to the article, Cliff Evarts, chief executive officer of Eagle Canyon Airlines, said at a lunchtime Rotary Club meeting last week that "The issue of Grand Canyon overflights and aircraft noise is not really about noise, nor is it about protecting the environment. Instead, it is about using environmental issues to accomplish various political and economic goals of our neighboring states and about the friends and family of the secretary of the interior wanting to take tourist dollars out of Las Vegas and Southern Nevada."

Arizona Senator Pushes To Reduce Airplane Noise Over Grand Canyon (May 15, 1997). The Los Angeles Times reports that finally, after ten years of pressure by Congress and most recently by President Clinton, noise regulations have gone into effect to reduce noise from aircraft over the Grand Canyon. The Federal Aviation Administration and the National Park Service had been dragging their feet for years, as the 95,000 air tours which fly 800,000 people over the park continued to increase: in some areas causing noise disturbance every two minutes.

Limits on Snowmobiles in Yellowstone Are Unavoidable (May 8, 1997). The Idaho Falls Post Register printed an editorial that explores the issue of how many snowmobiles should be allowed in Yellowstone National Park and its six adjacent national forests in order to avoid conflicts with wildlife and other recreational users and damage to natural resources. The editorial writer says that the scientific answer to the question is fairly straightforward, but a political solution acceptable to everyone is not so easy.

National Parks Try to Preserve Natural Quiet (May 4, 1997). The Telegraph Herald reports that Walt Dabney, superintendent of Arches and Canyonlands National Parks and Natural Bridges National Monument, is worried that noise could compromise the natural quiet people seek in national parks and preserves. The article explores how things have changed in Utah since Edward Abbey wrote about the area in the late 1950s, and about how the noise from airflights are a controversial issue in many national parks.

Controversy Surrounds Air Tour Flight Restrictions in National Parks (May 4, 1997). The New York Times reports that national parks recently have been at the center of controversy over efforts to preserve or restore the parks to "natural quiet" by restricting air tour flights. Legal and legislative fights have resulted over restrictions in the Grand Canyon and Rocky Mountain National Parks.

Canadian Officials Consider Placing Highway Through a Vancouver Park Underground (Apr. 12, 1997). The Vancouver Sun reports that Canadian officials are considering placing a highway that runs through Stanley Park in Vancouver, British Columbia underground to lower noise levels and reduce air pollution in the park.

Environmental Groups Challenge FAA Park Overflights Act (Mar.1 1997). The Sierra Club's activist resource, The Planet, reports a number of environmental groups are not happy with the Federal Aviation Administration's current restriction of airplane and helicopter overflights in Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. These groups, including the Sierra Club, are challenging the FAA ruling, charging it to be inadequate.

Zeppelins Revived by Original Builder's Relative (Jan. 22, 1997). Zeppelins were a popular form of air travel prior to World War II, according to a Los Angeles Time article. At that time, zeppelins in Germany were melted down to be used as raw materials for the war, and warplanes with their engine noise replaced the quiet zeppelins.

National Parks Need Stronger Air Tour Restrictions (Nov. 20, 1996). An editorial in the Los Angeles Times claims currently proposed laws that would restrict tourist flights over national parks aren't an effective compromise between air-tour operators and the preservation of quiet in the parks.

Leaf Blowers Anger Californian Communities (Sep.1 1994). The Christian Science Monitor reports that communities across the country are fighting the noise pollution caused by leaf blowers. Most blowers emit around 75 decibels but can reach as high as 100 decibels. According to Robin Pendergrast, a spokesman for Echo (the largest manufacturer of leaf blowers), more than 220 cities and towns across the country have discussed restricting the use of leafblowers. Seven cities, two of them Californian, have already banned them completely.

Increasing Air Tours Pollute Our National Parks (Jul.1 1994). National Parks Magazine reports that an increase in tourist air flights, in conjunction with other air traffic, is destroying the peace and solitude which many seek when visiting national parks. More than 100 of the 367 units of the National Park System are being negatively affected by air traffic. The flights are also disturbing the parks' wildlife. Government officials are just waking up to the cause of preserving the peace in our parks. The controversy lies in the fact that the parks do not employ or control the flight operators.

Other Indexes

Aircraft Noise
Amplified Noise
Effects on Wildlife/Animals
Construction Noise
Firing Ranges
Health Effects
Home Equipment and Appliances
International News
Environmental Justice
Land Use and Noise
Civil Liberty Issues
Miscellaneous Noise Stories
Noise Ordinances
Noise Organizations Mentioned
Outdoor Events
Residential and Community Noise
Snowmobile and ATV Noise
Research and Studies
Technological Solutions to Noise
Transportation Related Noise
Violence and Noise
Watercraft Noise
Workplace Noise

Chronological Index
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